TIDMINPP

RNS Number : 1890L

International Public Partnerships

09 September 2021

THIS ANNOUNCEMENT AND THE INFORMATION CONTAINED HEREIN IS NOT FOR PUBLICATION, RELEASE, OR DISTRIBUTION, DIRECTLY OR INDIRECTLY, IN, OR INTO, THE UNITED STATES, AUSTRALIA, CANADA, JAPAN, SOUTH AFRICA OR ANY JURISDICTION IN WHICH THE SAME WOULD BE UNLAWFUL OR TO U.S. PERSONS. THE INFORMATION CONTAINED HEREIN DOES NOT CONSTITUTE AN OFFER OF SECURITIES FOR SALE IN ANY JURISDICTION.

9 September 2021

INTERNATIONAL PUBLIC PARTNERSHIPS LIMITED

('INPP', the 'Company')

HALF YEAR RESULTS FOR THE SIX MONTHSED 30 JUNE 2021

OPERATIONAL HIGHLIGHTS

   --    Solid continued performance from the Company's investment portfolio 

-- The portfolio has continued to perform in line with expectations, enabling a 2.7% half-year dividend increase to 3.78 pence per share ([i]) , and confidence in the portfolio's future operational performance allows the Board to reconfirm its full-year dividend targets for 2021 and 2022 at 7.55 pence per share and 7.74 pence per share, respectively ([ii])

-- The Company invested a total of GBP22.3 million into the social accommodation and digital infrastructure sectors further diversifying the portfolio

-- The Company's investment case and the attractiveness of the portfolio was reaffirmed in successfully raising GBP135 million of new capital, exceeding the Board's GBP100 million target, in July 2021

-- The impact of the UK corporation tax increase announced earlier in 2021, the strength of Sterling against other currencies and the period's interim dividend payment contributed to a 1.4% decrease in NAV per share to 145.1 pence per share (31 December 2020: 147.1 pence)

-- During the period, the portfolio experienced limited further disruption from the pandemic, however the Company has maintained its precautionary approach to the valuation of certain specific risks in the portfolio

-- Over the period, the Company began adopting the recommendations of the Taskforce for Climate-related Financial Disclosures ('TCFD') and aligning its investment approval processes with the objectives of the Paris Agreement

-- The Company's revolving credit facility was renewed for the next three years with a GBP250 million committed facility and a GBP150 million accordion tranche. The facility was GBP56 million drawn at the period end but this was subsequently paid down using the proceeds from the July 2021 capital raise. The facility remains available for re-drawing

FINANCIAL HIGHLIGHTS[iii]

-- Interim dividend increase of 2.7% to 3.78 pence per share (30 June 2020: 3.68 pence per share)[iv]

-- Total shareholder return ('TSR') of 231.4% since IPO, equivalent to an annualised TSR of 8.5%[v]

   --    NAV per share of 145.1 pence (31 December 2020: 147.1 pence) 
   --    IFRS profit before tax of GBP27.2 million (30 June 2020: GBP35.4 million)[vi] 
   --    Portfolio inflation-linkage of 0.75% (31 December 2020: 0.78%)[vii] 
   --    Interim cash dividend cover of 1.3x[viii] 

Mike Gerrard, Chairman of International Public Partnerships, said: "I am pleased to report another period of resilient operational and financial performance by the Company. INPP's portfolio continues to meet our expectations and provide reliable income to our shareholders and valuable essential services to the local communities in which our assets operate. The Board remains confident in the portfolio's operational and financial resilience and its future ability to generate highly visible cash flows which underpins the Company's investment case."

INVESTMENT ACTIVITY

The Company's GBP22.3 million of new cash investments included:

-- toob, UK : In July 2017, the Company agreed to invest up to GBP45 million in UK digital infrastructure alongside the UK Government, through the National Digital Infrastructure Fund ('NDIF'). During the period an additional c.GBP14.2 million was approved for investment into toob, one of NDIF's existing investments. toob is a UK full fibre broadband provider delivering broadband to homes, businesses, public service and community groups in the South of England. The Company's commitment to digital infrastructure will help to transition the UK to full-fibre broadband at a time when reliance on digital connectivity increases

-- Offenbach Police Centre, Germany : The Company invested GBP8.1 million for a 45% shareholding of the new police headquarters project in South-East Hesse in Offenbach, Germany. The centre provides the Hesse State Police with modern working facilities powered by low-carbon energy

-- Beatrice OFTO, UK : Post-period end, in July 2021, the Company invested c.GBP50 million in the portfolio's eighth offshore transmission ('OFTO') which links to the 588 MW Beatrice offshore wind farm, Scotland's largest offshore wind farm. The Beatrice OFTO will transmit green electricity equivalent to around 450,000 UK homes, increasing the number of homes that are powered via the Company's OFTO portfolio to c.1.8 million homes

OPERATIONAL PERFORMANCE AND ASSET STEWARDSHIP

Responsible investment is a core component of the Company's ability to deliver essential public services, maintain relationships with its clients and local communities, and preserve and grow the long-term value of each investment. The references to SDGs below refer to the contribution of each mentioned asset to defined UN Sustainable Development Goals

Transport | SDG 8, 9 & 11: Decent work and economic growth; industry innovation and infrastructure; sustainable cities and communities

-- Diabolo Rail Link, Belgium : The majority of the revenues generated by Diabolo Rail Link ('Diabolo') are linked to passenger use of the rail link to Brussels Airport or Belgium's national rail network, the concession for which runs until 2047. As previously disclosed, the Company committed a further EUR24 million to Diabolo in December 2020. EUR10 million was invested at that time and a further contingent commitment of EUR14 million available to protect Diabolo's liquidity position and ensure its debt covenants continue to be met. The latest passenger traffic forecast report assumes a more gradual return to pre-covid passenger numbers but continues to indicate that the remaining EUR14 million commitment should be sufficient. Whilst the cash flows have been updated to reflect the latest passenger forecast, the Company's valuation of Diabolo has not materially changed over the period (excluding the impact of the change in foreign exchange rates)

-- BeNEX, Germany : BeNEX continued to see significant reduction in passenger volumes as a result of Covid-19, but the impact on the asset has been limited with compensation received form the Federal Government and/or Federal States for the vast majority of disruption caused. During the six months to 30 June 2021, two concessions were re-won further reducing the risk profile of the business

-- Angel Trains, UK : Angel Trains ('Angel') currently generates the majority of its revenues from the contractual leasing of its rolling stock to train operating companies and therefore its revenues have continued to be largely unaffected by Covid-19. Earlier in September, the Company announced that it had entered into an agreement to acquire an additional interest in Angel, taking its overall shareholding to 10%. Since making its original acquisition in 2008, Angel has been a successful investment for the Company, delivering both capital growth and strong yield

As a low carbon-form of transport, the Company's rail investments collectively amount to more than 151 million annual passenger journeys and over 825 million annual train kilometres travelled ([ix]) .

Gas distribution | SDG 8, 9 & 11: Decent work and economic growth; industry innovation and infrastructure; sustainable cities and communities

-- Cadent, UK: As previously announced, Cadent exercised its right to appeal Ofgem's final determination for the next five-year regulatory period to the CMA. The CMA's provisional findings announced post-period end are expected to, other things being equal, have a modestly positive impact on the Company's valuation of Cadent as reported at 30 June 2021. The Company will await the CMA's final decision expected in October 2021. Cadent connects over 11 million homes and businesses to gas with a maximum energy throughput of 5.7 million GJ/day. Cadent's HyDeploy project is a pioneering pilot of hydrogen as a greener domestic fuel

Wastewater | SDG 6, 8, 9 & 11: clean water and sanitation; decent work and economic growth; industry innovation and infrastructure; sustainable cities and communities

-- Tideway, UK: despite the ongoing challenges posed by Covid-19 on the construction works undertaken by Tideway, the project is now 68% complete. In August 2021, Tideway published a thorough review of the remaining activities to completion, which confirmed the appropriateness of the existing schedule dates and only a minor cost increase of c.1% on the previously announced cost estimate of GBP4.1 billion, which has no material financial impact on investors.

When operational, Tideway will divert over 37 million cubic metres of sewage discharges, create three acres of new public spaces, and employ over 2,200 full-time equivalent employees.

Energy transmission | SDG 7: Affordable and clean energy

Approximately 1.8 million homes are powered by renewable energy transmission via the Company's OFTO holdings, with a total transmission capacity of 2.1 GW including the Company's eighth OFTO which reached financial close in July.

Social infrastructure | SDG 3, 4, 8 & 16: good health and wellbeing; quality education; decent work and economic growth; peace, justice and strong institutions

Availability-based private-public partnerships ('PPP') projects account for c.33% of the Company's portfolio by investment fair value and for those assets measured by availability and performance, the availability rate was 99.7%, outperforming the Company's target. The Company's public sector clients commissioned and funded over 464 contract variations, resulting in a combined value of GBP9.3 million.

The Company's portfolio provides essential facilities to over 195,000 pupils, 540,000 healthcare patients and 13 police stations and judicial buildings.

OUTLOOK

The Company has identified an attractive near-term pipeline of investments in the social infrastructure, regulated utilities, transport and other essential infrastructure sectors. We remain confident in the ability of our Investment Adviser to continue to source and develop high-quality projects which can deliver long-term, predictable cash flows for shareholders, and strong inflation-linkage to meet the Company's risk-return profile.

S.

A copy of the results presentation can be downloaded from the Company's website:

www.internationalpublicpartnerships.com

For further information:

Erica Sibree/Amy Edwards +44 (0)20 7939 0558/0587

Amber Fund Management Limited

Hugh Jonathan +44 (0)20 7260 1263

Numis Securities

Ed Berry/Mitch Barltrop +44 (0) 20 3727 1046/1039

FTI Consulting

About International Public Partnerships:

INPP is a listed infrastructure investment company that invests in global public infrastructure projects and businesses, which meets societal and environmental needs, both now, and into the future.

INPP is a responsible, long-term investor in over 130 infrastructure projects and businesses. The portfolio consists of utility and transmission, transport, education, health, justice and digital infrastructure projects and businesses, in the UK, Europe, Australia and North America. INPP seeks to provide its shareholders with both a long-term yield and capital growth.

Amber Infrastructure Group ('Amber') is the Investment Adviser to INPP and consists of 150 staff who are responsible for the management of, advice on and origination of infrastructure investments.

Important Information

This announcement contains information that is inside information for the purposes of the Market Abuse Regulation (EU) No. 596/2014.

This announcement is an advertisement. It does not constitute a prospectus relating to the Company and does not constitute, or form part of, any offer or invitation to sell or issue, or any solicitation of any offer to purchase or subscribe for, any shares in the Company in any jurisdiction nor shall it, or any part of it, or the fact of its distribution, form the basis of, or be relied on in connection with or act as any inducement to enter into, any contract therefor.

Forward-looking statements are subject to risks and uncertainties and accordingly the Company's actual future financial results and operational performance may differ materially from the results and performance expressed in, or implied by, the statements. These forward-looking statements speak only as at the date of this announcement. The Company, Amber and Numis Securities expressly disclaim any obligation or undertaking to update or revise any forward-looking statements contained herein to reflect actual results or any change in the assumptions, conditions or circumstances on which any such statements are based unless required to do so by the Financial Services and Markets Act 2000, the Prospectus Rules of the Financial Conduct Authority or other applicable laws, regulations or rules.

(i) The forecast date for payment of the dividend relating to the six months to 30 June 2021 is 17 November 2021.

(ii) There can be no assurance that these targets will be met or that the Company will make any distributions at all. Whilst we generally have good forward-visibility of cash flows generated by the Company's investments, the current Covid-19 pandemic creates additional uncertainty.

(iii) For the six months ended 30 June 2021 unless otherwise stated.

(iv) Cash dividend payments to investors are paid from net operating cash flow before non-recurring operating costs.

v Since inception in November 2006. Source: Bloomberg. Share price appreciation plus dividends assumed to be reinvested.

(vi) IFRS profit before tax of GBP27.2 million (30 June 2020: GBP35.4 million). The reduction compared to the prior corresponding period reflects a decrease in the valuation of the portfolio overall, primarily as a result of macroeconomic changes in the period.

(vii) The Company's underlying revenues continue to be underpinned by strong inflation-linkage with a projected increase in return of 0.75% p.a. for a 1.00% p.a. increase in inflation (31 December 2020: 0.78% p.a.).

v (iii) Cash dividend payments to investors are paid from net operating cash flow before capital activity.

i (x) Data reflects 2020 performance.

International Public Partnerships Limited

HALF-YEARLY Report and Financial Statements for the SIX MONTHS ended 30 JUNE 2021

Registered number: 45241

www.internationalpublicpartnerships.com

Note: Page references in this announcement refer to the full formatted Half-Yearly Financial Report for the period ended 30 June 2021 that can be found on the Company's website. Certain charts cannot be reproduced for the RNS format and can also be seen in the PDF version of this document available on the Company's website.

OUR PURPOSE

Our purpose is to deliver long-term benefits for all stakeholders by investing responsibly in public and social infrastructure.

We aim to provide our investors with long-term, inflation-linked returns, by growing our dividend and creating the potential for capital appreciation.

We support all our stakeholders through responsible investment and active asset management, which meet societal and environmental requirements both now and into the future.

COMPANY FACTS

   -       London Stock Exchange trading code: INPP.L 
   -       Member of the FTSE 250 and FTSE All-Share indices 
   -       GBP2.7 billion market capitalisation at 30 June 2021 
   -       1,624 million shares in issue at 30 June 2021 
   -       Eligible for ISA/PEPs and SIPPs 
   -       Guernsey incorporated company 

- International Public Partnerships ('the Company', 'INPP', the 'Group' (where including consolidated entities)) shares are excluded from the Financial Conduct Authority's ('FCA') restrictions, which apply to non-mainstream investment products, and can be recommended by independent financial advisers to their clients

RESPONSIBLE INVESMENT

The Company is committed to responsible investment. Its Investment Adviser, Amber Infrastructure Limited ('Amber') is a signatory of the UN-backed Principles for Responsible Investment ('PRI'). The Company also draws on the Sustainable Development Goals ('SDGs') to help drive environmental and social progress across its investments. The Company has also aligned its investment activity with the objectives of the Paris Agreement and is a supporter of the recommendations of the Task Force on Climate-related Financial Disclosures ('TCFD').

COVER IMAGE:

Beatrice Offshore Transmission Project ('OFTO'). The image illustrates the Company's Beatrice offshore substation, which was acquired in July 2021. The project's transmission cables link between the onshore and offshore substations.

HALF-YEAR FINANCIAL HIGHLIGHTS

DIVIDS

3.78p - H1 2021 dividend per share(1)

7.55p - 2021 full-year dividend target per share(2)

7.74p - 2022 full-year dividend target per share(2)

2.7% - H1 2021 divident growth

1.3x - H1 2021 cash dividend cover(3) (H1 2020: 1.3x)

NET ASSET VALUE ('NAV') (4)

GBP2.4bn - NAV at 30 June 2021 (4) (31 December 2020: GBP2.4bn)

145.1p - NAV per share at 30 June 2021(4) (31 December 2020: 147.1p)

1.2% - Decrease in NAV for the six months to 30 June 2021

1.4% - Decrease in NAV per share for the six months to 30 June 2021

PORTFOLIO ACTIVITY

GBP22.3m - Cash investments made during H1 2021

INFLATION PROTECTION

0.75% - Portfolio inflation-linkage at 30 June 2021(5) (31 December 2020: 0.78%)

TOTAL SHAREHOLDER RETURN ('TSR')

231.4% - TSR since Initial Public Offering ('IPO')(6)

8.5%p.a. - Annualised TSR since IPO(6)

PROFIT

GBP27.2m - H1 2021 profit before tax (H1 2020: GBP35.4m)

1 The forecast date for payment of the dividend relating to the six months to 30 June 2021 is 17 November 2021.

   2        There can be no assurance that these targets will be met or that the Company will make any distributions at all. Whilst we generally have good forward-visibility of cash flows generated by the Company's investments, the current Covid-19 pandemic creates additional uncertainty. 

3 Cash dividend payments to investors are paid from net operating cash flow before capital activity as detailed on pages 22 to 23.

4 The methodology used to determine the NAV is described in detail on pages 24 to 26. . NAV represents the Company's net assets as reported in the financial statements.

5 Calculated by running a 'plus 1.00%' inflation sensitivity for each investment and solving each investment's discount rate to return the original valuation. The inflation-linkage is the increase in the portfolio weighted average discount rate. This measure is designed to provide an estimate of the weighted average increase in the returns generated by the underlying investments, based on the 30 June 2021 valuations, in the event that inflation runs at 100bps above the relevant inflation assumption.

6 Since inception in November 2006. Source: Bloomberg. Share price appreciation plus dividends assumed to be reinvested.

COMPANY OVERVIEW

CONSISTENT AND SUSTAINED RETURNS

INPP Dividend Growth

[Diagram can be found in PDF version of this document on the Company's website].

PREDICTABLE portfolio performance

P rojected Investment Receipts

[Diagram can be found in PDF version of this document on the Company's website].

Note: This chart is not intended to provide any future profit forecast. Cash flows shown are projections based on the current individual asset financial models and may vary in the future. Only investments committed as at 30 June 2021 are included.

LOW RISK AND DIVERSIFIED PORTFOLIO

Sector Breakdown

 
 Energy Transmission    21% 
---------------------  ---- 
 Transport              19% 
---------------------  ---- 
 Education              19% 
---------------------  ---- 
 Gas Distribution       17% 
---------------------  ---- 
 Waste Water             9% 
---------------------  ---- 
 Health                  4% 
---------------------  ---- 
 Military Housing        3% 
---------------------  ---- 
 Courts                  2% 
---------------------  ---- 
 Other(1)                6% 
 

130 investments in infrastructure projects and businesses across a variety of sectors(2)

Geographic Split

 
 UK           74% 
-----------  ---- 
 Australia     9% 
-----------  ---- 
 Belgium       7% 
-----------  ---- 
 Germany       4% 
-----------  ---- 
 US            3% 
-----------  ---- 
 Canada        2% 
-----------  ---- 
 Ireland       1% 
-----------  ---- 
 Italy        <1% 
 

Invested in selected global regions that meet INPP's specific risk and return requirements

 
 
   Investment Type Risk Capital(3)    89% 
   -----------------  ---- 
    Senior Debt        11% 
 
   Invested across the capital structure, taking into account appropriate 
   risk-return profiles 
 

Asset Ownership

 
 100%       49% 
---------  ---- 
 50%-100%    7% 
---------  ---- 
 <50%       44% 
 

Preference to hold majority stakes

Mode of Acquisition/Asset Status

 
 Construction                9% 
-------------------------  ---- 
 Operational                91% 
-------------------------  ---- 
 Early Stage Investor(4)    68% 
-------------------------  ---- 
 Later Stage Investor(5)    32% 
 

Early stage investment gives first mover advantage maximises capital growth opportunities

Investment Life

 
 <20 years      52% 
-------------  ---- 
 20-30 years    19% 
-------------  ---- 
 >30 years      29% 
 

Weighted average portfolio life of 32 years(6)

1. Includes the Company's digital investments representing 2.6% of Investments at Fair Value.

2. The majority of assets and businesses benefit from availability-based revenues.

3. Risk Capital includes both asset and business level equity and subordinated shareholder debt.

4. 'Early Stage Investor' - assets developed or originated by the Investment Adviser or predecessor team in primary or early phase investments.

5. 'Later stage investor' - assets acquired from a third party investor in the secondary market.

6. Includes non-concession entities which have potentially a perpetual life but assumed to have finite lives for this illustration.

International Public Partnerships invests in high-quality infrastructure projects and businesses that are resilient over the long-term

We have a long-standing relationship with Amber, the Company's Investment Adviser

Amber has sourced and managed the Company's assets since IPO in 2006

- Amber is a specialist international infrastructure investment manager and one of the largest independent teams in the sector with over 150 employees working internationally. It is a leading investment originator, asset and fund manager with a strong track record

- Amber applies an active asset management approach to the underlying investments to support sustainable performance

- The Company has first right of refusal over qualifying infrastructure assets identified by Amber and for US investments, by Amber's long-term investor, US Group, Hunt Companies LLC ('Hunt')

Relationship with the Investment Adviser

[Diagram can be found in PDF version of this document on the Company's website].

