TIDMLAND

RNS Number : 5585M

Land Securities Group PLC

12 May 2020

Annual results for the year ended 31 March 2020

12 May 2020

Resilient operational performance, strong balance sheet and decisive response to Covid-19

Chief Executive Mark Allan said:

"I join Landsec at an extraordinary time. The effects of Covid-19 are accelerating ongoing structural trends across the real estate sector, while its longer-term societal and economic consequences are yet to be determined. Landsec's strong balance sheet and resilient operational performance have enabled us to respond to immediate challenges posed by Covid-19 with speed and decisiveness. Our GBP80m rent relief fund has offered targeted support to occupiers, alongside broader options of rent deferrals and monthly payments, and our GBP500,000 of community grants is providing financial assistance to our charity partners.

"I am confident Landsec is approaching the future from a position of strength. We are prepared to be bold in our thinking as we navigate both the challenges and opportunities arising in the long term from changing market trends and will not lose sight of our wider sustainability objectives. We will continue to lead the sector on major issues such as climate change and remain committed to acting as a force for good in the communities in which we operate."

Financial results

   -      Revenue profit(1)(2) down 6.3% to GBP414m 
   -      Revenue profit(1)(2) down 1.1% to GBP437m before provisions related to 2020/21 rent 
   -      Loss before tax for the year of GBP837m (2019: loss of GBP123m) 
   -      Adjusted diluted earnings per share(1)(2) down 6.4% to 55.9p 
   -      No final dividend; full year dividend down 49.1% to 23.2p per share 

- Combined Portfolio(1)(2) valued at GBP12.8bn, with a valuation deficit(1)(2) of GBP1,179m or 8.8%(3)

   -      EPRA net tangible assets per share(1) down 11.6% to 1,192p 
   -      Ungeared total property return(4) of -4.5% 
   -      Total business return(1) of -8.2% 

Strong financial position

   -      Group LTV ratio(1)(2) at 30.7% (31 March 2019: 27.1%) 
   -      Adjusted net debt(1)(2) of GBP3.9bn (31 March 2019: GBP3.7bn) 
   -      Weighted average cost of debt at 1.8% (31 March 2019: 2.7%) 
   -      Weighted average maturity of debt at 9.6 years (31 March 2019: 12.3 years) 
   -      Cash and available facilities(2) of GBP1.2bn 

Resilient operational metrics

   -      High occupancy with like-for-like voids(4) at 2.4% (31 March 2019: 2.4%) 
   -      Office at 1.3% (31 March 2019: 1.0%) 
   -      Retail at 3.9% (31 March 2019: 4.0%) 
   -      Specialist at 1.2% (31 March 2019: 1.5%) 

- Like-for-like net rental income, before provisions related to next year's rent, down GBP4m or 0.7%

   -      Office up GBP7m or 2.9% 
   -      Retail down GBP10m or 3.9% 
   -      Specialist down GBP1m or 1.2% 
   -      Retail destinations significantly outperforming national benchmarks for footfall and sales 
   -      11 months footfall down 1.2% vs benchmark down 3.7% 

- 11 months same centre sales up 0.9% (up 0.1% excluding automotive sales) vs benchmark down 3.2%

Maintaining momentum and preserving optionality in our pipeline of developments

- 0.6 million sq ft of fully committed developments in London, scalable to 2.0 million sq ft of space within 2 years:

   -     On site constructing 0.6 million sq ft of fully pre-let office space at 21 Moorfields, EC2 

- On site building to grade 0.4 million sq ft of speculative office developments at Nova East, SW1; Lucent, W1 and 105 Sumner Street, SE1 with the option to progress or cease construction later in the year

- Progressing plans to re-purpose a number of retail assets in key cities to include office and residential space.

- Option to commence a further 0.8 million sq ft of office-led developments in London as early as this year and another 0.2 million sq ft in 2021

Decisive response to Covid-19

- GBP80m rent relief fund established to support occupiers, with a focus on food and beverage operators and small businesses alongside broader options of rent deferrals and monthly payments

- GBP500,000 of grants immediately available to existing charity partners, further supplemented by the Board of Directors waiving 20% of their base salaries or fees for an initial period of three months

- Working with customers to manage the safety and security of assets through the lockdown period and beyond

   -     Swiftly reduced service charge costs for occupiers 

Industry leader in sustainability

- Committed to becoming a net zero carbon business by 2030, with first net zero carbon building under way at 105 Sumner Street, SE1

- Delivered a 42% reduction in carbon emissions compared with 2013/14 baseline, in line with our updated science-based target to reduce emissions by 70% by 2030

- Recognised as sector leader, ranking first in the UK and Europe among our peer group in the Global Real Estate Sustainability Benchmark (GRESB), for mixed office and retail space

- Achieved a place on the CDP climate change A-List for the third year running. Landsec is the only UK REIT to hold an A rating

   -     Delivered over GBP4.8m of social value through our community programme 

Results summary

 
                                 31 March 2020  31 March 2019  Change 
Revenue profit(1)(2)             GBP414m        GBP442m        Down 6.3% 
                                 =============  =============  ============ 
Revenue profit(1)(2) before      GBP437m        GBP442m        Down 1.1% 
 provisions related to 2020/21 
 rent 
                                 =============  =============  ============ 
Valuation deficit(1)(2)          GBP(1,179)m    GBP(557)m      Down 8.8%(3) 
                                 =============  =============  ============ 
Loss before tax                  GBP(837)m      GBP(123)m 
                                 =============  =============  ============ 
Basic loss per share             (112.4)p       (16.1)p 
                                 =============  =============  ============ 
Adjusted diluted earnings 
 per share(1)(2)                 55.9p          59.7p          Down 6.4% 
                                 =============  =============  ============ 
Dividend per share               23.2p          45.55p         Down 49.1% 
                                 =============  =============  ============ 
Net assets per share             1,182p         1,341p         Down 11.9% 
                                 =============  =============  ============ 
EPRA net tangible assets 
 per share(1)                    1,192p         1,348p         Down 11.6% 
                                 =============  =============  ============ 
Group LTV ratio(1)(2)            30.7%          27.1% 
                                 =============  =============  ============ 
 

1. An alternative performance measure. The Group uses a number of financial measures to assess and explain its performance, some of which are considered to be alternative performance measures as they are not defined under IFRS. For further details, see the Financial review and table 17 in the Business analysis section.

2. Including our proportionate share of subsidiaries and joint ventures, as explained in the Financial review.

3. The % change for the valuation deficit represents the fall in value of the Combined Portfolio over the year, adjusted for net investment.

   4.    For further details, see the Business analysis section. 

Chief Executive's statement

I joined Landsec on 14 April 2020 and am conscious that I have arrived at an extraordinary time. The speed and scale of the impact of Covid-19 on business and the economy are unprecedented and profound long-term consequences will play out long after the government lockdown has lifted. Some of the long-term economic and societal trends which were already disrupting the property industry are likely to accelerate, new ones are sure to emerge and major issues such as climate change will remain as significant as ever. How we choose to respond to this unique and fluid combination of challenges will define Landsec for years to come.

Landsec faces this situation from a position of strength. We have a strong balance sheet, a portfolio of properties that are amongst the highest quality for the sectors in which we operate and a team of talented, dedicated people across the business. These attributes stand us in good stead but will need to be allied to bold, ambitious thinking and a willingness to adopt new and creative approaches if we are to make the most of Landsec's undoubted potential.

Overview

Although I did not join Landsec until after the financial year had ended, looking at the results there are three distinct themes that characterise our performance:

- Operational resilience. Despite a backdrop of prolonged political uncertainty and subdued business confidence for much of the year, the Office segment performed well in terms of both occupancy levels and rental growth. And despite changing consumer habits and a challenging market environment for retailers generally, occupancy and rental income across our Retail segment also held up well.

- Structural changes in retail. Ongoing structural changes to the retail property sector, driven by the continued rise of online shopping and changing consumer behaviour, had a material negative impact on asset values. The nature of these changes, accompanied by the continued downward pressure on retail rents, means that the impact on valuations is more likely to be structural in nature than cyclical.

- Covid-19. Although the scale of the global pandemic and associated government policy response only began to become clear in the last month of our financial year, it has had a negative impact on asset valuations, necessitated higher debtor provisions and resulted in significant economic uncertainty, such that the Board concluded it was prudent to cancel the third interim dividend and is not proposing a final dividend, in common with many other listed businesses.

Outside of the themes mentioned above, the business took important action in a number of areas that leaves us well placed for the future:

- We committed to becoming a net zero carbon business by 2030. Climate change remains the defining global challenge of the next 20 years and Landsec is clear in its ambition to play a leading role in the property industry's response.

- We progressed our development programme to take advantage of anticipated supportive conditions in the London market. Importantly, this programme has been established in such a way that we retain full optionality over the scale and extent of speculative commitments for approximately the next six months, allowing us to adapt our approach to best suit post Covid-19 conditions.

- We continued to manage our financial position with prudence and flexibility in mind. As a result, we have significant balance sheet capacity that will allow us both to weather a prolonged downturn or capitalise on opportunities that arise.

Results and dividend

This year, Landsec recorded a loss before tax of GBP837m (2019: GBP123m) as underlying earnings were more than offset by a fall in the value of our assets, down 8.8% (or GBP1,179m). The majority of the valuation deficit is attributable to our Retail segment, which suffered a 20.5% decline over the 12 months as a result of the challenging environment and ongoing structural changes, exacerbated at the year end by the early effects of Covid-19.

Operationally, Landsec's results were resilient despite persistent uncertainties in some of our core markets. We reported revenue profit of GBP414m (2019: GBP442m), equating to adjusted diluted earnings per share of 55.9p (2019: 59.7p), with the majority of the decline (GBP23m) associated with provisions relating to 2020/21 rent that was invoiced in March and where recoverability is affected by Covid-19.

Our EPRA net tangible assets per share were down 11.6% at 1,192p, reflecting the loss for the year, while our loan-to-value ratio increased to 30.7% from 27.1% a year ago, largely as a result of the fall in portfolio value, but it remains at a prudent level providing plenty of balance sheet capacity.

As a result of the significant uncertainty surrounding Covid-19, the Board took the difficult decision in early April to cancel the third interim dividend. With limited change in the situation since then, the Board is also not proposing the payment of a final dividend. We recognise that this is disappointing as income is an important component of our return for shareholders and are committed to resuming dividends at an appropriate level as soon as conditions stabilise.

Covid-19 and our response

Our operational response to Covid-19 was both immediate and proactive. Our site teams continue to follow all guidelines issued by the relevant public health authorities and we are taking a stringent approach to the cleanliness and hygiene of our assets. We have worked with occupiers to allow them to access stock where safe to do so, and our frontline staff are working to keep our assets safe and secure for customers and guests.

We also acted swiftly to offer financial support to our customers and communities. In early April we established an GBP80m rent relief fund, targeted at our customers most in need, with a particular focus on supporting F&B customers and small and medium sized businesses. Further action will be required in the months ahead; we recognise the importance of all stakeholders working together collaboratively and are committed to playing our part.

The immediate impact of Covid-19 has been particularly significant on our Retail and Specialist segments. Only essential services like supermarkets and pharmacies remain open at our retail destinations, with four of our retail assets shut completely. Although our Office segment has seen a less pronounced immediate impact, the vast majority of our customers' employees are now working from home, with less than 10% usage of our office space. Rent collection rates in March and early April were impacted negatively across the portfolio with an average 63% collected within ten days of falling due, compared with 94% for the same period in 2019.

June rent collection rates are likely to be worse than March given that most of the negative economic impact from Covid-19 has fallen in the second quarter, notwithstanding the commendable scale and intent of the Government's economic response. The pace of subsequent recovery from hereon will vary by sector. Ongoing social distancing measures will affect certain sectors much more than others, all businesses will need time to work with their global supply chains and workforces to resume trading as normal and heightened levels of caution amongst the general public are likely to affect behaviour for many months to come. While it is too early to predict outcomes with any certainty, it seems prudent to plan for more business failures and higher vacancy rates across our portfolio, in particular leisure and retail, and we don't expect to see the economy recover to pre-Covid-19 levels before 2022 at the earliest.

Recognising that the effects of Covid-19 will be felt for some time to come, we will continue to take proactive measures to ensure that Landsec emerges from this crisis in as strong a position as possible:

- We will continue to focus on controlling operating costs, both across our business and within service charges, but are committed to doing so in a way that is sustainable and does not risk service levels in the longer term.

- We will aim to preserve balance sheet capacity and flexibility, both to ensure that we can weather a prolonged downturn but also so that we are well placed to capitalise on any opportunities that emerge over time.

- We will control capital expenditure carefully and retain optionality over our speculative development programme for as long as possible so that we can adapt our approach as the longer-term effects of Covid-19 become clearer.

- We will work proactively with our customers and partners to find solutions that derive mutual benefit at such a challenging time.

We are also mindful that Covid-19 is likely to have profound long-term effects on society and, by extension, the property sector. Understanding, anticipating and responding to these likely effects will be vital to the long-term success of Landsec and we are committed to doing so.

Leadership in sustainability

In the face of the considerable near term impact of Covid-19, it can be easy to lose sight of the very significant threat posed by climate change. Landsec has always been a sector leader in this space - we were the first real estate company in the world to commit to science-based reduction targets for CO(2) and we built on that in 2019 by committing to become net zero carbon by 2030 - and I am determined that we continue to build on this leadership position in the years ahead.

Of course, sustainability is about more than climate change and I view our commitment to the communities in which we operate as vitally important. In April, we made GBP500,000 of community grants available to offer immediate financial assistance to our existing charity partners, as they work to support the most disadvantaged in society at this time of crisis. GBP100,000 of this amount was donated to property charity LandAid to help fund their campaign to end youth homelessness. This amount was further supplemented by the Board of Directors waiving 20% of their base salaries or fees for an initial period of three months.

At our sites, we offered free parking to key workers, offered space for mobile blood banks and blood transfusion units, and Public Health England used Piccadilly Lights free of charge to display advice on health matters. Our community employment programme has now helped over 1,500 people furthest from the job market into work, including ex-offenders who have graduated from one of our three prison academies, and we know this programme will have a vital role in the months to come. We are also committed to the UN Sustainable Development Goals and the Global Compact. And we're making good progress on our commitment to generate GBP25m of social value by 2025.

Strategy

The arrival of a new CEO provides a good opportunity for the Board to step back and consider the long-term strategic direction of the business and we intend to do exactly this over the next few months, communicating the outcomes in the autumn.

In many ways, this is an ideal time to undertake such an exercise. There are profound structural trends already disrupting the real estate sector that present both risks and opportunities; there is the significant short-term impact of Covid-19 to be navigated and its longer-term consequences still to be determined; and there is a political backdrop which, at least before Covid-19, points to a period of improved stability after three years of sustained uncertainty although we recognise our future trading relationship with Europe is yet to be resolved.

Priorities for the year ahead

For virtually all businesses, 2020 and 2021 will be dominated by tackling the consequences of Covid-19 and it is still too early to predict what that will mean. Like all crises, the Covid-19 crisis will pass in time but its impact in the longer term, from both a societal and economic perspective, is likely to be profound. For this reason, our focus at Landsec in the year ahead will be twofold: firstly, doing everything we can to ensure Landsec emerges from Covid-19 in as strong a position as possible; and secondly, determining the long-term strategic direction for our business. We approach these challenges from a position of strength and are prepared to be bold in our thinking, determined to make the most of Landsec's undoubted potential.

Mark Allan

Chief Executive

Financial review

Overview

While the Covid-19 pandemic only manifested itself in the final month of this financial year, its impact on our financial performance has been pronounced. It has resulted in additional declines in asset values, a significant reduction in revenue profit and the Board's decision to suspend dividends.

But even before the arrival of Covid-19, conditions in parts of our market had been challenging. The political uncertainty and retailer difficulties of last year had continued into this year leading to further declines in retail values. However, once some of the political uncertainty lifted following the UK general election, occupational and investment demand for London offices increased and office values rose in the final part of our financial year. The UK lockdown in March, however, curtailed further growth and precipitated additional difficulties for our retail and leisure occupiers with asset values falling further.

The decline in the value of our assets is the main reason for the GBP837m loss before tax this year and an increase in our loan-to-value gearing measure to 30.7%. However, our balance sheet remains strong and our GBP1.2bn of cash and available facilities gives us plenty of capacity to withstand a reduction in cash flow from rents and progress our development programme.

At a time of such significant upheaval to our normal way of life, it is natural that there is a heightened degree of uncertainty. The external valuation of our portfolio at 31 March 2020 contains a material uncertainty clause from CBRE, which is in line with the RICS guidance to valuers and simply reflects the increased difficulty in determining asset values when few, if any, comparable transactions have occurred in the new trading environment. As part of the preparation of our financial statements, there has been a particular focus on our going concern assessment. Further information on our approach and the results of our assessment is included in note 1 of the financial statements.

The UK lockdown has significantly impacted the level of recent rent collections, leading to provisions for year end debtors although the rent predominantly relates to the early part of 2020/21. We expect reduced rental payments to continue into the new financial year. To assist our occupiers, we have a variety of options from monthly rents, rent deferrals and a recently established GBP80m rent relief fund for those most in need.

We have made a few changes to the financial information we disclose. During the year, we merged our London and Retail business units and changed our financial reporting to reflect the new structure. We have also adopted the EPRA best practice recommendations ('BPR') published in October 2019 and therefore report EPRA net tangible assets (NTA) as our primary measure of net asset value. Comparative disclosures have been adjusted to reflect this change. Further details are disclosed below.

Table 1: Highlights

 
                                                                  Year ended      Year ended 
                                                               31 March 2020   31 March 2019 
                                                              --------------  -------------- 
Revenue profit(1)                                                    GBP414m         GBP442m 
Revenue profit(1) before provisions related to 2020/21 rent          GBP437m         GBP442m 
Valuation deficit(1)                                             GBP(1,179)m       GBP(557)m 
Loss before tax                                                    GBP(837)m       GBP(123)m 
 
Basic loss per share                                                (112.4)p         (16.1)p 
Adjusted diluted earnings per share(1)                                 55.9p           59.7p 
Dividend per share                                                     23.2p          45.55p 
 
                                                               31 March 2020   31 March 2019 
                                                              --------------  -------------- 
Combined Portfolio(1)                                              GBP12.8bn       GBP13.8bn 
 
Net assets per share                                                  1,182p          1,341p 
EPRA net tangible assets per share(2)                                 1,192p          1,348p 
 
Adjusted net debt(1)                                                GBP3.9bn        GBP3.7bn 
Group LTV ratio(1)                                                     30.7%           27.1% 
------------------------------------------------------------  --------------  -------------- 
 

1. Including our proportionate share of subsidiaries and joint ventures, as explained in the Presentation of financial information below.

2. New metric presented as a result of a change in EPRA best practice recommendations. For further details see table 18 in the Business analysis section.

Revenue profit for the year to 31 March 2020 was GBP414m, down 6.3% from GBP442m primarily due to the impact of Covid-19 on the likelihood of us being able to collect a portion of our contracted rents for the first quarter of 2020/21. Adjusted diluted earnings per share were down 6.4% at 55.9p due to the reduction in revenue profit. Over the year, our assets declined in value by 8.8% or GBP1,179m (including our proportionate share of subsidiaries and joint ventures) compared with a GBP557m decline in the prior year. This decline in the value of our assets is behind our loss before tax of GBP837m (2019: GBP123m) and the reduction in our EPRA net tangible assets per share in the year, down 11.6% to 1,192p.

Presentation of financial information

Our property portfolio is a combination of properties that are wholly owned by the Group, part owned through joint arrangements and those owned by the Group but where a third party holds a non-controlling interest. Internally, management reviews the results of the Group on a basis that adjusts for these forms of ownership to present a proportionate share. The Combined Portfolio, with assets totalling GBP12.8bn, is an example of this approach, reflecting the economic interest we have in our properties regardless of our ownership structure. We consider this presentation provides additional information to stakeholders on the activities and performance of the Group, as it aggregates the results of all the Group's property interests which under IFRS are required to be presented across a number of line items in the statutory financial statements.

The same approach is applied to many of the other measures we discuss and, accordingly, a number of our financial measures include the results of our joint ventures and subsidiaries on a proportionate basis. Measures that are described as being presented on a proportionate basis include the Group's share of joint ventures on a line-by-line basis but exclude the non-owned elements of our subsidiaries. This is in contrast to the Group's statutory financial statements, where the Group's interest in joint ventures is presented as one line on the income statement and balance sheet, and all subsidiaries are consolidated at 100% with any non-owned element being adjusted as a non-controlling interest or redemption liability, as appropriate. Our joint operations are presented on a proportionate basis in all financial measures.

Measures presented on a proportionate basis are alternative performance measures as they are not defined under IFRS. Where appropriate, the measures we use are based on best practice reporting recommendations published by EPRA. In October 2019, EPRA issued new best practice recommendations for financial disclosures by listed real estate companies introducing three new measures of net asset value: EPRA net tangible assets (NTA), EPRA net reinvestment value (NRV) and EPRA net disposal value (NDV). We have adopted these guidelines in the year ended 31 March 2020 and consider EPRA NTA to be the most relevant measure for our business. EPRA NTA is now our primary measure of net asset value, replacing our previously reported EPRA net assets and EPRA net assets per share measures. Total business return is now calculated based on EPRA NTA. The prior year has been re-stated to reflect this change in metric and a comparison with the previously reported metrics has been provided on our website. For further details see tables 17 and 18 in the Business analysis section.

In previous years, our segmental reporting reflected the fact that our operations were organised into a London Portfolio and a Retail Portfolio. Earlier this financial year, we merged these two business units and have amended our reporting to reflect this. In order to maintain a detailed level of financial disclosure, our segmental reporting now reflects the predominant use class of our assets, grouped into Office, Retail and Specialist. Previously, part of our indirect costs were allocated to the London and Retail portfolios and part was unallocated. These indirect costs, which are predominantly staff costs, have now all been treated as net indirect expenses and are not allocated to individual segments. The sector breakdown within our Combined Portfolio analysis disclosure has been re-ordered to reflect the new segments but the detailed disclosure remains. The prior year has been re-stated in the new format and a reconciliation to the previous presentation has been provided on our website.

Income statement

Our income statement has two key components: the income we generate from leasing our investment properties net of associated costs (including finance expense), which we refer to as revenue profit, and items not directly related to the underlying rental business, principally valuation changes, profits or losses on the disposal of properties and finance charges related to bond repurchases, which we call Capital and other items.

We present two measures of earnings per share: the IFRS measure of basic earnings per share, which is derived from the total profit or loss for the year attributable to shareholders, and adjusted diluted earnings per share, which is based on tax-adjusted revenue profit, referred to as adjusted earnings.

Table 2: Income statement

 
                                               Year ended      Year ended 
                                            31 March 2020   31 March 2019 
                                    Table            GBPm            GBPm 
----------------------------------  -----  --------------  -------------- 
Revenue profit                        3               414             442 
Capital and other items               7           (1,251)           (565) 
                                           --------------  -------------- 
Loss before tax                                     (837)           (123) 
Taxation                                                5               4 
----------------------------------  -----  --------------  -------------- 
Loss attributable to shareholders                   (832)           (119) 
----------------------------------  -----  --------------  -------------- 
 
Basic loss per share                             (112.4)p         (16.1)p 
Adjusted diluted earnings per 
 share                                              55.9p           59.7p 
----------------------------------  -----  --------------  -------------- 
 

Our loss before tax was GBP837m, compared with GBP123m in the prior year, due to a greater fall in the value of our assets this year (down GBP1,179m compared with GBP557m last year) as well as a GBP28m reduction in revenue profit. The increased loss this year resulted in a loss per share of 112.4p, compared with loss per share of 16.1p in the previous year. Adjusted diluted earnings per share decreased by 6.4%, from 59.7p to 55.9p this year, as a result of the decrease in revenue profit from GBP442m to GBP414m. There is no difference between our adjusted diluted earnings per share and the EPRA measure.

The reasons behind the movements in revenue profit and Capital and other items are discussed in more detail below.

Revenue profit

Revenue profit is our measure of underlying pre-tax profit, presented on a proportionate basis. A full definition of revenue profit is given in the Glossary. The main components of revenue profit, including the contributions from the Office, Retail and Specialist assets, are presented in the table below.

Table 3: Revenue profit

 
                                                               Year ended                         Year ended 
                                                            31 March 2020                      31 March 2019 
                                        Office  Retail  Specialist  Total  Office  Retail  Specialist  Total  Change 
                                 Table    GBPm    GBPm        GBPm   GBPm    GBPm    GBPm        GBPm   GBPm    GBPm 
-------------------------------  -----  ------  ------  ----------  -----  ------  ------  ----------  -----  ------ 
Gross rental income(1)                     265     300          98    663     262     309          99    670     (7) 
Net service charge 
 income/(expense)                            1     (3)         (2)    (4)       1     (2)         (2)    (3)     (1) 
Net direct property expenditure            (5)    (35)        (13)   (53)     (5)    (31)        (13)   (49)     (4) 
Provisions related to 2020/21 
 rent                                        -    (19)         (4)   (23)       -       -           -      -    (23) 
-------------------------------  -----  ------  ------  ----------  -----  ------  ------  ----------  -----  ------ 
Segment net rental income          4       261     243          79    583     258     276          84    618    (35) 
                                        ------  ------  ----------         ------  ------  ---------- 
Net indirect expenses                                                (74)                               (78)       4 
                                                                    -----                              -----  ------ 
Revenue profit 
 before interest                                                      509                                540    (31) 
Net finance expense                5                                 (95)                               (98)       3 
-------------------------------  -----  ------  ------  ----------  -----  ------  ------  ----------  -----  ------ 
Revenue profit                                                        414                                442    (28) 
-------------------------------  -----  ------  ------  ----------  -----  ------  ------  ----------  -----  ------ 
 
   1.    Includes finance lease interest, after rents payable. 

Revenue profit decreased by GBP28m to GBP414m for the year ended 31 March 2020 (2019: GBP442m). This was the result of a GBP35m decrease in net rental income for the year which was partly offset by a GBP4m reduction in net indirect expenses and a GBP3m reduction in net finance expense. The decrease in net rental income was primarily driven by provisions against trade debtors at 31 March 2020 reflecting the impact of Covid-19 on cash collections. There was also a GBP7m decrease in gross rental income in the year, primarily in the Retail segment. The GBP4m increase in net direct property expenditure largely relates to higher void related costs and advisory fees. The movements are explained in more detail below.

Net rental income

Table 4: Net rental income(1)

 
                                                                GBPm 
-------------------------------------------------------------   ---- 
Net rental income for the year ended 31 March 2019               618 
Net rental income movement in the year: 
                                                                ---- 
    Like-for-like investment properties - provisions related 
     to 2020/21 rent                                            (23) 
    Like-for-like investment properties                          (4) 
    Proposed developments                                        (2) 
    Development programme                                        (2) 
    Completed developments                                         - 
    Acquisitions since 1 April 2018                              (1) 
    Disposals since 1 April 2018                                 (2) 
    Non-property related income                                  (1) 
                                                                ---- 
                                                                (35) 
 -------------------------------------------------------------  ---- 
Net rental income for the year ended 31 March 2020               583 
--------------------------------------------------------------  ---- 
 

1. Including our proportionate share of subsidiaries and joint ventures, as explained in the Presentation of financial information above.

Net rental income decreased by GBP35m in the year ended 31 March 2020 with reductions in rental income across the portfolio. We recognised GBP23m of provisions in relation to next year's rent which is explained in more detail below. The remaining GBP4m decline in like-for-like net rental income reflects reductions in income across our retail assets of GBP10m, primarily as a result of CVAs and administrations leading to lower rents or voids. In our Specialist assets (GBP1m lower than last year), we saw similar rental pressure in leisure although this was largely offset by improved revenue from Piccadilly Lights. Also, there was a GBP1m reduction in the income from our hotels in the final weeks of the year as a result of lower occupancy caused by Covid-19. The declines in Retail and Specialist net rental income were partly offset by a GBP7m increase in net rental income from our offices as a result of lettings and rent reviews in the current and prior years. There was a GBP1m decline in net rental income as a result of the acquisition of a development opportunity at Lavington Street, SE1 in the prior year and a GBP2m reduction in net rental income following the sale of Poole Retail Park. The GBP2m reduction in net rental income from assets in the development programme reflects the reduction in income and higher costs at these assets. In proposed developments, there was also a GBP2m reduction in net rental income at Portland House, SW1, as we work towards vacant possession ahead of development. Looking ahead, Portland House was almost entirely vacated at the end of

March 2020 so GBP11m of rental income we recognised this year will no longer be received next year.

