TIDMCCL

RNS Number : 6283N

Carnival PLC

30 September 2021

September 30, 2021

RELEASE OF CARNIVAL CORPORATION & PLC QUARTERLY REPORT ON FORM 10-Q FOR THE THIRD QUARTER OF 2021

Carnival Corporation & plc is hereby announcing that today it has filed its joint Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q ("Form 10-Q") with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC") containing the Carnival Corporation & plc 2021 three and nine months unaudited consolidated financial statements.

The information included in the attached Schedules A, B and C is extracted from the Form 10-Q and has been prepared in accordance with SEC rules and regulations. The Carnival Corporation & plc unaudited consolidated financial statements contained in the Form 10-Q have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America ("U.S. GAAP").

-- Schedule A contains the Carnival Corporation & plc unaudited consolidated financial statements as of and for the three and nine months ended August 31, 2021

-- Schedule B contains management's discussion and analysis ("MD&A") of financial conditions and results of operations

-- Schedule C contains information on Carnival Corporation and Carnival plc's sales and purchases of their equity securities and use of proceeds from such sales

The Directors consider that within the Carnival Corporation and Carnival plc dual listed company arrangement, the most appropriate presentation of Carnival plc's results and financial position is by reference to the Carnival Corporation & plc U.S. GAAP unaudited consolidated financial statements.

MEDIA CONTACT INVESTOR RELATIONS CONTACT

Roger Frizzell Beth Roberts

001 305 406 7862 001 305 406 4832

The Form 10-Q, including the portions extracted for this announcement, is available for viewing on the SEC website at www.sec.gov under Carnival Corporation or Carnival plc or the Carnival Corporation & plc website at www.carnivalcorp.com or www.carnivalplc.com. A copy of the Form 10-Q has been submitted to the National Storage Mechanism and will shortly be available for inspection at data.fca.org.uk/#/nsm/nationalstoragemechanism. Additional information can be obtained via Carnival Corporation & plc's website listed above or by writing to Carnival plc at Carnival House, 100 Harbour Parade, Southampton, SO15 1ST, United Kingdom.

Carnival Corporation & plc is one of the world's largest leisure travel companies with a portfolio of nine of the world's leading cruise lines. With operations in North America, Australia, Europe and Asia, its portfolio features - Carnival Cruise Line, Princess Cruises, Holland America Line, P&O Cruises (Australia), Seabourn, Costa Cruises, AIDA Cruises, P&O Cruises (UK) and Cunard.

Additional information can be found on www.carnivalcorp.com, www.carnivalsustainability.com, www.carnival.com, www.princess.com, www.hollandamerica.com, www.pocruises.com.au, www.seabourn.com, www.costacruise.com, www.aida.de, www.pocruises.com and www.cunard.com .

SCHEDULE A

PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1. Financial Statements.

CARNIVAL CORPORATION & PLC

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME (LOSS)

(UNAUDITED)

(in millions, except per share data)

 
                                              Three Months Ended       Nine Months Ended 
                                                  August 31,               August 31, 
                                            ---------------------- 
                                                2021        2020       2021         2020 
                                            ------------  --------  -----------  ---------- 
Revenues 
 Passenger ticket                           $        303  $      -  $       326  $  3,680 
  Onboard and other                                  243        31          295     1,881 
                                            ------------  --------  -----------  -------- 
                                                     546        31          621     5,561 
                                            ------------  --------  -----------  -------- 
Operating Costs and Expenses 
  Commissions, transportation and other               79        34          116     1,098 
  Onboard and other                                   72         9           94       593 
  Payroll and related                                375       248          834     1,563 
  Fuel                                               182       121          398       718 
  Food                                                52        19           80       404 
   Ship and other impairments                        475       910          524     1,829 
   Other operating                                   381       208          786     1,349 
                                            ------------  --------  -----------  -------- 
                                                   1,616     1,549        2,832     7,556 
   Selling and administrative                        425       265        1,305     1,435 
   Depreciation and amortization                     562       551        1,681     1,698 
   Goodwill impairments                                -         -            -     2,096 
                                            ------------  --------  -----------  -------- 
                                                   2,603     2,364        5,817    12,784 
                                            ------------  --------  -----------  -------- 
Operating Income (Loss)                          (2,057)   (2,333)      (5,196)   (7,223) 
                                            ------------  --------  -----------  -------- 
Nonoperating Income (Expense) 
   Interest income                                     3         3           10        15 
   Interest expense, net of capitalized 
    interest                                       (418)     (310)      (1,253)     (547) 
   Gains (losses) on debt extinguishment, 
    net                                            (376)     (220)        (372)     (220) 
   Other income (expense), net                      (11)       (1)         (87)      (41) 
                                            ------------  --------  -----------  -------- 
                                                   (802)     (528)      (1,702)     (793) 
                                            ------------  --------  -----------  -------- 
Income (Loss) Before Income Taxes                (2,859)   (2,861)      (6,898)   (8,016) 
Income Tax Benefit (Expense), Net                     23         2           17         2 
                                            ------------  --------  -----------  -------- 
Net Income (Loss)                           $    (2,836)  $(2,858)  $   (6,881)  $(8,014) 
                                                ========   =======      =======   ======= 
Earnings Per Share 
   Basic                                    $     (2.50)  $ (3.69)  $    (6.14)  $(11.03) 
                                                ========   =======      =======   ======= 
   Diluted                                  $     (2.50)  $ (3.69)  $    (6.14)  $(11.03) 
                                                ========   =======      =======   ======= 
 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

CARNIVAL CORPORATION & PLC

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)

(UNAUDITED)

(in millions)

 
                                                  Three Months 
                                                  Ended August        Nine Months Ended 
                                                       31,                August 31, 
                                               ------------------ 
                                                 2021      2020       2021         2020 
                                               --------  --------  -----------  ---------- 
Net Income (Loss)                              $(2,836)  $(2,858)  $   (6,881)  $(8,014) 
                                                -------   -------      -------   ------- 
Items Included in Other Comprehensive Income 
 (Loss) 
   Change in foreign currency translation 
    adjustment                                    (224)       519           79       567 
   Other                                              1         4            8        60 
                                               --------  --------  -----------  -------- 
Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)                 (223)       524           87       627 
                                               --------  --------  -----------  -------- 
Total Comprehensive Income (Loss)              $(3,059)  $(2,335)  $   (6,794)  $(7,387) 
                                                =======   =======      =======   ======= 
 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

CARNIVAL CORPORATION & PLC

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(UNAUDITED)

(in millions, except par values)

 
                                                               August        November 
                                                                31,           30, 2020 
                                                                2021 
                                                              -------      ------------- 
ASSETS 
Current Assets 
   Cash and cash equivalents                                  $ 7,151      $     9,513 
   Short-term investments                                         647                - 
   Trade and other receivables, net                               281              273 
   Inventories                                                    322              335 
   Prepaid expenses and other                                     508              443 
                                                              -------      ----------- 
         Total current assets                                   8,909           10,563 
                                                              -------      ----------- 
Property and Equipment, Net                                    38,917           38,073 
Operating Lease Right-of-Use Assets                             1,366            1,370 
Goodwill                                                          810              807 
Other Intangibles                                               1,190            1,186 
Other Assets                                                    2,323            1,594 
                                                              -------      ----------- 
                                                              $53,514      $    53,593 
                                                               ======          ======= 
LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY 
Current Liabilities 
   Short-term borrowings                                      $ 3,099      $     3,084 
   Current portion of long-term debt                            1,303            1,742 
   Current portion of operating lease liabilities                 142              151 
   Accounts payable                                               672              624 
   Accrued liabilities and other                                1,568            1,144 
   Customer deposits                                            2,707            1,940 
                                                              -------      ----------- 
         Total current liabilities                              9,491            8,686 
                                                              -------      ----------- 
Long-Term Debt                                                 26,831           22,130 
Long-Term Operating Lease Liabilities                           1,269            1,273 
Other Long-Term Liabilities                                     1,061              949 
Contingencies and Commitments 
Shareholders' Equity 
    Common stock of Carnival Corporation, $0.01 par value; 
     1,960 shares authorized; 1,110 shares at 2021 and 
     1,060 shares at 2020 issued                                   11               11 
   Ordinary shares of Carnival plc, $1.66 par value; 
    217 shares at 2021 and 2020 issued                            361              361 
   Additional paid-in capital                                  15,146           13,948 
   Retained earnings                                            9,194           16,075 
   Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) ("AOCI")     (1,349)          (1,436) 
    Treasury stock, 130 shares at 2021 and 2020 of Carnival 
     Corporation and 63 shares at 2021 and 60 shares at 
     2020 of Carnival plc, at cost                            (8,500)          (8,404) 
                                                              -------      ----------- 
             Total shareholders' equity                        14,863           20,555 
                                                              -------      ----------- 
                                                              $53,514      $    53,593 
                                                               ======          ======= 
 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

CARNIVAL CORPORATION & PLC

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(UNAUDITED)

(in millions)

 
                                                                       Nine Months Ended 
                                                                           August 31, 
                                                                    ----------------------- 
                                                                       2021         2020 
                                                                    -----------  ---------- 
OPERATING ACTIVITIES 
Net income (loss)                                                   $   (6,881)  $(8,014) 
Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash 
 provided by (used in) operating activities 
   Depreciation and amortization                                          1,681     1,698 
   Impairments                                                              541     3,925 
   (Gain) loss on extinguishment of debt                                    372       220 
   Share-based compensation                                                  95        52 
   Amortization of discounts and debt issue costs                           131        78 
   Noncash lease expense                                                    106       138 
   (Gain) loss on ship sales and other, net                                 120      (47) 
                                                                    -----------  -------- 
                                                                        (3,834)   (1,951) 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities 
   Receivables                                                             (37)        25 
   Inventories                                                             (19)        71 
   Prepaid expenses and other                                           (1,221)         9 
   Accounts payable                                                          15      (97) 
   Accrued liabilities and other                                            458     (169) 
   Customer deposits                                                        897   (2,539) 
                                                                    -----------  -------- 
        Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities             (3,741)   (4,649) 
                                                                    -----------  -------- 
INVESTING ACTIVITIES 
Purchases of property and equipment                                     (3,120)   (1,899) 
Proceeds from sales of ships and other                                      351       271 
Purchase of minority interest                                              (90)      (81) 
Purchase of short-term investments                                      (2,672)         - 
Proceeds from maturity of short-term investments                          2,026         - 
Derivative settlements and other, net                                      (29)       257 
                                                                    -----------  -------- 
        Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities             (3,535)   (1,452) 
                                                                    -----------  -------- 
FINANCING ACTIVITIES 
Proceeds from (repayments of) short-term borrowings, net                     17     3,141 
Principal repayments of long-term debt                                  (3,507)     (896) 
Premium paid on extinguishment of debt                                    (286)         - 
Proceeds from issuance of long-term debt                                  7,900    11,468 
Dividends paid                                                                -     (689) 
Issuance of common stock, net                                             1,003       778 
Issuance of common stock under the Stock Swap program                       105         - 
Purchases of treasury stock under the Stock Swap program                   (94)         - 
Debt issue costs and other, net                                           (239)     (103) 
                                                                    -----------  -------- 
      Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities                 4,899    13,699 
                                                                    -----------  -------- 
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash, cash equivalents 
 and restricted cash                                                         13        63 
                                                                    -----------  -------- 
      Net increase (decrease) in cash, cash equivalents and 
       restricted cash                                                  (2,363)     7,661 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at beginning 
 of period                                                                9,692       530 
                                                                    -----------  -------- 
      Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at end of period   $     7,329  $  8,191 
                                                                        =======   ======= 
 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

CARNIVAL CORPORATION & PLC

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY

(UNAUDITED)

(in millions)

 
                                                    Three Months Ended 
                   ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 
                                          Additional                                         Total 
                    Common    Ordinary      paid-in     Retained             Treasury    shareholders' 
                     stock     shares       capital     earnings     AOCI      stock        equity 
                   --------  ----------  ------------  ----------  --------  --------  ----------------- 
At May 31, 2020    $      7  $      360  $      9,683  $   21,155  $(1,962)  $(8,404)  $        20,840 
   Net income 
    (loss)                -           -             -     (2,858)         -         -          (2,858) 
   Other 
    comprehensive 
    income 
    (loss)                -           -             -           -       524         -              524 
   Issuance of 
    common stock 
    related to 
    the 
    repurchase 
    of 
    Convertible 
    Notes                 -           -           222           -         -         -              222 
   Repurchase of 
    Convertible 
    Notes                 1           -           765           -         -         -              766 
   Other                  -           -             9           -         -         -                9 
                   --------  ----------  ------------  ----------  --------  --------  --------------- 
At August 31, 
 2020              $      8  $      361  $     10,680  $   18,297  $(1,439)  $(8,404)  $        19,503 
                       ====  ===  =====  ===  =======      ======   =======   =======  ====  ========= 
 