OUR STRENGTHS

   -       Long-term alignment of interests between the Company, Amber and other key suppliers 

- Amber has physical presence in all of the major countries in which we invest, which provides local insights and relationships

   -       A vertically integrated model with direct relationships with public sector authorities 
   -       Experienced team in all aspects of infrastructure development, investment and management 
   -       Active approach to investment stewardship which is the cornerstone of successful investment 

- Consideration and integration of material environmental, social and governance ('ESG') issues and opportunities

   -       Active engagement with all key stakeholders 

- Strong independent Board (six of the seven Directors are independent) with a diversity of experience and strong corporate governance

BUSINESS MODEL

DELIVERING long-term benefits

OUR PURPOSE

Our purpose is to deliver long-term benefits for all stakeholders by investing responsibly in public and social infrastructure.

We aim to provide our investors with long-term, inflation-linked returns, by growing our dividend and creating the potential for capital appreciation.

We support all our stakeholders through responsible investment and active asset management, which meet societal and environmental requirements both now and into the future.

what we do

INVEST

We seek new investments through our extensive relationships, knowledge and insights to:

   -       Enhance long-term, inflation-linked cash flows 
   -       Provide opportunities to create long-term value and enhance returns 
   -       Ensure ESG is core to the investment process 

ASSESS

The Company operates a rigorous framework of governance, incorporating a streamlined screening, diligence and execution process. This includes substantive input from the Company's Investment Adviser and, as appropriate, external advisers, with the Company's Board providing robust challenge and scrutiny

OPTIMISE

Using the Investment Adviser's highly experienced in-house asset management team, we seek to actively manage the Company's investments, balancing risk and return, and using detailed research and analysis to optimise our investment performance

DELIVER

Together with our Investment Adviser's active asset management of our investments, we aim to deliver strong ongoing asset performance for stakeholders and achieve target returns from the portfolio for investors

VALUE-FOCUSED PORTFOLIO DEVELOPMENT

- We seek a portfolio of investments with no or low exposure to market demand risks and for which financial, macroeconomic, regulatory, ESG and country risks are well understood and manageable

- The Investment Adviser has a strong investment team that originates unique opportunities in line with the Company's investment strategy

   -       We continually monitor opportunities to enhance the Company's existing investments 

- The Company draws on the Investment Adviser's award-winning sustainability programme, 'Amber Horizons', to inform areas for future investment

ACTIVE ASSET MANAGEMENT

- The Investment Adviser has an in-house asset management team dedicated to managing the Company's investments

- Where possible, through the Investment Adviser, we manage the day-to-day activities of each of our investments internally

- We carry out extensive monitoring, including asset level board and management meetings occur on a quarterly basis

- The Company works with public sector clients, partners and service providers to ensure investments are being managed both responsibly and efficiently to deliver the required outputs

- We focus on investment stewardship across the portfolio and recognise the broader value created from our investments

efficient financial management

   -       Efficient financial management of investment cash flows and working capital 
   -       Maintaining cash covered dividends 
   -       Ensuring cost-effective operations 

CONTINUOUS risk management

   -       Robust risk analysis during investment origination ensures strong portfolio development 
   -       Integrated risk management throughout the investment cycle to support strategic objectives 
   -       Ongoing risk assessment and mitigation ensures successful ongoing performance 

RESPONSIBLE INVESTMENT

   -       Fully integrating ESG considerations across the investment cycle 

- Setting robust ESG objectives to build resilience and drive environmental and social progress

   -       Uphold high standards of business integrity and governance 

VALUE CREATION

investor returns

Continuing to deliver consistent financial returns for investors through dividend growth and inflation-linkage from underlying cash flows and provide opportunities for capital appreciation

PUBLIC SECTOR AND OTHER CLIENTS

Providing responsible investment in infrastructure to support the delivery of essential public services. Our ability to deliver services and maintain relationships with our clients and other key stakeholders is vital for the long-term prosperity of each investment

communities

Delivering sustainable social infrastructure for the benefit of local communities. The Company's investments provide vital public assets for their communities, and seek to provide additional benefits through deploying investment in local economies, job creation and by using investments to help strengthen communities

SUPPLIERS AND THEIR EMPLOYEES

The performance of our service providers, supply chain and their employees is crucial for the long-term success of our investments. The Company promotes a progressive approach to:

   -       Corporate social responsibility 
   -       Healthy, inclusive workplaces 
   -       Opportunities for professional development 
   -       Staff engagement 

OBEJCTIVES AND PERFORMANCE

The value we provide to our investors is monitored using our Key Performance Indicators ('KPIs'). The delivery of value to both investors and our wider stakeholders is achieved by carefully monitoring our performance against related strategic priorities.

 
 INVESTOR RETURNS          Delivering long-term,         - Target an                     - 2.7% Dividend increase 
                            inflation-linked              annual dividend                 achieved for H1 2021 
                            returns to investors          increase of 2.5%                (H1 2020: 2.5%) 
                                                         - Target a long-term            - 7.6% p.a. IRR achieved 
                                                          total return                    since IPO to 30 June 2021(1) 
                                                          in excess of                    (31 December 2020: 7.7%) 
                                                          7.0% per annum 
                                                                                          - 0.75% Inflation-linked 
                                                                                          returns on a portfolio 
                                                          - Inflation-linked              basis at 30 June 2021 
                                                          returns on a                    (31 December 2020: 0.78%) 
                                                          portfolio basis 
-------------------  ---------------------------------  -------------------------  ----------------------------------- 
 Value-focused           Originate investments         New investments                   100% of the investments 
  portfolio              with stable, long-term         meet at least three               made in H1 2021 met at 
  development            cash flows and potential       of six attributes:                least three of the six 
                         growth attributes,             1. Stable, long-term              attributes 
                         whilst maintaining             returns                           (H1 2020: 100%) 
                         a balanced portfolio           2. Inflation-linked 
                         of assets                      investor cash flows 
                                                        3. Early stage 
                                                        investor 
                                                        4. Investment secured 
                                                        through preferential 
                                                        access 
                                                        5. Other capital 
                                                        enhancement attributes 
                                                        6. Positive UN 
                                                        Sustainable Development 
                                                        Goals ('SDGs') 
                                                        contribution 
-----------------  ---------------------------------  ---------------------------  ----------------------------------- 
 ACTIVE ASSET            Managing strong ongoing            - Strong ongoing             - 100% Forecast distributions 
  MANAGEMENT              asset performance                  asset performance            received for H1 2021(2) 
                                                             as demonstrated              (H1 2020: 100%) 
                                                             by: 
                                                                                          - 0.1% Asset performance 
                                                                                          deductions achieved against 
                                                                                          a target of <3% during 
                                                                                          H1 2021 
                                                                                          (H1 2020: 0.1%) 
 
                                                                                          - 99.7% Asset availability 
                                                                                          achieved against a target 
                                                                                          of >98% during H1 2021 
                                                                                          (H1 2020: 99.6%) 
 Responsible             Management of material        - Robust integration         - A+ UN-backed PRI rating(3) 
  Investment              ESG factors                   of ESG into investment 
                                                        lifecycle 
-----------------  ---------------------------------  ---------------------------  ----------------------------------- 
 efficient               Making efficient                   - Cash covered               - 1.3x Dividends fully 
  financial               use of the Company's               dividends                    cash covered for H1 2021 
  management              finances and working                                            (H1 2020: 1.3x) 
                          capital                            - Competitive                - 1.25% Ongoing charges 
                                                             ongoing charges              ratio for H1 2021 
                                                                                          (H1 2020: 1.21%) 
-----------------  ---------------------------------  ---------------------------  ----------------------------------- 
 
 

1 Calculated by reference to the November 2006 IPO issue price of 100p and reflecting NAV appreciation plus dividends paid.

2 Measured by comparing forecast portfolio distributions against actual portfolio distributions received.

3 In its first year of participation, the Company's Investment Adviser achieved A+ in the UN-backed PRI 2020 assessment for both the strategy and governance and the infrastructure modules.

CHAIR'S LETTER

Dear Shareholders,

I am pleased to report another successful six-month period for the Company to 30 June 2021. Highlights in this period include:

- Sustained levels of strong financial and operational performance from our investment portfolio which continue to ensure our dividend targets are met;

- Continued strength in origination delivering new asset acquisitions with a value in excess of GBP22 million; and

- The continued development of our ESG initiatives, culminating in the launch of the Company's own Sustainability Report shortly after the period's end.

Since the period's end, the Company also completed a successful capital raising of GBP135 million - exceeding a target of GBP100 million.

At the time of writing this letter, restrictions to control the spread of Covid-19 are easing in many of the countries in which the Company holds investments. This provides an encouraging context to these interim results, albeit necessarily moderated by the scale of challenges that still lie ahead for all countries recovering from the effects of the pandemic. Against this backdrop, the Company has continued to perform well with limited disruption from the pandemic.

The Company will continue to take a prudent and realistic view of the future environment for infrastructure investments and remains confident that its business model and investment objectives will continue to offer a significant degree of protection for our investors. The Board continues to believe that long-term responsible investment into public and social infrastructure will remain a central feature of economic development across the geographies in which the Company invests.

PORTFOLIO PERFORMANCE

The Company's approach to the stewardship of its investments remains critical to the portfolio's ongoing performance. During the period, the Company's Investment Adviser has continued to engage actively with its public sector partners to ensure that the infrastructure assets and businesses in which the Company invests remain available and operational to serve the public, to the extent possible, whilst protecting the health and safety of staff and users.

Notwithstanding the limited new impacts on the portfolio's performance arising from the pandemic, the Company has maintained its precautionary approach to the valuation of specific risks in the portfolio.

The Company's half year financial highlights are set out on page one. Over the period, the NAV per share reduced by 1.4% from 147.1 pence at 31 December 2020 to 145.1 pence at 30 June 2021. This modest reduction in NAV per share in the period is principally attributable to:

- The UK corporation tax increase (which we have assumed to be permanent) which has had a negative effect of 2.0 pence;

- Strengthening of Sterling against other currencies which has had a negative effect of 1.2 pence;

   -     Payment of a dividend of 3.68 pence in the period; and 

- A partial offset attributable to the positive effects of unwinding the discount rate and some minor positive revaluations of certain investments.

I am pleased to say that the Company has maintained its dividend cover at 1.3x and has continued to deliver growth in its dividend. In line with its stated dividend target of 7.55 pence per share for the 2021 financial year, the Company declares a dividend of 3.78 pence per share for the six months to 30 June 2021. This represents 2.7% growth on the prior corresponding period and is consistent with the c.2.5% average annual dividend growth that has been delivered to investors since the Company's inception. This dividend will be paid on 17 November 2021. Since its launch in 2006, the Company has now delivered a Total Shareholder Return of 231.4%, or 8.5% on an annualised basis.

asset stewardship

The Company remains focused on actively managing certain risks within specific assets which are caused by the effects of Covid-19. Chief amongst these risks is our continued monitoring of passenger numbers on the Diabolo Rail Link ('Diabolo'), which remain depressed.

As previously disclosed, the Company committed a further EUR24.0 million to the Diabolo project in December 2020, with EUR10.0 million invested at that time, and a further EUR14.0 million available to protect Diabolo's liquidity position and ensure its debt covenants can continue to be met. The extent and timing of any further cash injections will depend upon the trajectory of the recovery in passenger numbers over the coming months and years. However, the latest traffic forecast report indicates that the outstanding EUR14.0 million commitment should be sufficient. Whilst forecast cash flows have been updated to reflect the latest advice from our technical adviser, the valuation of our investment in Diabolo has not materially changed over the period (excluding the impact of the change in foreign exchange rates), with Diabolo representing 7.5% of the Company's portfolio by investment at fair value. We will of course continue to closely monitor passenger numbers.

More positively, the duration of our investment with the concession not expiring until 2047, the high levels of historic passenger use, continued high levels of operational performance, the positive and engaged relationship with the Belgian railway authorities and our ability to influence revenues via the passenger fare adjustment mechanism, all give us confidence for the future recovery and performance of this investment.

Cadent is the UK's largest gas distribution network, serving 11 million customers and is the Company's largest investment by fair value, representing 16.5% of the Company's portfolio by investment at fair value. As previously announced, in December 2020 Ofgem published its final determination in respect of the next five-year regulatory period which commenced on 1 April 2021. After careful deliberation and consultation with its shareholders (of which the Company is one), Cadent exercised its right to appeal Ofgem's final determination to the Competition and Markets Authority ('CMA'). The CMA announced its provisional findings in August 2021 and whilst the Company commends certain aspects of the CMA's provisional findings, there are areas on which we expect Cadent will continue to work with stakeholders to ensure that the CMA's final decision is in the best interests of its customers, both now and into the future. The Company had previously sought to reflect the final determination issued by Ofgem in its cash flow forecasts used at the 31 December 2020 valuation date and accordingly, the CMA's announcement, if confirmed, is expected to have a modestly positive impact on the Company's valuation of its investment in Cadent compared to that reported as at 30 June 2021. It should however be noted that the findings are only provisional at this stage and the CMA is expected to publish its final decision in October 2021.

Cadent continues to play a role in supporting the UK Government's net zero target and is working on several projects designed to demonstrate the feasibility and safety of using its existing infrastructure to distribute cleaner fuels, such as hydrogen, in the future. Please see more information on page 18.

Despite the ongoing challenges posed by Covid-19 on the construction works being undertaken by Tideway, the company responsible for building the 25km 'super sewer' under the River Thames, we are pleased to report that good progress was made during the period with construction work 68% complete at the end of the period. Please see more information in the asset management section on pages 16 to 21.

The Company expects and strongly supports a continued policy focus on climate change and other ESG-related topics in forthcoming periods. The Board believes that in order for infrastructure investments to be successful, they must deliver benefits beyond financial returns. Whilst the Company has historically had a strong focus on the ESG contributions made by each of its investments and aligned its investment decision-making with sustainability goals, the Company has now put in place a direct alignment of its investment approval processes with the objectives of the Paris Agreement. While not changing our overall approach, this formalises the Company's commitment and will involve enhanced screening and due diligence processes to ensure that we can evidence that all new investments are aligned with the Paris Agreement.

In the period, the Company also formally became a supporter of the recommendations of the TCFD, and is continuing to enhance its disclosures in line with TCFD. The Company supports increased disclosure and has recently published the first edition of its own stand-alone Sustainability Report to complement the ESG reporting already provided in its annual and other reporting. Please see more information in the Responsible Investment section on pages 23 to 40.

Overall, the activities in this period have continued to emphasise the need for and success of the Investment Adviser's active asset management approach, given the key role it plays in the long-term performance of the Company.

INVESTMENT ACTIVITY

During the six months to 30 June 2021, the Company completed over GBP22 million of new investment in digital infrastructure and social accommodation sectors.

In June 2021, the Company reached financial close on a new police headquarters project in Offenbach in South-East Hesse, Germany. The Company invested GBP8.1 million for a 45% shareholding. The project was initially awarded to the Company in December 2017; however, financial close took place only after construction reached completion and successful handover to the Federal State of Hesse.

In July 2017, the Company agreed to invest up to GBP45 million in UK digital infrastructure alongside the UK Government, through the National Digital Infrastructure Fund ('NDIF'). During the period an additional c.GBP14.2 million was approved for investment into toob, one of NDIF's existing investments. toob is a UK full fibre broadband provider delivering broadband to homes, businesses, public service and community groups in the South of England.

In July 2021, the Company also reached financial close on its eighth OFTO for the long-term ownership and operation of the transmission link to the 588MW Beatrice offshore wind farm, Scotland's largest offshore wind farm.

This investment will increase the Company's contribution to the UK's transition to a zero-carbon economy. The Beatrice OFTO will transmit green electricity equivalent to around 450,000 UK homes, increasing the number of homes that are powered via the Company's OFTO portfolio to approximately 1.8 million homes.

More recently on 3 September 2021, the Company entered into an agreement to acquire an additional c.5% interest in Angel Trains, the largest rolling stock company in the UK. Following completion of the transaction, which is expected to occur later in September 2021, the Company's investment in Angel Trains will, other things being equal, be the third largest holding in its portfolio by value.

Angel Trains serves the UK passenger rail sector with a diversified fleet of more than 4,000 vehicles, the majority of which are electric multiple units. Angel Trains' business plan fully supports the decarbonisation of the UK transport system and benefits from the long-term trends towards modal shift and transportation net zero targets. Please see more information relating to the Company's investment activity on pages 12 to 15.

corporate governance

As reported at 31 December 2020, a comprehensive formal audit tender was completed in late 2020. PricewaterhouseCoopers CI LLP ('PwC') was selected as the Company's new auditor and received shareholder approval at the Company's Annual General Meeting ('AGM') in May 2021. PwC has assumed the role as the Company's auditor for the 2021 financial year. A detailed handover plan has been agreed and all parties are working closely to ensure a smooth and effective auditor transition.

I previously wrote about the formation of the ESG Committee (the 'Committee') in the 2020 Annual Report as part of the Board's culture of continuous improvement. I am pleased to report the Committee formally convened in March 2021 and is chaired by Ms Bond. The Committee will look to continue enhancing the Company's actions, monitoring and disclosures of ESG-related risks and opportunities. The Committee's work commenced with the first edition of the Company's Sustainability Report, already mentioned. The report reflects the Company's long-standing commitment to sustainability and is designed to provide investors and other stakeholders with an in-depth view of the Company's integrated approach to this important subject. The Chair of the ESG Committee will rotate amongst Board members, as we recognise this as a key area of focus to which all Board members wish to and should contribute.

Ms David was appointed Chair of the Risk Sub-Committee in March 2021, taking over from Ms Bond. I and my fellow Board members wish to thank Ms Bond for her years of leadership of this important Sub-Committee.

In addition, in July 2021, the Company advised that it intends to add an additional tier to the annual investment management fee paid to the Company's Investment Adviser. The investment management fee will be reduced from 90bps to 80bps for fully operational assets on that amount of the Company's adjusted gross asset value as is in excess of GBP2.75 billion.

The Board complies with the Association of Investment Companies Code of Corporate Governance and the UK Corporate Governance Code, as set out in the Corporate Governance section of the 2020 Annual Report and financial statements.

CURRENT ENVIRONMENT AND OUTLOOK

Dealing with Covid-19 continues to place heavy claims on government resources which are at full stretch and, as such, I believe that private sector investment in infrastructure - across the world - will have an even greater role to play going forward, complementing government initiatives for economic recovery.

The Board remains confident in the portfolio's operational and financial resilience, and the Company believes that as a result of the pandemic, which began in 2020, there is an increased recognition from governments of the pivotal role infrastructure will play in generating economic recovery and ensuring resilience to future threats. All countries where the Company invests have echoed similar sentiments that infrastructure investment will also be vital in the transition to decarbonising their economies. For example, infrastructure investment is a key focus of the Build Back Better plan in the UK, recognising that high-quality infrastructure is crucial for economic growth, boosting productivity and helping the UK achieve net zero through its Ten Point Plan. As noted above, we believe governments, globally, will require private capital to help meet these transition targets.

The Company continues to hold an attractive pipeline of near-term investments as well as over 40 additional opportunities currently under examination. These include investments in areas such as social infrastructure, regulated utilities, transport and other essential infrastructure. Notwithstanding the sustained high levels of demand for the types of assets in which the Company invests, the Company remains confident in the ability of its Investment Adviser to continue to source and develop high-quality, well-performing opportunities, across the Company's target geographies. For the Company's shareholders, these will seek to deliver long-term, predictable cash flows with strong inflation-linkage that meet the Company's risk-return profile. Please see more information on pages 14 to 15.

I and my fellow Directors thank you for your continued support.

Mike Gerrard

Chair

8 September 2021

tOP 10 INVESTMENTS

The Company's top ten investments by fair value at 30 June 2021 are summarised below. A complete listing of the Company's investments can be found on the Company's website ( www.internationalpublicpartnerships.com ).