Further information on the net rental income performance of the portfolio is given in the Portfolio review.

Net indirect expenses

Net indirect expenses represent the indirect costs of the Group including joint ventures. In total, net indirect expenses were GBP74m (2019: GBP78m). The GBP4m decrease is primarily the result of lower staff costs.

Net finance expense (included in revenue profit)

Table 5: Net finance expense(1)

 
                                                       GBPm 
-----------------------------------------------------  ---- 
Net finance expense for the year ended 31 March 2019     98 
Impact of: 
Capitalised interest                                    (3) 
Net finance expense for the year ended 31 March 2020     95 
-----------------------------------------------------  ---- 
 

1. Including our proportionate share of subsidiaries and joint ventures, as explained in the Presentation of financial information above.

Our net finance expense has decreased by GBP3m to GBP95m due to an increase in interest capitalised on our developments in the year.

Recent rent collection and related provisions

In general, rent is payable in advance, often on a quarterly basis. In recent years, we have agreed with a number of occupiers for rents to be paid on a monthly basis to assist with cash flow management. GBP121m of rent was due on the 25 March quarter day and a further GBP20m of rent was due on 1 April. The table below shows the amount and percentage of this rent collected within 10 days of the due date. All of the amounts due relate to rent for the year ended March 2021 with the exception of a small element of the 25 March rents, which relate to the last few days of March 2020.

Table 6: Rent collections

 
                                           Day 10 amounts  Day 10 amounts  Day 10 amounts 
                                                 received        received        received 
                Amounts    Amounts 
              due on 25   due on 1 
                  March      April  Total          Mar 20          Mar 20          Mar 19 
                   GBPm       GBPm   GBPm            GBPm               %               % 
-----------  ----------  ---------  -----  --------------  --------------  -------------- 
Office               71          1     72              64              89              98 
Retail               37         19     56              21              38              90 
Specialist           13          -     13               4              31              86 
-----------  ----------  ---------  -----  --------------  --------------  -------------- 
Total               121         20    141              89              63              94 
-----------  ----------  ---------  -----  --------------  --------------  -------------- 
 

As a result of the unusually low level of rent receipts, particularly from Retail and Specialist occupiers, we have assessed these debtors for recoverability and provided GBP24m. Of this, GBP23m relates to rent for the next financial year (and there is a corresponding deferred income creditor on the balance sheet) but, under accounting rules, we are required to take the full charge of any debtor provision this year. The element of this charge which relates to next year but is included as part of this year's revenue profit has been referred to as 'Provisions related to 2020/21 rent'.

Capital and other items

Table 7: Capital and other items(1)

 
                                                   Year ended      Year ended 
                                                31 March 2020   31 March 2019 
                                        Table            GBPm            GBPm 
--------------------------------------  -----  --------------  -------------- 
Valuation and profits on disposals 
    Valuation deficit                     8           (1,179)           (557) 
    Loss on disposal of investment 
     properties                                           (6)             (2) 
    Profit on disposal of trading 
     properties                                             7               - 
Net finance expense                       9              (68)             (4) 
Other items 
    Fair value movement prior to 
     acquisition of non-owned element 
     of a joint venture                                     -               9 
    Profit from long-term development 
     contracts                                              3               3 
    Other                                                 (3)               - 
Exceptional items                                         (5)            (14) 
Capital and other items                               (1,251)           (565) 
--------------------------------------  -----  --------------  -------------- 
 

1. Including our proportionate share of subsidiaries and joint ventures, as explained in the Presentation of financial information above.

An explanation of the main Capital and other items is given below.

Valuation of investment properties

Our Combined Portfolio declined in value by 8.8% or GBP1,179m compared with a decrease last year of GBP557m. A breakdown of valuation movements by category is shown in table 8.

Table 8: Valuation analysis

 
                                Market value                                                               Movement 
                                    31 March  Valuation            Rental  Net initial  Equivalent    in equivalent 
                                        2020   movement   value change(1)        yield       yield            yield 
                                        GBPm          %                 %            %           %              bps 
------------------------------  ------------  ---------  ----------------  -----------  ----------  --------------- 
Office                                 6,009        1.9               4.6          4.3         4.6                6 
London retail                          1,307      -15.8              -5.6          4.6         4.6               37 
Regional retail                        1,494      -27.5              -9.8          6.4         6.2              103 
Outlets                                  871      -10.3               2.3          5.6         5.9               56 
Retail parks                             444      -25.5              -7.7          7.5         7.4              111 
Leisure and hotels                     1,153      -10.9              -1.9          4.3         5.8               31 
Other                                    398        1.7                 -          3.3         4.4               18 
------------------------------  ------------  ---------  ----------------  -----------  ----------  --------------- 
Total like-for-like portfolio         11,676       -8.8              -1.0          4.8         5.1               27 
Proposed developments                    218      -14.7               n/a            -         n/a              n/a 
Development programme                    558        3.5               n/a            -         4.3              n/a 
Completed developments                   169      -28.1             -11.4          6.1         6.0              113 
Acquisitions                             160       -9.3               n/a          2.2         4.8              n/a 
------------------------------  ------------  ---------  ----------------  -----------  ----------  --------------- 
Total Combined Portfolio              12,781       -8.8              -1.2          4.5         5.1               25 
------------------------------  ------------  ---------  ----------------  -----------  ----------  --------------- 
 
   1.    Rental value change excludes units materially altered during the year. 

It has been another challenging year for retailers and casual dining operators, exacerbated at the year end by the UK lockdown. The 8.8% decline in the value of our Combined Portfolio is entirely due to a fall in the value of our retail and leisure assets with around a third of the decline attributable to the impact of Covid-19. Within the like-for-like portfolio, regional retail saw the largest reduction at 27.5% with similar results at all our centres as rental values declined by 9.8% and yields moved out 103bps. Retail parks fell in value by 25.5% as rental values declined by 7.7% and yields expanded by 111bps. Our Leisure assets declined in value by 14.0% with rental values 2.9% lower and yields moving out by 59bps, while hotels were down by 5.9% largely due to the impact of Covid-19. Our Office assets proved resilient, increasing in value by 1.9% as rental values rose by 4.6% and yields expanded slightly. The value of our other assets increased by 1.7%, primarily due to higher income expectations from Piccadilly Lights.

Outside the like-for-like portfolio, values in the development programme were up 3.5% over the year as construction risk reduced at 21 Moorfields, EC2. The 14.7% decline in the value of our proposed developments reflects the residual value of Portland House, SW1 where income has now ceased and costs of the latest redevelopment plans have increased. Our only completed development, Westgate Oxford, reduced in value by 28.1%, in line with other regional retail assets. Our acquisitions fell in value by 9.3% with Lavington Street, SE1 down 8.3% reflecting capital expenditure incurred as we work towards submitting a planning application as well as higher expected construction costs.

Profit/(loss) on disposals

Profit on disposals in the year relates to the sale of investment properties and trading properties. We made a total net profit on disposals of GBP1m (2019: net loss of GBP2m). The loss on disposal of investment properties of GBP6m primarily relates to the sale of Poole Retail Park. The profit on disposal of trading properties of GBP7m primarily relates to the sale of our freehold land holding at Ebbsfleet and residential units at Nova.

Net finance expense (included in Capital and other items)

In the year ended 31 March 2020, we incurred GBP68m of net finance expense which is excluded from revenue profit.

Table 9: Net finance expense(1)

 
                                                 Year ended      Year ended 
                                              31 March 2020   31 March 2019 
                                                       GBPm            GBPm 
-------------------------------------------  --------------  -------------- 
 
Premium and fees on redemption of medium 
 term notes (MTNs)                                       59               2 
Fair value movement on interest-rate swaps                9               6 
Other net finance income                                  -             (4) 
Total                                                    68               4 
-------------------------------------------  --------------  -------------- 
 

1. Including our proportionate share of subsidiaries and joint ventures, as explained in the Presentation of financial information above.

The increase over the prior year in this element of our net finance expense is due to higher costs associated with the redemption of medium term notes, and losses on our interest-rate swaps as a result of fluctuations in market interest rates in the year.

Fair value movement prior to acquisition of non-owned element of a joint venture

The GBP9m fair value movement in the prior year relates to a previously unrealised profit being recognised upon our acquisition of the remaining 50% interest in The Oriana Limited Partnership.

Profit from long-term development contracts

The profit from long-term development contracts in the year of GBP3m (2019: GBP3m) is from the development at Selly Oak, Birmingham which was pre-sold during the course of construction.

Exceptional items

In the year ended 31 March 2020, we have incurred GBP5m (2019: GBP14m) of impairment charges which have been classified as exceptional.

As a result of a decline in the value of Bluewater, Kent, an impairment test of the intangible asset related to the management rights for the centre was carried out. This resulted in impairment charges of GBP4m in the year (2019: GBP12m) against the intangible asset we hold in the balance sheet and GBP1m (2019: GBP2m) against the related goodwill.

Taxation

As a REIT, our income and capital gains from qualifying activities are exempt from corporation tax. 90% of this income must be distributed as a Property Income Distribution and is taxed at the shareholder level to give a similar tax position to direct property ownership. Non-qualifying activities, such as sales of trading properties, are subject to corporation tax.

This year, there was a tax credit of GBP5m (2019: GBP4m) being a current tax credit of GBP4m (2019: GBPnil) and a deferred tax credit of GBP1m (2019: GBP4m). The current tax credit relates to land remediation relief received and payment for losses surrendered to a joint venture company.

The Group has met the REIT requirements, including the payment by 31 March 2020 of the required Property Income Distribution (PID) for the year ended 31 March 2019. The forecast minimum PID for the year ended 31 March 2020 is GBP282m, which must be paid by 31 March 2021. The Group has already made PID dividends relating to 31 March 2020 of GBP204m, leaving GBP78m to be paid.

Table 10: Property Income Distributions (PID)

 
                               PID                       PID 
                                          PID    Pre 31March 
                          31 March   31 March           2019   Ordinary       Total 
                              2020       2019                  dividend    dividend 
                              GBPm       GBPm           GBPm       GBPm        GBPm 
-----------------------  ---------  ---------  -------------  ---------  ---------- 
Dividends paid in year 
 ended 31 March 2019             -        202            147          -         349 
Dividends paid in year 
 ended 31 March 2020           204        138              -          -         342 
Minimum PID to be paid 
 by 31 March 2021               78          -            n/a        n/a         n/a 
-----------------------  ---------  ---------  -------------  ---------  ---------- 
Total PID required             282        340 
-----------------------  ---------  --------- 
 

If the minimum PID is not paid within 12 months of the end of an accounting period, tax is payable on the underpaid amount at the current corporation tax rate. Therefore, the potential tax charge if no PID is made before 31 March 2021 is GBP15m. It is our preference not to pay such a charge but to pay the dividends instead, which would mean a distribution by 31 March 2021 of a minimum of GBP78m, or 10.5p per share.

Within the REIT regulations, there are additional requirements which the Group must satisfy including interest cover and balance of business tests, either to avoid a tax charge or the loss of REIT status. While the Group is confident it will continue to satisfy the requirements for REIT status, our discussions with HMRC indicate that they are likely to make allowance for any Covid-19 related breach of these requirements by REITs.

Our latest tax strategy can be found on our corporate website. In the year, the total taxes we incurred and collected were GBP171m (2019: GBP158m), of which GBP47m (2019: GBP36m) was directly borne by the Group including environmental taxes, business rates and stamp duty land tax. The Group has a low tax risk rating from HMRC.

Balance sheet

Table 11: Balance sheet

 
                                           31 March 2020  31 March 2019 
                                                    GBPm           GBPm 
-----------------------------------------  -------------  ------------- 
Combined Portfolio                                12,781         13,750 
Adjusted net debt                                (3,926)        (3,737) 
Other net liabilities                               (21)           (24) 
-----------------------------------------  -------------  ------------- 
EPRA net tangible assets                           8,834          9,989 
Excess of fair value over net investment 
 in finance leases book value                       (90)           (80) 
Other intangible assets                                7             11 
Fair value of interest-rate swaps                    (1)              - 
Net assets                                         8,750          9,920 
-----------------------------------------  -------------  ------------- 
 
Net assets per share                              1,182p         1,341p 
EPRA net tangible assets per share(1)(2)          1,192p         1,348p 
-----------------------------------------  -------------  ------------- 
 
   1.    EPRA net tangible assets per share is a diluted measure. 

2. New metric presented as a result of the change in EPRA best practice recommendations. For further details see table 18 in the Business analysis section.

Our net assets principally comprise the Combined Portfolio less net debt. Both IFRS net assets and EPRA net tangible assets declined over the year ended 31 March 2020 primarily due to the reduction in the value of our investment properties.

At 31 March 2020, our net assets per share were 1,182p, a decrease of 159p or 11.9% from 31 March 2019. EPRA net tangible assets per share were 1,192p, a decrease of 156p or 11.6%.

Table 12 summarises the key components of the GBP1,155m decrease in our EPRA net tangible assets in the year.

Table 12: Movement in EPRA net tangible assets(1)

 
                                                        Diluted per 
                                                              share 
                                                  GBPm        pence 
---------------------------------------------  -------  ----------- 
EPRA net tangible assets at 31 March 2019(2)     9,989        1,348 
Revenue profit                                     414           56 
Valuation deficit                              (1,179)        (159) 
Dividends                                        (342)         (46) 
Redemption of MTNs                                (59)          (8) 
Other                                               11            1 
EPRA net tangible assets at 31 March 2020        8,834        1,192 
---------------------------------------------  -------  ----------- 
 

1. Including our proportionate share of subsidiaries and joint ventures, as explained in the Presentation of financial information above.

2. New metric presented as a result of the change in EPRA best practice recommendations. For further details see table 18 in the Business analysis section.

Net debt and gearing

Table 13: Net debt and gearing

 
                                   31 March 2020  31 March 2019 
---------------------------------  -------------  ------------- 
 
Net debt                               GBP3,942m      GBP3,747m 
Adjusted net debt(1)                   GBP3,926m      GBP3,737m 
---------------------------------  -------------  ------------- 
 
Group LTV(1)                               30.7%          27.1% 
Security Group LTV                         32.5%          28.6% 
Weighted average cost of debt(1)            1.8%           2.7% 
---------------------------------  -------------  ------------- 
 

1. Including our proportionate share of subsidiaries and joint ventures, as explained in the Presentation of financial information above.

Over the year, our net debt increased by GBP195m to GBP3,942m. The main elements behind this increase are set out in our statement of cash flows and note 14 to the financial statements.

Adjusted net debt was up GBP189m to GBP3,926m. For a reconciliation of net debt to adjusted net debt, see note 13 to the financial statements.

Table 14 sets out the main movements behind the increase in our adjusted net debt.

Table 14: Movement in adjusted net debt(1)

 
                                         GBPm 
--------------------------------------  ----- 
Adjusted net debt at 31 March 2019      3,737 
Net cash generated from operations      (452) 
Dividends paid                            342 
Development/other capital expenditure     217 
Settlement of redemption liability         36 
Acquisitions                               16 
Disposals                                (65) 
Premium on redemption of MTNs              59 
Head lease obligations                     31 
Other                                       5 
--------------------------------------  ----- 
Adjusted net debt at 31 March 2020      3,926 
--------------------------------------  ----- 
 

1. Including our proportionate share of subsidiaries and joint ventures, as explained in the Presentation of financial information above.

Net cash generated from operations was GBP452m, partly offset by dividend payments of GBP342m. Capital expenditure was GBP217m (GBP215m on investment properties and GBP2m on trading properties), largely spent on our development programme. We settled the redemption liability in the X-Leisure unit trust for GBP36m by buying the remaining units we didn't own. The cost of investment properties acquired in the year was GBP16m. Net cash flows from disposals totalled GBP45m from the sale of investment properties and GBP20m from the sale of trading properties. The premium paid on the redemption of some of our medium term notes was GBP59m and a GBP31m increase in head lease obligations was reflected on the balance sheet in the year.

The most widely used gearing measure in our industry is loan-to-value (LTV). We focus most on Group LTV, presented on a proportionate basis, which increased from 27.1% at 31 March 2019 to 30.7% at 31 March 2020, largely due to the decline in the value of our assets. Our Security Group LTV increased from 28.6% to 32.5% for the same reason.

Financing

At 31 March 2020, our committed revolving facilities totalled GBP2,715m (2019: GBP2,715m). The pricing of our facilities which fall due in more than one year range from LIBOR +65 basis points to LIBOR +75 basis points. Borrowings under our commercial paper programme typically have a maturity of less than three months, currently carry a weighted average interest rate of LIBOR +19 basis points and are unsecured.

The total amount drawn under the bank debt was GBP1,944m (2019: GBP225m) with GBP977m of commercial paper in issue (2019: GBP934m). During March 2020, the sterling bond and commercial paper markets effectively closed to new issuance as the Covid-19 crisis worsened. To ensure that we had no liquidity issues in the first half of 2020/21 as our issued commercial paper becomes due for repayment, we drew down sufficient funds from our bank facilities to cover those redemptions and provide an additional liquidity buffer. As a result, at 31 March 2020, the Group held cash balances of GBP1,345m (31 March 2019: GBP14m). At 31 March 2020, we had GBP1.2bn of cash and available facilities, net of our outstanding commercial paper.

By drawing additional amounts on our shorter-term bank facilities, the weighted average maturity of our debt has declined to 9.6 years (2019: 12.3 years) at a weighted average cost of 1.8% (2019: 2.7%). The weighted average cost of net debt, which recognises the minimal interest income on cash deposits, was 2.4%.

During the year, the Group conducted tender exercises which resulted in us buying back GBP196m (nominal value) of medium term notes for a total premium of GBP59m. Further details are set out in table 15 and note 14 to the financial statements.

Table 15: Redemption of medium term notes

 
                                            Medium term note series 
                            A4    A5    A6    A7   A10   A11  Total 
                          GBPm  GBPm  GBPm  GBPm  GBPm  GBPm   GBPm 
------------------------  ----  ----  ----  ----  ----  ----  ----- 
 
Nominal value purchased      8    91    12    75     4     6    196 
------------------------  ----  ----  ----  ----  ----  ----  ----- 
 
Premium paid                 1    20     3    31     1     3     59 
------------------------  ----  ----  ----  ----  ----  ----  ----- 
 

Changes in accounting policy

The Group adopted IFRS 16 Leases on 1 April 2019. As a result of adopting this standard, the Group now reports separately service charge income for leases where a single payment is received to cover both rent and service charge. The total payment received was previously included within rental income, but the service charge component has now been separated and reported as service charge income in the notes to the financial statements. Comparatives have been restated accordingly. In the year ended 31 March 2019, GBP6m was separated from rental income and reported as service charge income. There has been no net impact on profit attributable to shareholders or on the Group's balance sheet. The Group's revised accounting policies and the impact of the change in accounting policy on the consolidated financial statements is detailed in notes 2 and 17 of the financial statements.

Dividend

A third interim dividend of 11.6p per ordinary share was declared on 5 February 2020. As announced on 2 April 2020, in light of extreme market uncertainty due to Covid-19, the Board took the decision to cancel the third interim dividend that was due to be paid on 9 April 2020 and has decided not to propose a final dividend. The Board will keep this situation under regular review and intends to reinstate the payment of dividends as soon as it considers it appropriate to do so. Based on our two quarterly dividends of 11.6p per share already paid, our full year dividend will be down 49.1% at 23.2p per share (2019: 45.55p) or GBP172m (2019: GBP338m).

At 31 March 2020, the Company had distributable reserves of GBP3.0bn. We do not anticipate that the level of distributable reserves will limit distributions for the foreseeable future.

Martin Greenslade

Chief Financial Officer

Portfolio review

This review covers the entire financial year, including the impact of Covid-19 and our responses to it.

Highlights

   -      Valuation deficit of 8.8%(1) 
   -      GBP39m of investment lettings 
   -      1.0 million sq ft of developments now on site 

Actions and outcomes

 
Focus for 2019/20                                            Progress in 2019/20                                            Focus for 2020/21 
 
  *    Maintaining like-for-like net rental income            *    Like-for-like net rental income declined GBP4m (0.7%)      *    Balance protecting like-for-like net rental income 
                                                                   before the effect of bad debt provisions relating to            with the need to support customers facing cash flow 
                                                                   next year's rent                                                difficulties in the wake of Covid-19 
                                                             =========================================================== 
 
  *    Providing property as a service, harnessing data and   *    Capital allocation, asset management and leasing           *    Continue to reduce occupancy costs without 
       technology, to improve customer experiences                 decisions are underpinned by improved data, research            compromising rental income by delivering further 
                                                                   and technology including in our Retail segment where            savings in service charge 
                                                                   we analyse and blend multiple data sources to provide 
                                                                   insight into the attractiveness of brands to our 
                                                                   catchment                                                  *    Get 24.0 million sq ft of real estate re-occupied and 
                                                                                                                                   operating 
 
                                                              *    In our Office segment we are engaging directly with 
                                                                   our occupiers' people to better understand their           *    Work with our customers and partners to develop 
                                                                   needs so that we can optimise our environment and               mutually beneficial solutions to the challenges of 
                                                                   ancillary retail and leisure offers                             operating in the wake of Covid-19 
 
 
                                                                                                                              *    Work with our construction partner at 21 Moorfields, 
                                                                                                                                   EC2 to ensure progress is as fast as possible while 
                                                                                                                                   maintaining 
                                                             =========================================================== 
                                                                                                                                  best practice health 
  *    Researching and trialling ways to build better,         *    Modern methods of construction (MMC) implemented at           and safety on site 
       faster and for less                                          105 Sumner Street, SE1 in kit-of-parts approach and            *    Maintain our optionality over speculative 
                                                                    automated processes                                                 developments by progressing build-to-grade works and 
                                                                                                                                        design; tracking market indicators to take decisions 
                                                                                                                                        about when and how to exercise our option to progress 
                                                               *    Design process embedded in development process at 25 
                                                                    Lavington Street, SE1 and Red Lion Court, SE1 
                                                                                                                                   *    Obtain planning permission for our speculative office 
                                                                                                                                        schemes in Southwark at 25 
                                                               *    Hollow piling trial and Friendly Concrete used at 
                                                                    Nova East, SW1 
                                                             =========================================================== 
                                                                                                                                  Lavington Street, SE1 
  *    Expanding customer offerings of Myo, Fitted and        *    Myo and Fitted fully let at 123 Victoria Street, SW1            and Red Lion Court, 
       Landsec Lounges                                             and being rolled out in earliest available space at             SE1 
                                                                   Dashwood House, EC2                                              *    Progress our master planning and design of 
                                                                                                                                         residential-led re-purposing at our four suburban 
                                                                                                                                         London shopping centres, widening the scope of the 
                                                              *    Landsec Lounge in place or under construction at four                 programme to include 
                                                                   of our London properties 
                                                             =========================================================== 
                                                                                                                                  our regional retail 
 *    Progress on time and on budget at 21 Moorfields, EC2,   *    Prior to the impact of Covid-19 in March 2020, 21              portfolio 
      Lucent, W1, Nova East, SW1 and 105 Sumner Street, SE1        Moorfields was on budget, with a three-month delay in           *    Generate GBP4m of social value across our community 
                                                                   expected completion to March 2022 due to tenant                      programmes, in support of our GBP25m corporate target 
                                                                   modifications. Subsequently we have seen a further                   by 2025 
                                                                   delay of up to two months with the eventual impact 
                                                                   dictated by productivity which is currently around 
                                                                   50% but improving                                               *    Improve energy management in support of 2030 energy 
                                                                                                                                        management corporate commitments 
 
                                                              *    Pre-Covid-19, Lucent, Nova East and 105 Sumner Street 
                                                                   were on-site progressing build-to-grade on time and             *    Deliver a review of the long-term strategic direction 
                                                                   on plan. We are now introducing greater flexibility                  for our business, wide in our scope and bold in our 
                                                                   by deferring contractual commitment to the more                      thinking, taking into account the structural trends 
                                                                   capital intensive elements of each of these schemes                  disrupting our sector, the short-term challenges of 
                                                                                                                                        Covid-19 and its longer-term consequences 
                                                             =========================================================== 
 
 *    Progress plans for the future development pipeline of    *    Planning and vacant possession achieved on Portland 
      2.6 million sq ft in the existing portfolio and seek          House, SW1 
      to grow the pipeline through acquisitions and 
      partnerships 
                                                               *    Planning submitted for 25 Lavington Street, SE1 
 
 
                                                               *    Continuing to progress design at Red Lion Court, SE1 
                                                                    and master planning for residential development of 
                                                                    four inner London retail destinations 
                                                             =========================================================== 
 
  *    Delivery of key strategic MSUs at our major shopping   *    Polo Ralph Lauren at Braintree Village opened 
       centres                                                     November 2019 
 
 
                                                              *    Construction underway for Zara at Bluewater, Kent and 
                                                                   contractor selected for their letting at St David's, 
                                                                   Cardiff 
                                                             =========================================================== 
 
 *    Generating GBP4m of social value across our community    *    Over GBP4.8m of social value generated across our 
      programmes, in support of GBP25m corporate target by          community programmes 
      2025 
                                                             =========================================================== 
 
 *    Improving energy management in support of 2030 energy   *    21 energy management initiatives approved, which will 
      management corporate commitments                             result in a 3.2% reduction in energy consumption 
                                                                   across the portfolio against a 2013/14 baseline 
                                                             ===========================================================    ================================================================= 
 

At a glance

   -     Valuation deficit of 8.8%(1) 
   -     Ungeared total property return of -4.5% 
   -     The portfolio underperformed the MSCI Quarterly Universe (All Property) at -0.4% 
   -     GBP39m of investment lettings 
   -     Like-for-like voids: 2.4% (31 March 2019: 2.4%) 

Office

   -     Valuation surplus of 1.1%(1) 
   -     Ungeared total property return of 4.5% 

- The portfolio outperformed the MSCI Quarterly benchmark (Central and Inner London Office) at 3.5%

   -     GBP11m of investment lettings 
   -     Like-for-like voids: 1.3% (31 March 2019: 1.0%) 

Retail

   -     Valuation deficit of 20.5%(1) 
   -     Ungeared total property return of -17.3% 
   -     The portfolio underperformed the MSCI Quarterly benchmark (All Retail) at -9.8% 
   -     GBP24m of investment lettings 

- Like-for-like voids: 3.9% (31 March 2019: 4.0%) and units in administration: 1.9% (31 March 2019: 0.9%)

- Footfall in our regional retail and outlets was down 1.2% but was ahead of the ShopperTrak UK national benchmark (down 3.7%)(2)

- Same centre sales, taking into account new lettings and occupier changes, were up 0.9% (up 0.1% excluding automotive sales) (BRC national benchmark for physical stores down 3.2%; including online, down 1.1%)(2)

Specialist

   -     Valuation deficit of 8.0%(1) 
   -     Ungeared total property return of -3.9% 
   -     GBP4m of investment lettings 

- Like-for-like voids: 1.2% (31 March 2019: 1.5%) and units in administration: 0.1% (31 March 2019: 0.2%)

   1.    On a proportionate basis. 

2. Year-on-year for the 48 week period to 1 March 2020, reflecting the period before the impact of Covid-19.

Overview

The London office market had continued to see strong demand for high-quality space despite political uncertainty in the lead up to the general election. A preference for new rather than second-hand space led to limited availability of new HQ stock. This lack of available supply of high-spec offices, with good transport connections and sustainability credentials, led to an increase in rental values.

The impact of Covid-19 will disrupt the market and, at this stage, the extent of any changes to short- or longer-term trends on the use of office space is uncertain. We anticipate that there is likely to be a greater emphasis on health, air quality and the flexibility of both layouts and working practices. We expect that this will only reinforce a 'flight to quality' and our portfolio is well positioned to meet these demands from occupiers. All of our office customers have been impacted by Covid-19 but the strength of our occupier base gives us confidence in the resilience of the portfolio.