At May 31, 2021    $     11  $      361  $     15,005  $   12,030  $(1,126)  $(8,404)  $        17,876 
   Net income 
    (loss)                -           -             -     (2,836)         -         -          (2,836) 
   Other 
    comprehensive 
    income 
    (loss)                -           -             -           -     (223)         -            (223) 
   Issuance of 
    common stock, 
    net                   -           -             7           -         -         -                7 
   Conversion of 
    Convertible 
    Notes                 -           -             2           -         -         -                2 
   Purchases and 
    issuances 
    under the 
    Stock Swap 
    program               -           -           105           -         -      (95)               10 
   Other                  -           -            28           -         -         -               28 
                   --------  ----------  ------------  ----------  --------  --------  --------------- 
At August 31, 
 2021              $     11  $      361  $     15,146  $    9,194  $(1,349)  $(8,500)  $        14,863 
                       ====  ===  =====  ===  =======      ======   =======   =======  ====  ========= 
 
 
                                                         Nine Months Ended 
                       ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 
                                              Additional                                         Total 
                        Common    Ordinary      paid-in     Retained             Treasury    shareholders' 
                         stock     shares       capital     earnings     AOCI      stock         equity 
                       --------  ----------  ------------  ----------  --------  --------  ----------------- 
At November 30, 2019   $      7  $      358  $      8,807  $   26,653  $(2,066)  $(8,394)  $        25,365 
   Net income (loss)          -           -             -     (8,014)         -         -          (8,014) 
   Other 
    comprehensive 
    income 
    (loss)                    -           -             -           -       627         -              627 
   Cash dividends 
    declared 
    ($0.50 per share)         -           -             -       (342)         -         -            (342) 
   Issuance of common 
    stock                     1           -           777           -         -         -              778 
   Issuance and 
    repurchase 
    of Convertible 
    Notes                     1           -         1,051           -         -         -            1,052 
   Purchases of 
    treasury 
    stock under the 
    Repurchase 
    Program and other         -           2            44           -         -      (10)               36 
                       --------  ----------  ------------  ----------  --------  --------  --------------- 
At August 31, 2020     $      8  $      361  $     10,680  $   18,297  $(1,439)  $(8,404)  $        19,503 
                           ====  ===  =====      ========      ======   =======   =======  ====  ========= 
 
At November 30, 2020   $     11  $      361  $     13,948  $   16,075  $(1,436)  $(8,404)  $        20,555 
   Net income (loss)          -           -             -     (6,881)         -         -          (6,881) 
   Other 
    comprehensive 
    income 
    (loss)                    -           -             -           -        87         -               87 
   Issuance of common 
    stock, 
    net                       -           -         1,003           -         -         -            1,003 
   Conversion of 
    Convertible 
    Notes                     -           -             2           -         -         -                2 
   Purchases and 
    issuances 
    under the Stock 
    Swap program              -           -           105           -         -      (95)               10 
   Other                      -           -            88           -         -         -               88 
                       --------  ----------  ------------  ----------  --------  --------  --------------- 
At August 31, 2021     $     11  $      361  $     15,146  $    9,194  $(1,349)  $(8,500)  $        14,863 
                           ====  ===  =====      ========      ======   =======   =======  ====  ========= 
 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

CARNIVAL CORPORATION & PLC

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(UNAUDITED)

NOTE 1 - General

The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Carnival Corporation and Carnival plc and their respective subsidiaries. Together with their consolidated subsidiaries, they are referred to collectively in these consolidated financial statements and elsewhere in this joint Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q as "Carnival Corporation & plc," "our," "us" and "we."

Liquidity and Management's Plans

In the face of the global impact of COVID-19, we paused our guest cruise operations in mid-March 2020. As of August 31, 2021, eight of our nine brands have resumed guest cruise operations as part of our gradual return to service, with 35% of our capacity operating with guests on board. Significant events affecting travel, including COVID-19 and our gradual resumption of guest cruise operations, have had and continue to have an impact on booking patterns. The full extent of the impact will be determined by our gradual return to service and the length of time COVID-19 influences travel decisions. We believe that the ongoing effects of COVID-19 have had, and will continue to have, a material negative impact on our financial results and liquidity.

The estimation of our future liquidity requirements includes numerous assumptions that are subject to various risks and uncertainties. The principal assumptions used to estimate our future liquidity requirements consist of:

   --      Expected continued gradual resumption of guest cruise operations 

-- Expected lower than comparable historical occupancy levels during the resumption of guest cruise operations

-- Expected incremental spend for the resumption of guest cruise operations, including completing the return of our ships to guest cruise operations, returning crew members to our ships and maintaining enhanced health and safety protocols

In addition, we make certain assumptions about new ship deliveries, improvements and disposals, and consider the future export credit financings that are associated with the ship deliveries.

We cannot make assurances that our assumptions used to estimate our liquidity requirements may not change because we have never previously experienced a complete cessation of our guest cruise operations, and as a consequence, our ability to be predictive is uncertain. In addition, the magnitude and duration of the global pandemic are uncertain. We have made reasonable estimates and judgments of the impact of COVID-19 within our consolidated financial statements and there may be changes to those estimates in future periods. We continue to expect a net loss on both a U.S. GAAP and adjusted basis for the fourth quarter of 2021 and full year ending November 30, 2021. We have taken actions to improve our liquidity, including completing various capital market transactions, capital expenditure and operating expense reductions, and accelerating the removal of certain ships from our fleet. In addition, we expect to continue to pursue refinancing opportunities to reduce interest expense and extend maturities.

Based on these actions and our assumptions regarding the impact of COVID-19, considering our $7.8 billion of liquidity including cash and short-term investments at August 31, 2021, as well as our expected continued gradual return to service, we have concluded that we have sufficient liquidity to satisfy our obligations for at least the next twelve months.

Basis of Presentation

The Consolidated Statements of Income (Loss), the Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss) and the Consolidated Statements of Shareholders' Equity for the three and nine months ended August 31, 2021 and 2020, Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the nine months ended August 31, 2021 and 2020, and the Consolidated Balance Sheet at August 31, 2021 are unaudited and, in the opinion of our management, contain all adjustments, consisting of only normal recurring adjustments, necessary for a fair statement. Our interim consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and the related notes included in the Carnival Corporation & plc 2020 joint Annual Report on Form 10-K ("Form 10-K") filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission on January 26, 2021.

COVID-19 and the Use of Estimates and Risks and Uncertainty

The preparation of our interim consolidated financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America ("U.S. GAAP") requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported and disclosed. The full extent to which the effects of COVID-19 will directly or indirectly impact our business, operations, results of operations and financial condition, including our valuation of goodwill and trademarks, impairment of ships, collectability of trade and notes receivables as well as provisions for pending litigation, will depend on future developments that are highly uncertain. We have made reasonable estimates and judgments of the impact of COVID-19 within our financial statements and there may be changes to those estimates in future periods.

Accounting Pronouncements

The Financial Accounting Standards Board issued guidance, Debt - Debt with Conversion and Other Options and Derivative and Hedging - Contracts in Entity's Own Equity, which simplifies the accounting for convertible instruments. This guidance eliminates certain models that require separate accounting for embedded conversion features, in certain cases. Additionally, among other changes, the guidance eliminates certain of the conditions for equity classification for contracts in an entity's own equity. The guidance also requires entities to use the if-converted method for all convertible instruments in the diluted earnings per share calculation and include the effect of share settlement for instruments that may be settled in cash or shares, except for certain liability-classified share-based payment awards. This guidance is required to be adopted by us in the first quarter of 2023 and must be applied using either a modified or full retrospective approach. We are currently evaluating the impact this guidance will have on our consolidated financial statements.

NOTE 2 - Revenue and Expense Recognition

Guest cruise deposits are initially included in customer deposit liabilities when received. Customer deposits are subsequently recognized as cruise revenues, together with revenues from onboard and other activities, and all associated direct costs and expenses of a voyage are recognized as cruise costs and expenses, upon completion of voyages with durations of ten nights or less and on a pro rata basis for voyages in excess of ten nights. The impact of recognizing these shorter duration cruise revenues and costs and expenses on a completed voyage basis versus on a pro rata basis is not material. Certain of our product offerings are bundled and we allocate the value of the bundled services and goods between passenger ticket revenues and onboard and other revenues based upon the estimated standalone selling prices of those goods and services. Guest cancellation fees, when applicable, are recognized in passenger ticket revenues at the time of cancellation.

Our sales to guests of air and other transportation to and from airports near the home ports of our ships are included in passenger ticket revenues, and the related costs of purchasing these services are included in transportation costs. The proceeds that we collect from the sales of third-party shore excursions are included in onboard and other revenues and the related costs are included in onboard and other costs. The amounts collected on behalf of our onboard concessionaires, net of the amounts remitted to them, are included in onboard and other revenues as concession revenues. All of these amounts are recognized on a completed voyage or pro rata basis as discussed above.

Passenger ticket revenues include fees, taxes and charges collected by us from our guests. A portion of these fees, taxes and charges vary with guest head counts and are directly imposed on a revenue-producing arrangement. This portion of the fees, taxes and charges is expensed in commissions, transportation and other costs when the corresponding revenues are recognized. For the three and nine months ended August 31, 2021, fees, taxes, and charges included in commissions, transportation and other costs were immaterial. For the three and nine months ended August 31, 2020, fees, taxes, and charges included in commissions, transportation and other costs were immaterial and $213 million, respectively. The remaining portion of fees, taxes and charges are expensed in other operating expenses when the corresponding revenues are recognized.

Revenues and expenses from our hotel and transportation operations, which are included in our Tour and Other segment, are recognized at the time the services are performed. Revenues from the long-term leasing of ships, which are also included in our Tour and Other segment, are recognized ratably over the term of the agreement.

Customer Deposits

Our payment terms generally require an initial deposit to confirm a reservation, with the balance due prior to the voyage. Cash received from guests in advance of the cruise is recorded in customer deposits and in other long-term liabilities on our Consolidated Balance Sheets. These amounts include refundable deposits. We have provided flexibility to guests with bookings on sailings cancelled due to itinerary disruptions by allowing guests to receive enhanced future cruise credits ("FCC") or elect to receive refunds in cash. Enhanced FCCs provide the guest with an additional credit value above the original cash deposit received and are recognized as a discount applied to the future cruise in the period used. We have paid and expect to continue to pay cash refunds of customer deposits with respect to a portion of cancelled cruises. The amount of cash refunds to be paid may depend on the continued level of guest acceptance of FCCs and future cruise cancellations. We record a liability for unexpired FCCs to the extent we have received and not refunded cash from guests for cancelled bookings. We had customer deposits of $3.1 billion as of August 31, 2021 and $2.2 billion as of November 30, 2020. As of August 31, 2021, the current portion of customer deposits was $2.7 billion. This amount includes deposits related to cancelled cruises prior to the election of a cash refund by guests. Refunds payable to guests who have elected cash refunds are recorded in accounts payable. Due to uncertainties associated with the gradual resumption of guest cruise operations we are unable to estimate the amount of the August 31, 2021 customer deposits that will be recognized in earnings compared to amounts that will be refunded to customers or issued as a credit for future travel. During the nine months ended August 31, 2021 and 2020, we recognized revenues of an immaterial amount and $3.3 billion, respectively, related to our customer deposits as of November 30, 2020 and 2019. Historically, our customer deposits balance changes due to the seasonal nature of cash collections, the recognition of revenue, refund of customer deposits and foreign currency translation.

Contract Receivables

Although we generally require full payment from our customers prior to or concurrently with their cruise, we grant credit terms to a relatively small portion of our revenue source. We also have receivables from credit card merchants for cruise ticket purchases and onboard revenue. These receivables are included within trade and other receivables, net. We have agreements with a number of credit card processors that transact customer deposits related to our cruise vacations. Certain of these agreements allow the credit card processors to request, under certain circumstances, that we provide a reserve fund in cash. These reserve funds are included in other assets.

Contract Assets

Contract assets are amounts paid prior to the start of a voyage, which we record as an asset within prepaid expenses and other and which are subsequently recognized as commissions, transportation and other at the time of revenue recognition or at the time of voyage cancellation. We have contract assets of an immaterial amount as of August 31, 2021 and November 30, 2020.

NOTE 3 - Debt

Short-Term Borrowings

As of August 31, 2021 and November 30, 2020, our short-term borrowings consisted of the $3.1 billion under our multi-currency revolving credit facility (the "Revolving Facility"). For the nine months ended August 31, 2021, there were no borrowings or repayments of commercial paper with original maturities greater than three months. For the nine months ended August 31, 2020, we had borrowings of $525 million and repayments of $192 million of commercial paper with original maturities greater than three months.

Export Credit Facility Borrowings

In December 2020, we borrowed $1.5 billion under export credit facilities due in semi-annual installments through 2033.

In July 2021, we borrowed $544 million under an export credit facility due in semi-annual installments through 2033.