 
 
                                              Status            % holding   % investment   % investment 
                                               at                      at     fair value     fair value 
 Name of                                       30 June            30 June        30 June    31 December            SDG 
  Investment     Location     Sector           2021               2021(1)           2021           2020      Supported 
--------------  -----------  --------------  ---------------  -----------  -------------  -------------  ------------- 
                              Gas                                 7% Risk 
 Cadent          UK            distribution   Operational         Capital          16.5%          16.5%              9 
--------------  -----------  --------------  ---------------  -----------  -------------  -------------  ------------- 
 Cadent owns four of the UK's eight regional gas distribution 
  networks ('GDNs') and in aggregate provides gas to approximately 
  11 million consumers. 
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------  ------------- 
                              Waste           Under              16% Risk 
 Tideway         UK            water           Construction       Capital           9.3%           9.1%              6 
--------------  -----------  --------------  ---------------  -----------  -------------  -------------  ------------- 
 Tideway is the trading name of the company that was awarded 
  the licence to design, build, commission, maintain and finance 
  a new 25km 'super-sewer' under the River Thames. 
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------  ------------- 
                              Energy                            100% Risk 
 Lincs OFTO      UK            transmission   Operational         Capital           7.7%           7.9%             11 
--------------  -----------  --------------  ---------------  -----------  -------------  -------------  ------------- 
 The project connects the 270MW Lincs offshore wind farm, 
  located 8km off the east coast of England, to the National 
  Grid. The transmission assets comprise the onshore and offshore 
  substations and under-sea cables, 100km in length. 
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------  ------------- 
 Diabolo                                                        100% Risk 
  Rail Link      Belgium      Transport       Operational         Capital           7.5%           8.6%              7 
--------------  -----------  --------------  ---------------  -----------  -------------  -------------  ------------- 
 Diabolo integrates Brussels Airport with the national rail 
  network allowing passengers to access high-speed trains, 
  such as Amsterdam-Brussels-Paris and NS International trains. 
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------  ------------- 
                                                                100% Risk 
                                                                  Capital 
                                                                 and 100% 
 Ormonde                      Energy                               senior 
  OFTO           UK            transmission   Operational            debt           4.8%           5.3%              7 
--------------  -----------  --------------  ---------------  -----------  -------------  -------------  ------------- 
 The project connects the 150MW Ormonde offshore wind farm, 
  located 10km off the Cumbrian coast, to the National Grid. 
  The transmission assets comprise the onshore and offshore 
  substations and under-sea cables, 41km in length. 
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------  ------------- 
 Reliance                                                        33% Risk 
  Rail           Australia    Transport       Operational         Capital           4.8%           5.3%             11 
--------------  -----------  --------------  ---------------  -----------  -------------  -------------  ------------- 
 Reliance Rail is responsible for financing, designing, delivering 
  and ongoing maintenance of 78 next-generation, electrified, 
  'Waratah' train sets serving Sydney in New South Wales, Australia. 
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------  ------------- 
                                                                100% Risk 
 BeNEX           Germany      Transport       Operational         Capital           3.5%           3.5%             11 
--------------  -----------  --------------  ---------------  -----------  -------------  -------------  ------------- 
 BeNEX is both a rolling stock leasing company as well as 
  an investor in train operating companies ('TOCs'), providing 
  approximately 42 million train km of annual rail transport. 
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------  ------------- 
                                                                  5% Risk 
 Angel Trains    UK           Transport       Operational         Capital           3.0%           3.3%             11 
--------------  -----------  --------------  ---------------  -----------  -------------  -------------  ------------- 
 Angel Trains is a rolling stock leasing company asset base 
  comprising over 4,400 vehicles. Angel Trains has invested 
  over GBP5 billion in new rolling stock and refurbishment 
  since 1994, and is the second largest investor in the industry 
  after Network Rail. 
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------  ------------- 
 US Military                  Military                          100% Risk 
  Housing(2)     US            housing        Operational         Capital           2.8%           2.7%             11 
--------------  -----------  --------------  ---------------  -----------  -------------  -------------  ------------- 
 Two tranches of mezzanine debt underpinned by security over 
  seven operational Public-Private Partnerships ('PPP') military 
  housing projects, relating to a total of 19 operational military 
  bases in the US and comprising c.21,800 individual housing 
  units. 
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------  ------------- 
                                                                100% Risk 
                                                                  Capital 
                                                                 and 100% 
 Robin Rigg                   Energy                               senior 
  OFTO           UK            transmission   Operational            debt           2.3%           2.3%              7 
--------------  -----------  --------------  ---------------  -----------  -------------  -------------  ------------- 
 The project connects the 180MW Robin Rigg East and West offshore 
  wind farms, located 12km off the coast of Cumbria, to the 
  National Grid. The transmission assets comprise the onshore 
  and offshore substations and under-sea cables, 25km in length. 
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------  ------------- 
 
   1.      Risk Capital includes both project level equity and subordinated shareholder debt. 
   2.      Includes two tranches of mezzanine debt into US military housing. 

Significant movements in the Company's portfolio for the six months to 30 June 2021 can be found on pages 12 to 13 of the Operating Review.

OPERATING REVIEW

Value -Focused Portfolio Development

New investments that meet the Company's Investment Policy are made after assessing their risk and return profile relative to the existing portfolio. In particular, we seek investments to complement the existing portfolio through enhancing long-term, inflation-linked cash flows and/or to provide the opportunity for higher capital growth. The Board regularly reviews the overall composition of the portfolio to ensure it continues to remain aligned with the Company's investment objectives and ensure it is achieving a broad balance of risk in the Company's portfolio.

Desirable key attributes for the portfolio include:

   1.        Long-term, stable returns 
   2.        Inflation-linked investor cash flows 

3. Early stage investor (e.g. the Company is an early stage investor in a new opportunity developed by our Investment Adviser)

4. Investment secured through preferential access (e.g. sourced through pre-emptive rights or through the activities of our Investment Adviser)

5. Other capital enhancement attributes (e.g. potential for additional capital growth through 'de-risking' or the potential for residual/terminal value growth)

   6.        Positive SDG contribution 

Performance against strategic priority KPIs: 100% of investments made in H1 2021 met at least three of the six attributes (31 December 2020: 100%)

As discussed in the Chair's Letter, the six-month period to 30 June 2021 saw the Company continue to focus on its existing portfolio and the impact of Covid-19. However, despite this, the Company invested GBP22.3 million (30 June 2020: GBP11.7 million). These opportunities were sourced by the Investment Adviser through existing commitments or increasing its interest in existing investments. These origination approaches avoid bidding in the competitive secondary market and are preferred routes to market for the Company. Details of investment activity for the six months to 30 June 2021, and post-period end, are provided below.

The investments made by the Company during the period meet or exceed the Company's performance indicator of having at least three of the required six key investment attributes. Please refer to the key performance indicators on pages 6 to 7. Further details for each of these transactions are provided below.

 
 INVESTMENTS     LOCATION             KEY ATTRIBUTES                          OPERATIONAL   INVESTMENT      INVESTMENT 
 MADE DURING                                                                   STATUS                        DATE 
 THE SIX 
 MONTHS 
 TO 30 JUNE 
 2021 
                             1        2   3        4        5        6 
--------------------------  -------      -------  -------  -------  -------  ------------  --------------  ----------- 
 toob            UK                       ü   ü   ü   ü   Operational   GBP14.2         April 2021 
                                                                                             million 
--------------  ----------  -------      -------  -------  -------  -------  ------------  --------------  ----------- 
 Offenbach       Germany     ü       ü   ü   ü   ü   Operational   GBP8.1          June 2021 
  Police                                                                                    million 
  Centre 
--------------  ----------  -------      -------  -------  -------  -------  ------------  --------------  ----------- 
                                                                                            GBP22.3 
                                                                                             million 
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------  --------------  ----------- 
 
 
 INVESTMENTS    LOCATION             KEY ATTRIBUTES                               OPERATIONAL   INVESTMENT   INVESTMENT 
 MADE AFTER                                                                        STATUS                     DATE 
 PERIOD 
                            1        2        3        4        5        6 
-------------------------  -------  -------  -------  -------  -------  -------  ------------  -----------  ----------- 
 Beatrice       UK          ü   ü   ü            ü   ü   Operational   GBP49.8      July 2021 
  OFTO                                                                                           million 
 Angel Trains               ü   ü            ü   ü   ü   Operational   c.GBP98      September 
                                                                                                 million     2021 
-------------------------  -------  -------  -------  -------  -------  -------  ------------  -----------  ----------- 
 

INVESTMENTS MADE DURING THE PERIOD

OFFENBACH POLICE CENTRE, GERMANY

In June 2021, the Company reached financial close on a new police headquarters project in South-East Hesse in Offenbach, Germany. The Company invested GBP8.1 million for a 45% shareholding. The project was initially awarded to the Company in December 2017 to a consortium comprising INPP Public Infrastructure Germany GmbH & Co. KG, Amber Infrastructure GmbH, and Goldbeck Public Partner GmbH. Financial close took place after construction reached completion and successful handover to the Federal State of Hesse in June 2021. The 36,645sqm newly built centre will provide a headquarters to the police in South-East Hesse in Offenbach, which is approximately 5km from Frankfurt, accommodating c.1,000 staff. The centre provides the Hesse State Police with office space, meeting areas, a police station, cells, forensic science laboratories, a nursery, a cafeteria, a multi-purpose hall, a parking deck for cars and bicycles and outside facilities. Alongside the provision of these core functions, the headquarters have been sustainably designed and built. Key energy features include c.890 solar power panels generating 302kWp, a combined heat and power plant and a low-energy heating/cooling system.

Primary SDG Supported: 16

DIGITAL INFRASTRUCTURE, U.K.

In July 2017, the Company agreed to invest up to GBP45 million in UK digital infrastructure alongside the UK Government, through the National Digital Infrastructure Fund ('NDIF'). During the period, an additional GBP14.2 million was approved for investment into one of NDIF's existing investments, toob. toob is a UK full fibre broadband provider delivering broadband to homes, businesses, public service and community groups in the South of England.

The Company's commitment to digital infrastructure will help to transition the UK to full-fibre at a time when reliance on digital infrastructure has never been greater. There has been increased recognition that digital infrastructure is becoming a more defensive asset class as the critical nature of digital connectivity services has been amplified by the current volume of people working from home.

Primary SDG Supported: 11

INVESTMENTS MADE POST-PERIOD

BEATRICE OFTO, UK

In July 2021, the Company reached financial close on its eighth OFTO for the long-term ownership and operation of the transmission link to the 588MW Beatrice offshore wind farm, Scotland's largest offshore wind farm, as part of the Transmission Capital Partners consortium, comprising the Company, Amber and Transmission Investment. The project relates to the transmission cable connection to the offshore wind farm located in the Outer Moray Firth, approximately 13.5km off the Caithness coastline in Scotland. The wind farm consists of 84 x 7MW wind turbine generators connected to two offshore substation platforms located within the boundaries of Beatrice wind farm This investment will increase the Company's contribution to the UK's transition to a zero-carbon economy. The Beatrice OFTO will transmit green electricity equivalent to around 450,000 UK homes, increasing the number of homes that are powered via the Company's OFTO portfolio to approximately 1.8 million homes.

Primary SDG Supported: 7

ANGEL TRAINS, UK

In September 2021, the Company as part of a consortium including the Public Sector Pension Investment Board of Canada and other investors, reached an agreement which included it acquiring a further c.5% shareholding in Angel Trains.

The acquisition, leveraging INPP's existing shareholding position, will increase the Company's shareholding and provide it with further governance rights through direct board representation. Since making its original acquisition in 2008, Angel has been a successful investment for INPP, delivering both capital growth and yield. Angel is the largest rolling stock company in the UK, serving the passenger rail sector with a diversified fleet of more than 4,000 vehicles, the majority of which are electric multiple units. Angel Trains' business plan fully supports the decarbonisation of the UK transport system.

Primary SDG Supported: 11

Current market environment and future opportunities

The pipeline for the types of assets the Company invests in remains strong and the Company continues to be confident in its ability to source and develop quality, high-performing opportunities, across the Company's target geographies, that deliver long-term, predictable cash flows with inflation-linkage that meet the Company's risk-return profile. As part of the Investment Adviser's appraisal process, it considers the long-term viability of investments to ensure they are fit for the future and it considers ESG aspects such as resilience to technology changes, environmental impact and shifting societal expectations. This approach and the types of sectors the Company invests in has meant the majority of the Company's portfolio has not been severely affected by the pandemic, and the Company's portfolio, driven by its active stewardship and prudent approach, benefits from substantial mitigations to Covid-19.

In the UK, following the onset of the pandemic, the government released its 'Build Back Better' paper and announced the establishment of a new national infrastructure bank, which opened in June 2021 and will support private infrastructure projects in sectors including clean energy, transport, digital, water and waste, initially with GBP12 billion of capital to deploy and with the capability to issue GBP10 billion of government guarantees. This follows the 2020 Spending Review that announced a commitment to spend GBP100 billion of capital in 2021/2022 on infrastructure as part of the UK government's commitment to delivering GBP600 billion of gross public sector investment over the next five years to improve infrastructure, drive economic growth, boost productivity and help the UK achieve net zero by 2050. The UK Infrastructure Bank will have the capacity to invest in sectors such as sustainable fuels, carbon capture usage and storage, and heat efficiency, and will look to increase investment in less-established green industries and into local infrastructure projects. These initiatives highlight the need for private capital to support these ambitions.

Governments outside the UK similarly recognise the role of infrastructure to transition to net zero and help drive economic recovery as a consequence of the Covid-19 pandemic. The Next Generation EU Recovery Fund is focused on infrastructure to address the social and economic impacts of Covid-19 and to become more sustainable and resilient. The emphasis of this package is on providing funding and direction for pan-European infrastructure projects to contribute to net zero by 2050 and on improved digital connectivity. In the US, President Biden announced the 'Build Back Better Recovery Plan' to focus on infrastructure investment with a clear climate-driven agenda; and in Australia, the 2021 infrastructure plan allocated over A$15 billion for new infrastructure projects for 2021/2022 to support post-Covid-19 recovery building on its A$110 billion 10-year infrastructure investment pipeline.

The release of the latest assessment of climate science from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change further emphasises the need for swift action. The speed of transitions and of technological change required to limit warming to 1.5degC above pre-industrial levels are larger and have no documented historic precedent. This is particularly relevant for the energy, urban and infrastructure sectors. Whilst this presents a huge challenge, it presents a significant opportunity and strengthens the investment case for net zero infrastructure globally.

While the full consequences of the pandemic and its long-term effects, both economic and social, remain unclear, the Company believes its business model and investment objectives continue to offer a significant degree of protection for investors and there is sustained appetite for long-term responsible investment into public and social infrastructure across the geographies that the Company invests in.

CURRENT PIPELINE

The Company's performance does not depend upon additional investments to deliver current projected returns. Further investment opportunities will be judged by their anticipated contribution to overall portfolio returns relative to risk. Selected commitments and future opportunities that may be considered for investment in due course, as identified by the Investment Adviser, are outlined below.

 
 KNOWN/COMMITTED   LOCATION   ESTIMATED INVESTMENT(1)     EXPECTED INVESTMENT   INVESTMENT STATUS 
  OPPORTUNITIES                                            PERIOD 
----------------  ---------  --------------------------  --------------------  ----------------------- 
                                                                                A further contingent 
                                                                                 commitment available, 
 Diabolo           Belgium    GBP12.0 million(2)          26 years               if required 
----------------  ---------  --------------------------  --------------------  ----------------------- 
                                                                                Investment reached 
                                                                                 financial close 
                                                                                 post-period end 
 Beatrice OFTO     UK         c.GBP50 million             c.23 years             on 27 July 2021 
----------------  ---------  --------------------------  --------------------  ----------------------- 
                                                                                Agreement to 
                                                                                 acquire additional 
                                                                                 c.5% interest 
                                                          Operational            made on 3 September 
 Angel Trains      UK         c.GBP98 million              business              2021 
----------------  ---------  ------------------------    --------------------  ----------------------- 
                                                                                Preferred bidder. 
                                                                                 Investment expected 
 Rampion OFTO      UK         Up to GBP40 million         c.20 years             H2 2021 
----------------  ---------  --------------------------  --------------------  ----------------------- 
                                                                                Preferred bidder. 
 East Anglia                                                                     Investment expected 
  One OFTO         UK         Up to GBP90 million         c.21 years             H2 2021 
----------------  ---------  --------------------------  --------------------  ----------------------- 
 
 

1 Represents the current commitment or preferred bidder positions that meet the Company's investment criteria. There is no certainty that potential opportunities will translate into actual investments for the Company.

2 The Company invested EUR10 million of funding in 2020 and made a contingent commitment of a further EUR14.0 million (GBP12.0 million).

The Company has a longer-term pipeline of investments and has identified over 40 opportunities across the UK, Europe, North America and Australia. Future areas of investment may include:

 
 KEY AREAS     SOCIAL INFRASTRUCTURE              REGULATED UTILITIES                   TRANSPORT                                           OTHER ESSENTIAL 
 OF                                                                                      AND MOBILITY                                        INFRASTRUCTURE 
 FOCUS 
------------  ---------------------------------  ------------------------------------  --------------------------------------------------  --------------------------- 
 Example 
 investments    *    Education                     *    OFTOs                                 *    Government-backed transport including:    *    Digital connectivity 
 
 
                *    Health                        *    Distribution and transmission         *    Light rail                                *    Energy management 
 
 
                *    Justice                       *    Direct procurement                    *    Regional rail 
 
 
                *    Other social accommodation 
------------  ---------------------------------  ------------------------------------  --------------------------------------------------  --------------------------- 
 

ACTIVE ASSET MANAGEMENT

The Company's Investment Adviser has a highly experienced, well-resourced, dedicated team of over 40 asset managers globally, as part of the wider pool of over 150 infrastructure professionals in 11 offices across the UK, Europe, Australia and North America. The Company's Investment Adviser operates a full-service approach to infrastructure, and this includes day-to-day asset management and oversight of the Company's investments. The Investment Adviser's priority is to meet or exceed asset performance, creating value for investors and communities, and its active asset management approach has been fundamental to the Company's performance since IPO in 2006. It is this performance that has enabled the Company to build a reputation of delivering transparent, responsible stewardship of public infrastructure assets that support essential services. These skills have been evidenced by the Company's robust performance during the current and ongoing unprecedented uncertainty caused by the Covid-19 pandemic.

OPERATIONAL PERFORMANCE

The Company's Investment Adviser adopts a hands-on approach to monitoring asset performance, utilising robust internal processes and the expertise of its dedicated global asset management team. The Investment Adviser's involvement will vary depending on each investment type, noting that each investment is actively managed to optimise performance. During H1 2021, 100% of forecast investment portfolio receipts were received (H1 2020: 100.0%)(1) .

The Company has a weighted average investment life of c.32 years and actively monitors the relevant investments within the portfolio to ensure that conditions for the hand-back of investments are met on completion of the project contract, or at the end of the expected investment holding period.

Infrastructure projects inherently involve health and safety risk during construction through to operations. The health and safety of the clients, delivery partners, employees and members of the public who come into contact with our assets are of the utmost importance to the Company, and we accord the highest priority to health and safety management. During construction through to operations, the Company's accident frequency rate for occupational accidents that resulted in lost time was low at 0.34 per 100,000 hours worked (as at 30 June 2021)(2) . Health and safety data is reported and evaluated on a quarterly basis, and includes hours worked, minor injuries, near misses, critical incidents and the number of lost time injuries which occurred as a result of work activities.

Performance against strategic priority KPIs:

100% Forecast distributions received(1)

99.7% Asset availability achieved against a target of >98%

PPP PROJECTS

PPP projects account for c.41% of the Company's portfolio (by investment at fair value), and the Company's Investment Adviser has extensive experience in this sector, having been responsible for the development of the majority of the PPP projects in the Company's portfolio. Ensuring that the facilities are available for their intended use, that areas are safe and secure, and that the performance standards set out in the underlying agreements are achieved, are key deliverables, and the Company's Investment Adviser works closely with its partners to ensure these standards are met. For those investments whose achievement is measured by both availability and performance, for the six months to 30 June 2021, the availability of those assets was 99.7% (30 June 2020: 99.6%) and across all projects there were performance deductions of 0.1% (30 June 2020: 0.1%), both exceeding the Company's targets.

In addition, the Company's public sector clients commissioned and funded over 464 contract variations during the period, resulting in a combined value of over GBP9.3 million of additional project work conducted on behalf of the commissioning bodies. The completed changes during the period ranged from minor building fabric alterations within education facilities, to the delivery of transport facility upgrades. One benchmarking exercise was performed and agreed within our social accommodation project (which included reviewing facilities management services delivered on the asset in order to assess value for money for the public sector.

1 Measured by comparing forecast portfolio distributions against actual portfolio distributions received.

2 This includes UK social accommodation (where the Investment Adviser provides oversight of the management services), BSF minority, NDIF, Cadent, Tideway and all investments in Germany, Australia and Canada.