In the very near-term, Covid-19 will slow down progress at a number of our development sites. We are keen to progress our schemes as much as we can while minimising further commitments to capital expenditure in the short term but retain the option to pause all but 21 Moorfields, EC2, which is pre-let in its entirety. We remain optimistic about the long-term prospects of London and believe the fundamentals that make the capital the favoured home for business are unchanged.

Even before we saw the impact of Covid-19, it was clear that the retail market was having another tough year as it wrestled with structural challenges, and property values fell further as a result. Although occupancy levels and rental income at our retail assets were relatively resilient, we were affected by the pressures faced by retailers that, in some cases, saw them enter CVA or administration. All our retail assets fell in value but, in particular, regional centres and retail parks saw significant valuation declines as yields moved out.

The effect of Covid-19 on the already struggling retail sector will be significant. Following government action to address the Covid-19 outbreak, most of our shopping centres, outlets and leisure assets have closed save for essential shops. Apart from the major supermarkets and some pure online players, few retailers will emerge from Covid-19 in better financial condition than before the virus arrived. Our immediate focus has been to support our customers by reducing costs, agreeing rent relief for those in most need and working to enable them to reopen as soon as conditions allow and restrictions are lifted. We also continue to progress the re-purposing of excess space at our assets, notably the residential and office opportunities offered in key cities by our retail destinations.

The like-for-like portfolio

Office

We have a high quality office portfolio in one of the greatest cities in the world. Strong demand for quality means our best-in-class office space is virtually full. As a result, we achieved 17 new lettings in the year, totalling GBP11m, and completed ten rent reviews totalling GBP23m, 7% ahead of previous rent.

Our focus in the like-for-like portfolio remains on how we improve our assets to secure rental uplifts and lease extensions. Enhancing customer service and meeting future customer needs sit at the heart of our response and, as part of this, we are investing in amenities and introducing Landsec Lounges at a number of our assets.

The high occupancy across our three office products, HQ, Fitted and Myo, reflects the continued demand for space that offers quality, convenience and flexibility. HQ customers will continue to dominate our portfolio in the short term, giving us secure, stable income. Fitted launched in 2019 on two floors at 123 Victoria Street, SW1 and both are now let at a healthy premium to market rents. Our launch of Myo exceeded expectations; the space is now fully let and includes supporting existing HQ customers with their shorter-term needs, as well as customers who are new to us. We will roll out our flexible products within the development programme and our existing portfolio as expiries allow, including at Dashwood House in 2021.

Covid-19 is impacting our office customers with over 90% of their employees now working from home. The vast majority of our customers continue to pay their rent and 89% of the rent due on 25 March 2020 and 1 April 2020 was collected within ten days compared with 98% for the same period last year. Open, collaborative conversations with our customers are key to how we manage our business, and these have been vital in recent weeks as we strive to balance protecting income with supporting customers facing cash flow issues. Under 10% of our occupier base is in sectors which we have identified as at particular risk from the impact of Covid-19 including commodities, serviced offices, construction, fashion and travel. This gives us confidence in the strength of our office occupier base and the resilience of the portfolio.

It's too early to predict the long-term impact of Covid-19 on the office market. However, the way businesses and people use workspaces will change. We anticipate a greater emphasis from customers on the need for healthy buildings with excellent air quality and higher lifting capacity. We expect our customers to operate with lower occupation densities and with more flexible working. They may require layout changes and that requires flexible buildings. We know that occupiers and their insurers demand standards of quality, safety and security of infrastructure that cannot be replicated in the home.

Our offices can respond to change. We developed the majority of our office portfolio and did so with adaptability in mind, describing them as stage sets: changeable to meet our occupiers' needs. With our strength of occupier base and high quality adaptable space, we believe the portfolio is well-placed to meet the unprecedented challenges presented by Covid-19.

Retail

Prior to the impact of Covid-19, the retail market continued to face structural changes. Changing consumer shopping habits and rising costs for retailers put pressure on rents across the sector, and negotiations with customers have been challenging. This was reflected in asset pricing, with rental values and market yield movements leading to significant declines in valuations, particularly in regional retail and retail parks.

We have been proactive in our response to the structural challenges the retail market is facing. We have been busy working to reduce service charge costs to ease pressure on retailers in the short term. And, where there is surplus space in our portfolio, we continue to progress our plans to re-purpose retail units, actively working to introduce office and residential, particularly in our key cities.

For the 48 weeks to 1 March 2020, same-centre sales at our regional destinations and outlets were up 0.9% (up 0.1% excluding automotive sales), ahead of the BRC benchmark, which was down 3.2%. Footfall was down 1.2%, but well ahead of the ShopperTrak UK national benchmark, down 3.7%.

The quality of our portfolio provided some protection against the overall impact of CVAs. Like-for-like net rental income was only down by 3.9% compared with last year, before provisions related to next year's rent. Where we were impacted by CVAs, our assets remained popular with occupiers and customers. We saw 94 units across 31 customers go into CVA or administration in the year - some of those entering administration having previously been in CVA - but of these only 29% of the stores closed as a result. Over the last three years, we have had reasonable success with stores that have closed, having now replaced over a third of the income lost from customers entering CVA or administration.

Outlets continued to be our best performer in the Retail segment, and we had a good year of letting activity, adding 33 new brands across the five outlets. Consumer research and sales data enabled us to target brands that will strengthen our line-up. At Gunwharf Quays, Portsmouth, we added retailers including Loake, Dune, Belstaff and Penhaligons, with Pho, Hubbox and The Alchemist enhancing the food and beverage offer. At Braintree Village, last year's opening of Polo Ralph Lauren continued to help the centre's performance. The brand also attracted other premium retailers to the centre including Lindt, Kate Spade and Lyle & Scott.

In regional retail, we continued to improve both tenant mix and experience. Customer data and insight informs our decisions, enabling us to find the right occupiers for customer demand, and the right unit for each occupier. At Bluewater, Kent, following Primark opening in March 2019, footfall was up 3.7% and sales at the centre were up 4.9% (excluding automotive sales) for the 48 weeks to 1 March 2020. Zara signed at St David's, Cardiff and are upsizing significantly at Bluewater. H&M also took a bigger store at Trinity Leeds. We've also introduced new types of retailer to our centres, adding cycling concept store Peloton at Bluewater and Westgate Oxford.

In London retail, the market showed similar trends to the rest of the UK, with restaurants and mid-market fashion struggling. However, we continued to see demand for space. Following the administration of Jamie's Italian, we re-let the majority of the vacated space to the Ivy. And at One New Change, a new flagship for Ivy Asia opened in the former Barbecoa unit. London retail continues to evolve and trends are accelerating. In the future, we anticipate a greater demand for service and experience-led occupiers in increasingly mixed use destinations.

Retail parks now make up 3.5% of our portfolio and we will continue to monitor our exposure to this sector. During the year we made one disposal, selling Poole Retail Park for GBP45m at a net initial yield to the purchaser of 8.0%.

Our Retail segment has seen a significant impact from Covid-19. The majority of our destinations are closed save for essential shops, and many of our customers are struggling. Only 38% of the rent due on 25 March 2020 and 1 April 2020 was collected within ten days compared with 90% for the same period last year. We have set up an GBP80m support fund to provide rent relief to those customers who are most in need of help, with a particular focus on supporting F&B customers and small and medium sized businesses. We are also working to reduce service charge costs further, while helping our customers to prepare to re-open as swiftly as possible when conditions allow.

Specialist

Prior to Covid-19, our leisure and hotel assets performed well and occupancy levels remained high. Cinemas continued to be popular, especially for blockbuster movies, and UK admissions were up 8.0% for the 11 months to the end of February compared with the same period last year. Mid-market restaurant chains continued to find the conditions challenging and we expect this trend to continue.

Our hotels provided good income, though performance across the year was variable, often affected by local or seasonal factors such as sporting or cultural events. The underlying site value of our hotels remained well ahead of book value, offering opportunities for future development.

Piccadilly Lights, W1 also performed well. We have two to three-year leases with our long-term partners Coca-Cola, Samsung and Hyundai and income from the shorter-let space continued to grow, exceeding our income expectations for the eleven months to February 2020.

Our Specialist segment has been hit hard by Covid-19. Our leisure operators along with food and beverage occupiers are currently unable to trade following government intervention and face financial difficulties as a result. Only 31% of the rent due on 25 March 2020 and 1 April 2020 was collected within ten days compared with 86% for the same period last year. Our GBP80m rent relief fund is designed to support these customers in particular. Many of our hotels, the majority of which are let on turnover only deals, are now closed and it remains unclear when they will reopen for business. Demand for Piccadilly Lights diminished in the early weeks of the pandemic, although we have been able to offer this space to Public Health England for essential public health messaging and remain in dialogue with customers regarding bookings on the Lights for later in the year.

Net rental income

Table 16: Net rental income(1)

 
                                        Office                  Retail              Specialist      Combined Portfolio 
                        ----------------------  ----------------------  ----------------------  ---------------------- 
                            31      31              31      31              31      31              31      31 
                         March   March           March   March           March   March           March   March 
                          2020    2019  Change    2020    2019  Change    2020    2019  Change    2020    2019  Change 
                          GBPm    GBPm    GBPm    GBPm    GBPm    GBPm    GBPm    GBPm    GBPm    GBPm    GBPm    GBPm 
----------------------  ------  ------  ------  ------  ------  ------  ------  ------  ------  ------  ------  ------ 
Like-for-like 
 investment properties     250     243       7     246     256    (10)      83      84     (1)     579     583     (4) 
Like-for-like 
 investment properties 
 - provisions 
 related to 2020/21 
 rent                        -       -       -    (19)       -    (19)     (4)       -     (4)    (23)       -    (23) 
Proposed developments       10      12     (2)       -       -       -       -       -       -      10      12     (2) 
Development programme      (1)       -     (1)       -       1     (1)       -       -       -     (1)       1     (2) 
Completed developments       -       -       -       9       9       -       -       -       -       9       9       - 
Acquisitions 
 since 1 April 
 2018                      (1)       -     (1)       -       -       -       -       -       -     (1)       -     (1) 
Sales since 1 
 April 2018                  -       -       -       2       4     (2)       -       -       -       2       4     (2) 
Non-property 
 related income              3       3       -       5       6     (1)       -       -       -       8       9     (1) 
----------------------  ------  ------  ------  ------  ------  ------  ------  ------  ------  ------  ------  ------ 
Net rental income          261     258       3     243     276    (33)      79      84     (5)     583     618    (35) 
----------------------  ------  ------  ------  ------  ------  ------  ------  ------  ------  ------  ------  ------ 
 
   1.    On a proportionate basis. 

Net rental income from the Combined Portfolio declined by GBP35m in the year ended 31 March 2020 primarily due to a GBP23m provision against rental income invoiced prior to 31 March but which relates to the next financial year. This was in addition to a GBP4m decline in net rental income from our like-for-like portfolio which was the result of difficult trading conditions in our Retail segment as well as small reductions in income at our proposed developments and from properties acquired and sold since 1 April 2018.

Net rental income from our Office assets increased by GBP3m to GBP261m. Net rental income from our like-for-like properties increased by GBP7m due to rent reviews and new lettings. We lost GBP2m at our proposed development at Portland House, SW1 as we worked towards vacant possession and GBP1m from acquisitions where we incurred costs to maintain flexibility at 25 Lavington Street, SE1, acquired as a development site in the prior year.

In Retail, net rental income declined by GBP33m to GBP243m, predominantly due to a GBP19m provision against next year's rental income which was invoiced in March 2020 but where recovery is in doubt due to Covid-19. During the year, we saw a GBP10m reduction in income from our like-for-like properties, primarily due to the impact of CVAs and administrations across the portfolio. We also lost GBP2m as a result of the sale of Poole Retail Park this year.

In Specialist, we also took a provision of GBP4m against next year's rental income invoiced in March 2020 but in doubt due to Covid-19. This was the main driver for a GBP5m decrease in net rental income to GBP79m.

The Development portfolio

We have over 4.0 million sq ft of development opportunities in London and are active at four schemes totalling 1.0 million sq ft, of which 56% is pre-let. We are making good progress across our London development programme but development activity has slowed due to Covid-19.

Importantly, however, the pipeline has been designed with flexibility: our speculative schemes in the development programme are all being built to grade, allowing us to call a stop to development activity at ground level if we choose to, and we have not yet committed to Portland House, SW1. This has enabled us to step down our committed total development cost by around GBP700m from where we had expected to be by March 2020, leaving around GBP340m of committed unspent development expenditure on sites currently in our development programme where we are still making good progress.

The majority of that commitment is at 21 Moorfields, EC2, our 564,000 sq ft scheme which is pre-let in its entirety. All construction contracts are agreed, and the steel framework has progressed well. A three-month delay in expected practical completion to March 2022 was due to tenant modifications and will not impact rent start date. Following the impact of Covid-19, we have experienced a further delay of up to two months. The eventual completion date will be dictated by productivity which is currently around 50% but improving. We continue to be in close dialogue with the occupier, Deutsche Bank.

Where we are making additional commitments, we are doing so to preserve optionality. At Lucent, W1, Nova East, SW1 and 105 Sumner Street, SE1, we have committed GBP33m to progress as quickly as possible in the current environment and secure long lead-time packages. We have also negotiated break options before entering into main construction contracts. In doing so, we have deferred until September at the earliest the remaining GBP251m commitment needed for the most capital intensive stages of these three schemes. This flexibility allows us to keep reviewing the occupational market we might deliver into and to decide at multiple junctures whether to continue work, pause or to cease speculative development entirely.

On the ground, at Nova East, our 166,000 sq ft scheme, we are progressing the build-to-grade works, construction of the cores and detailed design as well as placing orders for certain packages of work.

At Lucent, our 144,000 sq ft scheme in the heart of the West End, demolition is complete and, here too, we are building to grade, constructing the cores and negotiating a flexible main contract with our contractor. At 105 Sumner Street, we have planning consent for two buildings totalling 140,000 sq ft plus a new public square. We'll use our new, partly automated efficient construction methods to reduce building time and cost, and to create our first net zero carbon development. We are building to grade, progressing construction of the basement and procuring long lead time packages as we progress the detailed designs.

At Portland House, we now have planning permission to add a 14-storey extension to the existing building. Our proposed scheme will create 400,000 sq ft of new or refurbished space. We intend to incorporate HQ, Fitted and Myo, together with wellness and leisure facilities and a roof-top restaurant. We achieved vacant possession at the end of March and we are now stripping out the building and advancing the design.

The remaining development opportunities are a mix of central London office-led schemes and mixed use residential-led retail re-purposing. At Lavington Street, SE1, we have submitted planning for two buildings totalling 378,000 sq ft. We aim to deliver a scheme with high sustainability credentials, and plan to use a hybrid cross-laminated timber and steel structure to reduce the carbon footprint of the development. At Red Lion Court, SE1, the existing occupier has extended their lease to 2022. In parallel, we're progressing our plans for a redevelopment of the building, aiming to submit a planning application in Summer 2021. We also continue to progress our plans for transforming our major city retail schemes into ambitious mixed use destinations. We are now working on plans for Finchley Road, NW3, Shepherd's Bush, W12, Southside, Wandsworth, Lewisham shopping centre and Buchanan Galleries, Glasgow.

Principal risks and uncertainties

The Company has identified certain principal risks and uncertainties that could prevent the Group from achieving its strategic objectives and has assessed how these risks could best be mitigated through a combination of internal controls, risk management and the purchase of insurance cover. These risks are reviewed and updated on a regular basis and were last formally assessed by the Board in May 2020.

A description of the principal risks and uncertainties faced by the Group, together with an assessment of their impact, is set out below. The Group's approach to the management and mitigation of these risks will be included in the 2020 Annual Report. The risk of Covid-19 has very quickly elevated from being an emerging risk to impacting all of the principal risks facing our business. The speed and scale of the impact of Covid-19 has been unprecedented in recent times and fundamentally affected all aspects of our business.

Our business resilience and risk planning has been tested in recent months and the business has responded well to the challenges presented by the crisis. All levels of our organisation have been rapidly mobilised to assess, plan, respond and mitigate the myriad of risks presented to the business by the current situation.

We established six workstreams to help us co-ordinate our response to the impact of Covid-19 across our business: Customers, People, Operations, Public Affairs and Regulation, Development and Financial. Each workstream has a team leader, a dedicated team of subject matter experts in the area and an Executive Director sponsor. The workstreams have been co-ordinated by a central project management office and the Executive Committee and the workstream leads have been meeting regularly to discuss issues and concerns, and where required quickly approve decisions. The Board received weekly updates on our response to Covid-19 and briefings at their meetings so that they could make any business critical decisions quickly. In recent weeks, a seventh recovery workstream has been constituted as we plan for a relaxation of the lockdown restrictions and ensure the business is fully prepared to return to normality as quickly as we can in order to provide the best possible support to our people, customers, communities, and partners.

We demonstrate the pervasive nature of the Covid-19 impact on our business risks in the table below, showing the movement in each principal risk as a consequence of Covid-19. The table shows two changes for each risk; the change from March 2019 to December 2019 (before the impact of Covid-19) and the risk change from December 2019 to March 2020 (the quarter covering the first impact of Covid-19).

 
Risk description                                                         Change in year (prior                                        Change in year (Covid-19 
                                                                          to Covid-19)                                                 impact) 
                                                                         -----------------------------------------------------------  ----------------------------------------------------------- 
Customers                                                                                          ó                                                       ñ 
-----------------------------------------------------------------------  -----------------------------------------------------------  ----------------------------------------------------------- 
 
  *    Structural changes in customer and consumer                         *    We were already operating in a tough retail            *    The Covid-19 outbreak is a very challenging time for 
       expectations leading to a change in demand for space                     environment, with a number of company voluntary             many businesses, and in particular, some of our 
       and the consequent impact on income.                                     arrangements (CVAs) throughout the year, and                retail and leisure customers. 
                                                                                like-for-like footfall and retail sales declining. 
 
                                                                                                                                       *    We continue to closely monitor the cash collections 
                                                                           *    We were closely monitoring our retailers at risk of         of rents across the whole portfolio and we have a 
                                                                                CVA and looking at more flexible leasing options in         seen a material reduction in cash collections in late 
                                                                                retail.                                                     March 2020. This indicates a likely increase in 
                                                                                                                                            business failures and we are monitoring any customers 
                                                                                                                                            in financial distress. 
                                                                           *    The office market had remained resilient through 
                                                                                2019. We had elevated this risk in the prior year to 
                                                                                reflect the deterioration in the retail market.        *    We have established a support fund to provide up to 
                                                                                                                                            GBP80m of rent relief for customers as we expect to 
                                                                                                                                            see greater non-payment of rent as we move through 
                                                                                                                                            2020. 
-----------------------------------------------------------------------  -----------------------------------------------------------  ----------------------------------------------------------- 
Market cyclicality                                                                                 ò                                                       ñ 
-----------------------------------------------------------------------  -----------------------------------------------------------  ----------------------------------------------------------- 
 
  *    Market and political uncertainty leading to a                      *    This risk reduced with greater certainty over the       *    Covid-19 has resulted in high levels of macroeconomic 
       reduction in demand or deferral of decisions by                         political landscape in the UK following the general          and market uncertainty. As a result, we have seen a 
       occupiers, impacting real estate values and the                         election and some valuation write-downs already taken        greater reduction in our retail and leisure asset 
       ability to buy, develop, manage and sell assets at                      in the retail segment.                                       values. 
       the appropriate time in the property cycle. 
 
                                                                          *    We were continuing to plan for a range of potential     *    We have refreshed our own economic outlook and 
                                                                               Brexit trade deal outcomes. The Audit Committee has          modelled different scenarios to understand and plan 
                                                                               proactively reviewed and challenged our Brexit risk          for the potential impact of Covid-19 on our business. 
                                                                               assessments over the year to ensure we are well 
                                                                               prepared and able to minimise downside business 
                                                                               consequences.                                           *    We see an increased risk of an economic downturn or 
                                                                                                                                            recession which could further impact the value of our 
                                                                                                                                            assets, including those in London. 
-----------------------------------------------------------------------  -----------------------------------------------------------  ----------------------------------------------------------- 
Disruption                                                                                         ó                                                       ñ 
-----------------------------------------------------------------------  -----------------------------------------------------------  ----------------------------------------------------------- 
 
  *    Inability to understand and mobilise effectively to                 *    Consistent with our review of emerging risks           *    As outlined in Customers above, the Covid-19 outbreak 
       changes in our competitive landscape and customer                        impacting the business, we had seen the pace of             has been disruptive for a number of our customers, 
       value chain.                                                             change continue to accelerate.                              impacting their ability to trade and demand for their 
                                                                                                                                            products. 
 
                                                                           *    While we have improved our internal capability in 
                                                                                this area over the last year with an expanded          *    We believe there could be a structural shift in how 
                                                                                Business Foresight team, we continue to experience          our customers use space going forward - for example, 
                                                                                ongoing structural challenges, particularly within          the retail sector has seen greater use of online 
                                                                                the retail business. Therefore, the residual risk           business models as a result of Covid-19 and these new 
                                                                                remained unchanged.                                         business models may require less physical retail 
                                                                                                                                            space. In addition, as people become more comfortable 
                                                                                                                                            and familiar with virtual interactions, the use of 
                                                                                                                                            permanent office and physical meeting rooms may 
                                                                                                                                            decline. 
-----------------------------------------------------------------------  -----------------------------------------------------------  ----------------------------------------------------------- 
People and skills                                                                                  ñ                                                       ó 
-----------------------------------------------------------------------  -----------------------------------------------------------  ----------------------------------------------------------- 
 
  *    Inability to attract, retain, and develop the right                 *    Employee uncertainty increased because we had           *    In response to Covid-19, the majority of our 
       people and skills required to deliver the business                       combined the main operating functions of the London          employees are now working from home. 
       objectives in a culture and environment where                            and Retail business units and had also been in the 
       employees can thrive.                                                    process of transitioning to a new CEO following 
                                                                                Robert Noel's decision to retire.                       *    Overall this transition has been smooth from a 
                                                                                                                                             technology and communications point of view. We have 
                                                                                                                                             not seen any significant impacts on employee 
                                                                           *    This led to an increase in the people and skills             productivity, although we are carefully monitoring 
                                                                                risk. This is consistent with the elevated risk that         employees' physical and mental well-being. 
                                                                                we presented at the half-year. 
-----------------------------------------------------------------------  -----------------------------------------------------------  ----------------------------------------------------------- 
Major health, safety                                                                               ó                                                       ñ 
 and security incident 
-----------------------------------------------------------------------  -----------------------------------------------------------  ----------------------------------------------------------- 
 
              *    Failure to identify, mitigate and/or react              *    As outlined in our half-year announcement, we          *    We have worked closely with our customers to safely 
                   effectively to a major health, safety or security            evaluated our fire management strategies across our         and securely close all non-essential retail premises. 
                   incident, leading to:                                        entire property portfolio and identified some fire          As the government eases lockdown restrictions, and 
                                                                                safety improvements.                                        occupancy and footfall levels at our assets increase, 
                                                                                                                                            we remain aware that there is an increased risk of a 
             o Serious injury, illness                                                                                                      health and safety incident related to Covid-19. 
             or loss of life                                               *    We have now implemented these improvements, although 
             o Criminal/civil proceedings                                       the regulatory environment continues to evolve and 
             o Loss of stakeholder                                              tighten requirements.                                  *    Our efforts are now focused on ensuring we are 
             confidence                                                                                                                     well-prepared for a gradual and safe return to our 
             o Delays to building                                                                                                           properties. 
             projects and access                                           *    Physical security risk has decreased with the threat 
             restrictions to our                                                level being changed from severe to substantial. 
             properties resulting 
             in loss of income 
             o Inadequate response                                         *    Overall the risk remained the same as last year. 
             to regulatory changes 
             o Reputational impact 
-----------------------------------------------------------------------  -----------------------------------------------------------  ----------------------------------------------------------- 
Information security                                                                               ó                                                       ñ 
 and cyber threat 
-----------------------------------------------------------------------  -----------------------------------------------------------  ----------------------------------------------------------- 
 
  *    Data loss or disruption to the corporate systems and               *    The level of this risk has not changed, reflecting       *    This risk has slightly increased following an 
       building management systems resulting in a negative                     that, while companies continue to be subject to an            increase in Covid-19 related phishing and fraud 
       reputational, operational, regulatory or financial                      increasing number of attempted cyber-attacks, we have         attempts. 
       impact.                                                                 continued to develop and invest in the maturity of 
                                                                               our mitigation controls. 
-----------------------------------------------------------------------  -----------------------------------------------------------  ----------------------------------------------------------- 
Climate change                                                                                     ó                                                       ó 
-----------------------------------------------------------------------  -----------------------------------------------------------  ----------------------------------------------------------- 
 
  *    Failure to properly identify and mitigate both                     *    We elevated the risk last year in response to public     *    Covid-19 has not impacted the residual level of this 
       physical and transition risks from climate change,                      data demonstrating how global emissions continue to           risk. 
       leading to a negative impact on our reputation,                         grow, increasing climate-related risks. 
       disruption in our operations and stranded assets. 
 
                                                                          *    The residual risk is the same as we have intensified 
                                                                               our mitigations and launched our ambition to be a net 
                                                                               zero carbon business by 2030. 
-----------------------------------------------------------------------  -----------------------------------------------------------  ----------------------------------------------------------- 
Investment and development                                                                         ñ                                                       ñ 
 strategy 
-----------------------------------------------------------------------  -----------------------------------------------------------  ----------------------------------------------------------- 
 
             *    Unable to effectively execute our strategy of buying,    *    We have a large development pipeline and planned to     *    This risk has increased due to the impact of 
                  developing and selling assets at the appropriate time         have 1.4 million sq ft of development on site by             programme delay from Covid-19 on our development 
                  in the property cycle. Specifically:                          April 2020, increasing our development exposure and          pipeline and increased uncertainty around the future 
                                                                                therefore our risk in this area.                             economic environment into which we will deliver our 
                                                                                                                                             developments. 
            o Investment - inappropriate 
            sector or asset selection 
            o Development - unable 
            to deliver capex programme 
            to agreed returns and/or 
            occupiers reluctant 
            to commit to take new 
            space 
                                                                         ===========================================================  =========================================================== 
 

Statement of Directors' Responsibilities

The Annual Report 2020 will contain the following statements regarding responsibility for the financial statements and business reviews included therein.

The Directors are responsible for preparing the Annual Report and the financial statements in accordance with applicable law and regulations.

Company law requires the Directors to prepare financial statements for each financial year. Under that law the Directors have prepared the Group and the Company financial statements in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) as adopted by the European Union (EU). Directors must not approve the financial statements unless they are satisfied that they give a true and fair view of the state of affairs of the Group and the Company and of the profit and loss of the Group and the Company for that period.

In preparing these financial statements, the Directors are required to:

- select suitable accounting policies in accordance with IAS 8 'Accounting Policies, Changes in Accounting Estimates and Errors' and then apply them consistently;

   -     make judgements and accounting estimates that are reasonable and prudent; 

- present information, including accounting policies, in a manner that provides relevant, reliable, comparable and understandable information;

- state that the Group and Company has complied with IFRS as adopted by the EU, subject to any material departures disclosed and explained in the financial statements;

- provide additional disclosures when compliance with the specific requirements of IFRS is insufficient to enable users to understand the impact of particular transactions, other events and conditions on the Group's and Company's financial position and performance; and

   -     prepare the Group's and Company's financial statements on a going concern basis, unless it is inappropriate to do so. 

The Directors are responsible for keeping adequate accounting records that are sufficient to show and explain the Group's and Company's transactions and disclose with reasonable accuracy at any time the financial position of the Group and the Company, and to enable them to ensure that the Annual Report complies with the Companies Act 2006 and, as regards the Group financial statements, Article 4 of the IAS regulation. They are also responsible for safeguarding the assets of the Group and the Company and hence for taking reasonable steps for the prevention and detection of fraud and other irregularities.

