Gráfica de Acción Histórica
6 Meses : De Nov 2018 a May 2019
By Jay Greene
This article is being republished as part of our daily reproduction of WSJ.com articles that also appeared in the U.S. print edition of The Wall Street Journal (January 23, 2019).
International Business Machines Corp. said revenue fell 3.5% in the fourth quarter, another setback in its yearslong quest to recapture growth, but its signal that faster-growing businesses would help boost profit this year sent shares higher.
IBM's stock jumped more than 6% after hours, driven in part by the company's outlook for 2019. It expects adjusted per-share earnings of $13.90, compared with $13.81 for the prior year. IBM doesn't provide a forecast for revenue.
Chief Executive Ginni Rometty has struggled to turn around Big Blue since taking over in 2012. Just a year ago, IBM triumphantly returned to growth following nearly six years of shrinking revenue.
Along the way, the company said a long-awaited turnaround was coming as it built up faster-growing businesses. For several quarters, it seemed it had gotten there. But IBM reported a second-consecutive quarterly revenue drop in the final months of 2018.
IBM faced a tough comparison to year-ago results, when it benefited from the recent introduction of a new mainframe system. That business dropped 44% in the fourth quarter after growing 71% a year ago, finance chief James Kavanaugh said in an interview. The mainframe refresh had played a significant role in helping IBM to return to revenue growth a year ago.
IBM's so-called strategic imperatives, a cluster of businesses including cloud computing and data analytics, are Ms. Rometty's antidote as she refashions the legacy technology vendor to compete against Amazon.com Inc., Microsoft Corp. and Alphabet Inc.'s Google in the cloud. Those businesses grew 5% to $11.5 billion, Mr. Kavanaugh said.
Three years ago, IBM said it expected strategic imperatives, which at the time accounted for only 25% of its revenue, to generate $40 billion in revenue in 2018.
For the year, IBM posted $39.8 billion in revenue for the businesses, up 9%. Mr. Kavanaugh added that those businesses are "consistently 50% of our portfolio overall."
The 2019 outlook, meanwhile, was enough to sate investors because their expectations are modest, said KeyBanc Capital Markets analyst Arvind Ramnani. Given IBM's struggles in recent years, however, it still has to show consistent progress in its faster-growing markets, he said. "In order to say things have turned, you need to see two to three quarters of execution," Mr. Ramnani said, adding that he expects revenue to decline again during the current quarter.
IBM moved to rev up its cloud-computing businesses in October, announcing plans to buy Red Hat Inc. for about $33 billion.
IBM is counting on the deal, its largest ever, to increase its business of selling so-called hybrid services in which companies run programs that use computing resources from their own servers and web services from IBM and others at the same time.
Mr. Kavanaugh said IBM still expects the Red Hat deal to close in the second half of this year.
For the fourth quarter, revenue came in at $21.76 billion, compared with $22.54 billion a year ago.
IBM swung to a profit of $1.95 billion from a $1.05 billion net loss a year earlier, when it took a $5.5 billion charge related to the U.S. Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017.
Adjusted profit, which excludes some acquisition-related expenses and other items, came to $4.87 a share.
Analysts surveyed by Refinitiv had expected revenue of $21.71 billion and adjusted profit of $4.82 a share.
Write to Jay Greene at Jay.Greene@wsj.com
(END) Dow Jones Newswires
January 23, 2019 01:47 ET (06:47 GMT)
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