The vast majority of the Company's social accommodation investments remained open throughout the period. Two social accommodation assets were closed during the period (on instruction from the client): Royal Melbourne Showgrounds in Australia, which has been commandeered as an Urgent Medical Care Centre and is being used as a vaccination centre; and one Neighbourhood Support centre in the UK that is part of a LIFT Project Company (as a result of Covid-19 and government guidelines). In addition, there was one temporary school closure for a one-week period in relation to a minority BSF investment, due to a high number of Covid-19 cases.

Diabolo

Diabolo is a rail infrastructure investment which integrates Brussels Airport with Belgium's national rail network. The majority of the revenues generated by Diabolo are linked to passenger use of either the rail link itself or the wider Belgian rail network. Accordingly, Diabolo has been impacted by the restrictions on international travel and national lockdowns implemented in Belgium as a result of the Covid-19 pandemic and we see the timing of the recovery of Diabolo as directly linked to the resumption of pre-pandemic levels of use of Brussels Airport.

As previously disclosed, the Company committed a further EUR24 million to the Diabolo project in December 2020 with EUR10 million invested at that time and a further contingent commitment of EUR14 million available to protect Diabolo's liquidity position and ensure its debt covenants continue to be met. The extent and timing of any further cash injections will depend upon the trajectory of the recovery in passenger numbers over the coming months and years. However, the latest traffic forecast report indicates that the outstanding EUR14 million commitment should be sufficient. Whilst forecast cash flows have been updated to reflect the latest advice from our technical adviser, the valuation of our investment in Diabolo has not materially changed over the period (excluding the impact of the change in foreign exchange rates). We will of course continue to closely monitor passenger numbers.

More positively, the duration of our investment, with the concession not expiring until 2047, the high levels of historic passenger use, continued high levels of operational performance the positive and engaged relationship with the Belgian railway authorities and our ability to influence revenues through the passenger fare adjustment mechanism, all give us confidence for the future recovery and performance of this investment.

REGULATED INVESTMENTS

The Company invests in a number of regulated investments, including OFTOs, Cadent and Tideway. The Company owns 100% of each of its OFTO investments and whilst the Company does not hold majority positions in Cadent or Tideway, the Company engages through its Investment Adviser's board director positions and membership of committees. The Company's Investment Adviser actively works with respective boards to maintain alignment and focus on strategic goals to drive financial and operational best practice and ensure effective risk management.

OFTOs

The Company's OFTO investments are regulated by Ofgem, but the revenues are not linked to electricity production or price, instead the OFTO is paid a pre-agreed, availability-based revenue stream for the duration of the licence. The Company's OFTO investments continue to be relatively unaffected by the Covid-19 pandemic and have continued to remain available and meet performance standards.

Ofgem has begun consulting stakeholders on its approach to dealing with the OFTO regime once the contracted revenue stream comes to an end, typically after c.20-25 years. In March 2021, Ofgem issued a consultation which the Company, through its Investment Adviser, responded to. Ofgem released its first decision document covering the initial steps in establishing an economic and efficient process for extending, where appropriate, regulatory revenue periods within the current OFTO regime, in July 2021. It is not possible to assess any likely impact on the Company at this time. The Company notes Ofgem's intention to publish a further consultation on the policy framework in November 2021, with a response due to be published in spring 2022. The Company, through its Investment Adviser, will continue to actively engage with Ofgem and industry stakeholders on this consultation and will seek to keep investors informed of any material developments.

Tideway

Tideway is building a 25km 'super sewer' under the River Thames to create a healthier environment for London by cleaning up the city's greatest natural asset. The impact of Covid-19 on both the cost and schedule of the project has been reported previously and it was noted that, in addition to existing contractual and regulatory safeguards, Tideway has been in discussions with Ofwat on a package of measures that would further mitigate the financial impact of Covid-19 on Tideway's shareholders (the Company is a 16% shareholder in Tideway). Progress has been made in these discussions and the proposed measures were the subject of a public consultation run by Ofwat during the period. The consultation closed in May 2021 and Tideway expects the cost-sharing measures to be formally implemented via modifications to its licence before the end of 2021. The Company is pleased that these modifications seem likely to ensure an appropriate allocation is achieved between stakeholders of the impact that Covid-19 is expected to have on the project's cost and schedule.

Despite the ongoing challenges posed by Covid-19 on the construction works being undertaken by Tideway, good progress was made during the period with construction work 68% complete as at 30 June 2021. Progress towards system commissioning and handover is an increasing area of focus and, as commonly undertaken by major projects at this stage of delivery, Tideway has been working with stakeholders over the past few months on a thorough review of the remaining activities to provide clarity on the schedule to completion. The results of this review were published by Tideway in August 2021 and confirm the appropriateness of the existing schedule dates with only a minor cost increase of c.1% on the previously announced cost estimate of GBP4.1 billion, which has no material financial impact on investors.

Cadent

Cadent is the UK's largest gas distribution network, serving 11 million customers and is the Company's largest investment by fair value, representing 16.5% of the Company's portfolio by investment at fair value. As previously announced, in December 2020 Ofgem published its final determination in respect of the next five-year regulatory period which commenced on 1 April 2021. After careful deliberation and consultation with its shareholders (of which the Company is one), Cadent exercised its right to appeal Ofgem's final determination to the CMA. The CMA announced its provisional findings in August 2021 and whilst the Company commends certain aspects of the CMA's provisional findings, there are areas on which we expect Cadent will continue to work with stakeholders to ensure the CMA's final decision is in the best interests of its customers, both now and into the future. The Company had previously sought to reflect the final determination issued by Ofgem in its cash flow forecasts used at the 31 December 2020 valuation date and, accordingly, the CMA's announcement, if confirmed, is expected to have a modestly positive impact on the Company's valuation of its investment in Cadent compared to that reported as at 30 June 2021. It should however be noted that the findings are only provisional at this stage and the CMA is expected to publish its final decision in October 2021.

The Company, via its Investment Adviser, also continues to actively engage with Cadent's management team and the Company's co-shareholders in Cadent in relation to the future role of gas initiatives, where Cadent continues to play a role in supporting the UK Government's net zero target and is working on several projects designed to demonstrate the feasibility and safety of using its existing gas infrastructure to distribute cleaner fuel in the future (see page 18 for further information).

In early August 2021, the Government published its long-awaited UK Hydrogen Strategy, the aim of which is to create a 'world-leading hydrogen economy'. The publication of the Hydrogen Strategy marks the beginning of the next stage for the development of the UK's hydrogen economy and is positive news for Cadent. The strategy contained numerous references to the potential conversion of the existing gas network, as well as Cadent's key HyNet project. HyNet is an innovative net zero carbon project, based on the production of hydrogen from national gas based in the North West and North Wales. From 2025, HyNet will produce, store and distribute hydrogen as well as capture and store carbon from industry in the North West of England and North Wales. Cadent will continue to work closely with the Government to turn hydrogen targets into carbon reductions and new jobs and hopes to see the Government's hydrogen ambitions continue to grow.

OTHER OPERATING BUSINESSES

The Company invests in a number of operating businesses including BeNEX, Angel Trains and digital infrastructure businesses. With the exception of Angel Trains, the Investment Adviser holds a board position on each of its operating businesses and uses these positions to influence and strengthen company policies and procedures; for example, enhancing ESG credentials, ensuring health and safety is a priority, as well as protecting value and mitigating operational risk.

BeNEX

BeNEX generates revenues through the contractual leasing of its rolling stock to TOCs as well as through its investments in TOCs themselves. Only a minority of annual revenues (currently less than 20%) are linked to passenger numbers and therefore whilst Germany, like many other countries, continued to see a significant reduction in the number of people using public transport during the first half of 2021 as a result of the ongoing pandemic, the impact on BeNEX has been limited. In addition, BeNEX should continue to receive compensation from the Federal Government and/or the relevant Federal State for the vast majority of revenues lost as a result of the disruption caused by Covid-19. Moreover, during the first six months of 2021, two concessions were re-won, reducing the risk profile of the business.

Angel Trains

Angel Trains currently generates the majority of its revenues from the contractual leasing of its rolling stock to TOCs and therefore its revenues have continued to be largely unaffected by Covid-19 in the six months to 30 June 2021. Following the period in which dividends had been deferred owing to the uncertainty caused by Covid-19, the board of Angel Trains, which includes shareholder representatives, agreed to resume dividends during the period and the Company received a dividend from Angel Trains shortly after the period end. During the period, the results from the Williams Rail Review, which was established in 2018 to review the structure of the rail industry and the way passenger rail services are delivered in the UK, was published. The white paper was titled 'Great British Railways: William-Shapps plan for rail', with the main focus of the recommendations being the establishment of the new public body, Great British Railways, and the replacement of the franchising system with passenger service contracts. The white paper goes on to note that "The reforms set out in this white paper do not assume any direct change to the current industry model for procurement of train fleets".

Digital Infrastructure

The Company's Investment Adviser continues to actively monitor the four businesses in which the Company is invested (via NDIF), including Community Fibre, Airband, NextGenAccess and toob. Throughout 2020 and H1 2021, many businesses within the digital infrastructure sector faced unprecedented challenges, with government mandated lockdown restrictions impacting staff movement, while also creating a surge in demand for fibre connectivity due to the volume of people working from home. NDIF's portfolio of companies has played a critical role in keeping people connected while at the same time executing their value creation plans. Throughout 2021, and with the easing of lockdown restrictions, the businesses in which NDIF is invested have continued to gain momentum and market share, which again highlights the resilience of digital infrastructure and the continued consumer and business demand for the rollout of fibre.

COUNTERPARTY RISK

Counterparty risk exists to some extent across all investments; however, the risk is particularly significant when considered in relation to PPPs which have a long-term fixed-price contract with a facilities management provider. The Company has a diverse exposure to service providers across its portfolio and the Investment Adviser's asset management team ensures counterparty risk is actively managed and mitigated. The chart below illustrates the Company's service providers (by investment fair value), highlighting the diversification across the portfolio.

During the period, all of the Company's facilities have remained operational and available for use, with no disruptions, aside from the three facilities that were repurposed/temporarily closed upon instruction from clients in the public sector (Covid-19 related), there were no disruptions to service delivery. In response to Covid-19, the Company's Investment Adviser has continued to monitor each counterparty as normal, but it has increased the frequency of its reviews to ensure that any issues as a result of Covid-19 are identified as soon as possible.

INPP Service Providers

[Chart can be found within the PDF document of the report on the company website.]

The Investment Adviser takes a holistic approach to monitoring counterparty risk. A key aspect of the Investment Adviser's risk management activities is a focus on the early identification of signs that a counterparty is encountering problems through regular contract performance monitoring and internal performance benchmarking of contracts, in-depth reviews of counterparty financial and market data, information available in the trade press and drawing upon the Investment Adviser's contacts in the industry for other non-public information. Through contingency planning and identifying any increased counterparty risk early, it allows for corrective measures identified in the contingency plans to be taken early, mitigating potential losses to the Company. Those measures may include working more closely with the contractor to support it in its efforts to improve contract performance or, ultimately, the implementation of the full contingency plan designed to facilitate the replacement of that contractor.

Ultimately, the Company's desire is to see its service providers succeed and to deliver a high-quality service; and the Investment Adviser makes all efforts to ensure this is achieved. However, where a subcontractor does fail, the Investment Adviser has the necessary processes and procedures in place to mitigate and manage the risk to the Company.

PROJECTS UNDER CONSTRUCTION

The Investment Adviser's asset management team has extensive experience and possesses the key skillsets needed to successfully deliver projects through construction and throughout the operational phase. The Company has a strong track record of delivering construction projects safely, on time, to budget and to a high-quality by understanding the project environment and the potential risks that may occur. The team works closely with the contractors, technical advisers and management companies, where applicable, throughout this stage in order to deliver the expected project performance and create value for investors and communities. As at 30 June 2021, Tideway is the Company's only project under construction, representing 9.3% of the Company's portfolio.

During the six months to 30 June 2021, Tideway made good progress on the construction of the tunnel and associated infrastructure. The construction works were 68% complete at the end of the period despite the ongoing challenges posed by Covid-19 and the schedule remains unchanged from the previous update, with handover to Thames Water scheduled to occur in March 2025.

The proportion of assets under construction in the portfolio is no longer reported as a separate KPI, as it was judged that this is no longer a significant performance metric for the Company. Updates on the progress of assets in construction in the portfolio, as well as the proportion of the portfolio which is under construction, will continue to be provided in this section of the Company's annual and interim reports.

The Company has one project under construction as at 30 June 2021, as set out in the table below.

 
 ASSET      LOCATION    CONSTRUCTION   DEFECTS COMPLETION    STATUS AT PERIOD    % OF INVESTMENT 
                         COMPLETION     DATE                 AT FAIR 
                         DATE                                                     VALUE 
---------  ----------  --------------  -------------------  ------------------  ---------------- 
                                                             Behind original 
 Tideway    UK          2025(1)        2028                   schedule(2)        9.3% 
---------  ----------  --------------  -------------------  ------------------  ---------------- 
 
   1        Scheduled handover date. Source: Tideway Annual Report 2020/2021. 

2 Handover is currently scheduled for March 2025, which is 12 months later than the original schedule. The delay can largely be attributed to the impact of Covid-19.

efficient FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT

The Company aims to manage its finances efficiently. It achieves this through the active monitoring of cash held and generated from operations to ensure cash covered dividends while managing corporate costs. It also seeks to minimise levels of unutilised cash holdings while retaining the financial flexibility to pursue new investment opportunities. Financial management is supported by appropriate hedging strategies and prudent use of the Company's corporate debt facility ('CDF').

Cash dividends paid in the period of GBP55.2 million (H1 2020: GBP51.5 million) were 1.3 times (H1 2020: 1.3 times) covered by the Company's net operating cash flows before capital activity. This achieved the Company's objective to generate dividends paid to investors through its operating cash flows.

Corporate costs were managed effectively during the period and represent 1.25% for the first six months of 2021 (H1 2020: 1.21%). This ratio has increased in the period due to the timing impact of a reduction in NAV during the period and corporate fees being calculated in arrears. Corporate costs include management fees paid of GBP13.0 million for the period to 30 June 2021 (H1 2020: GBP13.5 million). There were no changes in the status of the Company's related parties in the period from those reported in the December 2020 Annual Report.

As outlined on page 46 of the financial statements, IFRS profit before tax of GBP27.2 million was reported (30 June 2020: GBP35.4 million). The reduction compared to the prior corresponding period reflects a decrease in the valuation of the portfolio overall, primarily as a result of macroeconomic changes in the period.

The Company's cash balance as at 30 June 2021 was GBP53.4 million, an increase of GBP11.7 million on the year-end balance at 31 December 2020 of GBP44.3 million and resulting from portfolio distributions received in the period. Cash receipts from investments increased in the period, to GBP87.1 million (H1 2020: GBP82.9 million), reflecting the further growth and maturity of the portfolio. As detailed in note 10 of the financial statements, as well as on page12 of the Operating Review earlier in this report, GBP22.3 million of investments were made during the period to 30 June 2021, an increase on the same period last year (H1 2020: GBP11.7 million). Investment transaction costs paid in H1 2021 were GBP0.1 million (H1 2020: GBP0.5 million), a decrease due to the timing of payments, with remaining fees due accrued at the period end.

In March 2021, the Company's CDF was renewed and now matures in March 2024. The new facility has the same overall GBP400 million capacity as the previous fully committed arrangement but is structured to support the Company's near-term pipeline more efficiently with GBP250 million available on a fully committed basis together with a flexible 'accordion' component which will, subject to lender approval, allow for a future extension by an additional GBP150 million. The banking group for the existing facility has been retained, being National Australia Bank, the Royal Bank of Scotland International, Sumitomo Mitsui Banking Corporation and Barclays Bank. At 30 June 2021, the CDF was GBP56.0 million cash drawn (31 December 2020: GBP38.4 million cash drawn). Net financing costs paid were GBP3.3 million, an increase compared to the prior corresponding period (H1 2020: GBP2.1 million), reflecting the renewal and level of utilisation of the CDF during the period.

Performance against strategic priority KPIs:

1.3x Dividends fully cash covered

1.25% Ongoing charges ratio

SUMMARY OF CASH FLOWS

 
 SUMMARY OF CONSOLIDATED           Six months  Six months to  YEAR TO 31 DECEMBER 
  CASH FLOW                        to 30 June   30 June 2020                 2020 
                                         2021    GBP million          GBP MILLION 
                                  GBP million 
 Opening cash balance                    44.3           45.6                 45.6 
 Cash from investments                   87.1           82.9                153.0 
 Corporate costs (for ongoing 
  charges ratio)                       (14.7)         (14.6)               (28.3) 
 Net financing costs                    (3.3)          (2.1)                (4.2) 
==============================  =============  =============  =================== 
 Net operating cash flows 
  before capital activity(1)             69.1           66.2                120.5 
==============================  =============  =============  =================== 
 Cost of new investments               (22.3)         (11.7)               (30.0) 
 Investment transaction costs           (0.1)          (0.5)                (0.8) 
 Net movement of CDF                     17.6          (7.7)                 10.5 
 Dividends paid                        (55.2)         (51.5)              (101.5) 
 Closing cash balance                    53.4           40.4                 44.3 
==============================  =============  =============  =================== 
 Cash dividend cover                     1.3x           1.3x                 1.2x 
==============================  =============  =============  =================== 
 

1 Net operating cash flows before capital activity as disclosed above of c.GBP69.1 million (30 June 2020: c.GBP66.2 million) include net repayments from Investments at Fair Value through profit and loss of c.GBP30.8 million (30 June 2020: c.GBP17.8 million), and finance costs paid of c.GBP3.3 million (30 June 2020: c.GBP2.1 million) and exclude investment transaction costs of c.GBP0.1 million (30 June 2020: GBP0.5 million) when compared to net cash inflows from operations of c.GBP41.9 million (30 June 2020: c.GBP49.8 million) as disclosed in the statutory cash flow statement on page 49 of the financial statements.

CASH FLOWS ASSOCIATED WITH ONGOING CHARGES RATIO

 
 CORPORATE COSTS        Six months to 30  Six months to  YEAR TO 31 DECEMBER 
                               June 2021   30 June 2020                 2020 
                             GBP million    GBP million          GBP MILLION 
 Management fees                  (13.0)         (13.5)               (26.4) 
 Audit fees                        (0.4)          (0.2)                (0.2) 
 Directors' fees                   (0.2)          (0.2)                (0.4) 
 Other running costs               (1.1)          (0.7)                (1.3) 
=====================  =================  =============  =================== 
 Corporate costs                  (14.7)         (14.6)               (28.3) 
=====================  =================  =============  =================== 
 
 
 ONGOING CHARGES RATIO    Six months to 30  Six months to 30  YEAR TO 31 DECEMBER 
                                 June 2021         June 2020                 2020 
                               GBP million       GBP million          GBP MILLION 
 Annualised ongoing 
  charges(1)                        (29.4)            (29.2)               (28.3) 
 Average NAV(2)                    2,351.0           2,417.3              2,393.3 
 Ongoing charges                   (1.25%)           (1.21%)              (1.18%) 
=======================  =================  ================  =================== 
 

1 The Ongoing Charges ratio was prepared in accordance with the Association of Investment Companies' ('AIC') recommended methodology, noting this excludes non-recurring costs.

   2        Average of published NAVs for the relevant period. 

INVESTOR RETURNS

DIVID GROWTH

The Company targets predictable and, where possible, growing dividends. During the period, the Company paid a dividend of 3.68 pence per share in respect of the six months ended 31 December 2020. This brought the total dividends paid in respect of 2020 to 7.36 pence per share, consistent with forward guidance provided previously. As illustrated in the chart on page 2, the Company has delivered a c.2.5% average annual dividend increase since initial public offering ('IPO'). The Company is currently maintaining its previously announced dividend targets of 7.55 pence and 7.74 pence per share in respect of 2021 and 2022, respectively(1) .

TOTAL SHAREHOLDER RETURN ('TSR')

The Company's annualised TSR since the IPO to 30 June 2021 was 8.5%(2) . This compares to the annualised FTSE All-Share index TSR over the same period of 5.3%. The total return based on the NAV appreciation plus dividends paid since the IPO to 30 June 2021 is 7.6%(3) on an annualised basis compared to the Company's long-term target of 7.0%(3) .