Directors' responsibility statement under the Disclosure and Transparency Rules

Each of the Directors, whose names and functions appear below, confirm to the best of their knowledge:

- the Group financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with IFRS as adopted by the EU, give a true and fair view of the assets, liabilities, financial position and profit of the Group;

- the Company financial statements, prepared in accordance with IFRS as adopted by the EU, give a true and fair view of the assets, liabilities, financial position, performance and cash flows of the Company; and

- the Strategic Report contained in the Annual Report includes a fair review of the development and performance of the business and the position of the Group and the Company, together with a description of the principal risks and uncertainties faced by the Group and Company.

Directors' statement under the UK Corporate Governance Code

Each of the Directors confirm that to the best of their knowledge the Annual Report taken as a whole is fair, balanced and understandable and provides the information necessary for shareholders to assess the Group's and Company's position, performance, business model and strategy.

A copy of the financial statements of the Group is placed on the Company's website. The Directors are responsible for the maintenance and integrity of statutory and audited information on the Company's website at landsec.com. Information published on the internet is accessible in many countries with different legal requirements. Legislation in the United Kingdom governing the preparation and dissemination of financial statements may differ from legislation in other jurisdictions.

The Directors of Land Securities Group PLC as at the date of this announcement are as set out below:

   -      Cressida Hogg, Chairman* 
   -      Mark Allan, Chief Executive 
   -      Martin Greenslade, Chief Financial Officer 
   -      Colette O'Shea, Managing Director, Portfolio 
   -      Edward Bonham Carter, Senior Independent Director* 
   -      Nicholas Cadbury* 
   -      Madeleine Cosgrave* 
   -      Christophe Evain* 
   -      Stacey Rauch* 

*Non-executive Directors

The Statement of Directors' Responsibilities was approved by the Board of Directors on 11 May 2020 and is signed on its behalf by:

   Mark Allan                                Martin Greenslade 
   Chief Executive                        Chief Financial Officer 

Financial statements

 
Income statement                                               Year ended           Year ended 
                                                            31 March 2020        31 March 2019 
                                                        Capital                        Capital 
                                           Revenue    and other            Revenue   and other 
                                            profit        items     Total   profit       items    Total 
                                    Notes     GBPm         GBPm      GBPm     GBPm        GBPm     GBPm 
----------------------------------  -----  -------  -----------  --------  -------  ----------  ------- 
Revenue                               5        740            1       741      748           9      757 
Costs                                 6      (269)          (5)     (274)    (249)        (22)    (271) 
----------------------------------  -----  -------  -----------  --------  -------  ----------  ------- 
                                               471          (4)       467      499        (13)      486 
Share of post-tax profit/(loss) 
 from joint ventures                 12         22        (173)     (151)       22       (107)     (85) 
Loss on disposal of investment 
 properties                                      -          (6)       (6)        -           -        - 
Net deficit on revaluation of 
 investment properties               10          -      (1,000)   (1,000)        -       (441)    (441) 
----------------------------------  -----  -------  -----------  --------  -------  ----------  ------- 
Operating profit/(loss)                        493      (1,183)     (690)      521       (561)     (40) 
Finance income                        7         17            1        18       20           6       26 
Finance expense                       7       (96)         (69)     (165)     (99)        (10)    (109) 
----------------------------------  -----  -------  -----------  --------  -------  ----------  ------- 
Profit/(loss) before tax                       414      (1,251)     (837)      442       (565)    (123) 
Taxation                                                                5                             4 
----------------------------------  -----  -------  -----------  --------  -------  ----------  ------- 
Loss attributable to shareholders                                   (832)                         (119) 
----------------------------------  -----  -------  -----------  --------  -------  ----------  ------- 
 
Loss per share attributable 
 to shareholders: 
Basic loss per share                  4                          (112.4)p                       (16.1)p 
Diluted loss per share                4                          (112.4)p                       (16.1)p 
----------------------------------  -----  -------  -----------  --------  -------  ----------  ------- 
 
 
 
Statement of comprehensive income                           Year ended      Year ended 
                                                         31 March 2020   31 March 2019 
                                                                 Total           Total 
                                                                  GBPm            GBPm 
----------------------------------------------------    --------------  -------------- 
Loss attributable to shareholders                                (832)           (119) 
------------------------------------------------------  --------------  -------------- 
 
Items that may be subsequently reclassified 
 to the income statement: 
    Movement in cash flow hedges                                   (1)             (1) 
 
Items that will not be subsequently reclassified 
 to the income statement: 
    Movement in the fair value of other investments                (3)               - 
    Net re-measurement gain on defined benefit 
     pension scheme                                                  6               1 
    Deferred tax charge on re-measurement 
     above                                                         (1)               - 
 
Other comprehensive income attributable 
 to shareholders                                                     1               - 
------------------------------------------------------  --------------  -------------- 
 
Total comprehensive loss attributable 
 to shareholders                                                 (831)           (119) 
------------------------------------------------------  --------------  -------------- 
 
 
Balance sheet 
                                                              2020     2019 
                                                    Notes     GBPm     GBPm 
--------------------------------------------------  -----  -------  ------- 
Non-current assets 
Investment properties                                10     11,297   12,094 
Intangible assets                                               14       20 
Net investment in finance leases                               156      159 
Investments in joint ventures                        12        824    1,031 
Investments in subsidiary undertakings                           -        - 
Trade and other receivables                                    178      176 
Other non-current assets                                        32       30 
--------------------------------------------------  -----  -------  ------- 
Total non-current assets                                    12,501   13,510 
--------------------------------------------------  -----  -------  ------- 
 
Current assets 
Trading properties                                   11         24       23 
Trade and other receivables                                    433      437 
Monies held in restricted accounts and deposits      15          9       36 
Cash and cash equivalents                            16      1,345       14 
Other current assets                                            48       14 
--------------------------------------------------  -----  -------  ------- 
Total current assets                                         1,859      524 
--------------------------------------------------  -----  -------  ------- 
 
Total assets                                                14,360   14,034 
--------------------------------------------------  -----  -------  ------- 
 
 
Current liabilities 
Borrowings                                           14      (977)    (934) 
Trade and other payables                                     (270)    (273) 
Other current liabilities                                      (2)     (18) 
--------------------------------------------------  -----  -------  ------- 
Total current liabilities                                  (1,249)  (1,225) 
--------------------------------------------------  -----  -------  ------- 
 
Non-current liabilities 
Borrowings                                           14    (4,355)  (2,847) 
Trade and other payables                                       (1)      (1) 
Other non-current liabilities                                  (5)      (5) 
Redemption liability                                             -     (36) 
--------------------------------------------------  -----  -------  ------- 
Total non-current liabilities                              (4,361)  (2,889) 
--------------------------------------------------  -----  -------  ------- 
 
Total liabilities                                          (5,610)  (4,114) 
--------------------------------------------------  -----  -------  ------- 
 
Net assets                                                   8,750    9,920 
--------------------------------------------------  -----  -------  ------- 
 
 
Equity 
Capital and reserves attributable to shareholders 
Ordinary shares                                                 80       80 
Share premium                                                  317      317 
Other reserves                                                  27       26 
Merger reserve                                                   -        - 
Retained earnings                                            8,326    9,497 
--------------------------------------------------  -----  -------  ------- 
Total equity                                                 8,750    9,920 
--------------------------------------------------  -----  -------  ------- 
 

The financial statements on pages 35 to 54 were approved by the Board of Directors on 11 May 2020 and were signed on its behalf by:

 
M C Allan  M F Greenslade 
Directors 
 
 
Statement of changes in equity                                Attributable to shareholders 
                                         Ordinary     Share      Other   Retained    Total 
                                           shares   premium   reserves   earnings   equity 
                                             GBPm      GBPm       GBPm       GBPm     GBPm 
-------------------------------------    --------  --------  ---------  ---------  ------- 
At 1 April 2018                                80       317         26      9,963   10,386 
 
Total comprehensive loss for 
 the financial year                             -         -          -      (119)    (119) 
Transactions with shareholders: 
                                         --------  --------  ---------  ---------  ------- 
Share-based payments                            -         -          -          2        2 
Dividends paid to shareholders                  -         -          -      (349)    (349) 
                                         --------  --------  ---------  ---------  ------- 
Total transactions with shareholders            -         -          -      (347)    (347) 
 
At 31 March 2019                               80       317         26      9,497    9,920 
---------------------------------------  --------  --------  ---------  ---------  ------- 
 
Total comprehensive loss for 
 the financial year                             -         -          -      (831)    (831) 
Transactions with shareholders: 
                                         --------  --------  ---------  ---------  ------- 
Share-based payments                            -         -          1          2        3 
Dividends paid to shareholders                  -         -          -      (342)    (342) 
Total transactions with shareholders            -         -          1      (340)    (339) 
 
At 31 March 2020                               80       317         27      8,326    8,750 
---------------------------------------  --------  --------  ---------  ---------  ------- 
 
 
Statement of cash flows                                              Year ended 
                                                                       31 March 
                                                                    2020   2019 
                                                            Notes   GBPm   GBPm 
----------------------------------------------------------  -----  -----  ----- 
Cash flows from operating activities 
Net cash generated from operations                            9      504    528 
Interest received                                                     16      4 
Rents paid                                                          (12)   (12) 
Interest paid                                                      (108)  (114) 
Capital expenditure on trading properties                            (2)    (2) 
Disposal of trading properties                                         -     22 
Other operating cash flows                                             3    (2) 
----------------------------------------------------------  -----  -----  ----- 
Net cash inflow from operating activities                            401    424 
----------------------------------------------------------  -----  -----  ----- 
 
Cash flows from investing activities 
Investment property development expenditure                        (154)   (54) 
Other investment property related expenditure                       (47)   (46) 
Acquisition of investment properties                                (16)  (136) 
Disposal of investment properties                                     45     41 
Cash contributed to joint ventures                           12     (13)   (29) 
Cash distributions from joint ventures                       12       69     62 
Other investing cash flows                                             -    (4) 
----------------------------------------------------------  -----  -----  ----- 
Net cash outflow from investing activities                         (116)  (166) 
----------------------------------------------------------  -----  -----  ----- 
 
Cash flows from financing activities 
Proceeds from new borrowings (net of finance fees)           14    1,701     81 
Repayment of medium term notes                               14     (47)      - 
Redemption of medium term notes                              14    (196)    (8) 
Repayment of bank debt                                       14        -    (3) 
Premium paid on redemption of medium term notes              14     (59)    (2) 
Net cash outflow from derivative financial instruments               (1)   (15) 
Settlement of redemption liability                                  (36)      - 
Dividends paid to shareholders                                8    (342)  (338) 
Decrease/(increase) in monies held in restricted accounts 
 and deposits                                                         27   (21) 
Other financing cash flows                                           (1)      - 
----------------------------------------------------------  -----  -----  ----- 
Net cash inflow/(outflow) from financing activities                1,046  (306) 
----------------------------------------------------------  -----  -----  ----- 
 
Increase/(decrease) in cash and cash equivalents for 
 the year                                                          1,331   (48) 
Cash and cash equivalents at the beginning of the 
 year                                                                 14     62 
----------------------------------------------------------  -----  -----  ----- 
Cash and cash equivalents at the end of the year             16    1,345     14 
----------------------------------------------------------  -----  -----  ----- 
 
 
  1. Basis of preparation and consolidation 
=========================================== 
 

Basis of preparation

These financial statements have been prepared on a going concern basis and in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards as adopted by the EU (IFRS), IFRIC Interpretations and the Companies Act 2006 applicable to companies reporting under IFRS. The financial statements have been prepared in Pounds Sterling (rounded to the nearest one million), which is the presentation currency of the Group (Land Securities Group PLC and all its subsidiary undertakings), and under the historical cost convention as modified by the revaluation of investment property, financial assets at fair value through other comprehensive income (without recycling), derivative financial instruments and pension assets.

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) requires the use of estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Although these estimates are based on management's best knowledge of the amount, event or actions, actual results ultimately may differ from those estimates.

On 11 May 2020, the consolidated financial statements of the Group and this preliminary announcement were authorised for issue in accordance with a resolution of the Directors and will be delivered to the Registrar of Companies following the Group's Annual General Meeting. Statutory accounts for the year ended 31 March 2019 have been filed unqualified and do not contain any statement under Section 498(2) or Section 498(3) of the Companies Act 2006. The annual financial information presented in this preliminary announcement for the year ended 31 March 2020 is based on, and consistent with, the financial information in the Group's audited financial statements for the year ended 31 March 2020. The audit report on these financial statements is unqualified and did not contain a statement under Section 498(2) or 498(3) of the Companies Act 2006. This preliminary announcement does not constitute statutory financial statements of the Group within the meaning of Section 435 of the Companies Act 2006. Whilst the information included in this preliminary announcement has been prepared in accordance with the recognition and measurement criteria of IFRS, this announcement does not itself contain sufficient information to comply with IFRS.

A copy of the Group's Annual Report for the year ended 31 March 2019 can be found on the website at landsec.com/investors.

Going concern

Given the significant impact of Covid-19 on the macro-economic conditions in which the Group is operating, the Directors have placed a particular focus on the appropriateness of adopting the going concern basis in preparing the financial statements for the year ended 31 March 2020. The Group's going concern assessment considers the Group's principal risks (see page 29) and is dependent on a number of factors, including financial performance, continued access to borrowing facilities and the ability to continue to operate the Group's secured debt structure within its financial covenants. The secured debt structure has a tiered operating covenant regime which gives the Group substantial flexibility when the loan-to-value and interest cover in the Security Group are less than 65% and more than 1.45x respectively. If either of these limits are exceeded, the allowed operating environment becomes more restrictive with provisions coming into effect to encourage a reduction in gearing. However, it is not until the loan-to-value exceeds 100% or the interest cover ratio falls below 1.0x that a breach occurs, at which point the Group would enter a remedy period.

The going concern assessment is based on the first 12-months of the Group's viability model, which is based on a severe but plausible downside scenario including the anticipated impact of Covid-19, reflecting the following key assumptions:

- GDP growth declines significantly in the short term, with a recession in 2021 and increased rates of inflation from 1 April 2021

- Rental yields expand by up to 70bps and rental values decline by up to 10% across the Combined Portfolio, driving a further decline in capital values

- 75% reduction in rent receipts from our Retail and Specialist tenants and a 20% reduction in rent receipts from our Office tenants over a majority of the going concern assessment period

   -    A three month pause in committed developments, and no new developments progressing 
   -    No asset sales 

- No new financing is assumed in the assessment period, but existing facilities are assumed to remain available.

Throughout this severe but plausible downside scenario the Group has sufficient cash reserves, with the loan-to-value covenant remaining less than 65% and interest cover above 1.45x, for a period of at least 12 months from the date of authorisation of these financial statements. The Directors have also considered an extreme downside scenario, which assumes no further rent will be received, to determine when our available cash resources are exhausted. Even in this extreme downside scenario, the Group continues to have sufficient cash reserves to continue in operation throughout the going concern assessment period.

Based on these considerations, together with available market information and the Directors' knowledge and experience of the Group's property portfolio and markets, the Directors have adopted the going concern basis in preparing the accounts for the year ended 31 March 2020.

Basis of consolidation

The consolidated financial statements for the year ended 31 March 2020 incorporate the financial statements of the Company and all its subsidiary undertakings. Subsidiary undertakings are those entities controlled by the Company. Control exists where an entity is exposed to variable returns and has the ability to affect those returns through its power over the investee.

The results of subsidiaries and joint ventures acquired or disposed of during the year are included from the effective date of acquisition or to the effective date of disposal. Accounting policies of subsidiaries and joint ventures which differ from Group accounting policies are adjusted on consolidation.

Where instruments in a subsidiary held by third parties are redeemable at the option of the holder, these interests are classified as a financial liability, called the redemption liability. The liability is carried at fair value; the value is reassessed at the balance sheet date and movements are recognised in the income statement.

Intra-group balances and any unrealised gains and losses arising from intra-group transactions are eliminated in preparing the consolidated financial statements. Unrealised gains arising from transactions with joint ventures are eliminated to the extent of the Group's interest in the joint venture concerned. Unrealised losses are eliminated in the same way, but only to the extent that there is no evidence of impairment.

Our property portfolio is a combination of properties that are wholly owned by the Group, part owned through joint arrangements and properties owned by the Group but where a third party holds a non-controlling interest. Internally, management review the results of the Group on a basis that adjusts for these different forms of ownership to present a proportionate share. The Combined Portfolio, with assets totalling GBP12.8bn, is an example of this approach, reflecting the economic interest we have in our properties regardless of our ownership structure. We consider this presentation provides further understanding to stakeholders of the activities and performance of the Group, as it aggregates the results of all of the Group's property interests which under IFRS are required to be presented across a number of line items in the statutory financial statements.

The same principle is applied to many of the other measures we discuss and, accordingly, a number of our financial measures include the results of our joint ventures and subsidiaries on a proportionate basis. Measures that are described as being presented on a proportionate basis include the Group's share of joint ventures on a line-by-line basis and are adjusted to exclude the non-owned elements of our subsidiaries. This is in contrast to the Group's statutory financial statements, where the Group's interest in joint ventures is presented as one line on the income statement and balance sheet, and all subsidiaries are consolidated at 100% with any non-owned element being adjusted as a non-controlling interest or redemption liability, as appropriate. Our joint operations are presented on a proportionate basis in all financial measures.

 
  2. Changes in accounting policies 
   and standards 
=================================== 
 

The accounting policies used in these financial statements are consistent with those applied in the last annual financial statements, as amended where relevant to reflect the adoption of new standards, amendments and interpretations which became effective in the year, the impact of which is outlined below.

Changes in accounting policy

The Group adopted IFRS 16 Leases on 1 April 2019. As a result of adopting this standard, the Group now reports separately service charge income for leases where a single payment is received to cover both rent and service charge. The total payment received was previously included within rental income, but the service charge component has now been separated and reported as service charge income in notes 3 and 5. In the year ended 31 March 2019, GBP6m was separated from rental income and reported as service charge income. There has been no net impact on profit attributable to shareholders or on the Group's balance sheet. The Group's revised accounting policies and the impact of the change in accounting policies on the financial statements is detailed in note 17.

Amendments to IFRS

A number of new standards, amendments to standards and interpretations have been issued but are not yet effective for the Group. The application of these new standards, amendments and interpretations are not expected to have a significant impact on the Group's income statement or balance sheet.

 
  3. Segmental information 
========================== 
 

The Group's operations are managed across three operating segments, being Office, Retail and Specialist.

The Office segment includes all our offices, substantially all of which are located in London. The Retail segment includes all our shopping centres, outlets, retail parks and the retail units within our London office buildings. The Specialist segment includes our leisure and hotel assets, Piccadilly Lights and other specialist assets which do not fall within either of the other segments. All of the Group's operations are in the UK.

Management has determined the Group's operating segments based on the information reviewed by Senior Management to make strategic decisions. During the year, the chief operating decision maker was the Executive Committee (ExecCom), which comprised the Executive Directors, the Group General Counsel and Company Secretary, the Group HR Director and until December 2019, the Corporate Affairs and Sustainability Director. The information presented to ExecCom includes reports from all functions of the business as well as strategy, financial planning, succession planning, organisational development and Group-wide policies.

In previous years, our segmental reporting reflected that our operations were organised into a London Portfolio and a Retail Portfolio. In the year ended 31 March 2020, we merged these two business units and amended our reporting to the ExecCom to reflect this. In order to maintain a detailed level of financial disclosure, our segmental reporting now reflects the predominant use class of our assets, grouped into Office, Retail and Specialist. The comparative year has been presented in the new format and a reconciliation to the previous presentation has been provided on our website.

The Group's primary measure of underlying profit before tax is revenue profit. However, Segment net rental income is the lowest level to which the profit arising from the on-going operations of the Group is analysed between the three segments. Previously the Group reported Segment profit, which for the year ended 31 March 2019 was GBP56m lower than the Segment net rental income for the same year as it included indirect property costs, including depreciation, as well as the net finance costs directly incurred by our joint ventures. The indirect costs, which are predominantly staff costs, have now all been treated as indirect expenses and are not allocated to individual segments. Depreciation previously included within Group Services expenses has also been separated and reported together with the depreciation previously included in Segment profit.

The Group manages its financing structure, with the exception of joint ventures, on a pooled basis. Individual joint ventures may have specific financing arrangements in place. Since the use class of individual joint ventures may span more than one segment, debt facilities and finance expenses are not specific to a particular segment. Unallocated income and expenses are items incurred centrally which are not directly attributable to one of the segments.

All items in the segmental information note are presented on a proportionate basis. A reconciliation from the Group income statement to the information presented in the segmental information note is included in table 32.

 
                                                              2020                            2019(1) 
Revenue profit                   Office  Retail  Specialist  Total  Office  Retail  Specialist  Total 
------------------------------- 
                                   GBPm    GBPm        GBPm   GBPm    GBPm    GBPm        GBPm   GBPm 
-------------------------------  ------  ------  ----------  -----  ------  ------  ----------  ----- 
Rental income                       261     310          98    669     256     319          99    674 
Finance lease interest                9       -           -      9       9       -           -      9 
-------------------------------  ------  ------  ----------  -----  ------  ------  ----------  ----- 
Gross rental income (before 
 rents payable)                     270     310          98    678     265     319          99    683 
Rents payable(2)                    (5)    (10)           -   (15)     (3)    (10)           -   (13) 
-------------------------------  ------  ------  ----------  -----  ------  ------  ----------  ----- 
Gross rental income (after 
 rents payable)                     265     300          98    663     262     309          99    670 
                                 ------  ------  ----------  -----  ------  ------  ----------  ----- 
Service charge income                46      52           -     98      44      51           -     95 
Service charge expense             (45)    (55)         (2)  (102)    (43)    (53)         (2)   (98) 
                                 ------  ------  ----------  -----  ------  ------  ----------  ----- 
Net service charge expense            1     (3)         (2)    (4)       1     (2)         (2)    (3) 
Other property related income        16      15           2     33      15      17           2     34 
Direct property expenditure        (21)    (50)        (15)   (86)    (20)    (48)        (15)   (83) 
Provisions related to 2020/21 
 rent                                 -    (19)         (4)   (23)       -       -           -      - 
-------------------------------  ------  ------  ----------  -----  ------  ------  ----------  ----- 
Segment net rental income           261     243          79    583     258     276          84    618 
                                 ------  ------  ----------         ------  ------  ---------- 
Other income                                                     2                                  3 
Indirect expense                                              (72)                               (76) 
Depreciation                                                   (4)                                (5) 
-------------------------------  ------  ------  ----------  -----  ------  ------  ----------  ----- 
Revenue profit before interest                                 509                                540 
Finance income                                                  17                                 20 
Finance expense                                               (96)                               (99) 
Joint venture finance expense                                 (16)                               (19) 
-------------------------------  ------  ------  ----------  -----  ------  ------  ----------  ----- 
Revenue profit                                                 414                                442 
-------------------------------  ------  ------  ----------  -----  ------  ------  ----------  ----- 
 
   1.     Restated for changes in accounting policies. See note 17 for details. 

2. Included within rents payable is lease interest payable of GBP3m (2019: GBP1m) and GBP1m (2019: GBP1m) for the Office and Retail segments respectively.

 
Reconciliation of revenue profit to                   2020   2019 
 loss before tax 
                                                     Total  Total 
                                                      GBPm   GBPm 
------------------------------------------------   -------  ----- 
 
Revenue profit                                         414    442 
 
Capital and other items 
 
    Valuation and profits on disposals 
                                                   -------  ----- 
    Net deficit on revaluation of investment 
     properties                                    (1,179)  (557) 
    Loss on disposal of investment properties          (6)    (2) 
    Profit on disposal of trading properties             7      - 
                                                   (1,178)  (559) 
    Net finance expense 
                                                   -------  ----- 
    Fair value movement on interest-rate swaps         (9)    (6) 
    Premium and fees on redemption of medium 
     term notes (MTNs)                                (59)    (2) 
    Other net finance income                             -      4 
                                                   -------  ----- 
                                                      (68)    (4) 
    Exceptional items 
                                                   -------  ----- 
    Impairment of intangible asset                     (4)   (12) 
    Impairment of goodwill                             (1)    (2) 
                                                   -------  ----- 
                                                       (5)   (14) 
    Other 
                                                   -------  ----- 
    Fair value movement prior to acquisition 
     of non-owned element of a joint venture             -      9 
    Profit from long-term development contracts          3      3 
    Other                                              (3)      - 
                                                   -------  ----- 
                                                         -     12 
 
Loss before tax                                      (837)  (123) 
-------------------------------------------------  -------  ----- 
 
 
  4. Performance measures 
========================= 
 

In the tables below, we present earnings per share and net assets per share calculated in accordance with IFRS, together with our own adjusted measure and certain measures defined by the European Public Real Estate Association (EPRA), which have been included to assist comparison between European property companies. Three of the Group's key financial performance measures are adjusted diluted earnings per share, EPRA net tangible assets per share and total business return.

During the year, EPRA issued new best practice reporting guidelines incorporating three new measures of net asset value: EPRA Net Tangible Assets (NTA), Net Reinvestment Value (NRV) and Net Disposal Value (NDV). We have adopted these guidelines in the year ended 31 March 2020 and EPRA NTA is considered to be the most relevant measure for our business. EPRA NTA is now our primary measure of net asset value, replacing our previously reported EPRA net assets and EPRA net assets per share metrics. Total business return is now calculated based on EPRA NTA. Refer to the EPRA best practices section on page 56 for more details, including calculations of EPRA NRV, EPRA net assets and EPRA triple net assets.

Adjusted earnings, which is a tax adjusted measure of revenue profit, is the basis for the calculation of adjusted earnings per share. We believe adjusted earnings and adjusted earnings per share provide further insight into the results of the Group's operational performance to stakeholders as they focus on the rental income performance of the business and exclude Capital and other items which can vary significantly from year to year.

 
Earnings per share                                       Year ended 31 March             Year ended 31 March 
                                                                        2020                            2019 
                                                  Loss                            Loss 
                                               for the       EPRA   Adjusted   for the       EPRA   Adjusted 
                                                  year   earnings   earnings      year   earnings   earnings 
                                                  GBPm       GBPm       GBPm      GBPm       GBPm       GBPm 
--------------------------------------------  --------  ---------  ---------  --------  ---------  --------- 
Loss attributable to shareholders                (832)      (832)      (832)     (119)      (119)      (119) 
Taxation                                             -        (5)        (5)         -        (4)        (4) 
Valuation and profits on disposals                   -      1,178      1,178         -        559        559 
Net finance expense                                  -         68         68         -          4          4 
Exceptional items                                    -          5          5         -         14         14 
Other                                                -          -          -         -       (12)       (12) 
(Loss)/profit used in per share calculation      (832)        414        414     (119)        442        442 
--------------------------------------------  --------  ---------  ---------  --------  ---------  --------- 
 
                                                  IFRS       EPRA   Adjusted      IFRS       EPRA   Adjusted 
--------------------------------------------  --------  ---------  ---------  --------  ---------  --------- 
Basic (loss)/earnings per share               (112.4)p      55.9p      55.9p   (16.1)p      59.7p      59.7p 
Diluted (loss)/earnings per share(1)          (112.4)p      55.9p      55.9p   (16.1)p      59.7p      59.7p 
--------------------------------------------  --------  ---------  ---------  --------  ---------  --------- 
 

1. In the years ended 31 March 2019 and 2020, share options are excluded from the weighted average diluted number of shares when calculating IFRS diluted loss per share because they are not dilutive.

 
Net assets per share                                    31 March 2020            31 March 2019(1) 
                                                         EPRA    EPRA                EPRA    EPRA 
                                           Net assets     NDV     NTA  Net assets     NDV     NTA 
                                                 GBPm    GBPm    GBPm        GBPm    GBPm    GBPm 
-----------------------------------------  ----------  ------  ------  ----------  ------  ------ 
Net assets attributable to shareholders         8,750   8,750   8,750       9,920   9,920   9,920 
Excess of fair value over net investment 
 in finance lease book value                        -      90      90           -      80      80 
Deferred tax liability on intangible 
 asset                                              -       -       1           -       -       2 
Goodwill on deferred tax liability                  -     (1)     (1)           -     (2)     (2) 
Other intangible assets                             -       -     (7)           -       -    (11) 
Fair value of interest-rate swaps                   -       -       1           -       -       - 
Excess of fair value of debt over 
 book value (note 14)                               -   (274)       -           -   (239)       - 
Net assets used in per share calculation        8,750   8,565   8,834       9,920   9,759   9,989 
-----------------------------------------  ----------  ------  ------  ----------  ------  ------ 
 
                                                 IFRS    EPRA    EPRA        IFRS    EPRA    EPRA 
                                                          NDV     NTA                 NDV     NTA 
-----------------------------------------  ----------  ------  ------  ----------  ------  ------ 
Net assets per share                           1,182p     n/a     n/a      1,341p     n/a     n/a 
Diluted net assets per share                   1,181p  1,156p  1,192p      1,339p  1,317p  1,348p 
-----------------------------------------  ----------  ------  ------  ----------  ------  ------ 
 

1. New metrics presented as a result of the change in EPRA best practice recommendations. See table 18 in the Business analysis section for more details. EPRA net assets at 31 March 2019 as previously reported was GBP9,920m and EPRA triple net assets was GBP9,679m (1,339p and 1,306p per share respectively).