2027 Senior Unsecured Notes

In February 2021, we issued an aggregate principal amount of $3.5 billion senior unsecured notes that mature on March 1, 2027 (the "2027 Senior Unsecured Notes"). The 2027 Senior Unsecured Notes bear interest at a rate of 5.8% per year.

Repricing of 2025 Secured Term Loan

In June 2021, we entered into an amendment to reprice our $2.8 billion 2025 Secured Term Loan (the "2025 Secured Term Loan"). The amended U.S. dollar tranche bears interest at a rate per annum equal to LIBOR (with a 0.75% floor) plus 3%. The amended euro tranche bears interest at a rate per annum equal to EURIBOR (with a 0% floor) plus 3.75%.

2028 Senior Secured Notes

In July 2021, we issued $2.4 billion aggregate principal amount of 4% first-priority senior secured notes due in 2028 (the "2028 Senior Secured Notes"). We used the net proceeds from the issuance to purchase $2.0 billion aggregate principal amount of the 2023 Senior Secured Notes. The 2028 Senior Secured Notes mature on August 1, 2028. The 2028 Senior Secured Notes are secured on a first-priority basis by collateral, which includes vessels and material intellectual property with a net book value of approximately $26.3 billion as of August 31, 2021 and certain other assets.

Debt Holidays

We amended substantially all of our drawn export credit facilities to defer approximately $1.0 billion of principal payments that would otherwise have been due over a one year period commencing April 1, 2021 until March 31, 2022, with repayments to be made over the following five years. Of these amendments, the deferral of an aggregate principal amount of $0.7 billion became effective as of August 31, 2021, and an aggregate principal amount of $0.3 billion became effective after August 31, 2021. The cumulative deferred principal amount of the debt holiday amendments is approximately $1.7 billion, inclusive of the amendments entered into in 2020 and through September 14, 2021. In addition, these amendments aligned the financial covenants of substantially all our drawn export credit facilities with our other facilities.

Covenant Compliance

Our Revolving Facility, our unsecured bank loans and substantially all of our drawn export credit facilities as of September 14, 2021 contain one or more covenants that require us to:

-- Maintain minimum interest coverage (EBITDA to consolidated net interest charges (the "Interest Coverage Covenant") at the end of each fiscal quarter from February 28, 2023, at a ratio of not less than 2.0 to 1.0 for the February 28, 2023 and May 31, 2023 testing dates, 2.5 to 1.0 for the August 31, 2023 and November 30, 2023 testing dates, and 3.0 to 1.0 for the February 28, 2024 testing date onwards, or through their respective maturity dates

   --      Maintain minimum shareholders' equity of $5.0 billion 

-- Limit our debt to capital percentage (the "Debt to Capital Covenant") through the August 31, 2021 testing date at a percentage not to exceed 65%. From the November 30, 2021 testing date until the May 31, 2023 testing date, the Debt to Capital Covenant is not to exceed 75%, following which it will be tested at levels which decline ratably to 65% for the May 31, 2024 testing date onwards

   --      Maintain minimum liquidity of $1.0 billion through February 29, 2024 
   --      Adhere to certain restrictive covenants through November 30, 2024 

-- Restrict the granting of guarantees and security interests for certain of our outstanding debt through November 30, 2024

   --      Limit the amounts of our secured assets as well as secured and other indebtedness 

In addition, export credit facilities with $0.4 billion outstanding indebtedness contain covenants that require us to, among other things, maintain the Interest Coverage Covenant of not less than 3.0 to 1.0 at the end of each fiscal quarter and the Debt to Capital Covenant not to exceed 65% at the end of each fiscal quarter. We have entered into supplemental agreements to waive compliance with the Interest Coverage Covenant and the Debt to Capital Covenant under these export credit facilities through November 30, 2022. We will be required to comply with such covenants beginning with the next testing date of February 28, 2023.

At August 31, 2021, we were in compliance with the applicable covenants under our debt agreements. Generally, if an event of default under any debt agreement occurs, then, pursuant to cross default acceleration clauses, substantially all of our outstanding debt and derivative contract payables could become due, and all debt and derivative contracts could be terminated. Any financial covenant amendment may lead to increased costs, increased interest rates, additional restrictive covenants and other available lender protections that would be applicable. Carnival Corporation or Carnival plc and certain of our subsidiaries have guaranteed substantially all of our indebtedness.

As of August 31, 2021, the scheduled maturities of our debt are as follows:

 
(in millions) 
Year               Principal Payments 
                 ---------------------- 
2021 4Q          $                198 
2022                            2,448 
2023                            4,503 
2024 (a)                        4,724 
2025                            4,106 
Thereafter                     15,986 
                 -------------------- 
Total            $             31,964 
                 ===  =============== 
 

(a) Includes the $3.1 billion Revolving Facility. The Revolving Facility was fully drawn in 2020 for a six-month term. We may continue to re-borrow amounts under the Revolving Facility through August 2024 subject to satisfaction of the conditions in the facility. The Revolving Facility also includes an emissions linked margin adjustment whereby, after the initial applicable margin is set per the margin pricing grid, the margin may be adjusted based on performance in achieving certain agreed annual carbon emissions goals. We are required to pay a commitment fee on any undrawn portion.

NOTE 4 - Contingencies and Commitments

Litigation

We are routinely involved in legal proceedings, claims, disputes, regulatory matters and governmental inspections or investigations arising in the ordinary course of or incidental to our business, including those noted below. Additionally, as a result of the impact of COVID-19, litigation claims, enforcement actions, regulatory actions and investigations, including, but not limited to, those arising from personal injury and loss of life, have been and may, in the future, be asserted against us. We expect many of these claims and actions, or any settlement of these claims and actions, to be covered by insurance and historically the maximum amount of our liability, net of any insurance recoverables, has been limited to our self-insurance retention levels.

We record provisions in the consolidated financial statements for pending litigation when we determine that an unfavorable outcome is probable and the amount of the loss can be reasonably estimated.

Legal proceedings and government investigations are subject to inherent uncertainties, and unfavorable rulings or other events could occur. Unfavorable resolutions could involve substantial monetary damages. In addition, in matters for which conduct remedies are sought, unfavorable resolutions could include an injunction or other order prohibiting us from selling one or more products at all or in particular ways, precluding particular business practices or requiring other remedies. An unfavorable outcome might result in a material adverse impact on our business, results of operations, financial position or liquidity.

As previously disclosed, on May 2, 2019, two lawsuits were filed against Carnival Corporation in the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Florida under Title III of the Cuban Liberty and Democratic Solidarity Act, also known as the Helms-Burton Act, alleging that Carnival "trafficked" in confiscated Cuban property when certain ships docked at certain ports in Cuba, and that this alleged "trafficking" entitles the plaintiffs to treble damages (the "Cuba Matters"). On July 9, 2020, the court granted our motion for judgment on the pleadings in the Cuba Matter filed by Javier Garcia Bengochea, and dismissed the plaintiff's action with prejudice. On August 6, 2020, Bengochea filed a notice of appeal. On August 2, 2021, the court continued the trial date in the second Cuba Matter to February 28, 2022. We continue to believe we have a meritorious defense to these actions and we believe that any liability which may arise as a result of these actions will not have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.

Contingent Obligations - Indemnifications

Some of the debt contracts we enter into include indemnification provisions obligating us to make payments to the counterparty if certain events occur. These contingencies generally relate to changes in taxes or changes in laws which increase the lender's costs. There are no stated or notional amounts included in the indemnification clauses, and we are not able to estimate the maximum potential amount of future payments, if any, under these indemnification clauses.

Other Contingencies

We have agreements with a number of credit card processors that transact customer deposits related to our cruise vacations. Certain of these agreements allow the credit card processors to request, under certain circumstances, that we provide a reserve fund in cash. Although the agreements vary, these requirements may generally be satisfied either through a withheld percentage of customer payments or providing cash funds directly to the credit card processor. As of August 31, 2021, and November 30, 2020, we had $1.4 billion and $0.4 billion, respectively, in reserve funds related to our customer deposits withheld to satisfy these requirements which are included within other assets. We continue to expect to provide reserve funds under these agreements. Additionally, as of August 31, 2021, and November 30, 2020, we had $167 million and $166 million, respectively, of cash collateral in escrow, of which $137 million and $136 million is included within prepaid expenses and other.

We have been, and may continue to be, impacted by breaches in data security and lapses in data privacy, which occur from time to time. These can vary in scope and intent from inadvertent events to malicious motivated attacks.

We detected ransomware attacks in August 2020 and December 2020 which resulted in unauthorized access to our information technology systems. We engaged a major cybersecurity firm to investigate these matters and notified law enforcement and regulators of these incidents. For the August 2020 event, the investigation phase is complete, as are the communication and reporting phases. We determined that the unauthorized third-party gained access to certain personal information relating to some guests, employees and crew for some of our operations. For the December 2020 event, the investigation and remediation phases are in process. Regulators were notified, and several, including the primary regulatory authority in the European Union, have closed their files on this matter.

We have been contacted by various regulatory agencies regarding these and other cyber incidents. The New York Department of Financial Services ("NY DFS") has notified us of their intent to commence proceedings seeking penalties if settlement cannot be reached in advance of litigation. To date, we have not been able to reach an agreement with NY DFS. In addition, State Attorneys General from a number of states have completed their investigation of a data security event announced in March 2020, and the Company is currently negotiating a settlement with the relevant State Attorneys General.

We continue to work with regulators regarding cyber incidents we have experienced. We have incurred legal and other costs in connection with cyber incidents that have impacted us. While at this time we do not believe that these incidents will have a material adverse effect on our business, operations or financial results, no assurances can be given about the future and we may be subject to future litigation, attacks or incidents that could have such a material adverse effect.

COVID-19 Actions

Private Actions

We have been named in a number of individual actions related to COVID-19. Private parties have brought approximately 72 lawsuits as of September 22, 2021 in several U.S. federal and state courts as well as in France, Italy and Brazil. These actions include tort claims based on a variety of theories, including negligence and failure to warn. The plaintiffs in these actions allege a variety of injuries: some plaintiffs confined their claim to emotional distress, while others allege injuries arising from testing positive for COVID-19. A smaller number of actions include wrongful death claims. As of September 22, 2021, 38 of these individual actions have now been dismissed or settled. These actions were settled for immaterial amounts.

Additionally, as of September 22, 2021, ten purported class actions have been brought by former guests from Ruby Princess, Diamond Princess, Grand Princess, Coral Princess, Costa Luminosa or Zaandam in several U.S. federal courts and in the Federal Court of Australia. These actions include tort claims based on a variety of theories, including negligence, gross negligence and failure to warn, physical injuries and severe emotional distress associated with being exposed to and/or contracting COVID-19 onboard. As of September 22, 2021, five of these class actions have either been settled individually or had their class allegations dismissed by the courts. These actions were settled for immaterial amounts.

All COVID-19 actions seek monetary damages and most seek additional punitive damages in unspecified amounts.

As previously disclosed, a consolidated class action complaint with new lead plaintiffs, the New England Carpenters Pension and Guaranteed Annuity Fund and the Massachusetts Laborers' Pension and Annuity Fund, was filed in the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Florida on December 15, 2020. Plaintiffs filed a second amended complaint on July 2, 2021 and on August 6, 2021, we filed a motion to dismiss.

We continue to take proper actions to defend against the above claims.

Governmental Inquiries and Investigations

Federal and non-U.S. governmental agencies and officials are investigating or otherwise seeking information, testimony and/or documents, regarding COVID-19 incidents and related matters. We are investigating these matters internally and are cooperating with all requests. The investigations could result in the imposition of civil and criminal penalties in the future.

Ship Commitments

As of August 31, 2021, we expect the timing of our new ship growth capital commitments to be as follows:

 
(in millions) 
 Year 
Remainder of 2021    $   337 
2022                   4,468 
2023                   2,675 
2024                   1,681 
2025                     984 
Thereafter                 - 
                     ------- 
                     $10,146 
                      ====== 
 

NOTE 5 - Fair Value Measurements, Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities and Financial Risks

Fair Value Measurements

Fair value is defined as the amount that would be received for selling an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date and is measured using inputs in one of the following three categories:

-- Level 1 measurements are based on unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities that we have the ability to access. Valuation of these items does not entail a significant amount of judgment.

-- Level 2 measurements are based on quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities in active markets, quoted prices for identical or similar assets or liabilities in markets that are not active or market data other than quoted prices that are observable for the assets or liabilities.

-- Level 3 measurements are based on unobservable data that are supported by little or no market activity and are significant to the fair value of the assets or liabilities.

Considerable judgment may be required in interpreting market data used to develop the estimates of fair value. Accordingly, certain estimates of fair value presented herein are not necessarily indicative of the amounts that could be realized in a current or future market exchange.