As shown in the share price performance graph below, the Company has historically exhibited relatively low levels of correlation with the market. Whilst the correlation in 2020 increased owing to the impacts of Covid-19 on economies worldwide, it began to fall in the 12 months to 30 June 2021 and we anticipate the correlation to return to more normal levels over the longer term. For reference, the correlation with the FTSE All-Share index was 0.179 and 0.481 over the 12 months to 30 June 2019 (being the most recent comparable period prior to Covid-19) and 30 June 2021, respectively.

Performance against strategic priority KPIs:

7.6% p.a. IRR achieved since IPO(3) (31 December 2020: 7.7%)

Share Price Performance

[Diagram can be found in PDF version of this document on the Company's website].

Inflation-linked cash flows

In an environment where investors are focused on achieving long-term real rates of return on their investments, inflation protection is an important consideration for the Company. At 30 June 2021, the majority of assets in the portfolio had some degree of inflation-linkage and, in aggregate, the weighted average return of the portfolio (before fund-level costs) would be expected to increase by 0.75% per annum in response to a 1.00% per annum increase in all of the assumed inflation rates(4) .

1 There can be no assurance that these targets will be met or that the Company will make any distributions at all. Whilst we generally have good forward-visibility of cash flows generated by the Company's investments, the current Covid-19 pandemic creates additional uncertainty.

2 Since inception in November 2006. Source: Bloomberg. Share price appreciation plus dividends assumed to be reinvested.

3 Calculated by reference to the November 2006 IPO issue price of 100 pence and reflecting NAV appreciation plus dividends paid.

4 Calculated by running a 'plus 1.00%' inflation sensitivity for each investment and solving each investment's discount rate to return the original valuation. The inflation-linkage is the increase in the portfolio weighted average discount rate.

VALUATIONS

NAV

The NAV represents the fair value of the Company's investments plus the value of other net assets or liabilities held within the Group. The fair values of the Company's investments are determined by the Board, with the benefit of advice from the Investment Adviser, and are reviewed by the Company's auditor on a sample basis. The Company reports a 1.2% decrease in NAV from GBP2,384.4 million at 31 December 2020 to GBP2,356.5 million at 30 June 2021. Over the same period, the NAV per share decreased by 1.4% from 147.1 pence to 145.1 pence. The key drivers of the change in NAV are described in more detail below.

NAV Movements (GBPm)

[Diagram can be found in PDF version of this document on the Company's website].

The movements seen in the chart above are explained further below:

- The yields on the overwhelming majority of government bonds used as part of the valuation process increased during the period, resulting in a net GBP101.0 million decrease in the NAV;

- The net negative impact of the increase in government bond yields was more than offset by a decrease in the investment risk premia designed to ensure that (i) the valuations continue to reflect recent market-based evidence of pricing for infrastructure investments, and (ii) the discount rate used to value the Company's investment in Diabolo Rail reflects the lower level of risk within the forecast cash flows which assume a more conservative recovery in passenger numbers. The net impact of these adjustments was an increase in the NAV of GBP148.2 million;

- In line with forward guidance provided previously, a cash dividend of 3.68 pence per share totalling GBP55.2 million was paid to the Company's shareholders during the six months to 30 June 2021. This dividend was paid in respect of the six months ended 31 December 2020;

- During the period, Sterling strengthened against the Euro, Australian Dollar and US Dollar, whereas it marginally weakened against the Canadian Dollar (these being the four foreign currencies the Company is exposed to). Including the change in the value of the forward foreign exchange contracts, the net negative impact on the NAV was GBP19.5 million with the most significant impact seen on the Company's Euro-denominated investments;

- The long-term assumption for the UK Corporate Tax rate was increased from 19% to 25% (applicable from 1 April 2023 onwards) following the 2021 Budget announcement during the period, which was the most significant impact (negative GBP31.7 million) caused by changes to macroeconomic assumptions. Other, much less significant, changes to the macroeconomic assumptions include a one-year delay in the step up to the long-term deposit rate assumptions and an alignment of UK RPI to CPIH from 2030 onwards for relevant investments. Further details of these changes can be seen from the table on page 28 and in aggregate these had a negative GBP33.0 million impact on the NAV; and

   -     Among other things, the NAV Return of GBP32.6 million captures the impact of the following: 

o Unwinding of the discount rate;

o Updated operating assumptions to reflect current expectations of forecast cash flows. This includes updated forecasts for Diabolo rail passenger numbers, which continue to be subdued owing to travel restrictions caused by Covid-19. This risk had previously been accounted for through the discount rate but is now reflected in the revised forecast cash flows;

o Actual distributions received above the forecast amount due to active management of the Company's portfolio; and

o Changes in the Company's working capital position.

INVESTMENTS AT FAIR VALUE

The Investments at Fair Value represents the fair value of the Company's investments without consideration of the other net assets or liabilities held within the Group which are captured within the NAV. The Company reports a 1.1% decrease in the investments at fair value, from GBP2,345.4 million at 31 December 2020 to GBP2,320.3 million at 30 June 2021. The key drivers of the change in the Investments at Fair Value are described in more detail below.

Investments at Fair Value Movements (GBPm)

[Diagram can be found in PDF version of this document on the Company's website].

The movements seen in the chart above are explained further below.

   -     An increase of GBP22.3 million owing to new investments made during the period; 

- A decrease of GBP87.1 million due to distributions paid out from the portfolio during the period;

- The Rebased Investments at Fair Value of GBP2,280.6 million is presented in order to allow an assessment of the Portfolio Return assuming that the investments and distributions occurred at the start of the relevant period;

- The Portfolio Return of GBP48.0 million captures broadly the same items as the NAV Return (set out in detail on page 24) with the principal exception being the fund-level operating costs and portfolio working capital movements;

- There was a net decrease in the discount rates used by the Company to value its investments which had a positive GBP47.2 million impact on the Investments at Fair Value. Further information on the component parts of the impact shown is provided on page 25;

- During the period, Sterling strengthened against the Euro, Australian Dollar and US Dollar; whereas it marginally weakened against the Canadian Dollar (these being the four foreign currencies the Company is exposed to). The net negative impact on the Investments at Fair Value was GBP22.5 million with the most significant impact seen on the Company's Euro-denominated investments; and

- The long-term assumption for the UK Corporate Tax rate was increased from 19% to 25% (applicable from 1 April 2023 onwards) following the 2021 Budget announcement during the period, which was the most significant impact caused by changes to macroeconomic assumptions. Other, much less significant, changes to the macroeconomic assumptions include a one-year delay in the step up to the long-term deposit rates assumption and an alignment of UK RPI to CPIH from 2030 onwards for relevant investments. Further details of these changes can be seen from the table on page 28 and in aggregate these had a negative GBP33.0 million impact on the NAV.

PROJECTED CASH FLOWS

The Company's investments are generally expected to continue to exhibit predictable cash flows, owing to the principally contracted or regulated nature of the underlying cash flows. As the Company has a large degree of visibility over the forecast cash flows of its current investments, the chart below sets out the Company's forecast investment receipts from its current portfolio before fund-level costs.

The majority of the forecast investment receipts are in the form of dividends or interest and principal payments from subordinated and senior debt investments. The Company's portfolio comprises both investments with finite lives (determined by concession or licence terms) and perpetual investments that may be held for a much longer term. Over the term of investments with finite lives, the Company's receipts from these investments effectively represent a return of capital as well as income, and the fair value of such investments is expected to reduce to zero over time.

Projected Investment Receipts (GBPm)

[Diagram can be found in PDF version of this document on the Company's website].

Macroeconomic Assumptions

The Company reviews the macroeconomic assumptions underlying its forecasts on a regular basis. Following a thorough market assessment, it was resolved that certain adjustments should be made to the deposit rates and foreign exchange rates used to value the Company's overseas assets.

The key macroeconomic assumptions used as the basis for deriving the Company's investment valuations are summarised below, with further details provided in note 9 of the financial statements.

 
 MACROECONOMIC ASSUMPTIONS                     30 june 2021   31 December 2020 
---------------------------  -----------  -----------------  ----------------- 
 Inflation rates              UK            2.75% RPI/2.00%    2.75% RPI/2.00% 
                                                       CPIH               CPIH 
                               Australia              2.50%              2.50% 
                               Europe                 2.00%              2.00% 
                               Canada                 2.00%              2.00% 
                               US(1)                    N/A                N/A 
---------------------------  -----------  -----------------  ----------------- 
 Long-term deposit rates(2)   UK                      1.00%              1.00% 
                               Australia              2.00%              2.00% 
                               Europe                 0.50%              0.50% 
                               Canada                 1.50%              1.50% 
                               US(1)                    N/A                N/A 
---------------------------  -----------  -----------------  ----------------- 
 Foreign exchange rates       GBP/AUD                  1.84               1.77 
                               GBP/EUR                 1.16               1.11 
                               GBP/CAD                 1.72               1.74 
                               GBP/USD                 1.38               1.37 
---------------------------  -----------  -----------------  ----------------- 
 Tax rates(3)                 UK              19.00%/25.00%             19.00% 
                               Australia             30.00%             30.00% 
                               Europe       Various (12.50%    Various (12.50% 
                               Canada             - 32.28%)          - 32.28%) 
                               US(1)        Various (23.00%    Various (23.00% 
                                                  - 26.50%)          - 26.50%) 
                                                        N/A                N/A 
---------------------------  -----------  -----------------  ----------------- 
 

1 The Company's US investment is in the form of subordinated debt and therefore not directly impacted by inflation, deposit and tax rate assumptions.

2 The portfolio valuation assumes actual current deposit rates are maintained until 31 December 2023 before adjusting to the long-term rates noted in the table above from 1 January 2024. The 31 December 2020 valuation assumed the long-term rates noted in the table above would apply from 1 January 2023.

3 Tax rates reflect those substantively enacted as at the valuation date or those that could reasonably be expected to be substantively enacted shortly after the valuation date.

Discount Rates

The discount rate used to value each investment comprises the appropriate long-term government bond yield plus an investment-specific risk premium which reflects the risks and opportunities associated with that particular investment and is designed to ensure that the resulting valuation reflects prevailing market conditions.

The majority of the Company's portfolio (89.2%) comprises Risk Capital investments, while the remaining portion (10.8%) comprises senior debt investments. To provide investors with a greater level of transparency, the Company publishes both a Risk Capital weighted average discount rate and a portfolio weighted average discount rate - the latter of which captures the discount rates of all investments including the senior debt interests.

The weighted average discount rates are presented in the table overleaf.

 
                                                       31 DECEMBER 
                                        30 JUNE 2021          2020   MOVEMENT 
-------------------------------------  -------------  ------------  --------- 
 Weighted average government bond 
  yield - portfolio                            0.99%         0.56%      43bps 
-------------------------------------  -------------  ------------  --------- 
 Weighted average investment premium 
  - portfolio                                  5.82%         6.41%    (59bps) 
-------------------------------------  -------------  ------------  --------- 
 Weighted average discount rate 
  - portfolio                                  6.81%         6.97%    (16bps) 
-------------------------------------  -------------  ------------  --------- 
 Weighted average discount rate 
  - risk capital                               7.29%         7.52%    (23bps) 
-------------------------------------  -------------  ------------  --------- 
 

The Company is aware that there are differences in approach to the valuation of investments among listed infrastructure funds similar to the Company. In the Company's view, comparisons of discount rates between different listed infrastructure funds are only meaningful if there is a comparable level of confidence in the quality of forecast cash flows (i.e. assumptions are homogenous); the risk and return characteristics of different investment portfolios are understood; and allowance is made for differences in the quality of asset management employed to manage risk and deliver returns. Any focus on average discount rates without an assessment of these and other factors would be incomplete and could therefore lead to misleading conclusions.

VALUATION SENSITIVITIES

This section indicates the sensitivity of the 30 June 2021 NAV per share of 145.1 pence to changes in key assumptions. Further details can be found in note 9.5 of the financial statements. This analysis is provided as an indication of the potential impact of these assumptions on the NAV per share on the unlikely basis that the changes occur uniformly across the portfolio. The movement in each assumption could be higher or lower than presented. Further, forecasting the impact of these assumptions on the NAV in isolation cannot be relied on as an accurate guide to the future performance of the Company as many other factors and variables will combine to determine what actual future returns are available. These sensitivities should therefore be used only for general guidance and not as an accurate prediction of outcomes.

Estimated impact of changes in key variables on the 30 June 2021 NAV of 145.1p per Share

[Diagram can be found in PDF version of this document on the Company's website].

DISCOUNT RATES

The chart above indicates the sensitivity of the NAV per share to uniform changes to the discount rates applied to the forecast cash flows from each individual investment.

INFLATION

The impact of inflation on the value of each investment depends upon the extent to which the revenues and costs of that particular investment are linked to an inflation index. On a portfolio basis, there is a positive correlation to inflation with a 1.00% sustained increase in the assumed inflation rates projected to generate a 0.75% increase in returns (31 December 2020: 0.78%). The returns generated by the Company's UK investments are typically linked to the Retail Price Index ('RPI'), whereas the Company's non-UK investments are typically linked to the relevant Consumer Price Index ('CPI') for that jurisdiction. Further to recent announcements by the UK's energy and water regulators, the revenues earned by Cadent and Tideway will be linked to the CPIH (CPI including owner occupied housing costs) from 2021 and 2030, respectively. The regulators have stated that this is not designed to negatively impact companies but rather to reflect the perceived shortcomings of the RPI (i.e. the regulators' intention is for the transition from RPI to CPIH to be valuation neutral).

In anticipation of the UK Government's previously announced intention to align the RPI to the CPIH from 2030 onwards, the inflation assumption used for UK investments which do not benefit from protective contractual agreements or regulatory precedents has been aligned to CPI from 2030. For the avoidance of doubt, the impact of this approach on the NAV is negligible. Furthermore, the inflation sensitivities by geographical region are provided in note 9.5 of the financial statements.

FOREIGN EXCHANGE

The Company has a geographically diverse portfolio and forecast cash flows from investments are subject to foreign exchange rate risk in relation to Euros, Australian Dollars, Canadian Dollars and US Dollars. The Company seeks to mitigate the impact of foreign exchange rate changes on near-term cash flows by entering into forward contracts, but the Company does not hedge exposure to foreign exchange rate risk on long-term cash flows. The impact of a 10% increase or decrease in these rates is provided for illustration.

DEPOSIT RATES

The long-term weighted average deposit rate assumption across the portfolio is 1.05% per annum. While operating cash balances tend to be low given the structured nature of the investments, project finance structures typically include reserve accounts to mitigate certain costs and therefore variations to deposit rates may impact valuations. The impact of a 1.00% increase or decrease in these rates is provided for illustration.

TAX RATES

Post-tax investment cash inflows are impacted by tax rates across all relevant jurisdictions. The impact of a 1.00% increase or decrease in these rates is provided for illustration. Other potential tax changes are not covered by this scenario.

LIFECYCLE SP

There is a process of renewal required to keep physical assets fit for use and the proportion of total cost that represents this 'lifecycle spend' will depend on the nature of the asset.

PPPs will typically need to ensure that the assets are kept at the standard required of them under agreements with relevant public sector counterparties. To enhance the certainty around cash flows, the majority of the Company's PPP investments, and all of the Company's OFTO investments, are currently structured such that lifecycle cost risk is taken by a subcontractor for a fixed price (isolating equity investors from such downside risk). As a result, the impact of changes to the forecast lifecycle costs for the Company's PPP investments is relatively small.

The Company's investments in rolling stock leasing or operating businesses, or businesses providing digital infrastructure, are also distinct from PPPs which have fixed revenue streams from which they need to pay lifecycle costs. These businesses will still expect to incur lifecycle costs but will typically aim to recover any changes in lifecycle costs through the prices they charge their end-users.

Tideway and Cadent are treated differently due to the protections offered by the regulatory regimes under which they operate. Regulated assets have their revenues determined for a known regulatory period and each settlement includes revenue sufficient to allow the owner to undertake the efficient lifecycle management of its assets due in that regulatory period. It is common practice to employ reputable subcontractors to undertake lifecycle work under contracts which include incentive and penalty regimes aligned with the businesses' regulatory targets. This approach ensures an alignment of interest and helps to mitigate the risk of increased lifecycle costs falling on the equity investor. Accordingly, no lifecycle sensitivity has been run in respect of the Company's investments in Tideway and Cadent.

The impact of a 10% increase or decrease in the lifecycle costs incurred by the Company's PPPs, OFTOs and operating businesses is provided for illustration.

PRINCIPAL and emerging RISKS AND UNCERTAINTIES

The Board seeks to mitigate and manage risks relating to the Company through continual review, policy setting and enforcement of contractual obligations. It also regularly monitors the investment environment and the management of the Company's portfolio. The Company's approach to risk is set out in the Risk Report in the 2020 Annual Report and financial statements (pages 48 to 60), the Risk Report includes an overview of the principal and emerging risks and their mitigation. Risk factors are also detailed further in the Company's last Prospectus (the Placing, Open Offer and Offer for Subscription and Placing Programme Prospectus published on 12 April 2017). There have been no significant changes in the nature or assessment of the principal and emerging risks reported in the 2020 Annual Report and financial statements. These risks and uncertainties are expected to remain relevant to the Company for the next six months of its financial year and include (but are not limited to):

- Political and regulatory risk - the businesses in which the Company invests are subject to potential changes in policy and legal requirements;

- Asset performance and physical asset risk - the Company's ability to meet investment return targets is affected by the performance of the assets in its portfolio;

- Counterparty risk - the Company's investments are dependent on the performance of a series of counterparties to contracts

- Macroeconomic risk - the Company's ability to meet target returns may be adversely or positively impacted by macroeconomic changes including inflation, foreign exchange and interest rate movements;

- Contract risk - the ability of counterparties to operate contracts to the detriment of the Company and the risk of default under contract whether by the Company, its subsidiaries or their counterparties;

- Climate change - an emerging risk which has the potential to impact infrastructure assets through such effects as physical damage as a result of extreme weather, change in demand and usage and impact from new regulatory requirements; and

- Other risks - including other regulatory risks (including tax and accounting policies and practices) associated with the Company and its projects, financial forecasting, IT and cyber risks; Covid-19-related risks; and changes in the competitive environment which may have an adverse impact on the Company.

The Board considers and reviews, on a regular basis, the risks to which the Company is exposed.

By order of the Board

 
 Mike Gerrard       John Le Poidevin 
 Chair              Director 
 8 September 2021   8 September 2021 
 

RESPONSIBLE INVESTMENT

RESPONSIBLE INVESTMENT

APPROACH

The Company believes that the financial performance of its investments is linked to environmental and social success and as such, the Company considers issues that have the potential to impact the performance of its investments, both now and in the future.

Consideration of ESG drivers is an essential part of how the Company assesses the long-term viability of the investments that it makes and its associated asset management strategies. ESG drivers are non-financial factors that can influence and be influenced by the Company's business activities and include factors such as climate change, demographics, resources, technology and social values.

ESG is important to the Company for the following key reasons:

   -       ESG drivers present an opportunity for new markets and investments; 

- Incorporating ESG into the Company's management processes supports its high standards of financial rigour and requirements for long-term financial performance; and

- By investing in infrastructure and associated businesses, the Company can meaningfully support sustainable development.

The Company's approach to sustainability and ESG integration is described in more detail in its recently published Sustainability Report, which can be found on the Company's website(1) .

POLICY

The Company has a common ESG Policy2 with its Investment Adviser. It defines the objectives and approach to embedding ESG in operations, investments and the communities in which the Company's investments operate.

governance

the role of the board and committees

The Board has overall responsibility for ESG and ensuring it is fully integrated into all aspects of the investment strategy. To support it in this role, the Board established a new ESG Committee in March 2021. The ESG Committee provides a forum for discussion, support and challenge, with respect to ESG. This includes the policies adopted by the Company in relation to both investments and divestments and by its Investment Adviser regarding its asset management and reporting activities on such matters that relate to the Company. The ESG Committee meets quarterly, and its full Terms of Reference can be found on the Company's website.

In addition to the ESG Committee, ESG responsibilities are applied through the following committees:

- Investment Committee: The Company's Investment Committee ensures ESG has been appropriately considered through the investment and divestment processes and provides a robust challenge to the Investment Adviser on such processes;

- Audit and Risk Committee: The Company's Audit and Risk Committee oversees the Company's approach to ESG disclosures and reporting to its stakeholders and ensures all risk management frameworks consider material ESG risks (e.g. climate change); and

- Management Engagement Committee: The Company's Management Engagement Committee reviews the effectiveness of ESG integration by the Investment Adviser.