 
Number of shares                   Weighted  31 March  Weighted  31 March 
                                    average      2020   average      2019 
                                    million   million   million   million 
---------------------------------  --------  --------  --------  -------- 
Ordinary shares                         751       751       751       751 
Treasury shares                        (10)      (10)      (10)      (10) 
Own shares                              (1)       (1)       (1)       (1) 
---------------------------------  --------  --------  --------  -------- 
Number of shares - basic                740       740       740       740 
Dilutive effect of share options          1         1         -         1 
---------------------------------  --------  --------  --------  -------- 
Number of shares - diluted              741       741       740       741 
---------------------------------  --------  --------  --------  -------- 
 

Total business return is calculated as the cash dividends per share paid in the year plus the change in EPRA NTA per share, divided by the opening EPRA NTA per share. We consider this to be a useful measure for shareholders as it gives an indication of the total return on equity over the year.

 
Total business return based on EPRA   Year ended 31 March  Year ended 31 March 
 NTA                                                 2020              2019(1) 
                                                    pence                pence 
------------------------------------  -------------------  ------------------- 
Decrease in EPRA NTA per share                      (156)                 (62) 
Dividend paid per share in the year 
 (note 8)                                              46                   47 
------------------------------------  -------------------  ------------------- 
Total return (a)                                    (110)                 (15) 
------------------------------------  -------------------  ------------------- 
EPRA NTA per share at the beginning 
 of the year (b)                                    1,348                1,410 
Total business return (a/b)                         -8.2%                -1.1% 
------------------------------------  -------------------  ------------------- 
 

1. Restated for change in net asset metric from EPRA net assets to EPRA NTA. See table 18 in the Business analysis section for further details. Total business return at 31 March 2019 based on EPRA net assets per share as previously reported was -1.2%.

 
5. Revenue 
========== 
 

All revenue is classified within the 'Revenue profit' column of the income statement, with the exception of proceeds from the sale of trading properties, income from long-term development contracts and the non-owned element of the Group's subsidiaries which are presented in the 'Capital and other items' column.

 
                                                            2020                     2019(1) 
                                                  Capital                     Capital 
                                      Revenue   and other         Revenue   and other 
                                       profit       items  Total   profit       items  Total 
                                         GBPm        GBPm   GBPm     GBPm        GBPm   GBPm 
------------------------------------  -------  ----------  -----  -------  ----------  ----- 
Rental income (excluding adjustment 
 for lease incentives)                    630           1    631      616           2    618 
Adjustment for lease incentives          (20)           -   (20)        1           -      1 
------------------------------------  -------  ----------  -----  -------  ----------  ----- 
Rental income                             610           1    611      617           2    619 
Service charge income                      88           -     88       86           -     86 
Other property related income              31           -     31       33           -     33 
Trading property sales proceeds             -           -      -        -           7      7 
Finance lease interest                      9           -      9        9           -      9 
Other income                                2           -      2        3           -      3 
------------------------------------  -------  ----------  -----  -------  ----------  ----- 
Revenue per the income statement          740           1    741      748           9    757 
------------------------------------  -------  ----------  -----  -------  ----------  ----- 
 
   1.     Restated for changes in accounting policies. See note 17 for details. 

The following table reconciles revenue per the income statement to the individual components of revenue presented in note 3.

 
                                                                2020                                    2019(1) 
                                                                                              Adjustment 
                                                   Adjustment                                   for non- 
                                               for non-wholly                                     wholly 
                                      Joint             owned                    Joint             owned 
                           Group   ventures   subsidiaries(2)  Total  Group   ventures   subsidiaries(2)  Total 
                            GBPm       GBPm              GBPm   GBPm   GBPm       GBPm              GBPm   GBPm 
-------------------------  -----  ---------  ----------------  -----  -----  ---------  ----------------  ----- 
Rental income                611         59               (1)    669    619         57               (2)    674 
Service charge income         88         10                 -     98     86          9                 -     95 
Other property related 
 income                       31          2                 -     33     33          1                 -     34 
Trading property sales 
 proceeds                      -         21                 -     21      7         32                 -     39 
Finance lease interest         9          -                 -      9      9          -                 -      9 
Long-term development 
 contract income               -          3                 -      3      -         30                 -     30 
Other income                   2          -                 -      2      3          -                 -      3 
-------------------------  -----  ---------  ----------------  -----  -----  ---------  ----------------  ----- 
Revenue in the segmental 
 information note            741         95               (1)    835    757        129               (2)    884 
-------------------------  -----  ---------  ----------------  -----  -----  ---------  ----------------  ----- 
 
   1.     Restated for changes in accounting policies. See note 17 for details. 

2. This represents the interest in X-Leisure which we did not own, but which is consolidated in the Group numbers. In December 2019, the Group settled the redemption liability which represented this interest resulting in 100% ownership.

 
  6. Costs 
========== 
 

All costs are classified within the 'Revenue profit' column of the income statement, with the exception of the cost of sale of trading properties, costs arising on long-term development contracts, amortisation and impairments of intangible assets arising on business combinations and the non-owned element of the Group's subsidiaries which are presented in the 'Capital and other items' column.

 
                                                           2020                        2019 
                                                 Capital                     Capital 
                                     Revenue   and other         Revenue   and other 
                                      profit       items  Total   profit       items  Total 
                                        GBPm        GBPm   GBPm     GBPm        GBPm   GBPm 
-----------------------------------  -------  ----------  -----  -------  ----------  ----- 
Rents payable                             13           -     13       10           -     10 
Service charge expense                    90           -     90       88           -     88 
Direct property expenditure               72           -     72       72           -     72 
Provisions related to 2020/21 rent        21           -     21        -           -      - 
Indirect expense                          73           -     73       79           -     79 
Cost of trading property disposals         -           -      -        -           7      7 
Amortisation of other intangible 
 asset                                     -           -      -        -           1      1 
Impairment of intangible asset             -           4      4        -          12     12 
Impairment of goodwill                     -           1      1        -           2      2 
Costs per the income statement           269           5    274      249          22    271 
-----------------------------------  -------  ----------  -----  -------  ----------  ----- 
 

The following table reconciles costs per the income statement to the individual components of costs presented in note 3.

 
                                                                2020                     2019 
                                                        Joint                    Joint 
                                             Group   ventures  Total  Group   ventures  Total 
                                              GBPm       GBPm   GBPm   GBPm       GBPm   GBPm 
-------------------------------------------  -----  ---------  -----  -----  ---------  ----- 
Rents payable                                   13          2     15     10          3     13 
Service charge expense                          90         12    102     88         10     98 
Direct property expenditure                     72         14     86     72         11     83 
Provisions related to 2020/21 rent              21          2     23      -          -      - 
Indirect expense                                73          3     76     79          2     81 
Cost of trading property disposals               -         14     14      7         32     39 
Long-term development contract expenditure       -          -      -      -         27     27 
Amortisation of other intangible 
 asset                                           -          -      -      1          -      1 
Impairment of intangible asset                   4          -      4     12          -     12 
Impairment of goodwill                           1          -      1      2          -      2 
Costs in the segmental information 
 note                                          274         47    321    271         85    356 
-------------------------------------------  -----  ---------  -----  -----  ---------  ----- 
 
 
  7. Net finance expense 
=========================================  ==========================  ========================== 
                                                                 2020                        2019 
                                                       Capital                     Capital 
                                           Revenue   and other         Revenue   and other 
                                            profit       items  Total   profit       items  Total 
                                              GBPm        GBPm   GBPm     GBPm        GBPm   GBPm 
-----------------------------------------  -------  ----------  -----  -------  ----------  ----- 
Finance income 
Interest receivable from joint ventures         17           -     17       19           -     19 
Fair value movement on other derivatives         -           1      1        -           6      6 
Other                                            -           -      -        1           -      1 
                                                17           1     18       20           6     26 
-----------------------------------------  -------  ----------  -----  -------  ----------  ----- 
 
Finance expense 
Bond and debenture debt                       (80)           -   (80)     (81)           -   (81) 
Bank and other short-term borrowings          (22)           -   (22)     (22)           -   (22) 
Fair value movement on interest-rate 
 swaps                                           -         (9)    (9)        -         (6)    (6) 
Fair value movement on other derivatives         -           -      -        -         (1)    (1) 
Redemption of medium term notes                  -        (59)   (59)        -         (2)    (2) 
Revaluation of redemption liabilities            -         (1)    (1)        -         (1)    (1) 
Other interest payable                         (1)           -    (1)        -           -      - 
                                             (103)        (69)  (172)    (103)        (10)  (113) 
Interest capitalised in relation 
 to properties under development                 7           -      7        4           -      4 
-----------------------------------------  -------  ----------  -----  -------  ----------  ----- 
                                              (96)        (69)  (165)     (99)        (10)  (109) 
-----------------------------------------  -------  ----------  -----  -------  ----------  ----- 
 
Net finance expense                           (79)        (68)  (147)     (79)         (4)   (83) 
Joint venture net finance expense             (16)                        (19) 
-----------------------------------------  -------  ----------  -----  -------  ----------  ----- 
Net finance expense included in revenue 
 profit                                       (95)                        (98) 
-----------------------------------------  -------  ----------  -----  -------  ----------  ----- 
 

Lease interest payable of GBP4m (2019: GBP2m) is included within rents payable as detailed in note 3.

 
  8. Dividends 
=========================================  ===========================  ==== 
Dividends paid                                           Year ended 31 March 
                                              Pence per share     2020  2019 
                                  Payment    PID  Non-PID  Total  GBPm  GBPm 
                                     date 
-----------------------------  ----------  -----  -------  -----  ----  ---- 
For the year ended 31 March 
 2018: 
                                  6 April 
    Third interim                    2018   9.85        -   9.85          73 
                                  27 July 
    Final                            2018  14.65        -  14.65         108 
For the year ended 31 March 
 2019: 
                                5 October 
    First interim                    2018  11.30        -  11.30          84 
                                4 January 
    Second interim                   2019  11.30        -  11.30          84 
                                 12 April 
    Third interim                    2019  11.30        -  11.30    84 
                                  25 July 
    Final                            2019  11.65        -  11.65    86 
For the year ended 31 March 
 2020: 
                                4 October 
    First interim                    2019  11.60        -  11.60    86 
                                3 January 
    Second interim                   2020  11.60        -  11.60    86 
-----------------------------  ----------  -----  -------  -----  ----  ---- 
Gross dividends                                                    342   349 
-----------------------------------------  -----  -------  -----  ----  ---- 
 
Dividends in the statement 
 of changes in equity                                              342   349 
Timing difference on payment 
 of withholding tax                                                  -  (11) 
-----------------------------------------  -----  -------  -----  ----  ---- 
Dividends in the statement 
 of cash flows                                                     342   338 
-----------------------------------------  -----  -------  -----  ----  ---- 
 
 

A third interim dividend of 11.6p per ordinary share was declared on 5 February 2020 (2019: 11.30p or GBP84m paid in total). As announced on 2 April 2020, in light of extreme market uncertainty due to Covid-19, the Board took the decision to cancel the third interim dividend that was due to be paid on 9 April 2020. The Board is not proposing a final dividend for the year ended 31 March 2020 (2019: 11.65p). The total dividend recommended in respect of the year ended 31 March 2020 is 23.2p per ordinary share (2019: 45.55p) resulting in a total distribution of GBP172m (2019: GBP338m).

A Dividend Reinvestment Plan (DRIP) has been available in respect of all dividends paid during the year.

 
  9. Net cash generated from operations 
=======================================================  ============= 
Reconciliation of operating loss to net cash generated     2020   2019 
 from operations 
                                                           GBPm   GBPm 
-------------------------------------------------------  ------  ----- 
 
Operating loss                                            (690)   (40) 
 
 Adjustments for: 
 Net deficit on revaluation of investment properties      1,000    441 
 Loss on disposal of investment properties                    6      - 
 Share of loss from joint ventures                          151     85 
 Share-based payment charge                                   2      2 
 Impairment of intangible asset                               4     12 
 Impairment of goodwill                                       1      2 
 Impairment of investment in subsidiary                       -      - 
 Rents payable                                               13     10 
 Other                                                        6     10 
-------------------------------------------------------  ------  ----- 
                                                            493    522 
 Changes in working capital: 
 Decrease in receivables                                      3     20 
 Increase/(decrease) in payables and provisions               8   (14) 
-------------------------------------------------------  ------  ----- 
 Net cash generated from operations                         504    528 
-------------------------------------------------------  ------  ----- 
 
 
  10. Investment properties 
===========================================   =======  ====== 
                                                 2020    2019 
                                                 GBPm    GBPm 
Net book value at the beginning of 
 the year                                      12,094  12,336 
Acquisitions                                       16     136 
Capital expenditure                               199      94 
Capitalised interest                                7       5 
Net movement in head leases capitalised(1)         30       - 
Disposals                                        (49)    (36) 
Net deficit on revaluation of investment 
 properties                                   (1,000)   (441) 
Net book value at the end of the 
 year                                          11,297  12,094 
--------------------------------------------  -------  ------ 
 

1. See note 14 for details of the amounts payable under head leases and note 7 for details of the associated rents payable in the income statement.

The market value of the Group's investment properties, as determined by the Group's external valuer, differs from the net book value presented in the balance sheet due to the Group presenting tenant finance leases, capitalised head leases and lease incentives separately. The following table reconciles the net book value of the investment properties to the market value.

 
                                                             2020                                                 2019 
                   Group                   Adjustment                   Group                   Adjustment 
                  (excl.                          for                  (excl.                          for 
                   joint         Joint  proportionate    Combined       joint         Joint  proportionate    Combined 
               ventures)   ventures(1)       share(2)   Portfolio   ventures)   ventures(1)       share(2)   Portfolio 
                    GBPm          GBPm           GBPm        GBPm        GBPm          GBPm           GBPm        GBPm 
------------  ----------  ------------  -------------  ----------  ----------  ------------  -------------  ---------- 
Market value      11,802           979              -      12,781      12,637         1,149           (36)      13,750 
Less: 
 properties 
 treated 
 as finance 
 leases            (249)             -              -       (249)       (239)             -              1       (238) 
Plus: head 
 leases 
 capitalised          60             9              -          69          30             8              -          38 
Less: tenant 
 lease 
 incentives        (316)          (42)              -       (358)       (334)          (40)              1       (373) 
------------  ----------  ------------  -------------  ----------  ----------  ------------  -------------  ---------- 
Net book 
 value            11,297           946              -      12,243      12,094         1,117           (34)      13,177 
------------  ----------  ------------  -------------  ----------  ----------  ------------  -------------  ---------- 
 
Net deficit 
 on 
 revaluation 
 of 
 investment 
 properties      (1,000)         (181)              2     (1,179)       (441)         (117)              1       (557) 
------------  ----------  ------------  -------------  ----------  ----------  ------------  -------------  ---------- 
 
   1.     Refer to note 12 for a breakdown of this amount by entity. 

2. This represents the interest in X-Leisure which we did not own, but which is consolidated in the Group numbers. In December 2019, the Group settled the redemption liability which represented this interest resulting in 100% ownership.

The net book value of leasehold properties where head leases have been capitalised is GBP2,561m (2019: GBP2,110m).

Investment properties include capitalised interest of GBP221m (2019: GBP214m). The average rate of interest capitalisation for the year is 2.6% (2019: 3.5%). The historical cost of investment properties is GBP7,463m (2019: GBP7,277m).

 
  11. Trading properties 
=========================  ===============  ===========  ===== 
                               Development 
                                  land and 
                            infrastructure  Residential  Total 
                                      GBPm         GBPm   GBPm 
-------------------------  ---------------  -----------  ----- 
At 1 April 2018                         21            3     24 
Acquisitions                             -            4      4 
Capital expenditure                      2            -      2 
Disposals                                -          (7)    (7) 
-------------------------  ---------------  -----------  ----- 
31 March 2019                           23            -     23 
-------------------------  ---------------  -----------  ----- 
Capital expenditure                      1            -      1 
At 31 March 2020                        24            -     24 
-------------------------  ---------------  -----------  ----- 
 

There were no cumulative impairment provisions in respect of either Development land and infrastructure or Residential at 31 March 2020 and 31 March 2019.

 
  12. Joint arrangements 
======================== 
 

The Group's principal joint arrangements are described below:

 
Joint ventures                 Percentage  Business         Year end     Joint venture partner 
                                owned &     segment          date(1) 
                                voting 
                                rights 
-----------------------------  ----------  ---------------  -----------  ------------------------------ 
Held at 31 March 2020 
Nova, Victoria(2)              50%         Office, Retail,  31 March     Canada Pension Plan Investment 
                                            Specialist                    Board 
Southside Limited Partnership  50%         Retail           31 March     Invesco Real Estate European 
                                                                          Fund 
St. David's Limited            50%         Retail           31 December  Intu Properties plc 
 Partnership 
Westgate Oxford Alliance       50%         Retail           31 March     The Crown Estate Commissioners 
 Limited Partnership 
Harvest(3)(4)                  50%         Retail           31 March     J Sainsbury plc 
The Ebbsfleet Limited          50%         Specialist       31 March     Ebbsfleet Property Limited 
 Partnership(3)(5) 
West India Quay Unit           50%         Specialist       31 March     Schroder Exempt Property 
 Trust(3)(6)                                                              Unit Trust 
-----------------------------  ----------  ---------------  -----------  ------------------------------ 
 
Joint operation                Ownership   Business         Year end     Joint operation partners 
                                interest    segment          date(1) 
-----------------------------  ----------  ---------------  -----------  ------------------------------ 
Held at 31 March 2020 
Bluewater, Kent                30%         Retail           31 March     M&G Real Estate and GIC 
                                                                          Lendlease Retail LP 
                                                                          Royal London Asset Management 
                                                                          Aberdeen Standard Investments 
-----------------------------  ----------  ---------------  -----------  ------------------------------ 
 

1. The year end date shown is the accounting reference date of the joint arrangement. In all cases, the Group's accounting is performed using financial information for the Group's own reporting year and reporting date.

2. Nova, Victoria includes the Victoria Circle Limited Partnership, Nova Residential Limited Partnership, Victoria Circle Developer Limited, Victoria Circle GP Limited, LS Victoria Circle GP Investments Limited, LS Victoria Circle Development Management Limited, Victoria Circle Business Manager Limited, Nova Residential (GP) Limited and Nova Developer Limited.

   3.     Included within Other in subsequent tables. 

4. Harvest includes Harvest 2 Limited Partnership, Harvest Development Management Limited, Harvest 2 Selly Oak Limited, Harvest 2 GP Limited and Harvest GP Limited.

5. On 15 October 2019, The Ebbsfleet Limited Partnership disposed of its interest in development land for GBP17m.

6. West India Quay Unit Trust is held in the X-Leisure Unit Trust (X-Leisure). Until 5 December 2019 the Group held a 95% share in X-Leisure, but settled the redemption liability on that date. The Group owned 100% of X-Leisure at 31 March 2020.

All of the Group's joint arrangements have their principal place of business in the United Kingdom. All of the Group's joint arrangements own and operate investment property, with the exception of The Ebbsfleet Limited Partnership which held development land as a trading property and Harvest which is engaged in long-term development contracts. Nova, Victoria is also engaged in the development of investment properties. The activities of all the Group's joint arrangements are therefore strategically important to the business activities of the Group.

All joint ventures are registered in England and Wales with the exception of Southside Limited Partnership and West India Quay Unit Trust which are registered in Jersey.

 
Joint ventures                                                                        Year ended 31 March 2020 
                                                                                Westgate 
                                                   Southside   St. David's        Oxford 
                                         Nova,       Limited       Limited      Alliance 
                                      Victoria   Partnership   Partnership   Partnership  Other  Total   Total 
                                                                                                         Group 
Comprehensive income statement            100%          100%          100%          100%   100%   100%   share 
----------------------------------- 
                                          GBPm          GBPm          GBPm          GBPm   GBPm   GBPm    GBPm 
-----------------------------------  ---------  ------------  ------------  ------------  -----  -----  ------ 
 
Revenue(1)                                  55            12            42            37     43    189      95 
-----------------------------------  ---------  ------------  ------------  ------------  -----  -----  ------ 
 
Gross rental income (after 
 rents payable)                             36            12            33            28      4    113      57 
-----------------------------------  ---------  ------------  ------------  ------------  -----  -----  ------ 
 
Net rental income                           32             7            22            19      3     83      41 
-----------------------------------  ---------  ------------  ------------  ------------  -----  -----  ------ 
 
Revenue profit before 
 interest                                   28             7            21            18      3     77      38 
 
Finance expense                           (27)           (6)             -             -      -   (33)    (16) 
                                     ---------  ------------  ------------  ------------  -----  -----  ------ 
Net finance expense                       (27)           (6)             -             -      -   (33)    (16) 
 
Revenue profit                               1             1            21            18      3     44      22 
 
Capital and other items 
Net deficit on revaluation 
 of investment properties                 (12)          (72)         (139)         (135)    (3)  (361)   (181) 
Movement in impairment 
 of trading properties                       1             -             -             -      -      1       - 
Profit on disposal of 
 trading properties                          1             -             -             -     12     13       7 
Profit on long-term development 
 contracts                                   -             -             -             -      5      5       3 
(Loss)/profit before tax                   (9)          (71)         (118)         (117)     17  (298)   (149) 
-----------------------------------  ---------  ------------  ------------  ------------  -----  -----  ------ 
Taxation                                     -             -             -             -    (3)    (3)     (2) 
-----------------------------------  ---------  ------------  ------------  ------------  -----  -----  ------ 
Post-tax (loss)/profit                     (9)          (71)         (118)         (117)     14  (301)   (151) 
-----------------------------------  ---------  ------------  ------------  ------------  -----  -----  ------ 
Total comprehensive (loss)/income          (9)          (71)         (118)         (117)     14  (301)   (151) 
-----------------------------------  ---------  ------------  ------------  ------------  -----  -----  ------ 
 
                                           50%           50%           50%           50%    50%    50% 
Group share of (loss)/profit 
 before tax                                (5)          (35)          (59)          (59)      9  (149)   (149) 
-----------------------------------  ---------  ------------  ------------  ------------  -----  -----  ------ 
Group share of post-tax 
 (loss)/profit                             (5)          (35)          (59)          (59)      7  (151)   (151) 
-----------------------------------  ---------  ------------  ------------  ------------  -----  -----  ------ 
Group share of total comprehensive 
 (loss)/income                             (5)          (35)          (59)          (59)      7  (151)   (151) 
-----------------------------------  ---------  ------------  ------------  ------------  -----  -----  ------ 
 

1. Revenue includes gross rental income (before rents payable), service charge income, other property related income, trading properties disposal proceeds and income from long-term development contracts.

 
Joint ventures                                                                          Year ended 31 March 2019 
                                                                                Westgate 
                                                   Southside   St. David's        Oxford 
                                         Nova,       Limited       Limited      Alliance 
                                      Victoria   Partnership   Partnership   Partnership  Other  Total   Total 
                                                                                                         Group 
Comprehensive income statement            100%          100%          100%          100%   100%   100%   share 
----------------------------------- 
                                          GBPm          GBPm          GBPm          GBPm   GBPm   GBPm    GBPm 
-----------------------------------  ---------  ------------  ------------  ------------  -----  -----  ------ 
 
Revenue(1)                                  97            13            44            38     66    258     129 
-----------------------------------  ---------  ------------  ------------  ------------  -----  -----  ------ 
 
Gross rental income (after 
 rents payable)                             32            13            35            26      3    109      54 
-----------------------------------  ---------  ------------  ------------  ------------  -----  -----  ------ 
 
Net rental income                           28            10            26            20      3     87      43 
-----------------------------------  ---------  ------------  ------------  ------------  -----  -----  ------ 
 
Revenue profit before 
 interest                                   25            10            26            19      3     83      41 
 
Finance expense                           (33)           (6)             -             -      -   (39)    (19) 
Net finance expense                       (33)           (6)             -             -      -   (39)    (19) 
 
Revenue (loss)/profit                      (8)             4            26            19      3     44      22 
 
Capital and other items 
Net deficit on revaluation 
 of investment properties                 (25)          (32)         (101)          (74)    (1)  (233)   (117) 
Movement in impairment 
 of trading properties                     (1)             -             -             -      -    (1)       - 
Loss on disposal of investment 
 properties                                  -             -             -             -    (4)    (4)     (2) 
Fair value movement prior 
 to acquisition of non-owned 
 element of a joint venture                  -             -             -             -     17     17       9 
(Loss)/profit on disposal 
 of trading properties                     (3)             -             -             1      3      1       - 
Profit on long-term development 
 contracts                                   -             -             -             -      7      7       3 
(Loss)/profit before tax                  (37)          (28)          (75)          (54)     25  (169)    (85) 
-----------------------------------  ---------  ------------  ------------  ------------  -----  -----  ------ 
Post-tax (loss)/profit                    (37)          (28)          (75)          (54)     25  (169)    (85) 
-----------------------------------  ---------  ------------  ------------  ------------  -----  -----  ------ 
Total comprehensive (loss)/income         (37)          (28)          (75)          (54)     25  (169)    (85) 
-----------------------------------  ---------  ------------  ------------  ------------  -----  -----  ------ 
 
                                           50%           50%           50%           50%    50%    50% 
Group share of (loss)/profit 
 before tax                               (19)          (14)          (38)          (27)     13   (85)    (85) 
-----------------------------------  ---------  ------------  ------------  ------------  -----  -----  ------ 
Group share of post-tax 
 (loss)/profit                            (19)          (14)          (38)          (27)     13   (85)    (85) 
-----------------------------------  ---------  ------------  ------------  ------------  -----  -----  ------ 
Group share of total comprehensive 
 (loss)/income                            (19)          (14)          (38)          (27)     13   (85)    (85) 
-----------------------------------  ---------  ------------  ------------  ------------  -----  -----  ------ 
 

1. Revenue includes gross rental income (before rents payable), service charge income, other property related income, trading properties disposal proceeds and income from long-term development contracts.