Financial Instruments that are not Measured at Fair Value on a Recurring Basis

 
                           August 31, 2021                        November 30, 2020 
                                   Fair Value                              Fair Value 
 
                 Carrying    Level    Level    Level    Carrying    Level    Level     Level 
(in millions)      Value       1        2        3        Value       1        2         3 
                ----------  -------  -------  -------  ----------  -------  -------  --------- 
Liabilities 
   Fixed rate 
    debt (a)    $   19,812  $     -  $20,470  $     -  $   15,547  $     -  $16,258  $     - 
   Floating 
    rate debt 
    (a)             12,152        -   11,432        -      12,034        -   11,412        - 
                ----------  -------  -------  -------  ----------  -------  -------  ------- 
        Total   $   31,964  $     -  $31,902  $     -  $   27,581  $     -  $27,670  $     - 
                    ======      ===   ======      ===      ======      ===   ======      === 
 

(a) The debt amounts above do not include the impact of interest rate swaps or debt issuance costs. The fair values of our publicly-traded notes were based on their unadjusted quoted market prices in markets that are not sufficiently active to be Level 1 and, accordingly, are considered Level 2. The fair values of our other debt were estimated based on current market interest rates being applied to this debt.

Financial Instruments that are Measured at Fair Value on a Recurring Basis

 
                                        August 31, 2021                November 30, 2020 
                                     Level      Level   Level      Level       Level     Level 
(in millions)                           1         2       3           1          2         3 
                                  ------------  -----  -------  ------------  -------  --------- 
Assets 
   Cash and cash equivalents      $      7,151  $     -$     -  $      9,513  $     -  $     - 
   Restricted cash                         178      -        -           179        -        - 
   Short-term investments (a)              647      -        -             -        -        - 
        Total                     $      7,975  $     -$     -  $      9,692  $     -  $     - 
                                      ========  ====   ===          ========      ===  === 
Liabilities 
   Derivative financial 
    instruments                   $          -  $     7$     -  $          -  $    10  $     - 
                                      --------  ----   ---          --------      ---  --- 
        Total                     $          -  $     7$     -  $          -  $    10  $     - 
                                      ========  ====   ===          ========      ===  === 
 

(a) Short term investments consist of marketable securities with original maturities of between three and twelve months.

Nonfinancial Instruments that are Measured at Fair Value on a Nonrecurring Basis

Valuation of Goodwill and Trademarks

As of July 31, 2021, we performed our annual goodwill and trademark impairment reviews and determined there was no impairment for goodwill or trademarks. There was no impairment for the three months ended August 31, 2020. We recognized goodwill impairment charges of $2.1 billion for the nine months ended August 31, 2020.

The determination of the fair value of our reporting units' goodwill and trademarks includes numerous assumptions that are subject to various risks and uncertainties. The effect of COVID-19 and the gradual resumption have created some uncertainty in forecasting the operating results and future cash flows used in our impairment analyses. We believe that we have made reasonable estimates and judgments. A change in the conditions, circumstances or strategy (including decisions about the allocation of new ships amongst brands and the transfer of ships between brands), which influence determinations of fair value, may result in a need to recognize an additional impairment charge. The principal assumptions, all of which are considered Level 3 inputs, used in our cash flow analyses consisted of:

-- The pace of our return to service, changes in market conditions and port or other restrictions

-- Forecasted revenues net of our most significant variable costs, which are travel agent commissions, costs of air and other transportation, and certain other costs that are directly associated with onboard and other revenues including credit and debit card fees

-- The allocation of new ships and the timing of the transfer or sale of ships amongst brands, as well as the estimated proceeds from ship sales

-- Weighted-average cost of capital of market participants, adjusted for the risk attributable to the geographic regions in which these cruise brands operate

Refer to Note 1 - "General, COVID-19 and the Use of Estimates and Risks and Uncertainty" for additional discussion.

 
                                                        Goodwill 
                                                              EA 
                                               NAA          Segment 
(in millions)                               Segment (a)       (b)       Total 
                                          --------------  ----------  --------- 
November 30, 2020                         $          579  $      228  $   807 
Foreign currency translation adjustment                -           4        3 
                                          --------------  ----------  ------- 
August 31, 2021                           $          579  $      231  $   810 
                                          ===  =========      ======      === 
 
   (a)         North America and Australia ("NAA") 
   (b)         Europe and Asia ("EA") 
 
                                                     Trademarks 
                                             NAA          EA 
(in millions)                               Segment     Segment    Total 
                                          ----------  ----------  -------- 
November 30, 2020                         $      927  $      253  $1,180 
Foreign currency translation adjustment            -           4       3 
                                          ----------  ----------  ------ 
August 31, 2021                           $      927  $      256  $1,183 
                                              ======      ======   ===== 
 

Impairment of Ships

We review our long-lived assets for impairment whenever events or circumstances indicate potential impairment. As of August 31, 2021, as a result of the continued effect of COVID-19 on our business and our updated expectations for certain of our ships, we determined that these ships had net carrying values that exceeded their respective estimated undiscounted future cash flows. As of May 31, 2021, we also determined that one ship, which we subsequently sold, had a net carrying value that exceeded its estimated undiscounted future cash flows. We determined the fair value of these ships based on their estimated selling values. We believe that we have made reasonable estimates and judgments. A change in the principal assumptions, which influences the determination of fair value, may result in a need to perform additional impairment reviews. The principal assumptions, all of which are considered Level 3 inputs, used in our cash flow analyses consisted of:

-- Timing of the respective ship's return to service, changes in market conditions and port or other restrictions

-- Forecasted ship revenues net of our most significant variable costs, which are travel agent commissions, costs of air and other transportation and certain other costs that are directly associated with onboard and other revenues, including credit and debit card fees

   --      Timing of the sale of ships and estimated proceeds 

The impairment charges summarized in the table below are included in ship and other impairments in our Consolidated Statements of Income (Loss).

 
                            Three Months Ended        Nine Months Ended 
                                August 31,                August 31, 
(in millions)                2021         2020        2021        2020 
                         ------------  ----------  ----------  ----------- 
NAA Segment              $        273  $      836  $      273  $   1,356 
EA Segment                        202           2         251        311 
                         ------------  ----------  ----------  --------- 
Total ship impairments   $        475  $      838  $      524  $   1,667 
                         ===  =======      ======      ======   ======== 
 

Refer to Note 1 - "General, COVID-19 and the Use of Estimates and Risks and Uncertainty" for additional discussion.

Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities

 
                                                               August 31,     November 
(in millions)                       Balance Sheet Location        2021         30, 2020 
Derivative liabilities 
Derivatives designated as hedging 
 instruments 
                                    Accrued liabilities 
      Interest rate swaps (a)        and other                $          3  $         5 
 Other long-term 
  liabilities                                                            3            5 
                                                              ------------  ----------- 
Total derivative liabilities                                  $          7  $        10 
                                                              =====  =====  ===  ====== 
 

(a) We have interest rate swaps designated as cash flow hedges whereby we receive floating interest rate payments in exchange for making fixed interest rate payments. These interest rate swap agreements effectively changed $192 million at August 31, 2021 and $248 million at November 30, 2020 of EURIBOR-based floating rate euro debt to fixed rate euro debt. At August 31, 2021, these interest rate swaps settle through 2025.

Our derivative contracts include rights of offset with our counterparties. We have elected to net certain of our derivative assets and liabilities within counterparties.

 
                                                   August 31, 2021 
                                                     Total Net 
                                  Gross Amounts       Amounts       Gross Amounts 
                                    Offset in      Presented in       not Offset 
                                   the Balance      the Balance     in the Balance 
(in millions)    Gross Amounts        Sheet            Sheet             Sheet         Net Amounts 
                 --------------  ---------------  ---------------  ----------------  --------------- 
Assets           $            -  $             -  $             -  $              -  $           - 
Liabilities      $            7  $             -  $             7  $              -  $           7 
 
                                                  November 30, 2020 
                                                     Total Net 
                                  Gross Amounts       Amounts       Gross Amounts 
                                    Offset in      Presented in       not Offset 
                                   the Balance      the Balance     in the Balance 
(in millions)    Gross Amounts        Sheet            Sheet             Sheet         Net Amounts 
                 --------------  ---------------  ---------------  ----------------  --------------- 
Assets           $            -  $             -  $             -  $              -  $           - 
Liabilities      $           10  $             -  $            10  $              -  $          10 
 

The effect of our derivatives qualifying and being designated as hedging instruments recognized in other comprehensive income (loss) and in net income (loss) was as follows:

 
                                                          Three Months 
                                                           Ended August         Nine Months Ended 
                                                               31,                  August 31, 
                                                       ------------------- 
(in millions)                                            2021       2020       2021          2020 
                                                       ---------  --------  -----------  ------------ 
Gains (losses) recognized in AOCI: 
   Cross currency swaps - net investment 
    hedges - included component                        $       -  $      -  $         -  $      131 
   Cross currency swaps - net investment 
    hedges - excluded component                        $       -  $      -  $         -  $      (1) 
   Foreign currency zero cost collars - cash 
    flow hedges                                        $       -  $      3  $         -  $        2 
   Foreign currency forwards - cash flow 
    hedges                                             $       -  $      -  $         -  $       53 
   Interest rate swaps - cash flow hedges              $       1  $      1  $         3  $        5 
Gains (losses) reclassified from AOCI 
 - cash flow hedges: 
   Interest rate swaps - Interest expense, 
    net of capitalized interest                        $     (1)  $    (1)  $       (4)  $      (4) 
   Foreign currency zero cost collars - Depreciation 
    and amortization                                   $       1  $      -  $         1  $        - 
Gains (losses) recognized on derivative 
 instruments (amount excluded from effectiveness 
 testing - net investment hedges) 
   Cross currency swaps - Interest expense, 
    net of capitalized interest                        $       -  $      -  $         -  $       12 
 

The amount of estimated cash flow hedges' unrealized gains and losses that are expected to be reclassified to earnings in the next twelve months is not material.

Financial Risks

Fuel Price Risks

We manage our exposure to fuel price risk by managing our consumption of fuel. Substantially all of our exposure to market risk for changes in fuel prices relates to the consumption of fuel on our ships. We manage fuel consumption through ship maintenance practices, modifying our itineraries and implementing innovative technologies.

Foreign Currency Exchange Rate Risks

Overall Strategy

We manage our exposure to fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates through our normal operating and financing activities, including netting certain exposures to take advantage of any natural offsets and, when considered appropriate, through the use of derivative and non-derivative financial instruments. Our primary focus is to monitor our exposure to, and manage, the economic foreign currency exchange risks faced by our operations and realized if we exchange one currency for another. We currently only hedge certain of our ship commitments and net investments in foreign operations. The financial impacts of the hedging instruments we do employ generally offset the changes in the underlying exposures being hedged.

Operational Currency Risks

Our operations primarily utilize the U.S. dollar, Australian dollar, euro or sterling as their functional currencies. Our operations also have revenue and expenses denominated in non-functional currencies. Movements in foreign currency exchange rates affect our financial statements.

Investment Currency Risks

We consider our investments in foreign operations to be denominated in stable currencies and of a long-term nature. We partially mitigate the currency exposure of our investments in foreign operations by designating a portion of our foreign currency debt and derivatives as hedges of these investments. As of August 31, 2021, we have designated $481 million of our sterling-denominated debt as non-derivative hedges of our net investments in foreign operations. For the three and nine months ended August 31, 2021, we recognized $15 million of gains and $35 million of losses, respectively, on these non-derivative net investment hedges in the cumulative translation adjustment section of other comprehensive income (loss). We also have $9.5 billion of euro-denominated debt, which provides an economic offset for our operations with euro functional currency.

Newbuild Currency Risks

Our shipbuilding contracts are typically denominated in euros. Our decision to hedge a non-functional currency ship commitment for our cruise brands is made on a case-by-case basis, considering the amount and duration of the exposure, market volatility, economic trends, our overall expected net cash flows by currency and other offsetting risks. We have used foreign currency derivative contracts to manage foreign currency exchange rate risk for some of our ship construction payments.

At August 31, 2021, our remaining newbuild currency exchange rate risk primarily relates to euro-denominated newbuild contract payments to non-euro functional currency brands, which represent a total unhedged commitment of $8.4 billion for newbuilds scheduled to be delivered through 2025.

The cost of shipbuilding orders that we may place in the future that is denominated in a different currency than our cruise brands' will be affected by foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations. These foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations may affect our decision to order new cruise ships.

Interest Rate Risks

We manage our exposure to fluctuations in interest rates through our debt portfolio management and investment strategies. We evaluate our debt portfolio to determine whether to make periodic adjustments to the mix of fixed and floating rate debt through the use of interest rate swaps and the issuance of new debt.