ROLE OF THE INVESTMENT ADVISER

The Company's Investment Adviser is responsible for implementing the Company's ESG policies into the Company's activities on a day-to-day basis. This includes the integration of ESG considerations through investment origination and the management of the Company's investments.

Amber's Executive Committee is responsible for the stewardship of Amber's business and affairs. The Executive Committee discharges its sustainability responsibilities directly through its internal Risk Committee, ESG Steering Committee and Corporate Social Responsibility ('CSR') Sub-Committee.

Amber's ESG Steering Committee also interfaces with the Company's ESG Committee, ensuring the Company is able to monitor the ESG performance of the Company's portfolio, and is kept abreast of emerging ESG risks and opportunities, such as climate change, to inform the Company's strategy.

For more information, please refer to Amber's Global Sustainability Report, which can be found on the Amber website: www.amberinfrastructure.com.

1 https://www.internationalpublicpartnerships.com/media/2471/inpp-2021-sustainability-report.pdf

   2        https://www.amberinfrastructure.com/media/2231/esg-policy_final.pdf. 

SUSTAINABILITY AND ESG FRAMEWORKS

To deliver the ESG Policy and guide the Company's ESG strategy, the Company draws on several frameworks and benchmarks to provide direction. These frameworks are reviewed on an annual basis to ensure that the Company remains at the forefront of sustainable investment, operations and reporting.

Ambition

The Company believes that investing in infrastructure which supports a sustainable, prosperous, equitable and resilient society will maintain robust financial performance for its shareholders. It is supportive of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development adopted by the UN Member States in 2015. Alongside the research of its Investment Adviser into emerging trends and technologies, the Company draws on the SDGs to help guide its approach to sustainability.

ESG integration

To benchmark its ESG integration performance, the Company's Investment Adviser became a signatory of the PRI in August 2019. The Company's investment-related activities, as overseen by the Investment Adviser, are in line with commitments to the Principles.

The Company is pleased to report that its Investment Adviser obtained an A+ ranking for both the Strategy and Governance and the Infrastructure modules in 2020.

Climate change

Climate change presents both transitional and physical risks to the Company's investments. As such, it continues to be a high priority for the Company. The Company has aligned its investment activity with the objectives of the Paris Agreement and has commenced the process of adopting the TCFD recommendations.

As previously noted, during 2020, the Company's Investment Adviser commissioned an external third party to review the Company's current practices and make recommendations as to how it can enhance its approach and

disclosures according to the TCFD Guidelines.   Please see more information on page 40. 

Infrastructure performance standards

The Company recognises its biggest impact on sustainable development is through its investments, which are wide-ranging in their nature. The Company's priority is to ensure it focuses on material issues for each sector in which it invests, and it draws on international industry practice to help identify what is important for each sector.

Where possible, the Company draws on recognised third party benchmarks ('designated index') to serve as a proxy for assessing whether an investment meets or manages material sustainability credentials.

[Relevant logo graphics can be found in PDF version of this document on the Company's website].

Emerging regulatory frameworks

The Company is mindful and supportive of several emerging regulatory frameworks in relation to sustainable finance, particularly the EU Sustainable Finance Disclosure ('SFDR'), EU Taxonomy for Sustainable Activities ('EU Taxonomy') and expected UK Sustainability Disclosure Requirements ('SDR'). As a Guernsey-based investment company listed on the London Stock Exchange, the Company is not required to make any specific disclosures at the time of publishing this report. However, the Board is committed to supporting its shareholders and upholding the highest levels of transparency and appreciates the importance of considering sustainability risks and opportunities as part of its investment process.

IMPACT

By investing in the 'right type' of infrastructure, the Company believes its investments can significantly support the targets set out by the SDGs. For each investment sector, the Company has identified which SDGs its investments are positively supporting. The Company's contribution to the SDGs at the macro level is summarised below(1) .

 
            SDG                         Contribution                             Impact                  SDG Portfolio 
                                                                                                          alignment(2) 
--------------------------  ------------------------------------  ------------------------------------  -------------- 
                                 Good Health and Wellbeing. 
                                 The Company has investments 
                                in over 35 health facilities, 
                                 including the award-winning                    >544,000 
                                 Royal Children's Hospital in           Patients treated annually 
                                 Melbourne, providing access             in healthcare facilities 
                               to quality essential health-care          developed and managed by 
             3                            services.                            the Company                    4% 
--------------------------  ------------------------------------  ------------------------------------  -------------- 
                                                                               37,000,000 
                                                                         The three components of 
                                 Clean Water and Sanitation.         the London Tideway improvements 
                                 The Thames Tideway Tunnel is          work conjunctively to reduce 
                                  the biggest infrastructure             discharges in a typical 
                                  project ever undertaken by             year by about 37 million 
             6                      the UK water industry.                     cubic metres                   9% 
--------------------------  ------------------------------------  ------------------------------------  -------------- 
                                  Industry, Innovation and 
                                       Infrastructure. 
                                   Investing in resilient 
                                       infrastructure 
                                 is at the heart of what we 
                                 do. The Company's portfolio 
                             is invested into quality, reliable, 
                                  sustainable and resilient                     131,000km 
                                      infrastructure(1)                Length of gas transportation 
             9                                .                                  pipeline                     20% 
--------------------------  ------------------------------------  ------------------------------------  -------------- 
                                  Peace, Justice and Strong 
                             Institutions. Through the provision 
                             of high-quality judicial buildings, 
                                  the Company is supporting 
                                         effective,                                13 
                                accountable, and transparent           Police Stations and Judicial 
            16                   institutions at all levels.                    buildings                     5% 
--------------------------  ------------------------------------  ------------------------------------  -------------- 
                                   Quality Education. Good 
                                       infrastructure 
                                  is at the base of quality 
                                         education. 
                                By investing directly in 267 
                             education facilities, and managing                 >195,000 
                                them sustainably, the Company           Students attending schools 
                               can support effective learning            developed and managed by 
             4                      environments for all.                      the Company                    19% 
--------------------------  ------------------------------------  ------------------------------------  -------------- 
                                Affordable and Clean Energy. 
                              Through the Company's investments 
                                  in offshore transmission                     >1,300,000 
                                        investments,                   Homes powered by renewable 
                               we are supporting the provision         energy transmitted through 
             7                 of affordable and clean energy.      offshore transmission investments         22% 
--------------------------  ------------------------------------  ------------------------------------  -------------- 
                             Sustainable Cities and Communities. 
                                The Company's investments in                  >151,000,000 
                             transport provide safe, affordable,        Annual passenger journeys 
                                 accessible and sustainable           through sustainable transport 
            11                         transportation.                         investments                    21% 
--------------------------  ------------------------------------  ------------------------------------  -------------- 
 1 Data reflects annual 
  performance. 
  2 Investment Fair Value. 
 
 

SUSTAINABLE MANAGEMENT

The Company's metrics against the SDGs illustrate the positive social effects that its portfolio of investments can provide. However, there are also potential adverse impacts from any investment and these need to be managed responsibly.

The Company is focused on managing material ESG risks and opportunities at the individual investment level. This allows the Company to target and manage material ESG issues, which can vary considerably across a diverse portfolio of investments. The Company's Investment Adviser monitors over 30 indicators to assess portfolio performance against its minimum requirements and active management sustainability aims through its bi-annual survey.

The Company is working towards producing a harmonised suite of portfolio level indicators that will support its shareholders in monitoring progress and provide them with disclosures to support their own reporting requirements, including TCFD, SFDR and expected UK-specific SDR. To support the Company in developing these overarching disclosures, it is working towards ensuring all its investments:

   -       Monitor energy, water and waste and provide appropriate metrics; 
   -       Implement a robust Diversity and Inclusion Policy and develop appropriate metrics; and 

- Implement a robust Health and Safety Policy and monitor and disclose Accident Frequency Rate.

Progress against these is disclosed on the following pages, along with selected sector-specific indicators across five asset categories(1) : social infrastructure, waste water, transport, energy transmission and gas distribution. Where the Company has relevant data, e.g. greenhouse gas ('GHG') emissions, they have been disclosed. Please see more information in the Company's Sustainability Report, which can be found on the Company's website(2) .

Energy transmission

As the impacts of a changing climate become more apparent to our society and the solutions more urgent, it has never been more important to transition towards efficient, sustainable energy systems. Offshore wind generation is a success story for the UK. Long-term government support has underpinned innovation and investment in the sector, helping to drive down costs while contributing to decarbonisation of the economy.

impact

 
 Homes powered by renewable energy transmitted   1.3 million   SDG 7 
  by OFTOs 
 Transmission capacity                           1.5GW 
 

KEY SECTOR SUSTAINABILITY METRICS

 
 OFTO investments monitor energy         100% 
 Accident Frequency Rate                 0 
 OFTO investments monitor waste          100% 
 OFTO investments monitor water usage    100% 
 

case study

Sustainability aim - Encourage a zero-harm culture across all investments.

Whilst the positive impacts of the Company's OFTO investments are clear, it's imperative that they are managed safely. The Company, through its Investment Adviser, directly manages the Company's OFTO investments. This enables it to directly manage its approach to health and safety, which is extremely strong with a zero-accident frequency rate.

The asset management framework is governed by the ISO9001 (Quality) and OHSAS 18001 (Health and safety) management system that is used to control and measure all activities discharged by Transmission Capital Services.

1 The data described in this section does not include the Company's investments in NDIF, US Military Housing or Brescia Hospital.

2 https://www.internationalpublicpartnerships.com/media/2471/inpp-2021-sustainability-report.pdf

TRANSPORT

Well-planned and coordinated transport infrastructure is fundamental to the economic and social wellbeing of a community. It is also becoming increasingly important to combat climate change and has been identified as a crucial part of net zero carbon strategies emerging internationally.

impact

 
 Annual passenger journeys        >151m    SDG 8 and 11 
 Annual train km travelled        >825m 
 Full time equivalent employees   >2,290 
 

KEY SECTOR SUSTAINABILITY METRICS

 
 Rail investments monitor energy         100% 
 Rail investments monitor waste          60% 
 Rail investments monitor water usage    80% 
 Accident Frequency Rate                 2.39 
 Female employees                        24% 
 Composition of train fleet that is 
  electric                               89% 
 

CASE STUDY

Sustainability aim - Reduce carbon emissions to work towards alignment with the goals of the Paris Agreement.

Rail is a low-carbon mode of transport, and there is an opportunity to improve environmental performance further and help support net zero ambitions. Angel Trains has developed HyDrive, an innovative, intelligent and flexible hybrid drive system for rail vehicles. It will result in smarter trains through intelligent management of energy to enable maximum energy recovery and enable high levels of efficiency. Trains will be quieter through the use of the smaller, modern range engines with less noise and vibration and battery only running in stations and other urban areas.

WASTE WATER

Environmental infrastructure provides cities and towns with water supply, waste disposal and pollution control services. These municipal works serve two important purposes, including protecting human health and safeguarding environmental quality.

impact

 
 Diverted waste water discharges when      >37m cubic   SDG 6, 8 and 11 
  operational                               metres 
 New public space following construction   3 acres 
 Full-time equivalent employees            >2,200 
 

KEY SECTOR SUSTAINABILITY METRICS

 
 Scope 2 Greenhouse gas emissions          12 tCO (2) 
                                            e 
 Scope 3 Greenhouse gas emissions          79,295 tCO 
                                            (2) e 
 Beneficial reuse of excavated material    100% 
 Accident Frequency Rate                   0.45 
 Female employees                          55% 
 

CASE STUDY

Sustainability aim - Reduce all types of pollution and work towards improved air quality.

Through Tideway's More by River strategy, the project ensures that it transports as many materials as possible by river, keeping lorry movements off London's roads to limit pollution, congestion and to protect road users.

The project's use of river transport is on a scale unprecedented in the UK in modern times. Tideway has committed to transport 90% of tunnel spoil - about 4.2 million tonnes - by river. This requires a major modernisation of the fleet of commercial boats operating on the river, and Tideway has been a key partner in a new training centre for river boat operators called the Thames Skills Academy ('TSA').

1 Tideway monitors energy, water, waste and has robust health and safety and diversity and inclusion policies.

GAS DISTRIBUTION

Natural gas is one of the mainstays of global energy. Where it replaces more polluting fuels, it improves air quality and limits emissions of carbon dioxide. Since 2010, coal to gas as a source of energy has saved around 500 million tonnes of CO2. Natural gas is also a potential complement to renewable energy in that it can provide cover for the intermittency of power generated by renewables when the wind is not blowing or when the sun is not shining.

impact

 
 Maximum energy throughput               5.7 million   SDG 8,9 and 11 
                                          GJ/day 
 Homes and businesses connected to gas   >11 million 
 Full-time equivalent employees          >6,00 
 

KEY SECTOR SUSTAINABILITY METRICS(1)

 
 Scope 1 Greenhouse gas emissions    11,018tCO 
                                      (2) e 
 Scope 2 Greenhouse gas emissions    3,037tCO 
                                      (2) e 
 Waste diverted from landfill        98% 
 Accident Frequency Rate             0.05 
 Female employees                    21% 
 

CASE STUDY

Sustainability aim - Reduce carbon emissions to work towards alignment with the goals of the Paris Agreement.

HyDeploy is a pioneering hydrogen energy project designed to help reduce UK CO(2) emissions and reach the Government's net zero target for 2050. As the first-ever live demonstration of hydrogen in homes, HyDeploy aims to prove that blending up to 20% volume of hydrogen with natural gas is a safer and greener alternative to the gas we use now. It is providing evidence on how customers do not have to change their cooking or heating appliances to take the blend, which means less disruption and cost.

We see this as a significant step towards supporting the transition to clean forms of hydrogen, and decarbonisation of heat.

SOCIAL INFRASTRUCTURE

Social infrastructure is pivotal to the development of sustainable communities. While the provision of housing, clean water and electricity are vital for meeting basic human needs, other services such as schools and healthcare facilities are equally important for ensuring the long-term wellbeing of people.

impact

 
 Pupils                                    >195,000   SDG 3, 4, 8 and 
                                                       16 
 Patients                                  >540,000 
 Police stations and judicial buildings    13 
 Full-time equivalent employees            >4,000 
 

KEY SECTOR SUSTAINABILITY METRICS

 
 Social infrastructure investments monitor 
  energy                                      99% 
 Social infrastructure investments monitor 
  waste                                       33% 
 Social infrastructure investments monitor 
  water usage                                 96% 
 Accident Frequency Rate                      0.48 
 

CASE STUDY

Sustainability aim - Investments actively considering future technology-driven risks and opportunities.

Melbourne's Royal Children's Hospital ('RCH') has been providing outstanding care for Victoria's children and their families for over 150 years. The new hospital was built in 2011, bringing together six levels of clinical, research and education facilities over 200,000 square metres within the 4.1 hectare site. Inspired by the quality of light, the textures and forms of its parkland setting, the new RCH delivers a patient and family-focused healing environment based on the latest evidence and research-based design principles. Innovative features incorporated into the design include a meerkat enclosure, interactive gaming screen, an aquarium, and a children-only activity room. These types of features present the hospital, not as a frightening or intimidating place for the children who are the recipients of care, but as an exciting hub of activity with things to do and friends to meet.

1 Cadent monitors energy, water, waste and has robust health and safety and diversity and inclusion policies.

CLIMATE-RELATED FINANCIAL DISCLOSURES

Climate change presents both transitional and physical risks to the Company's investments. As such, it continues to be a high priority for the Company, and it has commenced adopting the recommendations of the TCFD. As previously reported, during 2020, the Company's Investment Adviser commissioned an external third party to undertake a review of the Company's current practices and make recommendations as to how we can enhance our approach and disclosures in accordance with the TCFD Guidelines.

Climate change is considered alongside other ESG risks by the Company's ESG Committee, Investment Committee and Audit and Risk Committee. The table below shows a summary of our progress against the TCFD recommendations, which will be enhanced in due course.

 
 GOVERNANCE 
  Disclose the organisation's governance around climate-related risks 
  and opportunities. 
 a) Describe the board's           The Board sets the strategy for the Company 
  oversight of climate-related      and makes decisions on changes to the portfolio 
  risks and opportunities.          (including approval of acq uisitions, disposals 
                                    and valuations). Through Board committees , 
                                    and the advice of external independent advisers, 
                                    it manages the governance and risks of the 
                                    Company. 
                                    The Board has overall responsibility for ESG 
                                    and ensuring it is integrated into the Company's 
                                    investment strategy, including in relation 
                                    to climate change. The Board maintains oversight 
                                    of climate risk in the following ways: 
                                     *    Investment Committee: The Company's Investment 
                                          Committee ensures climate change risks and 
                                          opportunities have been appropriately considered 
                                          through the investment and divestment processes and 
                                          provides a robust challenge to the Investment 
                                          Adviser. 
 
 
                                     *    Audit and Risk Committee: The Company's Audit and 
                                          Risk Committee oversees the Company's approach to ESG 
                                          disclosures and ensures all risk management 
                                          frameworks consider material climate change 
                                          disclosures. 
 
 
                                     *    ESG Committee: The Company's ESG Committee monitors 
                                          its approach to climate cha nge, including 
                                          consideration of climate change strategy, disclosures 
                                          and targets. 
 