 
Joint ventures                                                                                    2020 
                                                                        Westgate 
                                           Southside   St. David's        Oxford 
                                 Nova,       Limited       Limited      Alliance 
                              Victoria   Partnership   Partnership   Partnership  Other  Total   Total 
                                                                                                 Group 
Balance sheet                     100%          100%          100%          100%   100%   100%   share 
--------------------------- 
                                  GBPm          GBPm          GBPm          GBPm   GBPm   GBPm    GBPm 
---------------------------  ---------  ------------  ------------  ------------  -----  -----  ------ 
Investment properties(1)           849           192           425           358     67  1,891     946 
                             ---------  ------------  ------------  ------------  -----  -----  ------ 
Non-current assets                 849           192           425           358     67  1,891     946 
 
Cash and cash equivalents           17             2            12            10      6     47      23 
Other current assets                75             3            13            19      -    110      55 
                             ---------  ------------  ------------  ------------  -----  -----  ------ 
Current assets                      92             5            25            29      6    157      78 
---------------------------  ---------  ------------  ------------  ------------  -----  -----  ------ 
Total assets                       941           197           450           387     73  2,048   1,024 
 
Trade and other payables 
 and provisions                   (33)           (4)          (12)          (12)    (1)   (62)    (31) 
                             ---------  ------------  ------------  ------------  -----  -----  ------ 
Current liabilities               (33)           (4)          (12)          (12)    (1)   (62)    (31) 
 
Non-current liabilities          (179)         (144)          (16)             -      -  (339)   (169) 
                             ---------  ------------  ------------  ------------  -----  -----  ------ 
Non-current liabilities          (179)         (144)          (16)             -      -  (339)   (169) 
---------------------------  ---------  ------------  ------------  ------------  -----  -----  ------ 
Total liabilities                (212)         (148)          (28)          (12)    (1)  (401)   (200) 
 
Net assets                         729            49           422           375     72  1,647     824 
---------------------------  ---------  ------------  ------------  ------------  -----  -----  ------ 
 
Market value of investment 
 properties(1)                     908           193           417           372     68  1,958     979 
---------------------------  ---------  ------------  ------------  ------------  -----  -----  ------ 
Net cash/(debt)                     17             2           (4)            10      6     31      15 
---------------------------  ---------  ------------  ------------  ------------  -----  -----  ------ 
 
 
Joint ventures                                                                                    2019 
                                                                        Westgate 
                                           Southside   St. David's        Oxford 
                                 Nova,       Limited       Limited      Alliance 
                              Victoria   Partnership   Partnership   Partnership  Other  Total   Total 
                                                                                                 Group 
Balance sheet                     100%          100%          100%          100%   100%   100%   share 
--------------------------- 
                                  GBPm          GBPm          GBPm          GBPm   GBPm   GBPm    GBPm 
---------------------------  ---------  ------------  ------------  ------------  -----  -----  ------ 
Investment properties(1)           843           263           562           495     71  2,234   1,117 
                             ---------  ------------  ------------  ------------  -----  -----  ------ 
Non-current assets                 843           263           562           495     71  2,234   1,117 
 
Cash and cash equivalents           10             4             1            13      4     32      16 
Other current assets                68             4            17            22    161    272     136 
                             ---------  ------------  ------------  ------------  -----  -----  ------ 
Current assets                      78             8            18            35    165    304     152 
---------------------------  ---------  ------------  ------------  ------------  -----  -----  ------ 
Total assets                       921           271           580           530    236  2,538   1,269 
 
Trade and other payables 
 and provisions                   (26)           (6)          (11)          (13)   (85)  (141)    (70) 
                             ---------  ------------  ------------  ------------  -----  -----  ------ 
Current liabilities               (26)           (6)          (11)          (13)   (85)  (141)    (70) 
 
Non-current liabilities          (178)         (142)          (16)             -      -  (336)   (168) 
                             ---------  ------------  ------------  ------------  -----  -----  ------ 
Non-current liabilities          (178)         (142)          (16)             -      -  (336)   (168) 
---------------------------  ---------  ------------  ------------  ------------  -----  -----  ------ 
Total liabilities                (204)         (148)          (27)          (13)   (85)  (477)   (238) 
 
Net assets                         717           123           553           517    151  2,061   1,031 
---------------------------  ---------  ------------  ------------  ------------  -----  -----  ------ 
 
Market value of investment 
 properties(1)                     893           265           557           511     72  2,298   1,149 
---------------------------  ---------  ------------  ------------  ------------  -----  -----  ------ 
Net cash/(debt)                     11             4          (13)            14      4     20      10 
---------------------------  ---------  ------------  ------------  ------------  -----  -----  ------ 
 

1. The difference between the book value and the market value of investment properties is the amount recognised in respect of lease incentives, head leases capitalised, and properties treated as finance leases, where applicable.

 
Joint ventures                                                                 Westgate 
                                                  Southside   St. David's        Oxford 
                                        Nova,       Limited       Limited      Alliance 
                                     Victoria   Partnership   Partnership   Partnership  Other   Total 
                                                                                                 Group 
Net investment                            50%           50%           50%           50%    50%   share 
---------------------------------- 
                                         GBPm          GBPm          GBPm          GBPm   GBPm    GBPm 
----------------------------------  ---------  ------------  ------------  ------------  -----  ------ 
At 1 April 2018                           393            78           328           282     70   1,151 
Total comprehensive (loss)/income        (19)          (14)          (38)          (27)     13    (85) 
Cash contributed                           13             -             -            14      2      29 
Cash distributions                       (28)           (3)          (13)          (11)    (7)    (62) 
Disposal of investment                      -             -             -             -    (2)     (2) 
----------------------------------  ---------  ------------  ------------  ------------  -----  ------ 
At 31 March 2019                          359            61           277           258     76   1,031 
----------------------------------  ---------  ------------  ------------  ------------  -----  ------ 
Total comprehensive (loss)/income         (5)          (35)          (59)          (59)      7   (151) 
Cash contributed                           13             -             -             -      -      13 
Cash distributions                        (2)           (1)           (7)          (12)   (47)    (69) 
At 31 March 2020                          365            25           211           187     36     824 
----------------------------------  ---------  ------------  ------------  ------------  -----  ------ 
 
 
13. Capital structure 
=======================  ==============================================  ============================================= 
                                                                   2020                                           2019 
                                                   Adjustment                                     Adjustment 
                                               for non-wholly                                 for non-wholly 
                                      Joint             owned                        Joint             owned 
                           Group   ventures   subsidiaries(1)  Combined   Group   ventures   subsidiaries(1)  Combined 
                            GBPm       GBPm              GBPm      GBPm    GBPm       GBPm              GBPm      GBPm 
-----------------------  -------  ---------  ----------------  --------  ------  ---------  ----------------  -------- 
Property portfolio 
Market value of 
 investment 
 properties               11,802        979                 -    12,781  12,637      1,149              (36)    13,750 
Trading properties and 
 long-term contracts          24          3                 -        27      23         18                 -        41 
Total property 
 portfolio 
 (a)                      11,826        982                 -    12,808  12,660      1,167              (36)    13,791 
-----------------------  -------  ---------  ----------------  --------  ------  ---------  ----------------  -------- 
 
Net debt 
Borrowings                 5,332          8                 -     5,340   3,781          8                 -     3,789 
Monies held in 
 restricted 
 accounts and deposits       (9)          -                 -       (9)    (36)        (2)                 -      (38) 
Cash and cash 
 equivalents             (1,345)       (23)                 -   (1,368)    (14)       (16)                 -      (30) 
Fair value of 
 interest-rate 
 swaps                         1          -                 -         1       -          -                 -         - 
Fair value of foreign 
 exchange 
 swaps and forwards         (37)          -                 -      (37)      16          -                 -        16 
-----------------------  -------  ---------  ----------------  --------  ------  ---------  ----------------  -------- 
Net debt (b)               3,942       (15)                 -     3,927   3,747       (10)                 -     3,737 
Less: Fair value of 
 interest-rate 
 swaps                       (1)          -                 -       (1)       -          -                 -         - 
Adjusted net debt (c)      3,941       (15)                 -     3,926   3,747       (10)                 -     3,737 
-----------------------  -------  ---------  ----------------  --------  ------  ---------  ----------------  -------- 
 
Adjusted total equity 
Total equity (d)           8,750          -                 -     8,750   9,920          -                 -     9,920 
Fair value of interest 
 rate swaps                    1          -                 -         1       -          -                 -         - 
Adjusted total equity 
 (e)                       8,751          -                 -     8,751   9,920          -                 -     9,920 
-----------------------  -------  ---------  ----------------  --------  ------  ---------  ----------------  -------- 
 
Gearing (b/d)              45.1%                                  44.9%   37.8%                                  37.7% 
Adjusted gearing (c/e)     45.0%                                  44.9%   37.8%                                  37.7% 
Group LTV (c/a)            33.3%                                  30.7%   29.6%                                  27.1% 
Security Group LTV         32.5%                                          28.6% 
Weighted average cost 
 of 
 debt                       1.8%                                   1.8%    2.7%                                   2.7% 
-----------------------  -------  ---------  ----------------  --------  ------  ---------  ----------------  -------- 
 

1. This represents the interest in X-Leisure which we did not own, but which is consolidated in the Group numbers. In December 2019, the Group settled the redemption liability which represented this interest resulting in 100% ownership.

 
  14. Borrowings 
===================================================================================================  ================ 
                                                                                    2020                       2019 
                                                    Effective   Nominal/                   Nominal/ 
                                                     interest   notional    Fair    Book   notional    Fair    Book 
                              Secured/      Fixed/       rate      value   value   value      value   value   value 
                             unsecured    floating          %       GBPm    GBPm    GBPm       GBPm    GBPm    GBPm 
-------------------------  -----------  ----------  ---------  ---------  ------  ------  ---------  ------  ------ 
Current borrowings 
Commercial paper 
                                                      LIBOR + 
Sterling                     Unsecured    Floating     margin          4       4       4          -       -       - 
                                                      LIBOR + 
Euro                         Unsecured    Floating     margin        796     796     796        729     729     729 
                                                      LIBOR + 
US Dollar                    Unsecured    Floating     margin        177     177     177        205     205     205 
-------------------------  -----------  ----------  ---------  ---------  ------  ------  ---------  ------  ------ 
Total current borrowings                                             977     977     977        934     934     934 
--------------------------------------------------  ---------  ---------  ------  ------  ---------  ------  ------ 
 
Non-current borrowings 
Medium term notes 
 (MTN) 
                                                               ---------  ------  ------  ---------  ------  ------ 
A3 5.425% MTN due 
 2022                          Secured       Fixed        5.5          -       -       -         46      48      46 
A10 4.875% MTN due 
 2025                          Secured       Fixed        5.0         10      11      10         14      15      14 
A12 1.974% MTN due 
 2026                          Secured       Fixed        2.0        400     406     399        400     405     399 
A4 5.391% MTN due 
 2026                          Secured       Fixed        5.4         17      20      17         25      30      25 
A5 5.391% MTN due 
 2027                          Secured       Fixed        5.4         95     113      94        186     224     186 
A6 5.376% MTN due 
 2029                          Secured       Fixed        5.4         65      84      65         78      97      77 
A16 2.375% MTN due 
 2029                          Secured       Fixed        2.5        350     366     347        350     362     347 
A13 2.399% MTN due 
 2031                          Secured       Fixed        2.4        300     314     299        300     310     299 
A7 5.396% MTN due 
 2032                          Secured       Fixed        5.4         81     111      80        156     209     156 
A11 5.125% MTN due 
 2036                          Secured       Fixed        5.1         50      71      50         56      76      56 
A14 2.625% MTN due 
 2039                          Secured       Fixed        2.6        500     521     494        500     508     493 
A15 2.750% MTN due 
 2059                          Secured       Fixed        2.7        500     542     495        500     515     494 
                                                                   2,368   2,559   2,350      2,611   2,799   2,592 
 
Syndicated and bilateral                              LIBOR + 
 bank debt                     Secured    Floating     margin      1,944   1,944   1,944        225     225     225 
Amounts payable under 
 head leases                 Unsecured       Fixed        4.6         61     126      61         30      62      30 
-------------------------  -----------  ----------  ---------  ---------  ------  ------  ---------  ------  ------ 
Total non-current 
 borrowings                                                        4,373   4,629   4,355      2,866   3,086   2,847 
--------------------------------------------------  ---------  ---------  ------  ------  ---------  ------  ------ 
 
Total borrowings                                                   5,350   5,606   5,332      3,800   4,020   3,781 
--------------------------------------------------  ---------  ---------  ------  ------  ---------  ------  ------ 
 
 
Reconciliation of the movement in borrowings    2020   2019 
                                                GBPm   GBPm 
---------------------------------------------  -----  ----- 
At the beginning of the year                   3,781  3,730 
Proceeds from new borrowings                   1,701     84 
Repayment of MTNs                               (47)      - 
Redemption of MTNs                             (196)    (8) 
Foreign exchange movement on non-Sterling 
 borrowings                                       60   (25) 
Other                                             33      - 
At the end of the year                         5,332  3,781 
---------------------------------------------  -----  ----- 
 
 
Reconciliation of movements in liabilities 
 arising from financing activities                                                       2020 
---------------------------------------------  ------  ----------  --------  --------  ------ 
                                                                     Non-cash changes 
                                                                                       At the 
                                       At the                         Other               end 
                                    beginning             Foreign   changes                of 
                                       of the    Cash    exchange   in fair     Other     the 
                                         year   flows   movements    values   changes    year 
---------------------------------  ----------  ------                                  ------ 
                                         GBPm    GBPm        GBPm      GBPm      GBPm    GBPm 
Borrowings                              3,781   1,458          60         -        33   5,332 
Derivative financial instruments           16       1        (60)         7         -    (36) 
---------------------------------  ----------  ------  ----------  --------  --------  ------ 
                                        3,797   1,459           -         7        33   5,296 
---------------------------------  ----------  ------  ----------  --------  --------  ------ 
 
                                                                                         2019 
---------------------------------  ----------  ------  -------------------------------------- 
Borrowings                              3,730      76        (25)         -         -   3,781 
Derivative financial instruments            1    (15)          25         5         -      16 
---------------------------------  ----------  ------  ----------  --------  --------  ------ 
                                        3,731      61           -         5         -   3,797 
---------------------------------  ----------  ------  ----------  --------  --------  ------ 
 

Medium term notes

The MTNs are secured on the fixed and floating pool of assets of the Security Group. The Security Group includes investment properties, development properties, the X-Leisure fund, and the Group's investment in Westgate Oxford Alliance Limited Partnership, Nova, Victoria, St. David's Limited Partnership and Southside Limited Partnership, in total valued at GBP12.1bn at 31 March 2020 (31 March 2019: GBP13.2bn). The secured debt structure has a tiered operating covenant regime which gives the Group substantial flexibility when the loan-to-value and interest cover in the Security are less than 65% and more than 1.45x respectively. If these limits are exceeded, the operating environment becomes more restrictive with provisions to encourage a reduction in gearing. The interest rate of each MTN is fixed until the expected maturity, being two years before the legal maturity date of the MTN. The interest rate for the last two years may either become floating on a LIBOR basis plus an increased margin (relative to that at the time of issue), or subject to a fixed coupon uplift, depending on the terms and conditions of the specific notes.

The effective interest rate is based on the coupon paid and includes the amortisation of issue costs. The MTNs are listed on the Irish Stock Exchange and their fair values are based on their respective market prices.

During the year, the Group purchased GBP196m (2019: GBP8m) of MTNs for a total premium of GBP59m (2019: GBP2m). Details of the purchases and associated premium by series are as follows:

 
MTN purchases                           2020                2019 
                          Purchases  Premium  Purchases  Premium 
                               GBPm     GBPm       GBPm     GBPm 
------------------------  ---------  -------  ---------  ------- 
A10 4.875% MTN due 2025           4        1          -        - 
A4 5.391% MTN due 2026            8        1          -        - 
A5 5.391% MTN due 2027           91       20          -        - 
A6 5.376% MTN due 2029           12        3          7        2 
A7 5.396% MTN due 2032           75       31          1        - 
A11 5.125% MTN due 2036           6        3          -        - 
                                196       59          8        2 
------------------------  ---------  -------  ---------  ------- 
 
 
Syndicated and bilateral 
 bank debt                                 Authorised        Drawn      Undrawn 
                               Maturity 
                               as at 31 
                             March 2020   2020   2019   2020  2019  2020   2019 
                                          GBPm   GBPm   GBPm  GBPm  GBPm   GBPm 
-------------------------  ------------  -----  -----  -----  ----  ----  ----- 
Syndicated debt                 2024-25  2,490  2,490  1,797   100   693  2,390 
Bilateral debt                  2023-24    225    225    147   125    78    100 
-------------------------  ------------  -----  -----  -----  ----  ----  ----- 
                                         2,715  2,715  1,944   225   771  2,490 
 --------------------------------------  -----  -----  -----  ----  ----  ----- 
 

At 31 March 2020, the Group's committed revolving facilities totalled GBP2,715m (31 March 2019: GBP2,715m).

All syndicated and bilateral facilities are committed and secured on the assets of the Security Group. During the year ended 31 March 2020, the amounts drawn under the Group's facilities increased by GBP1,719m.

The terms of the Security Group funding arrangements require undrawn facilities to be reserved where syndicated and bilateral facilities mature within one year, or when commercial paper is issued. The total amount of cash and available facilities at 31 March 2020 were GBP1,139m (2019: GBP1,570m).

 
  15. Monies held in restricted accounts and deposits 
========================================================== 
                                              2020    2019 
                                              GBPm    GBPm 
-----------------------------------------  -------  ------ 
Cash at bank and in hand                         4      29 
Short-term deposits                              5       7 
-----------------------------------------  -------  ------ 
                                                 9      36 
-----------------------------------------  -------  ------ 
 

The credit quality of monies held in restricted accounts and deposits can be assessed by reference to external credit ratings of the counterparty where the account or deposit is placed.

 
                                              2020  2019 
                                              GBPm  GBPm 
--------------------------------------------  ----  ---- 
Counterparties with external credit ratings 
A+                                               5    32 
A                                                3     4 
BBB+                                             1     - 
--------------------------------------------  ----  ---- 
                                                 9    36 
--------------------------------------------  ----  ---- 
 
 
  16. Cash and cash equivalents 
====================================== 
                            2020  2019 
                            GBPm  GBPm 
-------------------------  -----  ---- 
Cash at bank and in hand   1,345    14 
                           1,345    14 
-------------------------  -----  ---- 
 

As a result of the uncertainty created by Covid-19, the Group drew down on its facilities in March 2020 in order to cover the short-term commercial paper in issue at 31 March 2020 and to provide additional liquid funds.

The credit quality of cash and cash equivalents can be assessed by reference to external credit ratings of the counterparty where the account or deposit is placed.

 
 
                                               2020  2019 
                                               GBPm  GBPm 
--------------------------------------------  -----  ---- 
Counterparties with external credit ratings 
A+                                            1,345    14 
                                              1,345    14 
--------------------------------------------  -----  ---- 
 

The Group's cash and cash equivalents and bank overdrafts are subject to cash pooling arrangements. The following table provides details of cash balances and bank overdrafts which are subject to offsetting agreements.

 
                                                                 2020                                       2019 
                                                          Net amounts                                Net amounts 
                                    Gross          Gross   recognised          Gross          Gross   recognised 
                                  amounts        amounts       in the        amounts        amounts       in the 
                             of financial   of financial      balance   of financial   of financial      balance 
                                   assets    liabilities        sheet         assets    liabilities        sheet 
                                     GBPm           GBPm         GBPm           GBPm           GBPm         GBPm 
--------------------------  -------------  -------------  -----------  -------------  -------------  ----------- 
Assets 
Cash and cash equivalents           1,363           (18)        1,345             63           (49)           14 
                                    1,363           (18)        1,345             63           (49)           14 
--------------------------  -------------  -------------  -----------  -------------  -------------  ----------- 
 
 
  17. Changes in accounting policies 
==================================== 
 

IFRS 16 Leases

The Group has adopted IFRS 16 Leases on 1 April 2019. As a result of adopting this standard, the Group now reports separately service charge income for leases where a single payment is received to cover both rent and service charge. The total payment received was previously included within rental income, but the service charge component has now been separated and reported as service charge income in the notes to the financial statements. Comparatives have been restated accordingly. In the year ended 31 March 2019, the amount previously reported in rental income which has now been separated and reported as service charge income was GBP6m. There has been no net impact on the Group's income statement or balance sheet. The Group's revised accounting policies are set out below.

Accounting policies

Revenue

Rental income, including fixed rental uplifts, is recognised in the income statement on a straight-line basis over the term of the lease. Lease incentives being offered to occupiers to enter into a lease, such as an initial rent-free period or a cash contribution to fit out or similar costs, are an integral part of the net consideration for the use of the property and are therefore recognised on the same straight-line basis. Contingent rents, being lease payments that are not fixed at the inception of a lease, for example turnover rents, are variable consideration and are recorded as income in the period in which they are earned. Where a single payment is received from a tenant to cover both rent and service charge, the service charge component is separated and reported as service charge income.

Service charge income and management fees are recorded as income over time in the period in which the services are rendered. Revenue is recognised over time because the tenants benefit from the services as soon as they are rendered by the Group. The actual service provided during each reporting period is determined using cost incurred as the input method.

Costs

Rents payable reflect amounts due under head leases. Where rents payable are variable, the payments are recognised in the income statement as incurred. Where these rents are fixed, or in-substance fixed, at the inception of the agreement, or become fixed or in-substance fixed at some point over the life of the agreement, an asset representing the right to use the underlying land and a corresponding liability for the present value of the minimum future lease payments are reflected on the Group's balance sheet within investment properties and borrowings respectively.

 
18. Events after the reporting period 
===================================== 
 

There were no significant events occurring after the reporting year, but before the financial statements were authorised for issue.

Alternative performance measures

Table 17: Alternative performance measures

The Group has applied the European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) 'Guidelines on Alternative Performance Measures' in these results. In the context of these results, an alternative performance measure (APM) is a financial measure of historical or future financial performance, position or cash flows of the Group which is not a measure defined or specified in IFRS.

The table below summarises the APMs included in these results, where the definitions and reconciliations of these measures can be found and where further discussion is included. The definitions of all APMs are included in the Glossary and further discussion of these measures can be found in the Financial review.

 
Alternative performance     Nearest IFRS measure        Reconciliation 
 measure 
-------------------------  --------------------------  --------------- 
Revenue profit             Profit before tax                    Note 3 
-------------------------  --------------------------  --------------- 
Adjusted earnings          Profit attributable to               Note 4 
                            shareholders 
-------------------------  --------------------------  --------------- 
Adjusted earnings per      Basic earnings per share             Note 4 
 share 
-------------------------  --------------------------  --------------- 
Adjusted diluted earnings  Diluted earnings per share           Note 4 
 per share 
-------------------------  --------------------------  --------------- 
EPRA net tangible assets   Net assets attributable              Note 4 
                            to shareholders 
-------------------------  --------------------------  --------------- 
EPRA net tangible assets   Net assets attributable              Note 4 
 per share                  to shareholders 
-------------------------  --------------------------  --------------- 
Total business return      n/a                                  Note 4 
-------------------------  --------------------------  --------------- 
Combined Portfolio         Investment properties               Note 10 
-------------------------  --------------------------  --------------- 
Adjusted net debt          Borrowings                          Note 13 
-------------------------  --------------------------  --------------- 
Group LTV                  n/a                                 Note 13 
-------------------------  --------------------------  --------------- 
 

EPRA disclosures

In October 2019, the European Public Real Estate Association ('EPRA') published new best practice recommendations (BPR) for financial disclosures by public real estate companies. The Group supports this reporting standardisation approach designed to improve the quality and comparability of information for investors.

The BPR introduced three new measures of net asset value: EPRA net tangible assets (NTA), EPRA net reinvestment value (NRV) and EPRA net disposal value (NDV). The Group has adopted these new guidelines early and applies them in our 2020 Annual Report. EPRA NTA is considered to be the most relevant measure for our business and therefore now acts as our primary measure of net asset value. Total business return is now calculated based on EPRA NTA. The previously reported EPRA measures of net assets are also included below for comparative purposes.

Table 18: EPRA net asset measures

 
EPRA net asset measures                                                         31 March 2020 
                                                                                   Previously 
                                                   Current measures         reported measures 
                                             ----------------------  ------------------------ 
                                                                                         EPRA 
                                               EPRA    EPRA    EPRA         EPRA       triple 
                                                NRV     NTA     NDV   net assets   net assets 
                                               GBPm    GBPm    GBPm         GBPm         GBPm 
-------------------------------------------  ------  ------  ------  -----------  ----------- 
Net assets attributable to shareholders       8,750   8,750   8,750        8,750        8,750 
Excess of fair value over net investment 
 in finance lease book value(1)                  90      90      90            -            - 
Deferred tax liability on intangible asset        1       1       -            1            - 
Goodwill on deferred tax liability              (1)     (1)     (1)          (1)          (1) 
Other intangible assets                           -     (7)       -            -            - 
Fair value of interest-rate swaps                 1       1       -            1            - 
Excess of fair value of debt over book 
 value (note 14)                                  -       -   (274)            -        (274) 
Purchasers' costs (2)                           768       -       -            -            - 
-------------------------------------------  ------  ------  ------  -----------  ----------- 
Net assets used in per share calculation      9,609   8,834   8,565        8,751        8,475 
-------------------------------------------  ------  ------  ------  -----------  ----------- 
 
                                               EPRA    EPRA    EPRA         EPRA         EPRA 
                                                NRV     NTA     NDV   net assets       triple 
                                                                                   net assets 
-------------------------------------------  ------  ------  ------  -----------  ----------- 
Diluted net assets per share                 1,297p  1,192p  1,156p       1,181p       1,144p 
-------------------------------------------  ------  ------  ------  -----------  ----------- 
 
 
                                                                                31 March 2019 
                                                                                   Previously 
                                                   Current measures         reported measures 
                                             ----------------------  ------------------------ 
                                                                                         EPRA 
                                               EPRA    EPRA    EPRA         EPRA       triple 
                                                NRV     NTA     NDV   net assets   net assets 
                                               GBPm    GBPm    GBPm         GBPm         GBPm 
-------------------------------------------  ------  ------  ------  -----------  ----------- 
Net assets attributable to shareholders       9,920   9,920   9,920        9,920        9,920 
Excess of fair value over net investment 
 in finance lease book value(1)                  80      80      80            -            - 
Deferred tax liability on intangible asset        2       2       -            2            - 
Goodwill on deferred tax liability              (2)     (2)     (2)          (2)          (2) 
Other intangible assets                           -    (11)       -            -            - 
Excess of fair value of debt over book 
 value (note 14)                                  -       -   (239)            -        (239) 
Purchasers' costs(2)                            829       -       -            -            - 
-------------------------------------------  ------  ------  ------  -----------  ----------- 
Net assets used in per share calculation     10,829   9,989   9,759        9,920        9,679 
-------------------------------------------  ------  ------  ------  -----------  ----------- 
 
                                               EPRA    EPRA    EPRA         EPRA         EPRA 
                                                NRV     NTA     NDV   net assets       triple 
                                                                                   net assets 
-------------------------------------------  ------  ------  ------  -----------  ----------- 
Diluted net assets per share                 1,461p  1,348p  1,317p       1,339p       1,306p 
-------------------------------------------  ------  ------  ------  -----------  ----------- 
 

1. While the previous definition of EPRA net assets included this adjustment, it has historically not been considered material to adjust. As the value of this difference has grown in recent years, the adjustment will now be included when calculating EPRA NTA.

2. EPRA NTA and EPRA NDV reflect IFRS values which are net of purchasers' costs. Purchasers' costs are added back when calculating EPRA NRV.

Table 19: EPRA performance measures

 
                                                                                   31 March 2020 
                         Definition for EPRA measure                         Landsec        EPRA 
 Measure                                                           Note      measure     Measure 
---------------------  -----------------------------------------  ------  ----------  ---------- 
 
 Adjusted earnings      Recurring earnings from core                 4       GBP414m     GBP414m 
                         operational activity 
 Adjusted earnings      Adjusted earnings per weighted 
  per share              number of ordinary shares                   4         55.9p       55.9p 
                        Adjusted diluted earnings per 
 Adjusted diluted        weighted number of ordinary 
  earnings per share     shares                                      4         55.9p       55.9p 
 EPRA net tangible      Net assets adjusted to exclude               4     GBP8,834m   GBP8,834m 
  assets (NTA)           the fair value of interest-rate 
                         swaps, intangible assets and 
                         excess of fair value over net 
                         investment in finance lease 
                         book value 
 EPRA net tangible      Diluted net tangible assets 
  assets per share       per share                                   4        1,192p      1,192p 
 EPRA net disposal      Net assets adjusted to exclude               4     GBP8,565m   GBP8,565m 
  value (NDV)            the fair value of debt and 
                         goodwill on deferred tax and 
                         to include excess of fair value 
                         over net investment in finance 
                         lease book value 
 EPRA net disposal      Diluted net disposal value 
  value per share        per share                                   4        1,156p      1,156p 
                                                                   Table 
---------------------  -----------------------------------------  ------  ----------  ---------- 
                        ERV of vacant space as a % 
                         of ERV of Combined Portfolio 
 Voids/vacancy rate      excluding the development programme(1)     20          2.4%        2.4% 
                        Annualised rental income less 
                         non-recoverable costs as a 
 Net initial yield       % of market value plus assumed 
  (NIY)                  purchasers' costs(2)                       22          4.8%        4.7% 
                        NIY adjusted for rent free 
 Topped-up NIY           periods(2)                                 22          5.0%        4.9% 
                        Total costs as a percentage 
                         of gross rental income (including 
 Cost ratio              direct vacancy costs)(3)                   23         18.6%       22.5% 
  Total costs as a percentage 
   of gross rental income (excluding 
   direct vacancy costs)(3)                                         23           n/a       20.5% 
 ---------------------------------------------------------------  ------  ----------  ---------- 
 

1. Our measure reflects voids in our like-for-like portfolio only. The EPRA measure reflects voids in the Combined Portfolio excluding only properties under development.