Concentrations of Credit Risk

As part of our ongoing control procedures, we monitor concentrations of credit risk associated with financial and other institutions with which we conduct significant business. We seek to manage these credit risk exposures, including counterparty nonperformance primarily associated with our cash equivalents, investments, notes receivables, reserve funds related to customer deposits, future financing facilities, contingent obligations, derivative instruments, insurance contracts, long-term ship charters and new ship progress payment guarantees, by:

-- Conducting business with well-established financial institutions, insurance companies and export credit agencies

   --      Diversifying our counterparties 

-- Having guidelines regarding credit ratings and investment maturities that we follow to help safeguard liquidity and minimize risk

-- Generally requiring collateral and/or guarantees to support notes receivable on significant asset sales, long-term ship charters and new ship progress payments to shipyards

At August 31, 2021, our exposures under derivative instruments were not material. We also monitor the creditworthiness of travel agencies and tour operators in Asia, Australia and Europe, which includes charter-hire agreements in Asia and credit and debit card providers to which we extend credit in the normal course of our business. Concentrations of credit risk associated with trade receivables and other receivables, charter-hire agreements and contingent obligations are not considered to be material, principally due to the large number of unrelated accounts, the nature of these contingent obligations and their short maturities. Normally, we have not required collateral or other security to support normal credit sales. Historically, we have not experienced significant credit losses, including counterparty nonperformance, however, because of the impact COVID-19 is having on economies, we have experienced, and may continue to experience, an increase in credit losses.

Our credit exposure also includes contingent obligations related to cash payments received directly by travel agents and tour operators for cash collected by them on cruise sales in Australia and most of Europe where we are obligated to honor our guests' cruise payments made by them to their travel agents and tour operators regardless of whether we have received these payments.

NOTE 6 - Segment Information

Our operating segments are reported on the same basis as the internally reported information that is provided to our chief operating decision maker ("CODM"), who is the President and Chief Executive Officer of Carnival Corporation and Carnival plc. The CODM assesses performance and makes decisions to allocate resources for Carnival Corporation & plc based upon review of the results across all of our segments. Our four reportable segments are comprised of (1) NAA cruise operations, (2) EA cruise operations, (3) Cruise Support and (4) Tour and Other.

The operating segments within each of our NAA and EA reportable segments have been aggregated based on the similarity of their economic and other characteristics, including geographic guest sourcing. Our Cruise Support segment includes our portfolio of leading port destinations and other services, all of which are operated for the benefit of our cruise brands. Our Tour and Other segment represents the hotel and transportation operations of Holland America Princess Alaska Tours and other operations.

 
                                         Three Months Ended August 31, 
                              Operating         Selling        Depreciation 
                               costs and          and               and           Operating 
(in millions)     Revenues     expenses      administrative     amortization     income (loss) 
                 ----------  ------------  -----------------  ---------------  ---------------- 
2021 
NAA              $      271  $        966  $             219  $           343  $        (1,257) 
EA                      232           610                139              180             (696) 
Cruise Support           14            13                 61               34              (94) 
Tour and Other           28            27                  6                6              (10) 
                 ----------  ------------  -----------------  ---------------  ---------------- 
                 $      546  $      1,616  $             425  $           562  $        (2,057) 
                     ======      ========  ===  ============  ===  ==========      ============ 
2020 
NAA              $       15  $      1,292  $             144  $           348  $        (1,770) 
EA                      (4)           225                 71              165             (465) 
Cruise Support            1            12                 44               32              (86) 
Tour and Other           20            20                  5                6              (11) 
                 ----------  ------------  -----------------  ---------------  ---------------- 
                 $       31  $      1,549  $             265  $           551  $        (2,333) 
                     ======      ========  ===  ============  ===  ==========      ============ 
 
 
                                          Nine Months Ended August 31, 
                              Operating         Selling        Depreciation 
                               costs and          and               and           Operating 
(in millions)     Revenues     expenses      administrative     amortization     income (loss) 
                 ----------  ------------  -----------------  ---------------  ---------------- 
2021 
NAA              $      291  $      1,647  $             672  $         1,018  $        (3,046) 
EA                      274         1,106                378              550           (1,760) 
Cruise Support           15            28                232               95             (341) 
Tour and Other           42            51                 23               18              (49) 
                 ----------  ------------  -----------------  ---------------  ---------------- 
                 $      621  $      2,832  $           1,305  $         1,681  $        (5,196) 
                     ======      ========  ===  ============  ===  ==========      ============ 
2020 
NAA              $    3,612  $      5,197  $             841  $         1,081  $        (4,827)  (a) 
EA                    1,785         2,314                404              499           (2,208)  (b) 
Cruise Support           67          (22)                170               96             (177) 
Tour and Other           96            67                 19               22              (12) 
                 ----------  ------------  -----------------  ---------------  ---------------- 
                 $    5,561  $      7,556  $           1,435  $         1,698  $        (7,223) 
                     ======      ========  ===  ============  ===  ==========      ============ 
 
   (a)           Includes $1.3 billion of goodwill impairment charges. 
   (b)           Includes $777 million of goodwill impairment charges. 

Revenue by geographic areas, which are based on where our guests are sourced, were as follows:

 
                        Nine Months 
                        Ended August 
(in millions)             31, 2020 
                     ----------------- 
North America        $         3,065 
Europe                         1,622 
Australia and Asia               681 
Other                            192 
                     --------------- 
                     $         5,561 
                     ===  ========== 
 

As a result of the gradual resumption of our guest cruise operations, we have experienced a minimal amount of revenue for the three and nine months ended August 31, 2021 and the three months ended August 31, 2020. As a result, current year data is not meaningful and is not included in the table.

NOTE 7 - Earnings Per Share

 
                                                Three Months Ended       Nine Months Ended 
                                                    August 31,               August 31, 
                                              ----------------------  ----------------------- 
(in millions, except per share data)              2021        2020       2021         2020 
                                              ------------  --------  -----------  ---------- 
Net income (loss) for basic and diluted 
 earnings per share                           $    (2,836)  $(2,858)  $   (6,881)  $(8,014) 
                                                  ========   =======      =======   ======= 
Weighted-average shares outstanding                  1,133       775        1,120       727 
Dilutive effect of equity plans                          -         -            -         - 
                                              ------------  --------  -----------  -------- 
Diluted weighted-average shares outstanding          1,133       775        1,120       727 
                                              ============  ========  ===========  ======== 
Basic earnings per share                      $     (2.50)  $ (3.69)  $    (6.14)  $(11.03) 
                                                  ========   =======      =======   ======= 
Diluted earnings per share                    $     (2.50)  $ (3.69)  $    (6.14)  $(11.03) 
                                                  ========   =======      =======   ======= 
 

Antidilutive shares excluded from diluted earnings per share computations were as follows:

 
                                 Three Months Ended     Nine Months Ended 
                                     August 31,             August 31, 
(in millions)                      2021       2020       2021       2020 
                                -----------  -------  ----------  --------- 
Equity awards                             3        -           3        1 
Convertible Notes                        54      186          54      102 
                                -----------  -------  ----------  ------- 
Total antidilutive securities            56      186          57      103 
                                ===========  =======  ==========  ======= 
 

NOTE 8 - Supplemental Cash Flow Information

 
                                                                     November 30, 
(in millions)                                    August 31, 2021         2020 
                                                -----------------  ---------------- 
Cash and cash equivalents (Consolidated 
 Balance Sheets)                                $           7,151  $        9,513 
Restricted cash included in prepaid expenses 
 and other and other assets                                   178             179 
                                                -----------------  -------------- 
Total cash, cash equivalents and restricted 
 cash (Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows)   $           7,329  $        9,692 
                                                ===  ============      ========== 
 

NOTE 9 - Other Assets

We have a minority interest in the White Pass & Yukon Route ("White Pass") that includes port, railroad and retail operations in Skagway, Alaska. As a result of the effects of COVID-19 on the 2021 Alaska season, we evaluated whether our investment in White Pass was other than temporarily impaired and performed an impairment assessment during the quarter ended February 28, 2021. As a result of our assessment, we recognized an impairment charge of $17 million for our investment in White Pass in other income (expense), net. As of August 31, 2021, our investment in White Pass was $76 million, consisting of $51 million in equity and a loan of $25 million. As of November 30, 2020, our investment in White Pass was $94 million, consisting of $75 million in equity and a loan of $19 million.

We have a minority interest in CSSC Carnival Cruise Shipping Limited ("CSSC-Carnival"), a China-based cruise company which will operate its own fleet designed to serve the Chinese market. Our investment in CSSC-Carnival was $207 million as of August 31, 2021 and $140 million as of November 30, 2020. In December 2019, we sold to CSSC-Carnival a controlling interest in an entity with full ownership of two EA segment ships and recognized a related gain of $107 million, included in other operating expenses in our Consolidated Statements of Income (Loss). In April 2021, we sold to CSSC-Carnival our remaining $283 million investment in the minority interest of the same entity.

NOTE 10 - Property and Equipment

Ship Sales

During 2021, we completed the sale of one NAA segment ship, which represents a passenger-capacity reduction of 670 for our NAA segment and one EA segment ship, which represents a passenger-capacity reduction of 1,180 for our EA segment.

NOTE 11 - Shareholders' Equity

Stock Swap Program

We have a program that allows us to realize a net cash benefit when Carnival Corporation common stock is trading at a premium to the price of Carnival plc ordinary shares (the "Stock Swap Program").

During the three and nine months ended August 31, 2021, under the Stock Swap Program, we sold 4.6 million shares of Carnival Corporation's common stock and repurchased the same amount of Carnival plc ordinary shares resulting in net proceeds of $10 million, which were used for general corporate purposes. During 2020, there were no sales or repurchases under the Stock Swap Program.

Equity Offering

In February 2021, we completed a public offering of 40.5 million shares of Carnival Corporation's common stock at a price per share of $25.10, resulting in net proceeds of $996 million.

SCHEDULE B

Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

Cautionary Note Concerning Factors That May Affect Future Results

Some of the statements, estimates or projections contained in this document are "forward-looking statements" that involve risks, uncertainties and assumptions with respect to us, including some statements concerning future results, operations, outlooks, plans, goals, reputation, cash flows, liquidity and other events which have not yet occurred. These statements are intended to qualify for the safe harbors from liability provided by Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. All statements other than statements of historical facts are statements that could be deemed forward-looking. These statements are based on current expectations, estimates, forecasts and projections about our business and the industry in which we operate and the beliefs and assumptions of our management. We have tried, whenever possible, to identify these statements by using words like "will," "may," "could," "should," "would," "believe," "depends," "expect," "goal," "anticipate," "forecast," "project," "future," "intend," "plan," "estimate," "target," "indicate," "outlook," and similar expressions of future intent or the negative of such terms.

Forward-looking statements include those statements that relate to our outlook and financial position including, but not limited to, statements regarding:

 
 
        *    Pricing                                                  *    Goodwill, ship and trademark fair values 
                                                               *    Liquidity and credit ratings 
        *    Booking levels 
                                                               *    Adjusted earnings per share 
        *    Occupancy 
                                                               *    Return to guest cruise operations 
        *    Interest, tax and fuel expenses 
 
        *    Currency exchange rates 
 
       *    Estimates of ship depreciable lives and residual         *    Impact of the COVID-19 coronavirus global pandemic on 
            values                                                         our financial condition and results of operations 
 

Because forward-looking statements involve risks and uncertainties, there are many factors that could cause our actual results, performance or achievements to differ materially from those expressed or implied by our forward-looking statements. This note contains important cautionary statements of the known factors that we consider could materially affect the accuracy of our forward-looking statements and adversely affect our business, results of operations and financial position. Additionally, many of these risks and uncertainties are currently amplified by and will continue to be amplified by, or in the future may be amplified by, the COVID-19 outbreak. It is not possible to predict or identify all such risks. There may be additional risks that we consider immaterial or which are unknown. These factors include, but are not limited to, the following:

-- COVID-19 has had, and is expected to continue to have, a significant impact on our financial condition and operations, which impacts our ability to obtain acceptable financing to fund resulting reductions in cash from operations. The current, and uncertain future, impact of the COVID-19 outbreak, including its effect on the ability or desire of people to travel (including on cruises), is expected to continue to impact our results, operations, outlooks, plans, goals, reputation, litigation, cash flows, liquidity, and stock price.

-- World events impacting the ability or desire of people to travel have and may continue to lead to a decline in demand for cruises.

-- Incidents concerning our ships, guests or the cruise vacation industry as well as adverse weather conditions and other natural disasters have in the past and may, in the future, impact the satisfaction of our guests and crew and lead to reputational damage.

-- Changes in and non-compliance with laws and regulations under which we operate, such as those relating to health, environment, safety and security, data privacy and protection, anti-corruption, economic sanctions, trade protection and tax have in the past and may, in the future, lead to litigation, enforcement actions, fines, penalties and reputational damage.

-- Breaches in data security and lapses in data privacy as well as disruptions and other damages to our principal offices, information technology operations and system networks, including the recent ransomware incidents, and failure to keep pace with developments in technology may adversely impact our business operations, the satisfaction of our guests and crew and may lead to reputational damage.