 
                                    The Company's Investment Adviser is responsible 
                                    for implementing the Company's ESG policies 
                                    into the Company's activities on a day-to-day 
                                    basis. This includes the integration of ESG, 
                                    and specifically climate change, considerations 
                                    through investment origination and management 
                                    of the Company's investments. 
 b) Describe management's 
  role in assessing and 
  managing climate-related 
  risks and opportunities. 
 STRATEGY 
  Disclose the actual and potential impacts of climate-related risks 
  and opportunities on the organisation's businesses, strategy, and 
  financial planning where such information is material. 
 a) Describe the climate-related   Both the risks and opportunities presented 
  risks and opportunities           by climate change are a key focus for the Board 
  the organisation has              . Alongside aligning with the recommendations 
  identified over the               of the TCFD, t he Company has aligned its investment 
  short, medium and long-term.      activity with the objectives of the Paris Agreement. 
                                    The Company's investments are located in the 
                                    UK, Ireland, mainland Europe, North America 
                                    and Australia. All these regions are forecast 
                                    to experience a changing climate, including 
                                    increasing episodes of extreme heat, water 
                                    stress, flooding and extreme precipitation 
                                    to varying degrees. As an investor in infrastructure 
                                    projects and associated businesses, the Company's 
                                    investments will be directly exposed to changes 
                                    in weather. 
                                    The transition to a low-carbon economy will 
                                    largely be dependent on the right types of 
                                    infrastructure being in place to allow communities 
                                    to live net zero lifestyles. The changes required 
                                    are wide-ranging, including decarbonisation 
                                    of heat, increased electrification of transportation 
                                    and other systems previously dependent on fossil 
                                    fuels, and decarbonisation of construction. 
                                    As an investor in infrastructure, which will 
                                    be required to support this, there is a significant 
                                    opportunity for the Company. 
                                    The Company believes its portfolio is well 
                                    positioned to align with a low-carbon economy. 
                                    By way of example, over 80 % of the portfolio 
                                    is either directly linked to clean energy transmission, 
                                    sustainable transport or other easier to transition 
                                    sectors (e.g. waste water, social infrastructure). 
                                    21% of the portfolio is committed to rail investments, 
                                    where the majority use electric trains and 
                                    are playing an important role in modal shift 
                                    (e.g. encouraging people out of cars and into 
                                    cleaner public transport). Only a small minority 
                                    of the value is linked to diesel units where 
                                    the railway is not yet electrified. The Company 
                                    is reassured that, within this small minority, 
                                    plans are in place to align fleets with a low-carbon 
                                    economy. For example, the product management 
                                    team within Angel Trains has developed a decarbonisation 
                                    road map which focuses on new propulsion technologies 
                                    that eliminate classic diesel propulsion or 
                                    reduce its impac t in terms of emissions and 
                                    fuel usage. This includes its innovative programme, 
                                    HyDrive, which is looking to retrofit diesel 
                                    units with hybrid technology. Please see more 
                                    information on page 35. 
                                    The remaining 16.5% of the portfolio is invested 
                                    in Cadent, a gas distribution network. Whilst 
                                    currently distributing natural gas, Cadent 
                                    is taking great strides to advance research 
                                    required to support hydrogen within its networks. 
                                    The UK Government's ten-point plan outlines 
                                    the integral role of hydrogen and Carbon Capture 
                                    and Storage in its net zero strategy. One of 
                                    the great advantages of using hydrogen to decarbonise 
                                    the gas grid is the reuse of existing infrastructure, 
                                    rather than building hydrogen infrastructure 
                                    from scratch, at great financial and environmental 
                                    cost. There is much to be gained from using 
                                    existing infrastructure. Cadent is very much 
                                    leading this initiative with its innovative 
                                    hydrogen pilot, HyDeploy, as described on page 
                                    36. 
                                    The Company is focused on identifying current 
                                    and evolving climate risks and mitigating these 
                                    risks. The Company's Investment Adviser is 
                                    also working towards obtaining a better understanding 
                                    of the potential financial impacts and our 
                                    resilience with regard to different climate 
                                    scenarios. 
 b) Describe the impact 
  of climate-related 
  risks and opportunities 
  on the organisation's 
  businesses, strategy 
  and financial planning. 
 c) Describe the resilience 
  of the organisation's 
  strategy, taking into 
  consideration different 
  climate-related scenarios, 
  including a 2degC or 
  lower scenario. 
 RISK 
  Disclose how the organisation identifies, assesses and manages climate-related 
  risks. 
 a) Describe the organisation's    The Company anticipates that parts of its investment 
  processes for identifying         portfolio may need to adapt, adjust and manage 
  and assessing climate-related     risks in response to climate-related exposures. 
  risks.                            As a result, the Company is implementing a 
                                    process that see ks to improve its existing 
                                    framework for identifying climate-related risks 
                                    across the portfolio and to assess areas requiring 
                                    greater scrutiny. The climate risk identification 
                                    and management process is integrated within 
                                    the risk management process where climate risk 
                                    is a subset of wider risk categories including 
                                    political, financial, operational and strategic 
                                    risks. 
                                    The Board is ultimately responsible for risk 
                                    management. Oversight of the risk framework 
                                    and management process is delegated to the 
                                    Audit and Risk Committee. The risk framework 
                                    has been designed to manage, rather than eliminate, 
                                    the risk of failure to meet business objectives. 
                                    No system of control can provide absolute assurance 
                                    against the incidence of risk, misstatement, 
                                    or loss. Regard is given to the materiality 
                                    of relevant risks in designing systems of risk 
                                    management and internal control. While responsibility 
                                    for risk management ultimately rests with the 
                                    Board, the aim is for the risk management framework 
                                    to be embedded as part of the everyday operations 
                                    and culture of the Company and its key advisers. 
                                    The Company's approach to climate change risk 
                                    sits alongside other requirements to which 
                                    we are subject under applicable law and the 
                                    Company's internal policies and procedures, 
                                    such as the requirement to have robust risk 
                                    management policies and procedures. Please 
                                    refer to the Company's Annual Report for more 
                                    information in relation to the Company's approach 
                                    to risk management. 
 b) Describe the organisation's 
  processes for managing 
  climate-related risks. 
 c) Describe how processes 
  for identifying, assessing 
  and managing climate-related 
  risks are integrated 
  into the organisation's 
  overall risk management. 
 METRICS 
  Disclose the metrics and targets used to assess and manage relevant 
  climate-related risks and opportunities where such information is 
  material. 
 a) Disclose the metrics           The Company has been monitoring and disclosing 
  used by the organisation          greenhouse gas in its reporting since 2018. 
  to assess climate-related         Please refer to pages 35 to 36 for emissions. 
  risks and opportunities           The Company is actively developing a carbon 
  in line with its strategy         footprint across all its investments to establish 
  and risk management               a baseline and will be developing ways to enhance 
  process.                          its consideration and disclosure of transition 
                                    and physical risks of climate change. This 
                                    baseline is focusing on Scope 1 and 2 emissions 
                                    initially and will seek Scope 3 emissions where 
                                    available. 
                                    The Company is in the process of reviewing 
                                    relevant climate-related metrics and targets, 
                                    which include the consideration of TCFD's supplementary 
                                    guidance on metrics. To support the Company 
                                    in developing these overarching disclosures, 
                                    it is working towards ensuring 100% of its 
                                    investments monitor energy, water and waste 
                                    and provide appropriate metrics. Currently 
                                    99% of the investments within the Company's 
                                    portfolio monitor energy. 
 b) Disclose Scope 1, 
  Scope 2, and, if appropriate, 
  Scope 3 GHG emissions, 
  and the related risks. 
 c) Describe the targets 
  used by the organisation 
  to manage climate-related 
  risks and opportunities 
  and performance against 
  targets. 
 

CORPORATE GOVERANCE

BOARD OF DIRECTORS

The table below details all Directors of the Company during the six month period ended 30 June 2021.

 
 Mike Gerrard         John Le           Claire Whittet(1)              Julia            Sally-Ann          Meriel            Giles 
  Board Chair,         Poidevin(1)       Chair, Management             Bond (1)          David(1)          Lenfestey(1)       Frost 
  Chair, Investment    Chair, Audit      Engagement                    Chair, 
  Committee            and Risk          Committee                     Risk 
                       Committee         Senior Independent            Sub-Committee; 
                                         Director,                     Chair, 
                                         with effect                   Nomination 
                                         from 28 May                   and 
                                         2020                          Remuneration 
                                                                       Committee 
-------------------  ----------------  -----------------------------  ---------------  -----------------  ----------------  ----------------- 
 A resident           A resident        A resident                     A resident       A resident         A resident        A resident 
 in the UK,           of Guernsey,       of Guernsey,                  in the           of Guernsey,       of Guernsey,       in the 
 Mike has             John has           Claire has                    UK, Julia        Sally-Ann          Meriel has         UK, Giles 
 over 30 years        over 25 years      over 40 years'                has 27           has over           27 years           is a founder 
 of financial         of business        experience                    years'           35 years           of multi-sector    of Amber 
 and management       experience.        in the banking                experience       of experience      business           Infrastructure 
 experience           John is a          industry                      of capital       in                 experience.        and has 
 in global            Fellow of          with Bank                     markets          infrastructure     With a             worked 
 infrastructure       the Institute      of Scotland,                  in the           projects           background         in the 
 investment.          of Chartered       Bank of Bermuda               financial        in the energy      in                 infrastructure 
 He has held          Accountants        and Rothschild                sector           sector,            human-centred      investments 
 a number             in England         and Co Bank                   and held         including          design for         sector 
 of senior            and Wales          International,                senior           international      technology,        for over 
 positions,           and a former       where she                     positions        offshore           she brings         20 years. 
 including            partner of         was latterly                  within           transmission       a strategic        Giles 
 as an assistant      BDO LLP,           managing                      Credit           systems and        end-user           is Chair 
 director             where he           director                      Suisse,          the challenges     focus and          and a 
 of Morgan            held a number      and co-Head                   including        of the energy      a broad            director 
 Grenfell             of leadership      until May                     Head of          transition.        set of             of Amber 
 plc, a director      roles,             2016 when                     One Bank         Having held        experiences        Infrastructure 
 of HM Treasury       including          she became                    Delivery         senior positions   encompassing       Group 
 Taskforce,           Head of            a non-executive               and Global       within the         many sectors       Holdings 
 deputy CEO           Consumer           director.                     Head of          power utility      and scales         Ltd, the 
 and later            Markets,           She is also                   Sovereign        arena, Sally-Ann   of organisation    ultimate 
 CEO of               where he           a non-executive               Wealth           is currently       ranging            holding 
 Partnerships         developed          director                      funds            the Chief          from her           company 
 UK plc and,          an extensive       of a number                   activity.        Operating          own start-ups      of the 
 most recently,       breadth of         of listed                                      Officer of         through            Investment 
 a managing           experience         and private                                    Guernsey           global             Adviser 
 director             and knowledge      equity investment                              Electricity        corporations       to the 
 of Thames            across the         companies,                                     Ltd. She           and                Company 
 Water Utilities      real estate,       none of which                                  is a Chartered     governmental       and various 
 Limited.             leisure and        is a trading                                   Engineer           programmes.        of its 
 Mike has             retail sectors     company.                                       and Chartered                         subsidiaries. 
 a breadth            in the UK          Claire is                                      Director. 
 of experience        and overseas.      a member 
 across a             John is a          of the Chartered 
 range of             non-executive      Institute 
 economic             director           of Bankers 
 and social           on several         in Scotland, 
 infrastructure       plc boards         the Chartered 
 sectors and          and chairs         Insurance 
 has been             a number           Institute 
 involved             of audit           and the Institute 
 in some of           committees.        of Directors 
 the largest                             and is a 
 infrastructure                          Chartered 
 projects                                Banker and 
 in the UK.                              holds the 
 He is a Fellow                          Institute 
 of the Institution                      of Directors 
 of Civil                                Diploma in 
 Engineers.                              Company Direction. 
 
                          DATE OF 
                          APPOINTMENT 
-------------------    ------------------------------  -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 
 4 September          1 January         10 September                   1 September      10 January         10 January        2 August 
  2018                 2016              2012                           2017             2020               2020              2006 
-------------------  ----------------  -----------------------------  ---------------  -----------------  ----------------  ----------------- 
   LISTED COMPANY AND OTHER RELEVANT DIRECTORSHIPS 
  ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 
 Mike Gerrard       John Le Poidevin(1)               Claire         Julia Bond         Sally-Ann        Meriel            Giles Frost 
 Mike holds         BH Macro                          Whittet(1)      (1)               David            Lenfestey         Giles is 
 no other           Limited                           BH Macro        European Assets   Guernsey         Bluefield         also a 
 listed company     TwentyFour                        Ltd             Trust ('EAT')     Electricity      Solar Income      director 
 positions          Income Fund                       Eurocastle      NED of Foreign,   Ltd              Fund Limited      of a number 
 but holds          Limited                           Investment      Commonwealth      Channel          Meriel            of the 
 several                                              Ltd             & Development     Islands          sits on           Company's 
 non-executive                                        Riverstone      Office and        Electricity      a number          subsidiary 
 positions                                            Energy          Strategic         Grid             of other          and investment 
 within boards                                        Ltd             Command.          Sally-Ann        commercial        holding 
 and committees                                       TwentyFour                        is also          boards            entities 
 that oversee                                         Select                            a director       including         and of 
 the development                                      Monthly                           of a             Gemserv,          other entities 
 and delivery                                         Income                            health-related   Jersey            in which 
 of                                                   Fund Ltd                          charity.         Telecom           the Company 
 infrastructure                                       Third                                              and Aurigny       has an 
 investments                                          Point                                              Air Services      investment. 
 in the UK                                            Offshore                                           and is            He does 
 and Europe.                                          Investors                                          a committee       not receive 
                                                      Ltd                                                member            directors' 
                                                                                                         for the           fees from 
                                                                                                         Guernsey          such roles 
                                                                                                         Institute         for the 
                                                                                                         of Directors.     Company. 
-----------------  --------------------------------  -------------  -----------------  ---------------  ----------------  ----------------- 
 
 
 
 
  1 All of the independent directors are members of all Committees 
  with the exception of Mr Gerrard, who is not a member of the Audit 
  and Risk Committee. Mr Frost is a non-independent director. 
 

DIRECTORS' RESPONSIBILITIES STATEMENT

The Directors are responsible for preparing the Half-yearly Financial Report in accordance with applicable law and regulations.

The Directors confirm to the best of their knowledge:

The condensed set of financial statements have been prepared in accordance with UK-adopted International Accounting Standard 34 'Interim Financial Reporting' as contained within UK-adopted International Accounting Standards;

The Interim Management Report includes a fair review of the information required by DTR 4.2.7R (indication of important events during the first six months and description of principal risks and uncertainties for the remaining six months of the year); and

The Interim Management Financial Report includes a fair review of the information required by DTR 4.2.8R (disclosure of related parties' transactions and changes therein).

By order of the Board

 
 
 Mike Gerrard       John Le Poidevin 
 Chair              Director 
 8 September 2021   8 September 2021 
 

INDEPENT AUDITOR'S REPORT TO THE MEMBERS OF INTERNATIONAL PUBLIC PARTNERSHIPS LIMITED

Report on the interim condensed consolidated financial statements

OUR CONCLUSION

We have reviewed International Public Partnerships Limited's interim condensed consolidated financial statements (the "interim financial statements") in the Half-yearly Financial Report of International Public Partnerships Limited for the 6-month period ended 30 June 2021. Based on our review, nothing has come to our attention that causes us to believe that the interim financial statements are not prepared, in all material respects, in accordance with UK-adopted International Accounting Standard 34, 'Interim Financial Reporting' and the Disclosure Guidance and Transparency Rules sourcebook of the United Kingdom's Financial Conduct Authority.

WHAT WE HAVE REVIEWED

The interim financial statements comprise:

   -       the interim condensed consolidated balance sheet (unaudited) as at 30 June 2021; 

- the interim condensed consolidated statement of comprehensive income (unaudited) for the period then ended;

- the interim condensed consolidated cash flow statement (unaudited) for the period then ended;

- the interim condensed consolidated statement of changes in equity (unaudited) for the period then ended; and

   -       the explanatory notes to the interim financial statements. 

The interim financial statements included in the Half-yearly Financial Report have been prepared in accordance with UK-adopted International Accounting Standard 34, 'Interim Financial Reporting' and the Disclosure Guidance and Transparency Rules sourcebook of the United Kingdom's Financial Conduct Authority.

As disclosed in note 1 to the interim financial statements, the financial reporting framework that has been applied in the preparation of the full annual financial statements of the Group is The Companies (Guernsey) Law, 2008 and International Financial Reporting Standards ('IFRSs') as adopted by the European Union.

Responsibilities for the interim financial statements and the review

Our responsibilities and those of the directors

The Half-yearly Financial Report, including the interim financial statements, is the responsibility of, and has been approved by, the directors. The directors are responsible for preparing the Half-yearly Financial Report in accordance with UK-adopted International Accounting Standard 34, 'Interim Financial Reporting' and the Disclosure Guidance and Transparency Rules sourcebook of the United Kingdom's Financial Conduct Authority.

Our responsibility is to express a conclusion on the interim financial statements in the Half-yearly Financial Report based on our review. This report, including the conclusion, has been prepared for and only for the Company for the purpose of complying with the Disclosure Guidance and Transparency Rules sourcebook of the United Kingdom's Financial Conduct Authority and for no other purpose. We do not, in giving this conclusion, accept or assume responsibility for any other purpose or to any other person to whom this report is shown or into whose hands it may come save where expressly agreed by our prior consent in writing.

What a review of interim financial statements involves

We conducted our review in accordance with International Standard on Review Engagements 2410, 'Review of Interim Financial Information Performed by the Independent Auditor of the Entity' issued by the International Auditing and Assurance Standards Board. A review of interim financial information consists of making enquiries, primarily of persons responsible for financial and accounting matters, and applying analytical and other review procedures.

A review is substantially less in scope than an audit conducted in accordance with International Standards on Auditing and, consequently, does not enable us to obtain assurance that we would become aware of all significant matters that might be identified in an audit. Accordingly, we do not express an audit opinion.

We have read the other information contained in the Half-yearly Financial Report and considered whether it contains any apparent misstatements or material inconsistencies with the information in the interim financial statements.

PricewaterhouseCoopers CI LLP

Chartered Accountants

Guernsey, Channel Islands

8 September 2021

a) The maintenance and integrity of International Public Partnerships Limited's website is the responsibility of the directors; the work carried out by the auditors does not involve consideration of these matters and, accordingly, the auditors accept no responsibility for any changes that may have occurred to the financial statements since they were initially presented on the website.

b) Legislation in Guernsey governing the preparation and dissemination of financial statements may differ from legislation in other jurisdictions.

interim CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (unaudited)

SIX MONTHSED 30 JUNE 2021

 
                                                       Six months  Six months 
                                                            ended       ended 
                                                          30 June     30 June 
                                                             2021        2020 
                                           Notes         GBP'000s    GBP'000s 
----------------------------------------   -----  ---------------  ---------- 
Interest income                              4        39,377         39,775 
Dividend income                              4        18,032         17,439 
Net change in investments at fair value 
 through profit or loss                      4       (16,684)       (1,418) 
-----------------------------------------  -----  ---------------  ---------- 
Total investment income                               40,725         55,796 
Other operating (expense) / income           5         2,785        (4,251) 
=========================================  =====  ===============  ========== 
Total income                                          43,510         51,545 
 
Management costs                            15       (12,861)       (13,027) 
Administrative costs                                  (1,132)        (852) 
Transaction costs                           15         (335)         (150) 
Directors' fees                                        (200)         (209) 
-----------------------------------------  -----  ---------------  ---------- 
Total expenses                                       (14,528)       (14,238) 
-----------------------------------------  -----  ---------------  ---------- 
Profit before finance costs and tax                   28,982         37,307 
 
Finance costs                                6        (1,765)       (1,888) 
-----------------------------------------  -----  ---------------  ---------- 
Profit before tax                                     27,217         35,419 
 
Tax credit                                   7          48            171 
-----------------------------------------  -----  ---------------  ---------- 
Profit for the period                                 27,265         35,590 
-----------------------------------------  -----  ---------------  ---------- 
 
Earnings per share 
Basic and diluted (pence)                    8               1.68        2.21 
-----------------------------------------  -----  ---------------  ---------- 
 
 

All results are from continuing operations in the period.

All income is attributable to the equity holders of the parent. There are no non-controlling interests within the consolidated Group.

There are no other Comprehensive Income items in the current period (30 June 2020: nil). The profit for the period represents the Total Comprehensive Income for the period.

interim condensed CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CHANGES IN EQUITY (unaudited)

SIX MONTHSED 30 JUNE 2021

 
                                        SHARE CAPITAL 
                                            and share   OTHER DISTRIBUTABLE    RETAINED 
                                NOTES         premium               RESERVE    EARNINGS       TOTAL 
                                             GBP'000s              GBP'000s    GBP'000s    GBP'000s 
-----------------------------  ------  --------------  --------------------  ----------  ---------- 
 Balance at 31 December 
  2020                                      1,769,582               182,481     432,373   2,384,436 
-----------------------------  ------  --------------  --------------------  ----------  ---------- 
 
 Total comprehensive income                         -                     -      27,265      27,265 
 
 Issue of Ordinary Shares        13             4,413                     -           -       4,413 
 Distributions in the period     13                 -                     -    (59,650)    (59,650) 
 Balance at 30 June 2021                    1,773,995               182,481     399,988   2,356,464 
-----------------------------  ------  --------------  --------------------  ----------  ---------- 
 

SIX MONTHSED 30 JUNE 2020

 
                                        SHARE CAPITAL 
                                            and share   OTHER DISTRIBUTABLE    RETAINED 
                                NOTES         premium               RESERVE    EARNINGS       TOTAL 
                                             GBP'000s              GBP'000s    GBP'000s    GBP'000s 
-----------------------------  ------  --------------  --------------------  ----------  ---------- 
 Balance at 31 December 
  2019                                      1,753,840               182,481     488,918   2,425,239 
-----------------------------  ------  --------------  --------------------  ----------  ---------- 
 
 Total comprehensive income                         -                     -      35,590      35,590 
 
 Issue of Ordinary Shares        13             6,364                     -           -       6,364 
 Distributions in the period     13                 -                     -    (57,828)    (57,828) 
 Balance at 30 June 2020                    1,760,204               182,481     466,680   2,409,365 
-----------------------------  ------  --------------  --------------------  ----------  ---------- 
 

INTERIM condensed CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEET (unaudited)

AS AT 30 june 2021

 
                                                         31 DECEMBER 
                                           30 june 2021         2020 
                                    NOTES      GBP'000S     GBP'000S 
----------------------------------  -----  ------------  ----------- 
Non-current assets 
Investments at fair value through 
 profit or loss                       9       2,320,276    2,345,433 
----------------------------------  -----  ------------  ----------- 
Total non-current assets                      2,320,276    2,345,433 
==================================  =====  ============  =========== 
 
  Current assets 
Other financial assets              9, 11        45,523       42,188 
Cash and cash equivalents             9          53,431       44,263 
Derivative financial instruments      9           2,398          268 
Total current assets                            101,352       86,719 
==================================  =====  ============  =========== 
Total assets                                  2,421,628    2,432,152 
----------------------------------  -----  ------------  ----------- 
 
Current liabilities 
Trade and other payables            9, 12         9,167        9,316 
Bank loans                          6, 9              -       38,400 
----------------------------------  -----  ------------  ----------- 
Total current liabilities                         9,167       47,716 
----------------------------------  -----  ------------  ----------- 
 
  Non-current liabilities 
----------------------------------  -----  ------------  ----------- 
Bank loans                          6, 9         55,997            - 
----------------------------------  -----  ------------  ----------- 
Total non-current liabilities                    55,997            - 
----------------------------------  -----  ------------  ----------- 
Total liabilities                                65,164       47,716 
Net assets                                    2,356,464    2,384,436 
----------------------------------  -----  ------------  ----------- 
 
Equity 
Share capital and share premium      13       1,773,995    1,769,582 
Other distributable reserve          13         182,481      182,481 
Retained earnings                    13         399,988      432,373 
----------------------------------  -----  ------------  ----------- 
Equity attributable to equity 
 holders of the parent                        2,356,464    2,384,436 
----------------------------------  -----  ------------  ----------- 
 
  Net assets per share (pence per 
  share)                             14           145.1        147.1 
----------------------------------  -----  ------------  ----------- 
 

The financial statements were approved by the Board of Directors on 8 September 2021.