2. Our NIY and Topped-up NIY relate to the Combined Portfolio, excluding properties in the development programme that have not yet reached practical completion, and are calculated by our external valuer. EPRA NIY and EPRA Topped-up NIY calculations are consistent with ours but exclude only properties currently under development. Topped-up NIY reflects adjustments of GBP21m and GBP21m for rent free periods and other incentives for the Landsec measure and EPRA measure, respectively.

3. The EPRA cost ratio is calculated based on gross rental income after rents payable and excluding costs recovered through rents but not separately invoiced, whereas our measure is based on gross rental income before rents payable and costs recovered through rents but not separately invoiced. We do not calculate a cost ratio excluding direct vacancy costs as we do not consider this to be helpful.

Table 20: EPRA vacancy rate

The EPRA vacancy rate is based on the ratio of the estimated market rent for vacant properties versus total estimated market rent, for the Combined Portfolio excluding properties under development. There are no significant distorting factors influencing the EPRA vacancy rate.

 
                                                                   2020 
                                                                   GBPm 
-----------------------------------------------------------------  ---- 
ERV of vacant properties                                             17 
ERV of Combined Portfolio excluding properties under development    699 
-----------------------------------------------------------------  ---- 
EPRA vacancy rate (%)                                              2.4% 
-----------------------------------------------------------------  ---- 
 

Table 21: Change in net rental income from the like-for-like portfolio (before provisions related to 2020/21 rent)

 
             2020  2019      Change 
                         ---------- 
             GBPm  GBPm  GBPm     % 
-----------  ----  ----  ----  ---- 
Office        250   243     7   2.9 
Retail        246   256  (10)  -3.9 
Specialist     83    84   (1)  -1.2 
-----------  ----  ----  ----  ---- 
              579   583   (4)  -0.7 
-----------  ----  ----  ----  ---- 
 

Table 22: EPRA Net initial yield (NIY) and topped up NIY

 
                                                                        2020 
                                                                        GBPm 
--------------------------------------------------------------------  ------ 
Combined Portfolio                                                    12,781 
Trading properties at market value                                        29 
Less: Properties under development, trading properties under 
 development and land                                                  (583) 
--------------------------------------------------------------------  ------ 
Like-for-like investment property portfolio, proposed and completed 
 developments, and completed trading properties                       12,227 
Plus: Allowance for estimated purchasers' costs                          735 
--------------------------------------------------------------------  ------ 
Grossed-up completed property portfolio valuation (b)                 12,962 
--------------------------------------------------------------------  ------ 
Annualised cash passing rental income(1)                                 654 
Net service charge expense(2)                                           (10) 
Other irrecoverable property costs                                      (33) 
--------------------------------------------------------------------  ------ 
Annualised net rents (a)                                                 611 
Plus: Rent-free periods and other lease incentives                        21 
Topped-up annualised net rents (c)                                       632 
--------------------------------------------------------------------  ------ 
EPRA Net initial yield (a/b)                                            4.7% 
--------------------------------------------------------------------  ------ 
EPRA Topped-up initial yield (c/b)                                      4.9% 
--------------------------------------------------------------------  ------ 
 
   1.     Annualised cash passing rental income as calculated by the Group's external valuer. 
   2.     Including costs recovered through rents but not separately invoiced. 

Table 23: Cost analysis

 
                                                                                            2020           2019(1) 
                                                                                   Total    Cost  Total       Cost 
                                                                                    GBPm   ratio   GBPm      ratio 
                                                                                            %(2)              %(2) 
------------------------  ----  --------------  ------------  -------------------  -----  ------  -----  --------- 
 
                                                              Gross rental 
                                                               income (before 
                                                               rents payable)        678            683 
                                                              -------------------  -----  ------  -----  --------- 
                                                              Costs recovered 
                                                               through rents 
                                                               but not separately 
                                                               invoiced              (6)            (7) 
                                                              -------------------  -----  ------  -----  --------- 
                                                              Adjusted gross 
                                                               rental income         672            676 
                                                              -------------------  -----  ------  -----  --------- 
                          GBPm                                Rents payable         (15)           (13) 
------------------------  ----                                -------------------  -----  ------  -----  --------- 
Gross rental income                                           EPRA gross 
 (before rents payable)    678                                 rental income         657            663 
------------------------  ----                                -------------------  -----  ------  -----  --------- 
Rents payable             (15) 
------------------------  ----                  ------------  -------------------  -----  ------  -----  --------- 
Gross rental income 
 (after rents payable)     663                     Direct     Managed operations      10     1.5     10      1.5 
------------------------  ----                                -------------------  -----  ------  -----  ------- 
Net service charge 
 expense                   (4)                    property    Tenant default          10     1.5     10      1.5 
------------------------  ----                                -------------------  -----  ------  -----  ------- 
Net direct property                                           Tenant default 
 expenditure              (53)                     costs       - 2020/21 rent         23     3.4      -        - 
------------------------  ----                                -------------------  -----  ------  -----  ------- 
Provisions related                                            Void related 
 to 2020/21 rent          (23)                     GBP80m      costs                  13     1.9     13      1.9 
------------------------  ----                  ------------  -------------------  -----  ------  -----  ------- 
Segment net rental                                            Other direct 
 income                    583                                 property costs         19     2.8     16      2.4 
------------------------  ----                  ------------  -------------------  -----  ------  -----  ------- 
                                                              Development 
Net indirect expenses     (74)                  Net indirect   expenditure             9     1.3     12      1.8 
------------------------  ---- 
Segment profit before                           expenses(3) 
 finance expense           509 
------------------------  ----                                -------------------  -----  ------  -----  ------- 
Net finance expense 
 - Group                  (79)                     GBP74m     Asset management,       70    10.4     69     10.2 
                                                ------------ 
Net finance expense                                           administration 
 - joint ventures         (16)                                 and 
------------------------  ---- 
Revenue profit             414                                compliance 
------------------------  ----                                -------------------  -----  ------  -----  ------- 
                                                              Total (incl. 
                                                               direct vacancy 
                                                               costs)                154    22.9    130     19.2 
                                                              -------------------  -----  ------  -----  ------- 
                                                              Costs recovered 
                                                               through rents         (6)            (7) 
                                                              Tenant default 
                                                               - 2020/21 rent       (23)              - 
                                                ------------  -------------------  -----  ------  -----  ------- 
                                Total                         Adjusted total 
                                 cost ratio(2)     18.6%       costs                 125    18.6    123     18.2 
                                                ------------  -------------------  -----  ------  -----  ------- 
                                                              Tenant default 
                                                               - 2020/21 rent         23              - 
                                                              -------------------  -----  ------  -----  ------- 
                                                              EPRA costs 
                                                               (incl. direct 
                                                               vacancy costs)        148    22.5    123     18.6 
                                                              -------------------  -----  ------  -----  ------- 
                                                              Less: Direct 
                                                               vacancy costs        (13)           (13) 
                                                              -------------------  -----  ------  -----  ------- 
                                                              EPRA (excl. 
                                                               direct vacancy 
                                                               costs)                135    20.5    110     16.6 
------------------------  ----  --------------  ------------  -------------------  -----  ------  -----  ------- 
 
   1.     Restated for changes in accounting policies (see note 17 of the financial statements). 

2. Percentages represent costs divided by Adjusted gross rental income, except for EPRA measures which represent costs divided by EPRA gross rental income.

3. Net indirect expenses amounting to GBP7m (2019: GBP5m) have been capitalised as development costs and are excluded from table 23.

Table 24: Acquisitions, disposals and capital expenditure

 
                                                                                        Year ended   Year ended 
                                                                                          31 March     31 March 
                                                                                              2020         2019 
Investment properties                            Group 
                                                (excl.                     Adjustment 
                                                 joint      Joint   for proportionate     Combined     Combined 
                                             ventures)   ventures            share(1)    Portfolio    Portfolio 
                                                  GBPm       GBPm                GBPm         GBPm         GBPm 
------------------------------------------  ----------  ---------  ------------------  -----------  ----------- 
Net book value at the beginning of 
 the year                                       12,094      1,117                (34)       13,177       13,536 
Acquisitions                                        16          -                  32           48          136 
Capital expenditure                                199          8                   -          207          117 
Capitalised interest                                 7          1                   -            8            5 
Net movement in head leases capitalised             30          1                   -           31            - 
Disposals                                         (49)          -                   -         (49)         (60) 
Net deficit on revaluation of investment 
 properties                                    (1,000)      (181)                   2      (1,179)        (557) 
------------------------------------------  ----------  ---------  ------------------  -----------  ----------- 
Net book value at the end of the 
 year                                           11,297        946                   -       12,243       13,177 
------------------------------------------  ----------  ---------  ------------------  -----------  ----------- 
 
Loss on disposal of investment properties          (6)          -                   -          (6)          (2) 
------------------------------------------  ----------  ---------  ------------------  -----------  ----------- 
 
 
Trading properties                                GBPm       GBPm                GBPm         GBPm         GBPm 
------------------------------------------  ----------  ---------  ------------------  -----------  ----------- 
Net book value at the beginning of 
 the year                                           23         18                   -           41           74 
Acquisitions                                         -          -                   -            -            4 
Capital expenditure                                  1          -                   -            1            2 
Disposals                                            -       (15)                   -         (15)         (39) 
Net book value at the end of the 
 year                                               24          3                   -           27           41 
------------------------------------------  ----------  ---------  ------------------  -----------  ----------- 
 
Profit on disposal of trading properties             -          7                   -            7            - 
------------------------------------------  ----------  ---------  ------------------  -----------  ----------- 
 
 
Acquisitions, development and other        Investment      Trading    Combined    Combined 
 capital expenditure                    properties(2)   properties   Portfolio   Portfolio 
                                                 GBPm         GBPm        GBPm        GBPm 
------------------------------------ 
Acquisitions(3)                                    48            -          48         140 
Development capital expenditure(4)                165            -         165          52 
Other capital expenditure                          42            1          43          67 
Capitalised interest                                8            -           8           5 
------------------------------------- 
Acquisitions, development and other 
 capital expenditure                              263            1         264         264 
------------------------------------- 
 
 
Disposals                                                                 GBPm        GBPm 
                                                                    ----------  ---------- 
Net book value - investment property disposals                              49          60 
Net book value - trading property disposals                                 15          39 
Loss on disposal - investment properties                                   (6)         (2) 
Profit on disposal - trading properties                                      7           - 
Total disposal proceeds                                                     65          97 
                                                                    ---------- 
 

1. This represents the interest in X-Leisure which we did not own, but which is consolidated in the Group numbers. In December 2019, the Group settled the redemption liability which represented this interest resulting in 100% ownership.

   2.    See EPRA analysis of capital expenditure table 25 for further details. 
   3.    Properties acquired in the year. 

4. Development capital expenditure for investment properties comprises expenditure on the development pipeline and completed developments.

Table 25: EPRA analysis of capital expenditure

 
                                                                                                                                 Year ended 31 March 2020 
 
                                                      Other capital expenditure 
                                                                                                                                       Total 
                                                                                                                                     capital 
                                                                                                                          Total  expenditure        Total 
                                                                          No                                            capital      - joint      capital 
                                   Development  Incremental      incremental                                        expenditure     ventures  expenditure 
                                       capital     lettable         lettable            Tenant         Capitalised   - Combined       (Group            - 
               Acquisitions(1)  expenditure(2)     space(3)            space      improvements  Total     interest    Portfolio       share)        Group 
                          GBPm            GBPm         GBPm             GBPm              GBPm   GBPm         GBPm         GBPm         GBPm         GBPm 
Office 
West End                     -              34            -                6                 -      6            1           41            9           32 
City                         -             113            -                2                 -      2            7          122            -          122 
Mid-town                     1               -            -                -                 -      -            -            1            -            1 
Southwark and 
 other                       -              12            5                -                 -      5            -           17            -           17 
Total Office                 1             159            5                8                 -     13            8          181            9          172 
 
Retail 
London retail               11               5            4                4                 -      8            -           24            -           24 
Regional 
 retail                      -               -            1                3                 -      4            -            4            -            4 
Outlets                      -               -            5                4                 1     10            -           10            -           10 
Retail parks                 -               -            -                1                 -      1            -            1            -            1 
Total Retail                11               5           10               12                 1     23            -           39            -           39 
 
Specialist 
Leisure and 
 hotels                      -               -            -                4                 2      6            -            6            -            6 
Other                        4               1            -                -                 -      -            -            5            -            5 
Total 
 Specialist                  4               1            -                4                 2      6            -           11            -           11 
 
Total capital 
 expenditure                16             165           15               24                 3     42            8          231            9          222 
 
Conversion 
 from accrual 
 to cash 
 basis                                                                                                                        6           11          (5) 
Total capital 
 expenditure 
 on a cash 
 basis                                                                                                                      237           20          217 
 
 
   1.    Investment properties acquired in the year. 
   2.    Expenditure on the development pipeline and completed developments. 
   3.    Capital expenditure where the lettable area increases by at least 10%. 

Other business analysis

Table 26 : Top 12 occupiers at 31 March 2020

 
                     % of Group 
                        rent(1) 
                     ---------- 
Central Government          5.0 
Deloitte                    4.7 
Accor                       4.0 
Cineworld                   1.6 
Mizuho Bank                 1.5 
Boots                       1.4 
Sainsbury's                 1.2 
Taylor Wessing              1.2 
Equinix                     1.1 
Next                        1.0 
H&M                         1.0 
M&S                         0.9 
                     ---------- 
                           24.6 
                     ---------- 
 
   1.     On a proportionate basis. 

Table 27: Development pipeline at 31 March 2020

 
                                                                                                   Total      Forecast 
                                                                          Net                development         total 
                                Ownership           Letting  Market   income/    Estimated         costs   development 
                   Description   interest     Size   status   value       ERV   completion       to date          cost 
Property                of use          %    sq ft        %    GBPm      GBPm      date(1)          GBPm          GBPm 
 
Developments 
approved 
or in progress 
                                                                                            ------------  ------------ 
21 Moorfields, 
 EC2                    Office        100  564,000      100     421        38     Mar 2022           285           576 
                                                                                            ------------  ------------ 
105 Sumner 
 Street, 
 SE1                    Office        100  139,000        -      40        10     Mar 2022            36           140 
                        Retail               1,000 
                                                                                            ------------  ------------ 
Nova East, SW1          Office         50  166,000        -      13         6     Jul 2022            16           101 
Lucent, W1              Office        100  111,000        -      83        14     Oct 2022           100           239 
                        Retail              30,000 
                   Residential               3,000 
                                                                                            ------------  ------------ 
 
Proposed 
developments 
                                                                                            ------------  ------------ 
Castle Lane, SW1   Residential        100   54,000      n/a     n/a       n/a     Dec 2022           n/a           n/a 
Portland House, 
 SW1                    Office        100  360,000      n/a     n/a       n/a     Feb 2023           n/a           n/a 
                        Retail              40,000 
 -----------------------------  ---------  -------                             -----------  ------------  ------------ 
 

1. The estimated completion dates shown in this table reflect our pre-Covid-19 expectation of practical completion. It is too early to assess the impact of Covid-19 with any certainty. However, our current estimate is a delay to the completion dates shown of up to two months for schemes in the development programme and up to seven months for proposed developments.

Where the property is not 100% owned, floor areas and letting status shown above represent the full scheme whereas all other figures represent our proportionate share. Letting % is measured by ERV and shows letting status at 31 March 2020. Trading property development schemes are excluded from the development pipeline.

Total development cost

Refer to the Glossary for definition. Of the properties in the development pipeline at 31 March 2020, the only property on which interest was capitalised on the land cost was 21 Moorfields, EC2.

Net income/ERV

Net income/ERV represents headline annual rent on let units plus ERV at 31 March 2020 on unlet units, both after rents payable.

Table 28: Combined Portfolio value by location at 31 March 2020(1)

 
                                              Office  Retail          Specialist  Total 
                                                   %       %                   %      % 
                                                      ------  ------------------  ----- 
Central, inner and outer London                 53.3    10.9                 6.2   70.4 
South East and East                                -    12.2                 2.8   15.0 
Midlands                                           -     0.4                 0.6    1.0 
Wales and South West                               -     2.7                 0.5    3.2 
North, North West, Yorkshire and Humberside      0.1     6.0                 1.7    7.8 
Scotland and Northern Ireland                      -     1.8                 0.8    2.6 
                                                      ------  ------------------  ----- 
Total                                           53.4    34.0                12.6  100.0 
 
   1.    % figures calculated by reference to the Combined Portfolio value of GBP12.8bn. 

For a full list of the Group's properties please refer to our website landsec.com.

Table 29: Combined Portfolio performance relative to MSCI

Total property return - Year ended 31 March 2020

 
                     Landsec  MSCI 
                           %     % 
                     -------  ----  --- 
Office                   4.5   3.5  (1) 
Retail                 -17.3  -9.8  (2) 
                     -------  ---- 
Specialist              -3.9   n/a  (3) 
                     -------  ----  --- 
Combined Portfolio      -4.5  -0.4  (4) 
                     -------  ----  --- 
 
   1.    MSCI Central and Inner London Office benchmark. 
   2.    MSCI All Retail benchmark. 
   3.    No benchmark available. 
   4.    MSCI All Property Quarterly Universe. 

Table 30: Combined Portfolio analysis

Like-for-like segmental analysis

 
                                                              Valuation                           Net estimated 
                                Market value(1)             movement(1)    Rental income(1)     rental value(2) 
                             31 March  31 March    Surplus/    Surplus/  31 March  31 March  31 March  31 March 
                                 2020      2019   (deficit)   (deficit)      2020      2019      2020      2019 
                                 GBPm      GBPm        GBPm           %      GBPm      GBPm      GBPm      GBPm 
---------------------------  --------  --------  ----------  ----------  --------  --------  --------  -------- 
Office 
    West End                    2,994     2,944          53        1.9%       132       128       144       136 
    City                        1,247     1,221          28        2.4%        51        49        63        61 
    Mid-town                    1,422     1,400          21        1.6%        60        60        72        69 
    Southwark and other           346       336           1        0.5%        15        15        21        19 
Total Office                    6,009     5,901         103        1.9%       258       252       300       285 
Retail 
    London retail               1,307     1,547       (242)      -15.8%        69        70        69        73 
    Regional retail             1,494     2,058       (562)      -27.5%       124       130       108       120 
    Outlets                       871       971       (100)      -10.3%        61        61        62        62 
    Retail parks                  444       585       (147)      -25.5%        38        39        36        39 
---------------------------            --------                                    --------            -------- 
Total Retail                    4,116     5,161     (1,051)      -20.5%       292       300       275       294 
---------------------------            --------                                    --------            -------- 
Specialist 
    Leisure and hotels          1,153     1,288       (143)      -10.9%        76        79        76        78 
    Other                         398       377           7        1.7%        22        20        20        18 
---------------------------            --------                                    --------            -------- 
Total Specialist                1,551     1,665       (136)       -8.0%        98        99        96        96 
---------------------------            --------                                    --------            -------- 
Like-for-like portfolio(6)     11,676    12,727     (1,084)       -8.8%       648       651       671       675 
---------------------------            --------                                    --------            -------- 
Proposed developments(1)          218       248        (38)      -14.7%        12        13         -        22 
Development programme(7)          558       374          19        3.5%         -         1        68        40 
Completed developments(8)         169       235        (63)      -28.1%        14        13        11        13 
Acquisitions(9)                   160       115        (13)       -9.3%         2         1         4         1 
Sales(10)                           -        51           -           -         2         4         -         4 
---------------------------            --------                                    --------            -------- 
Combined Portfolio             12,781    13,750     (1,179)       -8.8%       678       683       754       755 
---------------------------            --------                                    --------            -------- 
Properties treated as 
 finance leases                                                               (9)       (9) 
---------------------------            --------                                    -------- 
Combined Portfolio             12,781    13,750     (1,179)       -8.8%       669       674 
---------------------------            --------                                    -------- 
 

Total portfolio analysis

 
                                                           Valuation                           Net estimated 
                             Market value(1)             movement(1)    Rental income(1)     rental value(2) 
                          31 March  31 March    Surplus/    Surplus/  31 March  31 March  31 March  31 March 
                              2020      2019   (deficit)   (deficit)      2020      2019      2020      2019 
                              GBPm      GBPm        GBPm           %      GBPm      GBPm      GBPm      GBPm 
------------------------  --------  --------  ----------  ----------  --------  --------  --------  -------- 
Office 
    West End                 3,264     3,248        (10)       -0.3%       144       141       160       158 
    City                     1,668     1,491          61        3.9%        51        49       101       100 
    Mid-town                 1,423     1,400          20        1.5%        60        60        72        69 
    Southwark and other        471       446         (1)       -0.4%        15        15        31        19 
Total Office                 6,826     6,585          70        1.1%       270       265       364       346 
Retail 
    London retail            1,370     1,591       (239)      -15.0%        70        72        73        76 
    Regional retail          1,663     2,292       (625)      -27.6%       138       142       120       133 
    Outlets                    871       971       (100)      -10.3%        61        62        62        62 
    Retail parks               444       636       (147)      -25.5%        40        43        36        42 
------------------------            --------                                    --------            -------- 
Total Retail                 4,348     5,490     (1,111)      -20.5%       309       319       291       313 
Specialist 
    Leisure and hotels       1,188     1,288       (143)      -10.9%        77        79        79        78 
    Other                      419       387           5        1.3%        22        20        20        18 
------------------------            --------                                    --------            -------- 
Total Specialist             1,607     1,675       (138)       -8.0%        99        99        99        96 
------------------------            --------                                    --------            -------- 
Combined Portfolio          12,781    13,750     (1,179)       -8.8%       678       683       754       755 
------------------------            --------                                    --------            -------- 
Properties treated as 
 finance leases                                                            (9)       (9) 
------------------------            --------                                    -------- 
Combined Portfolio          12,781    13,750     (1,179)       -8.8%       669       674 
------------------------            --------                                    -------- 
 
Represented by: 
Investment portfolio        11,802    12,603       (998)       -8.1%       610       617       688       693 
Share of joint ventures        979     1,147       (181)      -16.1%        59        57        66        62 
------------------------            --------                                    --------            -------- 
Combined Portfolio          12,781    13,750     (1,179)       -8.8%       669       674       754       755 
------------------------            --------                                    --------            -------- 
 

Like-for-like segmental analysis

 
                                Gross estimated 
                                         rental         Net initial          Equivalent           Voids (by 
                                       value(3)            yield(4)            yield(5)             ERV)(1) 
                             31 March  31 March  31 March  31 March  31 March  31 March  31 March  31 March 
                                 2020      2019      2020      2019      2020      2019      2020      2019 
                                 GBPm      GBPm         %         %         %         %         %         % 
---------------------------  --------  --------  --------  --------  --------  --------  --------  -------- 
Office 
    West End                      144       136      4.5%      4.0%      4.6%      4.5%      0.3%      1.5% 
    City                           64        62      4.0%      4.2%      4.5%      4.5%      4.2%         - 
    Mid-town                       74        71      4.3%      3.2%      4.5%      4.5%         -         - 
    Southwark and other            21        19      4.2%      4.1%      5.0%      5.2%      2.9%      4.8% 
Total Office                      303       288      4.3%      3.9%      4.6%      4.5%      1.3%      1.0% 
Retail 
    London retail                  69        73      4.6%      4.1%      4.6%      4.3%      3.0%      2.3% 
    Regional retail               116       128      6.4%      4.9%      6.2%      5.2%      4.3%      5.2% 
    Outlets                        62        62      5.6%      5.0%      5.9%      5.4%      4.5%      4.1% 
    Retail parks                   36        39      7.5%      6.2%      7.4%      6.2%      3.3%      3.1% 
---------------------------            --------            --------            --------            -------- 
Total Retail                      283       302      5.8%      4.9%      5.8%      5.0%      3.9%      4.0% 
Specialist 
    Leisure and hotels             77        78      4.3%      5.2%      5.8%      5.5%      1.4%      1.5% 
    Other                          20        18      3.3%      3.0%      4.4%      4.2%      0.5%      1.1% 
---------------------------            --------            --------            --------            -------- 
Total Specialist                   97        96      4.1%      4.7%      5.4%      5.2%      1.2%      1.5% 
---------------------------            --------            --------            --------            -------- 
Like-for-like portfolio(6)        683       686      4.8%      4.4%      5.1%      4.8%      2.4%      2.4% 
---------------------------            --------            --------            --------            -------- 
Proposed developments(1)            -        22         -      4.8%       n/a       n/a       n/a       n/a 
Development programme(7)           70        43         -         -      4.3%      4.3%       n/a       n/a 
Completed developments(8)          12        14      6.1%      3.9%      6.0%      4.9%       n/a       n/a 
Acquisitions(9)                     4         1      2.2%      0.7%      4.8%      4.5%       n/a       n/a 
Sales(10)                           -         4         -         -       n/a       n/a       n/a       n/a 
---------------------------            --------            --------            --------            -------- 
Combined Portfolio                769       770      4.5%      4.2%      5.1%      4.8%       n/a       n/a 
---------------------------            --------            --------            --------            -------- 
 
 
 

Total portfolio analysis Notes:

 
                                                   Gross estimated     1. Refer to Glossary for 
                                        rental         Net initial      definition. 
                                      value(3)            yield(4)      2. Net estimated rental value 
                            31 March  31 March  31 March  31 March      is gross estimated rental 
                                2020      2019      2020      2019      value, as defined in the 
                                GBPm      GBPm         %         %      Glossary, after deducting 
  ------------------------  --------  --------  --------  --------      expected rent payable. 
                                                            Office      3. Gross estimated rental 
      West End                   161       158      4.1%      4.0%      value (ERV) - refer to Glossary 
      City                       105       103      3.0%      3.5%      for definition. The figure 
      Mid-town                    74        71      4.3%      3.2%      for proposed developments 
      Southwark and other         30        19      3.1%      3.2%      relates to the existing buildings 
  Total Office                   370       351      3.8%      3.7%      and not the schemes proposed. 
                                                            Retail      4. Net initial yield - refer 
      London retail               74        76      4.6%      4.1%      to Glossary for definition. 
      Regional retail            128       142      6.4%      4.8%      This calculation includes 
      Outlets                     62        62      5.6%      5.0%      all properties including 
      Retail parks                36        43      7.5%      6.2%      those sites with no income. 
  ------------------------            --------            --------      5. Equivalent yield - refer 
  Total Retail                   300       323      5.8%      4.8%      to Glossary for definition. 
                                                        Specialist      Proposed developments are 
      Leisure and hotels          79        78      4.3%      5.2%      excluded from the calculation 
      Other                       20        18      3.3%      3.0%      of equivalent yield on the 
  ------------------------            --------            --------      Combined Portfolio. 
  Total Specialist                99        96      4.1%      4.7%      6. The like-for-like portfolio 
  ------------------------            --------            --------      - refer to Glossary for definition. 
  Combined Portfolio             769       770      4.5%      4.2%      Capital expenditure on refurbishments, 
  ------------------------            --------            --------      acquisitions of head leases 
                                                                        and similar capital expenditure 
                                                                        has been allocated to the 
                                                                        like-for-like portfolio in 
                                                   Represented by:      preparing this table. 
  Investment portfolio           702       707      4.6%      4.3%      7. The development programme 
  Share of joint ventures         67        63      4.4%      3.5%      - refer to Glossary for definition. 
  ------------------------            --------            --------      Net initial yield figures 
  Combined Portfolio             769       770      4.5%      4.2%      are only calculated for properties 
  ------------------------            --------            --------      in the development programme 
                                                                        that have reached practical 
                                                                        completion. 
                                                                        8. Completed developments 
                                                                        - refer to Glossary for definition. 
                                                                        Comprises Westgate Oxford. 
                                                                        9. Includes all properties 
                                                                        acquired since 1 April 2018. 
                                                                        10. Includes all properties 
                                                                        sold since 1 April 2018. 
 