-- Ability to recruit, develop and retain qualified shipboard personnel who live away from home for extended periods of time may adversely impact our business operations, guest services and satisfaction.

-- Increases in fuel prices, changes in the types of fuel consumed and availability of fuel supply may adversely impact our scheduled itineraries and costs.

   --      Fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates may adversely impact our financial results. 

-- Overcapacity and competition in the cruise and land-based vacation industry may lead to a decline in our cruise sales, pricing and destination options.

-- Inability to implement our shipbuilding programs and ship repairs, maintenance and refurbishments may adversely impact our business operations and the satisfaction of our guests.

The ordering of the risk factors set forth above is not intended to reflect our indication of priority or likelihood.

Forward-looking statements should not be relied upon as a prediction of actual results. Subject to any continuing obligations under applicable law or any relevant stock exchange rules, we expressly disclaim any obligation to disseminate, after the date of this document, any updates or revisions to any such forward-looking statements to reflect any change in expectations or events, conditions or circumstances on which any such statements are based.

Recent Developments

Resumption of Guest Cruise Operations

As of August 31, 2021, eight of our nine brands have resumed guest cruise operations as part of our gradual return to service, with 35% of our capacity operating with guests on board. We have already announced plans to resume guest cruise operations with 50 ships, or 61% of our capacity, by November 30, 2021 and 71 ships, or 75% of our capacity, by June 2022, with more announcements forthcoming for the remaining ships. Consistent with our planned gradual resumption of guest cruise operations, we continue to expect to have our full fleet back in operation in the spring of 2022.

Update on Refinancing

Refer to "Liquidity, Financial Condition and Capital Resources."

Refer to "Risk factors" - "COVID-19 has had, and is expected to continue to have, a significant impact on our financial condition and operations, which impacts our ability to obtain acceptable financing to fund resulting reductions in cash from operations. The current, and uncertain future, impact of the COVID-19 outbreak, including its effect on the ability or desire of people to travel (including on cruises), is expected to continue to impact our results, operations, outlooks, plans, goals, reputation, litigation, cash flows, liquidity, and stock price."

New Accounting Pronouncements

Refer to Note 1 - "General, Accounting Pronouncements" of the consolidated financial statements for additional discussion regarding accounting pronouncements.

Critical Accounting Estimates

For a discussion of our critical accounting estimates, see "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations" that is included in the Form 10-K.

Seasonality

Our passenger ticket revenues are seasonal. Historically, demand for cruises has been greatest during our third quarter, which includes the Northern Hemisphere summer months, although 2021 will continue to be adversely impacted by COVID-19. This higher demand during the third quarter results in higher ticket prices and occupancy levels and, accordingly, the largest share of our operating income is earned during this period. This historical trend has been disrupted by the pause and gradual resumption of guest cruise operations. In addition, substantially all of Holland America Princess Alaska Tours' revenue and net income (loss) is generated from May through September in conjunction with Alaska's cruise season. During 2021, the Alaska cruise season has been and will continue to be adversely impacted by the effects of COVID-19.

Statistical Information

 
                                          Three Months Ended         Nine Months Ended 
                                              August 31,                 August 31, 
                                       ------------------------  ------------------------- 
                                            2021         2020         2021          2020 
                                       ---------------  -------  ---------------  -------- 
Available Lower Berth Days ("ALBDs") 
 (in thousands) (a)                         3,788           (c)       4,405            (c) 
Occupancy percentage (b)                     54.2%          (c)        50.4%           (c) 
Fuel consumption in metric tons (in 
 thousands)                                   344           325         852        1,639 
Fuel cost per metric ton consumed      $      537       $   371  $      472       $  438 
 
Currencies (USD to 1) 
               AUD                     $     0.75       $  0.70  $     0.76       $ 0.67 
               CAD                     $     0.80       $  0.74  $     0.80       $ 0.74 
               EUR                     $     1.19       $  1.15  $     1.20       $ 1.12 
               GBP                     $     1.39       $  1.28  $     1.38       $ 1.27 
               RMB                     $     0.15       $  0.14  $     0.15       $ 0.14 
 

(a) ALBD is a standard of passenger capacity for the period that we use to approximate rate and capacity variances, based on consistently applied formulas that we use to perform analyses to determine the main non-capacity driven factors that cause our cruise revenues and expenses to vary. ALBDs assume that each cabin we offer for sale accommodates two passengers and is computed by multiplying passenger capacity by revenue-producing ship operating days in the period.

(b) In accordance with cruise industry practice, occupancy is calculated using a denominator of ALBDs, which assumes two passengers per cabin even though some cabins can accommodate three or more passengers. Percentages in excess of 100% indicate that on average more than two passengers occupied some cabins.

(c) As a result of pause in guest cruise operations in 2020, prior year data for these metrics was not meaningful and was not included in the table.

We paused our guest cruise operations in mid-March 2020 and were in a pause for a majority of 2020. In 2021, we began the gradual resumption of guest cruise operations which is continuing to have a material impact on all aspects of our business.

Results of Operations

 
Consolidated 
                       Three Months                                Nine Months 
                           Ended                                   Ended August 
                        August 31,                                      31, 
                    ------------------            -------       ------------------            ------- 
                                                   % increase                                  % increase 
(in millions)         2021      2020     Change    (decrease)     2021      2020     Change    (decrease) 
                    --------  --------  --------  ------------  --------  --------  --------  ------------ 
Revenues 
   Passenger 
    ticket          $    303  $      -  $    303      100%      $    326  $  3,680  $(3,354)     (91)% 
   Onboard and 
    other                243        31       212      676%           295     1,881   (1,586)     (84)% 
                    --------  --------  --------  -------       --------  --------  --------  ------- 
                         546        31       515     1643%           621     5,561   (4,940)     (89)% 
                    --------  --------  --------  -------       --------  --------  --------  ------- 
Operating Costs 
and 
Expenses 
   Commissions, 
    transportation 
    and other             79        34        44      128%           116     1,098     (983)     (89)% 
   Onboard and 
    other                 72         9        64      749%            94       593     (499)     (84)% 
   Payroll and 
    related              375       248       126       51%           834     1,563     (729)     (47)% 
   Fuel                  182       121        61       51%           398       718     (320)     (45)% 
   Food                   52        19        33      172%            80       404     (325)     (80)% 
   Ship and other 
    impairments          475       910     (435)     (48)%           524     1,829   (1,305)     (71)% 
   Other operating       381       208       174       84%           786     1,349     (564)     (42)% 
                    --------  --------  --------  -------       --------  --------  --------  ------- 
                       1,616     1,549        67        4%         2,832     7,556   (4,724)     (63)% 
 
   Selling and 
    administrative       425       265       161       61%         1,305     1,435     (130)      (9)% 
   Depreciation 
    and 
    amortization         562       551        11        2%         1,681     1,698      (17)      (1)% 
   Goodwill 
    impairment             -         -         -      100%             -     2,096   (2,096)    (100)% 
                    --------  --------  --------  -------       --------  --------  --------  ------- 
                       2,603     2,364       239       10%         5,817    12,784   (6,967)     (54)% 
                    --------  --------  --------  -------       --------  --------  --------  ------- 
Operating Income 
 (Loss)             $(2,057)  $(2,333)  $    276     (12)%      $(5,196)  $(7,223)  $  2,027     (28)% 
                     =======   =======  ===  ===  =======        =======   =======   =======  ======= 
 
 
NAA 
                    Three Months                                Nine Months 
                        Ended                                   Ended August 
                     August 31,                                      31, 
                 ------------------            -------       ------------------            ------- 
                                                % increase                                  % increase 
(in millions)      2021      2020     Change    (decrease)     2021      2020     Change    (decrease) 
                 --------  --------  --------  ------------  --------  --------  --------  ------------ 
Revenues 
   Passenger 
    ticket       $    151  $      5  $    145     2818%      $    152  $  2,329  $(2,177)     (93)% 
   Onboard and 
    other             121         9       111     1174%           139     1,283   (1,145)     (89)% 
                 --------  --------  --------  -------       --------  --------  --------  ------- 
                      271        15       257     1753%           291     3,612   (3,321)     (92)% 
                 --------  --------  --------  -------       --------  --------  --------  ------- 
 
Operating Costs 
 and 
 Expenses             966     1,292     (326)     (25)%         1,647     5,197   (3,551)     (68)% 
Selling and 
 administrative       219       144        75       52%           672       841     (169)     (20)% 
Depreciation 
 and 
 amortization         343       348       (6)      (2)%         1,018     1,081      (63)      (6)% 
Goodwill 
 impairment             -         -         -        -%             -     1,319   (1,319)    (100)% 
                 --------  --------  --------  -------       --------  --------  --------  ------- 
                    1,528     1,785     (257)     (14)%         3,337     8,439   (5,102)     (60)% 
                 --------  --------  --------  -------       --------  --------  --------  ------- 
Operating 
 Income (Loss)   $(1,257)  $(1,770)  $    514     (29)%      $(3,046)  $(4,827)  $  1,781     (37)% 
                  =======   =======  ===  ===  =======        =======   =======   =======  ======= 
 
 
EA 
                  Three Months                            Nine Months 
                      Ended                               Ended August 
                   August 31,                                  31, 
                 --------------          --------      ------------------            ------- 
                                          % increase                                  % increase 
(in millions)     2021    2020   Change   (decrease)     2021      2020     Change    (decrease) 
                 ------  ------  ------  ------------  --------  --------  --------  ------------ 
Revenues 
   Passenger 
    ticket       $  164  $  (4)  $  168    (3763)%     $    186  $  1,393  $(1,207)     (87)% 
   Onboard and 
    other            69       -      69       100%           88       393     (305)     (78)% 
                 ------  ------  ------  --------      --------  --------  --------  ------- 
                    232     (4)     237    (5294)%          274     1,785   (1,512)     (85)% 
                 ------  ------  ------  --------      --------  --------  --------  ------- 
 
Operating Costs 
 and 
 Expenses           610     225     385       171%        1,106     2,314   (1,208)     (52)% 
Selling and 
 administrative     139      71      68        95%          378       404      (26)      (6)% 
Depreciation 
 and 
 amortization       180     165      15         9%          550       499        51       10% 
Goodwill 
 impairment           -       -       -         -%            -       777     (777)    (100)% 
                 ------  ------  ------  --------      --------  --------  --------  ------- 
                    929     461     468       102%        2,034     3,994   (1,960)     (49)% 
                 ------  ------  ------  --------      --------  --------  --------  ------- 
Operating 
 Income (Loss)   $(696)  $(465)  $(231)        50%     $(1,760)  $(2,208)  $    448     (20)% 
                  =====   =====   =====  ========       =======   =======   =======  ======= 
 

We paused our guest cruise operations in mid-March 2020. As of August 31, 2021, eight of our nine brands have resumed guest cruise operations as part of our gradual return to service. The gradual resumption of guest cruise operations is continuing to have a material impact on all aspects of our business, including our liquidity, financial position and results of operations. The full extent of the impact will be determined by our gradual return to service and the length of time COVID-19 influences travel decisions.

As of August 31, 2021, 35% of our capacity was operating with guests on board. As a result of the gradual resumption of our guest cruise operations, revenues for the three months ended August 31, 2021 have increased compared to the three months ended August 31, 2020, which was a period of full pause in guest cruise operations. Revenues for the nine months ended August 31, 2021 have decreased compared to the nine months ended August 31, 2020 as a result of the pause in guest operations beginning in the second quarter of 2020. Occupancy in the third quarter of 2021 was 54%, which is considerably lower than our historical levels. We continue to expect a net loss on both a U.S. GAAP and adjusted basis for the fourth quarter of 2021 and the full year ending November 30, 2021.

As we continue our return to service, we expect to continue incurring incremental restart related spend including the cost of returning ships to guest cruise operations, returning crew members to our ships and maintaining enhanced health and safety protocols. During 2020, while maintaining compliance, environmental protection and safety, we significantly reduced ship operating expenses, including cruise payroll and related expenses, food, fuel, insurance and port charges by transitioning ships into paused status, either at anchor or in port, and staffed at a safe manning level.

There were no goodwill impairment charges for the three and nine months ended August 31, 2021 and for the three months ended August 31, 2020. For the nine months ended August 31, 2020, we recognized goodwill impairment charges of $2.1 billion.

We recognized ship impairment charges of $0.5 billion and $0.8 billion for the three months ended August 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively and $0.5 billion and $1.7 billion for the nine months ended August 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively.

Nonoperating Income (Expense)

Interest expense, net of capitalized interest, increased by $107 million to $418 million for the three months ended August 31, 2021 from $310 million for the three months ended August 31, 2020. Interest expense, net of capitalized interest, increased by $0.7 billion to $1.3 billion for the nine months ended August 31, 2021 from $0.5 billion for the nine months ended August 31, 2020. These increases were caused by additional debt borrowings with higher interest rates since the pause in guest cruise operations.

