By Eliot Brown and Aaron Tilley
For much of the past decade, the San Francisco Bay Area has
strained to absorb the torrid growth of the tech sector. As head
counts of highly paid engineers swelled, housing costs soared,
traffic gridlock rose and homeless tents spread on city
Now a small-but-prominent roster of tech companies and investors
are doing something about it: leaving.
The region's latest emigrant is database giant Oracle Corp., a
fixture of Silicon Valley for decades that last year signed a
20-year deal to put its name on the San Francisco Giants' stadium,
Oracle Park. The $180 billion tech giant on Friday said it had
changed its headquarters location to Austin from Redwood City,
Oracle provided few details, saying it is implementing more
flexible remote-work policies but wouldn't move staff. It follows
an announcement earlier this month by Hewlett Packard Enterprise
Co., another business-technology company with deep roots in Silicon
Valley, that it is moving its headquarters to Houston -- as well as
similar moves by a number of well-known venture capitalists
announced in recent months. Elon Musk, who had long lived in Los
Angeles and commuted to Tesla Inc.'s operations near San Francisco,
last week said he had moved to Texas. And he criticized the
policies of the state as restrictive -- echoing the arguments of
many of those leaving the Bay Area.
These high-profile departures are causing some soul searching in
Silicon Valley -- taking some sheen off the area's reputation as
the unparalleled tech capital. While reasons vary, many moves
appear to have been sparked by the Covid-19 pandemic that has
reshaped notions of where and how we work, and companies, investors
and employees are generally moving to places that are warmer, with
lower taxes and cost of living.
"Covid basically encouraged people to work remotely and
experiment with other places to live," said Keith Rabois, a
well-known San Francisco-based venture capitalist moving to
Mr. Rabois, a Republican often at odds with policies enacted by
San Francisco's liberal government, said he was frustrated with
declining quality-of-life issues like homelessness and the state's
relatively high taxes, among other issues, and he realized he could
do his job well from afar.
"It became clear there were much better places to live," he
Despite the moves, Silicon Valley's place in global technology
is still unrivaled. Five of the eight most valuable U.S. companies
are based in the region. Major employers like Facebook Inc. and
Google parent Alphabet Inc. have added office space in the region
even during the pandemic. And the Bay Area has continued to churn
out major new companies that captivate investors. The week of
Oracle's announcement, delivery-company DoorDash Inc. and
home-sharing company Airbnb Inc. went public with soaring
Venture-capital funding this year has continued to go to Bay
Area startups at disproportionate levels, even though the pandemic
has made in-person meetings with investors there uncommon.
Once offices reopen, even if a large chunk of workers stay
remote, many investors and executives say the value of proximity is
so high that they expect the region's prominence to continue.
Patrick Eggen, co-founder of the venture-capital firm
Counterpart Ventures, says his firm's location in San Francisco's
South Park neighborhood has been critical to its success -- and
will be after the pandemic.
"My business is all relationship oriented. In-person meetings
are the artery of that existence," he said. "It gives me an edge
Even if the Bay Area's dominance is reduced, "you still have the
highest concentration of talent, companies and capital," he said.
"The cluster is still here."
That clustering is considered a major reason for Silicon
Valley's dominance. Large companies grow off each other, with
engineers leaving established companies to create their own
startups, and rivals constantly poaching from one another.
Investors often say they are more comfortable funding companies in
Still, as the tech sector has gone from a niche to America's
dominant industry, the region has strained to keep up, leading to
Between 2005 and 2019, employment in the five counties that make
up the bulk of the Bay Area grew by 29%, adding 674,000 jobs,
according to California's Employment Development Department. Yet
construction permits were issued for just 211,000 units, according
to the U.S. Census Bureau. Planners say the ratio of new jobs to
new housing units should be around 1.5 to one.
The result has been soaring prices for housing and cost of
living, which in turn fuels ever higher costs for paying
Well before the pandemic, tech companies began adding offices in
places like Seattle, Nashville and Austin. Salesforce.com Inc.,
whose Salesforce Tower headquarters dominates San Francisco's
skyline, has in recent years put the same name on buildings in
Indianapolis, New York and Chicago. Financial-tech company Stripe
Inc., which had been hiring engineers to work remotely before the
pandemic, this year offered employees $20,000 to move elsewhere --
and accept a reduced salary based on the location.
"There's a finite space in the Valley, and there's a need to
scale and continue to expand," said Aaron Levie, CEO of Box Inc., a
Redwood City, Calif.-based cloud company.
Six years ago, Mr. Levie opened up a small office in Austin.
Now, it is Box's largest outside of Silicon Valley, with several
hundred employees. Given the growing size of the tech sector, he
said, it will need "to attract talent wherever it can."
With a sizable tech workforce, plus lower housing costs and no
state taxes on income or capital gains, Austin has been a popular
destination. Apple Inc. last year said it was adding a large new
facility in the area, and Tesla is building its second U.S. factory
Austin Mayor Steve Adler said in an interview that many of the
tech companies come without being courted. He said he was unaware
of Oracle's plan until Friday, when the company announced it. "As
you start building a critical mass, it feels like there are more
and more people expressing an interest," he said.
Write to Eliot Brown at email@example.com and Aaron Tilley at
(END) Dow Jones Newswires
December 13, 2020 16:29 ET (21:29 GMT)
Copyright (c) 2020 Dow Jones & Company, Inc.