Table 31: Lease lengths

 
                                      Weighted average unexpired 
                                          lease term at 31 March 
                                                            2020 
                                                   Like-for-like 
                                                      portfolio, 
                          Like-for-like   completed developments 
                              portfolio         and acquisitions 
                                Mean(1)                  Mean(1) 
                                  Years                    Years 
                          -------------  ----------------------- 
Office 
    West End                        7.5                      7.5 
    City                            7.6                      7.6 
    Mid-town                        9.0                      9.0 
    Southwark and other            10.7                     10.5 
                          -------------  ----------------------- 
Total Office                        8.1                      8.1 
                          -------------  ----------------------- 
Retail 
    London retail                   6.5                      6.5 
    Regional retail                 4.9                      5.2 
    Outlets                         3.5                      3.5 
    Retail parks                    5.6                      5.6 
                          -------------  ----------------------- 
Total Retail                        5.1                      5.3 
                          -------------  ----------------------- 
Specialist 
    Leisure and hotels             11.5                     11.5 
    Other                           n/a                      n/a 
                          -------------  ----------------------- 
Total Specialist                   11.5                     11.5 
                          -------------  ----------------------- 
 
Combined Portfolio                  7.2                      7.3 
                          -------------  ----------------------- 
 

1. Mean is the rent weighted average of the unexpired lease term across all leases (excluding short-term leases). Term is defined as the earlier of tenant break or expiry.

Table 32: Reconciliation of segmental information note to statutory reporting

The table below reconciles the Group's income statement to the segmental information note (note 3 to the financial statements). The Group's income statement is prepared using the equity accounting method for joint ventures and includes 100% of the results of the Group's non-wholly owned subsidiaries. In contrast, the segmental information note is prepared on a proportionately consolidated basis and excludes the non-wholly owned share of the Group's subsidiaries. This is consistent with the financial information reviewed by management.

 
                                                                                      Year ended 31 March 
                                                                                                     2020 
                                                              Proportionate 
                                         Group                        share                       Capital 
                                        income         Joint             of           Revenue   and other 
                                     statement   ventures(1)    earnings(2)    Total   profit       items 
                                          GBPm          GBPm           GBPm     GBPm     GBPm        GBPm 
                                    ----------  ------------  -------------  -------  -------  ---------- 
Rental income                              611            59            (1)      669      669           - 
Finance lease interest                       9             -              -        9        9           - 
                                    ----------  ------------  -------------  -------  -------  ---------- 
Gross rental income (before rents 
 payable)                                  620            59            (1)      678      678           - 
Rents payable                             (13)           (2)              -     (15)     (15)           - 
                                    ----------  ------------  -------------  -------  -------  ---------- 
Gross rental income (after rents 
 payable)                                  607            57            (1)      663      663           - 
Service charge income                       88            10              -       98       98           - 
Service charge expense                    (90)          (12)              -    (102)    (102)           - 
Net service charge expense                 (2)           (2)              -      (4)      (4)           - 
Other property related income               31             2              -       33       33           - 
Direct property expenditure               (72)          (14)              -     (86)     (86)           - 
Provisions related to 2020/21 
 rent                                     (21)           (2)              -     (23)     (23)           - 
                                    ----------  ------------  -------------  -------  -------  ---------- 
Segment net rental income                  543            41            (1)      583      583           - 
Other income                                 2             -              -        2        2           - 
Indirect expense                          (69)           (3)              -     (72)     (72)           - 
Depreciation                               (4)             -              -      (4)      (4)           - 
                                    ----------  ------------  -------------  -------  -------  ---------- 
Revenue profit before interest             472            38            (1)      509      509           - 
Share of post-tax loss from joint 
 ventures                                (151)           151              -        -        -           - 
Net deficit on revaluation of 
 investment properties                 (1,000)         (181)              2  (1,179)        -     (1,179) 
Loss on disposal of investment 
 properties                                (6)             -              -      (6)        -         (6) 
Profit on disposal of trading 
 properties                                  -             7              -        7        -           7 
Profit from long-term development 
 contracts                                   -             3              -        3        -           3 
Exceptional items                          (5)             -              -      (5)        -         (5) 
Other                                        -             -            (1)      (1)        -         (1) 
                                    ----------  ------------  -------------  -------  -------  ---------- 
Operating (loss)/profit                  (690)            18              -    (672)      509     (1,181) 
Finance income                              18             -              -       18       17           1 
Finance expense                          (165)          (16)              -    (181)    (112)        (69) 
Joint venture tax                            -           (2)              -      (2)        -         (2) 
                                    ----------  ------------  -------------  -------  -------  ---------- 
(Loss)/profit before tax                 (837)             -              -    (837)      414     (1,251) 
                                                                                      -------  ---------- 
Taxation                                     5             -              -        5 
                                    ----------  ------------  -------------  ------- 
Loss attributable to shareholders        (832)             -              -    (832) 
 

1. Reallocation of the share of post-tax loss from joint ventures reported in the Group income statement to the individual line items reported in the segmental information note.

2. Removal of the non-wholly owned share of results of the Group's subsidiaries. The non-wholly owned subsidiaries are consolidated at 100% in the Group's income statement, but only the Group's share is included in revenue profit reported in the segmental information note.

 
                                                                                    Year ended 31 March 
                                                                                                2019(1) 
                                                              Proportionate 
                                         Group                        share                     Capital 
                                        income         Joint             of         Revenue   and other 
                                     statement   ventures(2)    earnings(3)  Total   profit       items 
                                          GBPm          GBPm           GBPm   GBPm     GBPm        GBPm 
                                    ----------  ------------  -------------  -----  -------  ---------- 
Rental income                              619            57            (2)    674      674           - 
Finance lease interest                       9             -              -      9        9           - 
                                    ----------  ------------  -------------  -----  -------  ---------- 
Gross rental income (before rents 
 payable)                                  628            57            (2)    683      683           - 
Rents payable                             (10)           (3)              -   (13)     (13)           - 
                                    ----------  ------------  -------------  -----  -------  ---------- 
Gross rental income (after rents 
 payable)                                  618            54            (2)    670      670           - 
Service charge income                       86             9              -     95       95           - 
Service charge expense                    (88)          (10)              -   (98)     (98)           - 
Net service charge expense                 (2)           (1)              -    (3)      (3)           - 
Other property related income               33             1              -     34       34           - 
Direct property expenditure               (72)          (11)              -   (83)     (83)           - 
                                    ----------  ------------  -------------  -----  -------  ---------- 
Net rental income                          577            43            (2)    618      618           - 
Indirect property expenditure             (79)           (2)              -   (81)     (81)           - 
Other income                                 3             -              -      3        3           - 
                                    ----------  ------------  -------------  -----  -------  ---------- 
                                           501            41            (2)    540      540           - 
Share of post-tax loss from joint 
 ventures                                 (85)            85              -      -        -           - 
Net deficit on revaluation of 
 investment properties                   (441)         (117)              1  (557)        -       (557) 
Loss on disposal of investment 
 properties                                  -           (2)              -    (2)        -         (2) 
Fair value movement prior to 
 acquisition of non-owned element 
 of a joint venture                          -             9              -      9        -           9 
Profit from long-term development 
 contracts                                   -             3              -      3        -           3 
Exceptional items                         (14)             -              -   (14)        -        (14) 
Other                                      (1)             -              1      -        -           - 
                                    ----------  ------------  -------------  -----  -------  ---------- 
Operating (loss)/profit                   (40)            19              -   (21)      540       (561) 
Finance income                              26             -              -     26       20           6 
Finance expense                          (109)          (19)              -  (128)    (118)        (10) 
                                    ----------  ------------  -------------  -----  -------  ---------- 
(Loss)/profit before tax                 (123)             -              -  (123)      442       (565) 
                                                                                    -------  ---------- 
Taxation                                     4             -              -      4 
                                    ----------  ------------  -------------  ----- 
Loss attributable to shareholders        (119)             -              -  (119) 
 

1. Restated for changes in accounting policies. See note 17 of the financial statements for details.

2. Reallocation of the share of post-tax loss from joint ventures reported in the Group income statement to the individual line items reported in the segmental information note.

3. Removal of the non-wholly owned share of results of the Group's subsidiaries. The non-wholly owned subsidiaries are consolidated at 100% in the Group's income statement, but only the Group's share is included in revenue profit reported in the segmental information note.

Table 33: Property Income Distribution (PID) calculation

 
                                                      Year ended      Year ended 
                                                   31 March 2020   31 March 2019 
                                                            GBPm            GBPm 
Loss before tax per income statement                       (837)           (123) 
Accounting loss/(profit) on residual operations                5            (20) 
Accounting loss on residual operations - prior 
 year adjustment                                               -              23 
------------------------------------------------  --------------  -------------- 
Loss attributable to tax-exempt operations                 (832)           (120) 
 
Adjustments 
Capital allowances                                          (47)            (57) 
Capitalised interest                                         (5)             (5) 
Revaluation deficit                                        1,179             557 
Tax exempt disposals                                           7            (13) 
Capital expenditure                                            4             (2) 
Other tax adjustments                                          2               2 
Goodwill amortisation                                          5              15 
                                                  --------------  -------------- 
Estimated tax-exempt income for the year                     313             377 
------------------------------------------------  --------------  -------------- 
 
PID thereon (90%)                                            282             339 
------------------------------------------------  --------------  -------------- 
 

The table above provides a reconciliation of the Group's loss before tax to its estimated tax exempt income, 90% of which the Company is required to distribute as a PID to comply with REIT regulations.

The Company has 12 months after the year end to make the minimum distribution. Accordingly, PID dividends paid in the year may relate to the distribution requirements of previous periods. The table below sets out the dividend allocation for the years ended 31 March 2020 and 31 March 2019:

 
                                    PID allocation              Ordinary  Total dividend 
                                                                dividend 
                         Year ended  Year ended 
                           31 March    31 March  Pre-31 March 
                               2020        2019          2019 
                               GBPm        GBPm          GBPm       GBPm            GBPm 
Dividends paid in year 
 to 31 March 2019               n/a         202           147          -             349 
Dividends paid in year 
 to 31 March 2020               204         138             -          -             342 
Minimum PID to be paid 
 by 31 March 2021                78           -           n/a        n/a             n/a 
Total PID required              282         340 
 

Investor information

1. Company website: landsec.com

The Group's half-yearly and annual reports to shareholders, results announcements and presentations, are available to view and download from the Company's website. The website also provides details of the Company's current share price, the latest news about the Group, its properties and operations, and details of future events and how to obtain further information.

2. Registrar: Equiniti Group PLC

Enquiries concerning shareholdings, dividends and changes in personal details should be referred to the Company's registrar, Equiniti Group PLC (Equiniti), in the first instance. They can be contacted using the details below:

Telephone:

   -      0371 384 2128 (from the UK) 
   -      +44 121 415 7049 (from outside the UK) 

- Lines are ordinarily open from 08:30 to 17:30, Monday to Friday, excluding UK public holidays. Please note, due to Covid-19, the hours have reduced in line with market opening and are currently 08:00 to 16:30.

Correspondence address:

Equiniti Group PLC

Aspect House

Spencer Road

Lancing

West Sussex

BN99 6DA

Information on how to manage your shareholding can be found at https://help.shareview.co.uk . If you are not able to find the answer to your question within the general Help information page, a personal enquiry can be sent directly through Equiniti's secure e-form on their website. Please note that you will be asked to provide your name, address, shareholder reference number and a valid e-mail address. Alternatively, shareholders can view and manage their shareholding through the Landsec share portal which is hosted by Equiniti - simply visit https://portfolio.shareview.co.uk and follow the registration instructions.

3. Shareholder enquiries

If you have an enquiry about the Company's business or about something affecting you as a shareholder (other than queries which are dealt with by the Registrar), please email Investor Relations (see details in 8. below).

4. Share dealing services: https:// shareview.co.uk

The Company's shares can be traded through most banks, building societies and stockbrokers. They can also be traded through Equiniti. To use their service, shareholders should contact Equiniti: 0345 603 7037 from the UK. Lines are ordinarily open Monday to Friday 08:00 to 16:30 for dealing and until 18:00 for enquiries, excluding UK public holidays. Please note, due to Covid-19, the hours have reduced in line with market opening and are currently 08:00 to 16:30.

5. Dividends

The Board is not proposing a final dividend for the year ended 31 March 2020. The total dividend paid and payable in respect of the year ended 31 March 2020 is 23.2p (2019: 45.55p).

6. Dividend related services

Dividend payments to UK shareholders - Dividend mandates

From October 2020, dividend payments will no longer be paid by cheque. Shareholders whose dividends are currently paid by cheque will need to have their dividends paid directly into their personal bank or building society account or alternatively participate in our Dividend Reinvestment Plan (see below) to receive dividends in the form of additional shares. To facilitate this, please contact Equiniti or complete a mandate instruction available on our website: landsec.com/investors and return it to Equiniti.

Dividend payments to overseas shareholders - Overseas Payment Service (OPS)

From October 2020, dividend payments will no longer be paid by cheque. Shareholders will need to request that their dividends be paid directly to a personal bank account overseas. For more information, please contact Equiniti or download an application form online at www.shareview.co.uk .

Dividend Reinvestment Plan (DRIP)

A DRIP is available from Equiniti. This facility provides an opportunity by which shareholders can conveniently and easily increase their holding in the Company by using their cash dividends to buy more shares. Participation in the DRIP will mean that your dividend payments will be reinvested in the Company's shares and these will be purchased on your behalf in the market on, or as soon as practical after, the dividend payment date.

You may only participate in the DRIP if you are resident in the European Economic Area, Channel Islands or Isle of Man.

For further information (including terms and conditions) and to register for any of these dividend-related services, simply visit www.shareview.co.uk .

7. Financial reporting calendar

 
                                                     2020 
Annual Report and AGM Notice mailed to shareholders  8 June 
Annual General Meeting                               9 July 
Half-yearly results announcement                     10 November 
 
                                                     2021 
Financial year end                                   31 March 
Preliminary results announcement                     11 May* 
 

* Provisional date only

8. Investor relations enquiries

For investor relations enquiries, please contact Edward Thacker, Head of Investor Relations at Landsec, by telephone on +44 (0)20 7413 9000 or by email at enquiries@landsec.com.

Glossary

Adjusted earnings per share (Adjusted EPS)

Earnings per share based on revenue profit after related tax.

Adjusted net debt

Net debt excluding cumulative fair value movements on interest-rate swaps and amounts payable under head leases. It generally includes the net debt of subsidiaries and joint ventures on a proportionate basis.

Book value

The amount at which assets and liabilities are reported in the financial statements.

BREEAM

Building Research Establishment's Environmental Assessment Method.

Combined Portfolio

The Combined Portfolio comprises the investment properties of the Group's subsidiaries, on a proportionately consolidated basis when not wholly owned, together with our share of investment properties held in our joint ventures.

Completed developments

Completed developments consist of those properties previously included in the development programme, which have been transferred from the development programme since 1 April 2018.

Development pipeline

The development programme together with proposed developments.

Development programme

The development programme consists of committed developments (Board approved projects), projects under construction and developments which have reached practical completion within the last two years but are not yet 95% let.

Diluted figures

Reported results adjusted to include the effects of potentially dilutive shares issuable under employee share schemes.

Dividend Reinvestment Plan (DRIP)

The DRIP provides shareholders with the opportunity to use cash dividends received to purchase additional ordinary shares in the Company immediately after the relevant dividend payment date. Full details appear on the Company's website.

Earnings per share

Profit after taxation attributable to owners divided by the weighted average number of ordinary shares in issue during the year.

EPRA

European Public Real Estate Association.

EPRA net disposal value (NDV) per share

Diluted net assets per share adjusted to remove the impact of goodwill arising as a result of deferred tax, and to include the difference between the fair value and the book value of the net investment in tenant finance leases and fixed interest rate debt.

EPRA net initial yield

EPRA net initial yield is defined within EPRA's Best Practice Recommendations as the annualised rental income based on the cash rents passing at the balance sheet date, less non-recoverable property operating expenses, divided by the gross market value of the property. It is consistent with the net initial yield calculated by the Group's external valuer.

EPRA net tangible assets (NTA) per share

Diluted net assets per share adjusted to remove the cumulative fair value movements on interest-rate swaps and similar instruments, the carrying value of goodwill arising as a result of deferred tax and other intangible assets, deferred tax on intangible assets and to include the difference between the fair value and the book value of the net investment in tenant finance leases.

Equivalent yield

Calculated by the Group's external valuer, equivalent yield is the internal rate of return from an investment property, based on the gross outlays for the purchase of a property (including purchase costs), reflecting reversions to current market rent and such items as voids and non-recoverable expenditure but ignoring future changes in capital value. The calculation assumes rent is received annually in arrears.

ERV - Gross estimated rental value

The estimated market rental value of lettable space as determined biannually by the Group's external valuer. For investment properties in the development programme, which have not yet reached practical completion, the ERV represents management's view of market rents.

Fair value movement

An accounting adjustment to change the book value of an asset or liability to its market value (see also mark-to-market adjustment).

Finance lease

A lease that transfers substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership from the Group as lessor to the lessee.

Gearing

Total borrowings, including bank overdrafts, less short-term deposits, corporate bonds and cash, at book value, plus cumulative fair value movements on financial derivatives as a percentage of total equity. For adjusted gearing, see note 13.

Gross market value

Market value plus assumed usual purchaser's costs at the reporting date.

Head lease

A lease under which the Group holds an investment property.

Interest Cover Ratio (ICR)

A calculation of a company's ability to meet its interest payments on outstanding debt. It is calculated using revenue profit before interest, divided by net interest (excluding the mark-to-market movement on interest-rate swaps, foreign exchange swaps, capitalised interest and interest on the pension scheme assets and liabilities). The calculation excludes joint ventures.

Interest-rate swap

A financial instrument where two parties agree to exchange an interest rate obligation for a predetermined amount of time. These are generally used by the Group to convert floating-rate debt or investments to fixed rates.

Investment portfolio

The investment portfolio comprises the investment properties of the Group's subsidiaries on a proportionately consolidated basis where not wholly owned.

Joint venture

An arrangement in which the Group holds an interest and which is jointly controlled by the Group and one or more partners under a contractual arrangement. Decisions on the activities of the joint venture that significantly affect the joint venture's returns, including decisions on financial and operating policies and the performance and financial position of the operation, require the unanimous consent of the partners sharing control.

Lease incentives

Any incentive offered to occupiers to enter into a lease. Typically, the incentive will be an initial rent-free year, or a cash contribution to fit-out or similar costs. For accounting purposes, the value of the incentive is spread over the non-cancellable life of the lease.

LIBOR

The London Interbank Offered Rate, the interest rate charged by one bank to another for lending money, often used as a reference rate in bank facilities.

Like-for-like portfolio

The like-for-like portfolio includes all properties which have been in the portfolio since 1 April 2018 but excluding those which are acquired or sold since that date. Properties in the development pipeline and completed developments are also excluded.

Loan-to-value (LTV)

Group LTV is the ratio of adjusted net debt, including subsidiaries and joint ventures, to the sum of the market value of investment properties and the book value of trading properties of the Group, its subsidiaries and joint ventures, all on a proportionate basis, expressed as a percentage. For the Security Group, LTV is the ratio of net debt lent to the Security Group divided by the value of secured assets.

Market value

Market value is determined by the Group's external valuer, in accordance with the RICS Valuation Standards, as an opinion of the estimated amount for which a property should exchange on the date of valuation between a willing buyer and a willing seller in an arm's-length transaction after proper marketing.

Mark-to-market adjustment

An accounting adjustment to change the book value of an asset or liability to its market value (see also fair value movement).

MSCI

Refers to the MSCI Direct Property indexes which measure the property level investment returns in the UK.

Net assets per share

Equity attributable to owners divided by the number of ordinary shares in issue at the year end. Net assets per share is also commonly known as net asset value per share (NAV per share).

Net initial yield

Net initial yield is a calculation by the Group's external valuer of the yield that would be received by a purchaser, based on the Estimated Net Rental Income expressed as a percentage of the acquisition cost, being the market value plus assumed usual purchasers' costs at the reporting date. The calculation is in line with EPRA guidance. Estimated Net Rental Income is determined by the valuer and is based on the passing cash rent less rent payable at the balance sheet date, estimated non-recoverable outgoings and void costs including service charges, insurance costs and void rates.

Net rental income

Net rental income is the net operational income arising from properties, on an accruals basis, including rental income, finance lease interest, rents payable, service charge income and expense, other property related income, direct property expenditure and bad debts. Net rental income is presented on a proportionate basis.

Net zero carbon building

A building for which an overall balance has been achieved between carbon emissions produced and those taken out of the atmosphere, including via offset arrangements. This relates to operational emissions for all buildings while, for a new building, it also includes supply-chain emissions associated with its construction.

Over-rented

Space where the passing rent is above the ERV.

Passing rent

The estimated annual rent receivable as at the reporting date which includes estimates of turnover rent and estimates of rent to be agreed in respect of outstanding rent review or lease renewal negotiations. Passing rent may be more or less than the ERV (see over-rented, reversionary and ERV). Passing rent excludes annual rent receivable from units in administration save to the extent that rents are expected to be received. Void units at the reporting date are deemed to have no passing rent. Although temporary lets of less than 12 months are treated as void, income from temporary lets is included in passing rents.

Passing cash rent

Passing cash rent is passing rent excluding units that are in a rent free year at the reporting date.

Planning permission

There are two common types of planning permission: full planning permission and outline planning permission. A full planning permission results in a decision on the detailed proposals on how the site can be developed. The grant of a full planning permission will, subject to satisfaction of any conditions, mean no further engagement with the local planning authority will be required to build the consented development. An outline planning permission approves general principles of how a site can be developed. Outline planning permission is granted subject to conditions known as 'reserved matters'. Consent must be sought and achieved for discharge of all reserved matters within a specified time-limit, normally three years from the date outline planning permission was granted, before building can begin. In both the case of full and outline planning permission, the local planning authority will 'resolve to grant permission'. At this stage, the planning permission is granted subject to agreement of legal documents, in particular the s106 agreement. On execution of the s106 agreement, the planning permission will be issued. Work can begin on satisfaction of any 'pre-commencement' planning conditions.

Pre-let

A lease signed with an occupier prior to completion of a development.

Pre-development properties

Pre-development properties are those properties within the like-for-like portfolio which are being managed to align vacant possession within a three-year horizon with a view to redevelopment.

Property Income Distribution (PID)

A PID is a distribution by a REIT to its shareholders paid out of qualifying profits. A REIT is required to distribute at least 90% of its qualifying profits as a PID to its shareholders.

Proposed developments

Proposed developments are properties which have not yet received Board approval or are still subject to main planning conditions being satisfied, but which are more likely to proceed than not.

Qualifying activities/Qualifying assets

The ownership (activity) of property (assets) which is held to earn rental income and qualifies for tax-exempt treatment (income and capital gains) under UK REIT legislation.

Real Estate Investment Trust (REIT)

A REIT must be a publicly quoted company with at least three-quarters of its profits and assets derived from a qualifying property rental business. Income and capital gains from the property rental business are exempt from tax but the REIT is required to distribute at least 90% of those profits to shareholders. Corporation tax is payable on non-qualifying activities in the normal way.

Rental value change

Increase or decrease in the current rental value, as determined by the Group's external valuer, over the reporting year on a like-for-like basis.

Rental income

Rental income is as reported in the income statement, on an accruals basis, and adjusted for the spreading of lease incentives over the term certain of the lease in accordance with IFRS 16 (previously, SIC-15). It is stated gross, prior to the deduction of ground rents and without deduction for operational outgoings on car park and commercialisation activities.

Return on average capital employed

Group profit before net finance expense, plus joint venture profit before net finance expense, divided by the average capital employed (defined as shareholders' funds plus adjusted net debt).

Return on average equity

Group profit before tax plus joint venture tax divided by the average equity shareholders' funds.

Revenue profit

Profit before tax, excluding profits on the sale of non-current assets and trading properties, profits on long-term development contracts, valuation movements, fair value movements on interest-rate swaps and similar instruments used for hedging purposes, debt restructuring charges, and any other items of an exceptional nature.

Reversionary or under-rented

Space where the passing rent is below the ERV.

Reversionary yield

The anticipated yield to which the initial yield will rise (or fall) once the rent reaches the ERV.

Security Group

Security Group is the principal funding vehicle for the Group and properties held in the Security Group are mortgaged for the benefit of lenders. It has the flexibility to raise a variety of different forms of finance.

Temporary lettings

Lettings for a period of one year or less. These are included within voids.

Topped-up net initial yield

Topped-up net initial yield is a calculation by the Group's external valuer. It is calculated by making an adjustment to net initial yield in respect of the annualised cash rent foregone through unexpired rent-free years and other lease incentives. The calculation is consistent with EPRA guidance.

Total business return

Dividend paid per share in the year plus the change in EPRA net tangible assets per share, divided by EPRA net tangible assets per share at the beginning of the year.

Total cost ratio

Total cost ratio represents all costs included within revenue profit, other than rents payable, financing costs and provisions related to 2020/21 rent, expressed as a percentage of gross rental income before rents payable adjusted for costs recovered through rents but not separately invoiced.

Total development cost (TDC)

Total development cost refers to the book value of the site at the commencement of the project, the estimated capital expenditure required to develop the scheme from the start of the financial year in which the property is added to our development programme, together with capitalised interest, being the Group's borrowing costs associated with direct expenditure on the property under development. Interest is also capitalised on the purchase cost of land or property where it is acquired specifically for redevelopment. The TDC for trading property development schemes excludes any estimated tax on disposal.

Total property return (TPR)

The change in market value, adjusted for net investment, plus the net rental income of our investment properties expressed as a percentage of opening market value plus the time weighted capital expenditure incurred during the year.

Total Shareholder Return (TSR)

The growth in value of a shareholding over a specified year, assuming that dividends are reinvested to purchase additional units of the stock.

Trading properties

Properties held for trading purposes and shown as current assets in the balance sheet.

Turnover rent

Rental income which is related to an occupier's turnover.

Valuation surplus/deficit

The valuation surplus/deficit represents the increase or decrease in the market value of the Combined Portfolio, adjusted for net investment and the effect of accounting for lease incentives under IFRS 16 (previously SIC-15). The market value of the Combined Portfolio is determined by the Group's external valuer.

Voids

Voids are expressed as a percentage of ERV and represent all unlet space, including voids where refurbishment work is being carried out and voids in respect of pre-development properties. Temporary lettings for a year of one year or less are also treated as voids. The screen at Piccadilly Lights, W1 is excluded from the void calculation as it will always carry advertising although the number and duration of our agreements with advertisers will vary. Commercialisation lettings are also excluded from the void calculation.

Weighted average cost of capital (WACC)

Weighted average cost of debt and notional cost of equity, used as a benchmark to assess investment returns.

Weighted average unexpired lease term

The weighted average of the unexpired term of all leases other than short-term lettings such as car parks and advertising hoardings, temporary lettings of less than one year, residential leases and long ground leases.

Yield shift

A movement (negative or positive) in the equivalent yield of a property asset.

Zone A

A means of analysing and comparing the rental value of retail space by dividing it into zones parallel with the main frontage. The most valuable zone, Zone A, is at the front of the unit. Each successive zone is valued at half the rate of the zone in front of it.

This information is provided by RNS, the news service of the London Stock Exchange. RNS is approved by the Financial Conduct Authority to act as a Primary Information Provider in the United Kingdom. Terms and conditions relating to the use and distribution of this information may apply. For further information, please contact rns@lseg.com or visit www.rns.com.

END

FR BIGDUSSBDGGB

(END) Dow Jones Newswires

May 12, 2020 02:00 ET (06:00 GMT)

Land Securities (LSE:LAND)
Gráfica de Acción Histórica
De Ago 2020 a Sep 2020 Haga Click aquí para más Gráficas Land Securities.
Land Securities (LSE:LAND)
Gráfica de Acción Histórica
De Sep 2019 a Sep 2020 Haga Click aquí para más Gráficas Land Securities.