Loss on debt extinguishment increased by $156 million to $376 million for the three months ended August 31, 2021 from $220 million for the three months ended August 31, 2020. Loss on debt extinguishment increased by $153 million to $372 million for the nine months ended August 31, 2021 from $220 million for the nine months ended August 31, 2020. These increases were caused by the repurchase of $2.0 billion of the aggregate principal of the 2023 Senior Secured Notes.

Key Performance Non-GAAP Financial Indicators

The table below reconciles Adjusted net income (loss) and Adjusted EBITDA to Net income (loss) and Adjusted earnings per share to Earnings per share for the periods presented:

 
                                                     Three Months Ended      Nine Months Ended 
                                                         August 31,              August 31, 
                                                   ----------------------  --------------------- 
(in millions, except per share data)                   2021        2020       2021        2020 
                                                   ------------  --------  -----------  -------- 
Net income (loss) 
    U.S. GAAP net income (loss)                    $    (2,836)  $(2,858)  $   (6,881)  $(8,014) 
    (Gains) losses on ship sales and impairments            472       937          510     3,819 
    (Gains) losses on debt extinguishment, 
     net                                                    376       220          372       220 
    Restructuring expenses                                    2         3            5        42 
    Other                                                     -         -           17         3 
                                                   ------------  --------  -----------  -------- 
    Adjusted net income (loss)                     $    (1,986)  $(1,699)  $   (5,976)  $(3,930) 
                                                       --------   -------      -------   ------- 
   Interest expense, net of capitalized 
    interest                                                418       310        1,253       547 
    Interest income                                         (3)       (3)         (10)      (15) 
    Income tax expense, net                                (23)       (2)         (17)       (2) 
    Depreciation and amortization                           562       551        1,681     1,698 
                                                   ------------  --------  -----------  -------- 
    Adjusted EBITDA                                $    (1,033)  $  (844)  $   (3,069)  $(1,702) 
                                                       ========   =======      =======   ======= 
Weighted-average shares outstanding                       1,133       775        1,120       727 
                                                   ============  ========  ===========  ======== 
 
Earnings per share 
    U.S. GAAP diluted earnings per share           $     (2.50)  $ (3.69)  $    (6.14)  $(11.03) 
    (Gains) losses on ship sales and impairments           0.42      1.21         0.46      5.26 
    (Gains) losses on debt extinguishment, 
     net                                                   0.33      0.28         0.33      0.30 
    Restructuring expenses                                    -         -            -      0.06 
    Other                                                     -         -         0.02         - 
                                                   ------------  --------  -----------  -------- 
    Adjusted earnings per share                    $     (1.75)  $ (2.19)  $    (5.34)  $ (5.41) 
                                                       ========   =======      =======   ======= 
 
 

Explanations of Non-GAAP Financial Measures

We use adjusted net income (loss) and adjusted earnings per share as non-GAAP financial measures of our cruise segments' and the company's financial performance. These non-GAAP financial measures are provided along with U.S. GAAP net income (loss) and U.S. GAAP diluted earnings per share.

We believe that gains and losses on ship sales, impairment charges, gains and losses on debt extinguishments, restructuring costs, and other gains and losses are not part of our core operating business and are not an indication of our future earnings performance. Therefore, we believe it is more meaningful for these items to be excluded from our net income (loss) and earnings per share and, accordingly, we present adjusted net income (loss) and adjusted earnings per share excluding these items.

Adjusted EBITDA is a non-GAAP measure, and we believe that the presentation of Adjusted EBITDA provides additional information to investors about our operating profitability adjusted for certain non-cash items and other gains and expenses that we believe are not part of our core operating business and are not an indication of our future earnings performance. Further, we believe that the presentation of Adjusted EBITDA provides additional information to investors about our ability to operate our business in compliance with the restrictions set forth in our debt agreements. We define Adjusted EBITDA as adjusted net income (loss) adjusted for (i) interest, (ii) taxes and (iii) depreciation and amortization. There are material limitations to using Adjusted EBITDA. Adjusted EBITDA does not take into account certain significant items that directly affect our net income (loss). These limitations are best addressed by considering the economic effects of the excluded items independently, and by considering Adjusted EBITDA in conjunction with net income (loss) as calculated in accordance with U.S. GAAP.

The presentation of our non-GAAP financial information is not intended to be considered in isolation from, as a substitute for, or superior to the financial information prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP. It is possible that our non-GAAP financial measures may not be exactly comparable to the like-kind information presented by other companies, which is a potential risk associated with using these measures to compare us to other companies.

Liquidity, Financial Condition and Capital Resources

As of August 31, 2021, we had $7.8 billion of liquidity including cash and short-term investments. We have taken significant actions to preserve cash and obtain additional financing to increase our liquidity. In addition, we expect to continue to pursue additional refinancing opportunities to reduce interest expense and extend maturities. Since December 2020, we have completed the following:

Liquidity Actions:

-- In December 2020, we borrowed $1.5 billion under export credit facilities due in semi-annual installments through 2033.

-- In February 2021, we issued an aggregate principal amount of $3.5 billion senior unsecured notes that mature on March 1, 2027. The 2027 Senior Unsecured Notes bear interest at a rate of 5.8% per year.

-- In February 2021, we completed a public offering of 40.5 million shares of Carnival Corporation's common stock at a price per share of $25.10, resulting in net proceeds of $996 million.

-- In June 2021, we entered into an amendment to reprice our $2.8 billion 2025 Secured Term Loan (the "2025 Secured Term Loan"). The amended U.S. dollar tranche bears interest at a rate per annum equal to LIBOR (with a 0.75% floor) plus 3%. The amended euro tranche bears interest at a rate per annum equal to EURIBOR (with a 0% floor) plus 3.75%.

-- In July 2021, we issued $2.4 billion aggregate principal amount of 4% first-priority senior secured notes due in 2028 (the "2028 Senior Secured Notes"). We used the net proceeds from the issuance to purchase $2.0 billion aggregate principal amount of the 2023 Senior Secured Notes. The 2028 Senior Secured Notes mature on August 1, 2028.

-- In July 2021, we borrowed $544 million under an export credit facility due in semi-annual installments through 2033.

-- We amended substantially all of our drawn export credit facilities to defer approximately $1.0 billion of principal payments that would otherwise have been due over a one year period commencing April 1, 2021 until March 31, 2022, with repayments to be made over the following five years. Of these amendments, the deferral of an aggregate principal amount of $0.7 billion became effective as of August 31, 2021, and an aggregate principal amount of $0.3 billion became effective after August 31, 2021.

Covenant Updates:

-- As of September 14, 2021, we have entered into amendments aligning the financial covenants of substantially all our drawn export credit facilities, with the exception of $0.4 billion, with our other facilities. Refer to Note 3 - "Debt" of the consolidated financial statements for additional details.

Certain of our debt instruments contain provisions that may limit our ability to incur or guarantee additional indebtedness.

As we continue our return to service, we expect to continue incurring incremental restart related spend including the cost of returning ships to guest cruise operations, returning crew members to our ships and maintaining enhanced health and safety protocols. We expect our monthly average cash burn rate for the fourth quarter to be higher than the prior quarters of 2021, due to the timing of incremental restart expenditures. Our monthly average cash burn rate includes revenues earned on voyages, ongoing ship operating and administrative expenses, restart spend, working capital changes (excluding changes in customer deposits), interest expense and capital expenditures (net of export credit facilities), and excludes scheduled debt maturities as well as other cash collateral to be provided.

We had a working capital deficit of $0.6 billion as of August 31, 2021 compared to working capital of $1.9 billion as of November 30, 2020. The decrease in working capital was driven by a decrease in cash and short-term investments. Historically, during our normal operations, we operate with a substantial working capital deficit. This deficit is mainly attributable to the fact that, under our business model, substantially all of our passenger ticket receipts are collected in advance of the applicable sailing date. These advance passenger receipts generally remain a current liability until the sailing date. The cash generated from these advance receipts is used interchangeably with cash on hand from other sources, such as our borrowings and other cash from operations. The cash received as advanced receipts can be used to fund operating expenses, pay down our debt, make long-term investments or any other use of cash. Included within our working capital are $2.7 billion and $1.9 billion of customer deposits as of August 31, 2021 and November 30, 2020, respectively. We have paid and expect to continue to pay cash refunds of customer deposits with respect to a portion of cancelled cruises. The amount of cash refunds to be paid may depend on the level of guest acceptance of FCCs and future cruise cancellations. We record a liability for FCCs only to the extent we have received cash from guests with bookings on cancelled sailings. We have agreements with a number of credit card processors that transact customer deposits related to our cruise vacations. Certain of these agreements allow the credit card processors to request, under certain circumstances, that we provide a reserve fund in cash. In addition, we have a relatively low-level of accounts receivable and limited investment in inventories. We expect that we will have working capital deficits in the future once we return to normal guest cruise operations.

Refer to Note 1 - "General, Liquidity and Management's Plans" of the consolidated financial statements for additional discussion regarding our liquidity.

Sources and Uses of Cash

Operating Activities

Our business used $3.7 billion of net cash flows in operating activities during the nine months ended August 31, 2021, a decrease of $0.9 billion, compared to $4.6 billion of net cash used for the same period in 2020.

Investing Activities

During the nine months ended August 31, 2021, net cash used in investing activities was $3.5 billion. This was driven by the following:

   --      Capital expenditures of $2.8 billion for our ongoing new shipbuilding program 

-- Capital expenditures of $332 million for ship improvements and replacements, information technology and buildings and improvements

   --      Proceeds from sale of ships and other of $351 million 
   --      Purchases of short-term investments of $2.7 billion 
   --      Proceeds from maturity of short-term investments of $2.0 billion 

During the nine months ended August 31, 2020, net cash used in investing activities was $1.5 billion. This was driven by the following:

   --      Capital expenditures of $1.0 billion for our ongoing new shipbuilding program 

-- Capital expenditures of $855 million for ship improvements and replacements, information technology and buildings and improvements

   --      Proceeds from sale of ships of $271 million 
   --      Proceeds of $220 million from the settlement of outstanding derivatives 

Financing Activities

During the nine months ended August 31, 2021, net cash provided by financing activities of $4.9 billion was caused by the following:

-- Issuances of $7.9 billion of long-term debt, including net proceeds of $3.4 billion from the issuance of the 2027 Senior Unsecured Notes, net proceeds of $2.4 billion from the issuance of the 2028 Senior Secured Notes, and net proceeds of $2.1 billion borrowed under export credit facilities to fund ship deliveries

-- Repayments of $3.5 billion of long-term debt, including $2.0 billion repurchase of the 2023 Senior Secured Notes

   --      Premium payments of $286 million related to the repurchase of the 2023 Senior Secured Notes 
   --      Net proceeds of $1.0 billion from Carnival Corporation common stock 

-- Purchases of $94 million of Carnival plc ordinary shares and issuances of $105 million of Carnival Corporation common stock under our Stock Swap Program

   --      Payments of $233 million related to debt issuance costs 

During the nine months ended August 31, 2020, net cash provided by financing activities of $13.7 billion was caused by the following:

-- Net proceeds from short-term borrowings of $3.1 billion in connection with our availability of, and needs for, cash at various times throughout the period, including proceeds of $3.0 billion from the Revolving Facility

-- Repayments of $896 million of long-term debt, including the $222 million that was cash settled to repurchase a portion of the Convertible Notes

-- Issuances of $11.5 billion of long-term debt, including net proceeds of $3.9 billion from the issuance of the 2023 Senior Secured Notes, net proceeds of $2.6 billion from the issuance of the 2025 Secured Term Loan, net proceeds of $2.0 billion from the issuance of Convertible Notes, net proceeds of $1.2 billion from the issuance of the 2026 Senior Secured Notes and net proceeds of $0.9 billion from the issuance of the 2027 Senior Secured Notes.

   --      Payments of cash dividends of $689 million 

-- Purchases of $12 million of Carnival plc ordinary shares in open market transactions under our Repurchase Program

   --      Net proceeds of $556 million from our public offering of Carnival Corporation common stock 

-- Net proceeds of $222 million from a registered direct offering of Carnival Corporation common stock used to repurchase a portion of the Convertible Notes

Funding Sources

As of August 31, 2021, we had $7.8 billion of liquidity including cash and short-term investments. In addition, we had $5.8 billion of export credit facilities to fund ship deliveries planned through 2024.

 
(in billions)                                 2021   2022  2023   2024 
                                             ------  ----  ----  ------ 
Future export credit facilities at August 
 31, 2021 (a)                                $    -  $3.3  $1.9  $0.6 
 
 

(a) Under the terms of these export credit facilities, we are required to comply with the Interest Coverage Covenant and the Debt to Capital Covenant, among others. We entered into supplemental agreements to waive compliance with the Interest Coverage Covenant and the Debt to Capital Covenant for our unfunded export credit facilities through August 31, 2022 or November 30, 2022, as applicable. We will be required to comply with such covenants beginning with the next testing date of November 30, 2022 or February 28, 2023, as applicable.

Many of our debt agreements contain various other financial covenants, including those described in Note 3 - "Debt" and in Note 5 - "Debt" in the annual consolidated financial statements, which are included within our Form 10-K. At August 31, 2021, we were in compliance with the applicable covenants under our debt agreements.

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

We are not a party to any off-balance sheet arrangements, including guarantee contracts, retained or contingent interests, certain derivative instruments and variable interest entities that either have, or are reasonably likely to have, a current or future material effect on our consolidated financial statements.

Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.

For a discussion of our hedging strategies and market risks, see the discussion below and Note 10 - "Fair Value Measurements, Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities and Financial Risks" in our consolidated financial statements and Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations within our Form 10-K.

Interest Rate Risks

The composition of our debt, including the effect of interest rate swaps, was as follows:

 
                     August 31, 2021 
                    ----------------- 
Fixed rate                49% 
EUR fixed rate            14% 
Floating rate             20% 
EUR floating rate         16% 
GBP floating rate          2% 
 

Item 4. Controls and Procedures.

A. Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

Disclosure controls and procedures are designed to provide reasonable assurance that information required to be disclosed by us in the reports that we file or submit under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, is recorded, processed, summarized and reported, within the time periods specified in the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission's rules and forms. Disclosure controls and procedures include, without limitation, controls and procedures designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by us in our reports that we file or submit under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our principal executive and principal financial officers, or persons performing similar functions, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.

Our President and Chief Executive Officer and our Chief Financial Officer and Chief Accounting Officer have evaluated our disclosure controls and procedures and have concluded, as of August 31, 2021, that they are effective at a reasonable level of assurance, as described above.

B. Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting

There have been no changes in our internal control over financial reporting during the quarter ended August 31, 2021 that have materially affected or are reasonably likely to materially affect our internal control over financial reporting.

PART II - OTHER INFORMATION

Item 1. Legal Proceedings.

The legal proceedings described in Note 4 - "Contingencies and Commitments" of our consolidated financial statements, including those described under "COVID-19 Actions," are incorporated in this "Legal Proceedings" section by reference. Additionally, SEC rules require disclosure of certain environmental matters when a governmental authority is a party to the proceedings and such proceedings involve potential monetary sanctions that we believe will exceed $1 million for such proceedings. We are not aware of any environmental proceedings that exceed this threshold for the quarter ending August 31, 2021.

Item 1A. Risk Factors.

The risk factors in this Form 10-Q below should be carefully considered, including the risk factors discussed in "Risk Factors" and other risks discussed in our Form 10-K. These risks could materially and adversely affect our results, operations, outlooks, plans, goals, growth, reputation, cash flows, liquidity, and stock price. Our business also could be affected by risks that we are not presently aware of or that we currently consider immaterial to our operations.

COVID-19 and Liquidity/Debt Related Risk Factors

-- COVID-19 has had, and is expected to continue to have, a significant impact on our financial condition and operations, which impacts our ability to obtain acceptable financing to fund resulting reductions in cash from operations. The current, and uncertain future, impact of the COVID-19 outbreak, including its effect on the ability or desire of people to travel (including on cruises), is expected to continue to impact our results, operations, outlooks, plans, goals, reputation, litigation, cash flows, liquidity, and stock price.

The COVID-19 global pandemic is having material negative impacts on all aspects of our business. We implemented a pause of our guest cruise operations in mid-March 2020 across all brands. We have been, and will continue to be, negatively impacted by travel bans and advisories, and evolving, conflicting and complex restrictions, recommendations and regulations set by various governmental authorities. These restrictions, recommendations and regulations have and may continue to impact our ability to operate our business in an optimal manner.

As we continue our return to service, we expect to continue incurring incremental restart related spend including the cost of returning ships to guest cruise operations, returning crew members to our ships and maintaining enhanced health and safety protocols. The industry is subject to and may be further subject to enhanced health and hygiene requirements in attempts to counteract future outbreaks, and these requirements may be costly, take a significant amount of time to implement across our global cruise operations, and may result in disruptions in guest cruise operations, incremental costs and loss of revenue.

We intend to continue to make vaccines available to all of our crew but there can be no assurances that we will be able to source sufficient vaccines for our global crew. In addition, although vaccines have proven to be effective in mitigating the risks of continued spread of COVID-19, there is no guarantee that the vaccines will continue to be effective against future variants.

Due to the outbreak of COVID-19 on some of our ships, and the resulting illness and loss of life in certain instances, we have been the subject of negative publicity, which could have a long term impact on the appeal of our brands, which would diminish demand for vacations on our vessels. We cannot predict how long the negative impact of media attention on our brands will last, or the level of investment that will be required to address the concerns of potential travelers through marketing and pricing actions.

We have received, and may continue to receive, lawsuits, other governmental investigations and other actions stemming from COVID-19. We cannot predict the quantum or outcome of any such proceedings, some of which could result in the imposition of civil and criminal penalties in the future, and the impact that they will have on our financial results, but any such impact may be material. We also remain subject to extensive, complex, and closely monitored obligations under the court-ordered environmental compliance plan supervised by the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Florida, as a result of the previously disclosed settlement agreement relating to the violation of probation conditions for a plea agreement entered into by Princess Cruises and the U.S. Department of Justice in 2016. We remain fully committed to satisfying those obligations.

We have insurance coverage for certain liabilities, costs and expenses related to COVID-19 through our participation in Protection and Indemnity ("P&I") clubs, including coverage for direct and incremental costs including, but not limited to, certain quarantine expenses and for certain liabilities to passengers and crew. P&I clubs are mutual indemnity associations owned by members. There is a $10 million deductible per occurrence (meaning per outbreak on a particular ship). We cannot provide assurance that we will receive insurance proceeds that will compensate us fully for our liabilities, costs and expenses that exceed the $10 million deductible under these policies. We have no insurance coverage for loss of revenues or earnings from our ships or other operations.

In connection with our capacity optimization strategy, we have accelerated the removal of ships from our fleet which were previously expected to be sold over the ensuing years. Some of these agreements for the disposal of vessels have been for recycling. When we choose to dispose of a ship, there can be no assurance that there will be a viable buyer to purchase it at a price that exceeds our net book value, which could result in ship impairment charges and losses on ship disposals.

The effects of COVID-19 on the operations of shipyards where our ships are under construction have resulted in delays in ship deliveries.

We cannot predict the timing of our complete return to service at historical occupancy and pricing levels and when various ports will reopen to our ships. If our gradual resumption of guest cruise operations is delayed or there are future pauses or disruptions in the resumption of guest cruise operations, it could further negatively impact our liquidity. As our business is seasonal, the impact of such a delay or future pause in the resumption of guest cruise operations will be heightened if such delay or future pause occurs during the Northern Hemisphere summer months. Moreover, even as travel advisories and restrictions are lifted, demand for cruises may be impacted for a significant length of time and we cannot predict if and when each brand will return to pre-outbreak demand or fare pricing. In particular, our bookings may be negatively impacted by the adverse changes in the perceived or actual economic climate, including higher unemployment rates, declines in income levels and loss of personal wealth resulting from the impact of COVID-19. In addition, we cannot predict the impact COVID-19 will have on our partners, such as travel agencies, suppliers and other vendors, counterparties and joint ventures. We may be adversely impacted as a result of the adverse impact our partners, counterparties and joint ventures suffer.

We have never previously experienced a complete cessation of our guest cruise operations, and as a consequence, our ability to be predictive regarding the impact of such a cessation on our brands and future prospects is uncertain. In particular, we cannot predict the impact on our financial performance and cash flows (including as required for cash refunds of deposits) as a result of the gradual resumptions in our guest cruise operations and the public's concern regarding the health and safety of travel, especially by cruise ship, and related decreases in demand for travel and cruising. Moreover, our ability to attract and retain guests and our ability to hire and the amounts we must pay our crew depends, in part, upon the perception and reputation of our company and our brands and the public's concerns regarding the health and safety of travel generally, as well as regarding the cruising industry and our ships specifically. In addition, our ability to re-hire crew may be negatively impacted as some have obtained alternative employment during the pause.

Our access to and cost of financing depends on, among other things, global economic conditions, conditions in the global financing markets, the availability of sufficient amounts of financing, our prospects and our credit ratings. As a result of COVID-19's effects on our operations, Moody's and S&P Global downgraded our credit ratings to be non-investment grade. If our credit ratings were to be further downgraded, or general market conditions were to ascribe higher risk to our rating levels, our industry, or us, our access to capital and the cost of any debt or equity financing will be further negatively impacted. In addition, the terms of future debt agreements could include more restrictive covenants, or require incremental collateral, which may further restrict our business operations or be unavailable due to our covenant restrictions then in effect. There is no guarantee that debt or equity financings will be available in the future to fund our obligations, or that they will be available on terms consistent with our expectations. Additionally,

the impact of COVID-19 on the financial markets may adversely impact our ability to raise funds.

In addition, the COVID-19 outbreak has significantly increased economic and demand uncertainty. The effects of COVID-19 have caused a global recession, which could have a further adverse impact on our financial condition and operations. In past recessions, demand for our cruise vacations has been significantly negatively impacted which has resulted in lower occupancy rates and adverse pricing, with a corresponding increase in the use of credits and other means to attract travelers. As a result of the impact of COVID-19, we continue to expect lower occupancy levels during our resumption of guest cruise operations and cannot predict when we will be able to achieve historical occupancy levels.

The extent of the effects of the outbreak on our business and the cruising industry at large is highly uncertain and will ultimately depend on future developments, including, but not limited to, the duration and severity of the outbreak, the length of time it takes for demand and pricing to return and normal economic and operating conditions to resume. To the extent COVID-19 adversely affects our business, operations, financial condition and operating results, it may also have the effect of heightening many other risks.

SCHEDULE C

Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds.

   I.     Stock Swap Program 

We have a program that allows us to realize a net cash benefit when Carnival Corporation common stock is trading at a premium to the price of Carnival plc ordinary shares (the "Stock Swap Program"). Under the Stock Swap Program, we may elect to offer and sell shares of Carnival Corporation common stock at prevailing market prices in ordinary brokers' transactions and repurchase an equivalent number of Carnival plc ordinary shares in the UK market.

Under the Stock Swap Program effective June 2021, the Board of Directors authorized the sale of up to $500 million shares of Carnival Corporation common stock in the U.S. market and the repurchase of an equivalent number of Carnival plc ordinary shares.

We may in the future implement a program to allow us to obtain a net cash benefit when Carnival plc ordinary shares are trading at a premium to the price of Carnival Corporation common stock.

Any sales of Carnival Corporation common stock and Carnival plc ordinary shares have been or will be registered under the Securities Act of 1993, as amended. During the three months ended August 31, 2021, under the Stock Swap Program, we sold 4.6 million shares of Carnival Corporation's common stock and repurchased the same amount of Carnival plc ordinary shares, resulting in net proceeds of $10 million, which were used for general corporate purposes.

 
                                                                            Maximum Number 
                                                                            of Carnival plc 
                                   Total Number                             Ordinary Shares 
                                   of Shares of      Average Price          That May Yet Be 
                                   Carnival plc      Paid per Share         Purchased Under 
                                  Ordinary Shares     of Carnival       the Carnival Corporation 
                                   Purchased (a)      plc Ordinary         Stock Swap Program 
Period                             (in millions)         Share               (in millions) 
------------------------------   ----------------  -----------------  --------------------------- 
June 1, 2021 through June 
 30, 2021                                     0.4  $           22.88                       18.0 
July 1, 2021 through July 
 31, 2021                                     2.4  $           20.58                       15.7 
August 1, 2021 through August 
 31, 2021                                     1.9  $           20.58                       13.8 
                                 ----------------  ---  ------------ 
Total                                         4.6  $           20.76 
                                 ================ 
 

(a) No ordinary shares of Carnival plc were purchased outside of publicly announced plans or programs.

This information is provided by RNS, the news service of the London Stock Exchange. RNS is approved by the Financial Conduct Authority to act as a Primary Information Provider in the United Kingdom. Terms and conditions relating to the use and distribution of this information may apply. For further information, please contact rns@lseg.com or visit www.rns.com.

RNS may use your IP address to confirm compliance with the terms and conditions, to analyse how you engage with the information contained in this communication, and to share such analysis on an anonymised basis with others as part of our commercial services. For further information about how RNS and the London Stock Exchange use the personal data you provide us, please see our Privacy Policy.

END

QRTURRNRAKUKOAR

(END) Dow Jones Newswires

September 30, 2021 12:13 ET (16:13 GMT)

Carnival (LSE:0EV1)
Gráfica de Acción Histórica
De Nov 2021 a Dic 2021 Haga Click aquí para más Gráficas Carnival.
Carnival (LSE:0EV1)
Gráfica de Acción Histórica
De Dic 2020 a Dic 2021 Haga Click aquí para más Gráficas Carnival.