 
 They were signed on its 
  behalf by: 
 
   Mike Gerrard                          John Le Poidevin 
   Chair                                        Director 
   8 September 2021                8 September 2021 

INTERIM condensed CONSOLIDATED CASH FLOW STATEMENT (unaudited)

six months ended 30 june 2021

 
                                                           Six months    Six months 
                                                                ended         ended 
                                                              30 June       30 June 
                                                                 2021          2020 
                                                  Notes      GBP'000s      GBP'000s 
-----------------------------------------------  ------  ------------  ------------ 
 Profit before tax in the Interim Consolidated 
  Statement of Comprehensive Income(1)                         27,217        35,419 
 Adjusted for: 
 Net change in investments at fair value 
  through profit or loss                            4          16,684         1,418 
 Finance costs(2)                                   6           1,765         1,888 
 Fair value movement on derivative financial 
  instruments                                       5         (2,130)         4,788 
 Working capital adjustments 
 (Increase) / decrease in receivables                         (1,437)         2,940 
 (Decrease) / increase in payables                              (149)         2,996 
-----------------------------------------------  ------  ------------  ------------ 
                                                               41,950        49,449 
 Income tax received/(paid) (3)                                  (68)           340 
-----------------------------------------------  ------  ------------  ------------ 
 Net cash inflow from operations (4)                           41,882        49,789 
-----------------------------------------------  ------  ------------  ------------ 
 
 Investing activities 
 Acquisition of investments at fair value 
  through profit or loss                           10        (22,343)      (11,741) 
 Net repayments from investments at fair 
  value through profit or loss                                 30,816        17,789 
-----------------------------------------------  ------  ------------  ------------ 
 Net cash flow from investing activities                        8,473         6,048 
-----------------------------------------------  ------  ------------  ------------ 
 
 Financing activities 
 Dividends paid                                    13        (55,237)      (51,463) 
 Finance costs paid(2)                                        (3,338)       (2,098) 
 Loan drawdowns(2)                                             21,997        11,302 
 Loan repayments(2)                                           (4,400)      (19,000) 
-----------------------------------------------  ------  ------------  ------------ 
 Net cash used in financing activities                       (40,978)      (61,259) 
-----------------------------------------------  ------  ------------  ------------ 
 
 Net movement in cash and cash equivalents                      9,377       (5,422) 
 Cash and cash equivalents at beginning 
  of period                                                    44,263        45,610 
 Foreign exchange (loss) / gain on cash 
  and cash equivalents                                          (209)           176 
 
 Cash and cash equivalents at end of period                 53,431           40,364 
-----------------------------------------------  ------  ------------  ------------ 
 

1 Includes interest received of GBP37.6 million (H1 2020: GBP46.8 million) and dividends received of GBP18.0 million (H1 2020 GBP17.4 million).

2 These cash flows represent the changes in liabilities arising from financing liabilities during the period, in accordance with IAS 7, 44A-E.

3 Includes cash flows received from unconsolidated subsidiary entities in respect of surrender of tax losses.

4 Net cash flows from operations above are reconciled to net operating cash flows before capital activity as shown in the Operating Review on pages 22 to 23.

NOTES TO THE INTERIM condensed set of FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (unaudited)

FOR THE six months ended 30 june 2021

   1.       Basis of Preparation 

International Public Partnerships Limited is a closed-ended authorised investment company incorporated in Guernsey under the Companies (Guernsey) Law, 2008. The address of the registered office is given on the inside back cover. The nature of the Group's ('Parent and consolidated subsidiary entities') operations and its principal activities are set out on pages 4 to 5.

These financial statements are presented in Pounds Sterling as this is the currency of the primary economic environment in which the Group operates and represents the functional currency of the Parent and all values are rounded to the nearest (GBP'000), except where otherwise indicated.

The financial information for the year ended 31 December 2020 included in this Half-yearly Financial Report is derived from the 31 December 2020 Annual Report and financial statements and does not constitute statutory accounts as defined in the Companies (Guernsey) Law, 2008. The auditors reported on those accounts; their report was unqualified, did not draw attention to any matters by way of emphasis, and did not contain a statement under section 263 (2) and (3) of the Companies (Guernsey) Law, 2008.

Accounting Policies

The annual financial statements of the Company were prepared in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards as adopted by the European Union. This set of interim condensed consolidated financial statements included in this Half-yearly Financial Report have been prepared in accordance with UK adopted International Accounting Standard 34 - 'Interim Financial Reporting' and should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements for the year ended 31 December 2020, as they provide an update of previously reported information.

The Company transitioned to UK-adopted International Accounting Standards on 1 January 2021 and this change constitutes a change in accounting framework. However, there is no impact on recognition, measurement or disclosure in the period reported as a result of the change in framework. The same accounting policies, presentation and methods of computation are followed in this set of interim condensed consolidated financial statements as applied in the Group's latest annual audited financial statements for the year ended 31 December 2020. The new and revised standards and interpretations becoming effective in the period have had no material impact on the accounting policies of the Group.

The Directors have determined that International Public Partnerships Limited is an investment entity as defined by IFRS 10 on the basis that the Company:

a) obtains funds from one or more investor(s) for the purpose of providing those investor(s) with investment management services;

b) commits to its investors that its business purpose is to invest funds solely for returns from capital appreciation, investment income, or both; and

c) measures and evaluates the performance of substantially all of its investments on a fair value basis.

Accordingly, these financial statements consolidate only those subsidiaries that provide services relevant to its investment activities, such as management services, strategic advice and financial support to its investees, and that are not themselves investment entities. Subsidiaries that do not provide investment-related services are required to be measured at fair value through profit or loss in accordance with IFRS 9 Financial Instruments.

Going Concern

The Directors have reviewed cash flow forecasts prepared by management. Based on those forecasts and an assessment of the Group's committed banking facilities, it has been considered appropriate to prepare these interim condensed consolidated financial statements of the Group on a going concern basis. In arriving at their conclusion that the Group has adequate financial resources, the Directors were mindful that the Group had unrestricted cash of GBP53.4 million as at 30 June 2021. The Company continues to fully cover operating costs and distributions from underlying cash flows from investments. The Company has access to a corporate debt facility of GBP250 million on a fully committed basis, and a flexible 'accordion' component which, subject to lender consent, allows for a future extension by an additional GBP150 million. At the date of this report, all of the fully committed portion is available, with cash drawn amounts on the facility being repaid following the GBP135 million capital raise which took place in July 2021. A GBP20 million portion of the facility is available to be utilised for working capital purposes. The facility is forecast to continue in full compliance with the associated banking covenants. The facility is available for investment in new and existing assets until March 2024.

   2.       Significant Judgements and Estimates 

Fair Valuation of Investments at Fair Value through Profit or Loss

Fair values are determined using the income approach, which discounts the expected cash flows at a rate appropriate to the risk profile of each investment. In determining the discount rate, relevant long-term government bond yields, specific investment risks and evidence of recent transactions are considered. Details of the valuation process and key sensitivities are provided in note 9.

   3.       SEGMENTAL REPORTING 

Based on a review of information provided to the chief operating decision makers of the Company (determined to be the Board), the Group has identified four reportable segments based on the geographical risk associated with the jurisdictions in which it operates. The factors used to identify the Group's reportable segments are centred on the risk-free rates and the maturity of the infrastructure sector within each region. Further, foreign exchange and political risk is identified, as these also determine where resources are allocated. The four reportable segments are UK, Europe (excl. UK), North America and Australia.

 
                                                         Six months ended 30 June 2021 
                           ----------  ----------------------------------------------------------------- 
                                   UK            Europe (EXCL.   North America   Australia       Total 
                             GBP'000s                      UK)        GBP'000s    GBP'000s    GBP'000s 
                                                      GBP'000s 
 ------------------------  ----------  -----------------------  --------------  ----------  ---------- 
  Segmental results 
  Dividend and interest 
   income                      43,279                    4,170           3,711       6,249      57,409 
  Fair value (loss) 
   / gain on investments     (14,916)                  (1,099)           1,189     (1,858)    (16,684) 
 ------------------------  ----------  -----------------------  --------------  ----------  ---------- 
  Total investment income      28,363                    3,071           4,900       4,391      40,725 
 ------------------------  ----------  -----------------------  --------------  ----------  ---------- 
  Reporting segment 
   profit (1)                  12,119                    4,632           4,933       5,581      27,265 
 ------------------------  ----------  -----------------------  --------------  ----------  ---------- 
  Segmental financial 
   position 
  Investments at fair 
   value                    1,703,241                  299,629         105,630     211,776   2,320,276 
  Current assets              101,352                        -               -           -     101,352 
 ------------------------  ----------  -----------------------  --------------  ----------  ---------- 
  Total assets              1,804,593                  299,629         105,630     211,776   2,421,628 
  Total liabilities          (65,164)                        -               -           -    (65,164) 
 ------------------------  ----------  -----------------------  --------------  ----------  ---------- 
  Net assets                1,739,429                  299,629         105,630     211,776   2,356,464 
 ------------------------  ----------  -----------------------  --------------  ----------  ---------- 
 
                                                          Six months ended 30 June 2020 
                           ----------  ----------------------------------------------------------------- 
                                                 Europe (EXCL. 
                                   UK                      UK)   North America   Australia         Total 
                             GBP'000s                 GBP'000s        GBP'000s    GBP'000s      GBP'000s 
-------------------------  ----------  -----------------------  --------------  ----------  ------------ 
 Segmental results 
 Dividend and interest 
  income                       42,274                    4,371           4,310       6,259        57,214 
 Fair value (loss) 
  / gain on investments      (11,753)                  (5,463)           6,686       9,112       (1,418) 
-------------------------  ----------  -----------------------  --------------  ----------  ------------ 
 Total investment income       30,521                  (1,092)          10,996      15,371        55,796 
-------------------------  ----------  -----------------------  --------------  ----------  ------------ 
 Reporting segment 
  profit (1)                   14,566                  (3,174)           9,859      14,339        35,590 
-------------------------  ----------  -----------------------  --------------  ----------  ------------ 
 Segmental financial 
  position 
 Investments at fair 
  value                     1,745,345                  309,863         111,141     208,830     2,375,179 
 Current assets                64,111                        -               -           -        64,111 
-------------------------  ----------  -----------------------  --------------  ----------  ------------ 
 Total assets               1,809,456                  309,863         111,141     208,830     2,439,290 
 Total liabilities           (29,925)                        -               -           -      (29,925) 
-------------------------  ----------  -----------------------  --------------  ----------  ------------ 
 Net assets                 1,779,531                  309,863         111,141     208,830     2,409,365 
-------------------------  ----------  -----------------------  --------------  ----------  ------------ 
 
 
   1        Reporting segment results are stated net of operational costs including management fees. 

Revenue from investments which individually represent more than 10% of the Group's interest and dividend income approximates GBP5.8 million (30 June 2020: GBP14.2 million).

   4.       Investment Income 
 
                                                Six months     Six months 
                                                     ended          ended 
                                              30 June 2021   30 June 2020 
                                                  GBP'000s       GBP'000s 
-------------------------------------------  -------------  ------------- 
Interest income 
Interest on investments                             39,377         39,770 
Interest on bank deposits                                -              5 
-------------------------------------------  -------------  ------------- 
Total interest income                               39,377         39,775 
 
Dividend income                                     18,032         17,439 
-------------------------------------------  -------------  ------------- 
Net change in fair value of investments at 
 fair value through profit or loss                (16,684)        (1,418) 
-------------------------------------------  -------------  ------------- 
Total investment income                             40,725         55,796 
-------------------------------------------  -------------  ------------- 
 

Dividend and interest income includes that from transactions with unconsolidated subsidiary entities. Changes in investments at fair value through profit or loss are also recognised in relation to the Group's investments in unconsolidated subsidiaries.

   5.       Other Operating (expense) / Income 
 
                                                   Six months     Six months 
                                                        ended          ended 
                                                 30 June 2021   30 June 2020 
                                                     GBP'000s       GBP'000s 
 ---------------------------------------------  -------------  ------------- 
 
Fair value gain / (loss) on foreign exchange 
contracts                                               2,130          (4,788) 
Other foreign exchange movements                          655              537 
----------------------------------------------  -------------  --------------- 
Total other operating (expense) / income                2,785          (4,251) 
----------------------------------------------  -------------  --------------- 
 
 
   6.       Finance Costs 

Finance costs for the period were GBP1.8 million (30 June 2020: GBP1.9 million). The Group has a corporate debt facility ('CDF') available consisting of GBP250 million on a fully committed basis, together with a flexible 'accordion' component which will, subject to lender approval, allow for a future extension by an additional GBP150 million. The drawdowns in the period were in the form of cash drawdowns, used to partially fund investments. As at 30 June 2021, the facility was GBP56.0 million cash drawn (31 December 2020: GBP38.4 million). The interest rate margin on the CDF is 170 basis points over SONIA. The previous facility was due to expire in July 2021, so was shown as current in the December 2020 Annual Report and financial statements. The facility was renegotiated in March 2021, maturing in March 2024, so is now shown as non-current. The loan facility is provided by Royal Bank of Scotland International, National Australia Bank, Barclays Bank and Sumitomo Mitsui Banking Corporation, and is secured over the assets of the Group.

   7.       Tax 
 
                                                                Six months 
                                                    Six months       ended 
                                                         ended     30 June 
                                                  30 June 2021        2020 
                                                      GBP'000s    GBP'000s 
-----------------------------------------------  -------------  ---------- 
Current tax: 
UK corporation tax credit - current period                 (2)       (196) 
UK corporation tax credit - prior period                   (1)           - 
Other overseas tax (credit) / charge - current 
 period                                                   (45)          25 
-----------------------------------------------  -------------  ---------- 
Tax credit for the period                                 (48)       (171) 
-----------------------------------------------  -------------  ---------- 
 

Reconciliation of effective tax rate

 
                                                                    Six months 
                                                       Six months        ended 
                                                            ended      30 June 
                                                     30 June 2021         2020 
                                                         GBP'000s     GBP'000s 
------------------------------------------------  ---------------  ----------- 
 Profit before tax                                         27,217       35,419 
------------------------------------------------  ---------------  ----------- 
 Exempt tax status in Guernsey                                  -            - 
 Application of overseas tax rates                           (45)           25 
 Group tax losses surrendered to unconsolidated 
  investee entities                                           (2)        (196) 
 Adjustment to prior period                                   (1)            - 
------------------------------------------------  ---------------  ----------- 
 Tax credit for the period                                   (48)        (171) 
------------------------------------------------  ---------------  ----------- 
 

The income tax credit above does not represent the full tax position of the entire Group as the investment returns received by the Company are net of tax payable at the underlying investee entity level. As a consequence of the adoption of the IFRS 10 investment entity consolidation exception, underlying investee entity tax is not consolidated within these financial statements. To provide an indication of the tax paid across the wider portfolio, total forecasted corporation tax payable by the Group's underlying investments is in excess of GBP1 billion (30 June 2020: GBP1 billion) over their full concession lives.

   8.       Earnings Per Share 

The calculation of basic and diluted earnings per share is based on the following data:

 
                                                       Six months     Six months 
                                                            ended          ended 
                                                          30 June        30 June 
                                                             2021           2020 
                                                         GBP'000s       GBP'000s 
--------------------------------------------------  -------------  ------------- 
Earnings for the purposes of basic and diluted 
 earnings per share being net profit attributable 
 to equity holders of the parent                           27,265         35,590 
--------------------------------------------------  -------------  ------------- 
                                                           Number         Number 
--------------------------------------------------  -------------  ------------- 
Weighted average number of Ordinary Shares for 
 the purposes of basic and diluted earnings per 
 share                                              1,621,326,795  1,611,047,072 
--------------------------------------------------  -------------  ------------- 
 Basic and diluted (pence)                                   1.68           2.21 
--------------------------------------------------  -------------  ------------- 
 

The denominator for the purposes of calculating both basic and diluted earnings per share is the same as the Group has not issued any share options or other instruments that would cause dilution.

   9.       Financial Instruments 

Financial assets and financial liabilities are recognised when the Group becomes a party to the contractual provisions of the instrument. Financial assets are derecognised when the contractual rights to the cash flows from the instrument expire or the asset is transferred, and the transfer qualifies for derecognition in accordance with IFRS 9 Financial Instruments. Financial liabilities are derecognised when the obligation is discharged, cancelled or expired. Carrying values of financial assets and financial liabilities are considered to approximate their fair value.

   9.1       Financial assets 
 
                                                      30 June  31 December 
                                                         2021         2020 
                                                     GBP'000s     GBP'000s 
--------------------------------------------------  ---------  ----------- 
Investments at fair value through profit and loss   2,320,276    2,345,433 
Financial assets at amortised cost 
Other financial assets                                 45,523       42,188 
Cash and cash equivalents                              53,431       44,263 
Derivative financial instruments 
Foreign exchange contracts                              2,398          268 
Total financial assets                              2,421,628    2,432,152 
--------------------------------------------------  ---------  ----------- 
 
   9.2       Financial liabilities 
 
                                                        31 December 
                                          30 June 2021         2020 
                                              GBP'000s     GBP'000s 
----------------------------------------  ------------  ----------- 
Financial liabilities at amortised cost 
Trade and other payables                         9,167        9,316 
Bank loans                                      55,997       38,400 
Total financial liabilities                     65,164       47,716 
----------------------------------------  ------------  ----------- 
 
   9.3       Financial risk management 

The Group's objective in managing risk is the protection of stakeholder value. Risk is inherent in the Group's activities and is managed through a process of ongoing identification, measurement and monitoring, subject to risk limits and other controls. The Group is exposed to market risk (which includes currency risk, interest rate risk and inflation risk), credit risk and liquidity risk arising from the financial instruments it holds. The Board of Directors is ultimately responsible for the overall risk management of the Group, with delegation of oversight and activities (including identifying and controlling risks) provided to the Audit and Risk Committee and the Group's Investment Adviser. The Group's risk management framework and approach is set out within the Strategic Report (pages 48 to 60 of the 2020 Annual Report and financial statements). The Board takes into account market, credit and liquidity risks in forming the Group's risk management strategy.

Market risk

Market risk is the risk that the fair value or future cash flows of financial instruments will fluctuate due to changes in market variables such as changes in inflation, foreign exchange rates and interest rates.

Inflation risk

The majority of the Group's cash flows from underlying investments are linked to inflation indices. Changes in inflation rates can have a positive or negative impact on the Group's cash flows from investments. The long-term inflation assumptions applied in the Group's valuation of investments at fair value through profit or loss are disclosed in the fair value hierarchy section 9.4.

The Group's portfolio of investments has been developed in anticipation of continued inflation at or above the levels used in the Group's valuation assumptions. Where inflation is at levels below the assumed levels for a sustained period of time, investment performance may be impaired. The level of inflation-linkage across the investments held by the Group varies and is not consistent.

Interest rate risk

Interest rate risk arises from the possibility that changes in interest rates will affect future cash flows from underlying investments, therefore, impacting the value of investments at fair value through profit or loss. The Group has limited exposure to interest rate risk as the underlying borrowings within the unconsolidated investee entities are either hedged through interest rate swap arrangements, are fixed rate loans or the risk of adverse movement in interest rates is limited through protections provided by the regulatory regime. For example, it is generally a requirement under a PFI/PPP concession that any borrowings are matched to the life of the concession. Hedging activities are aligned with the period of the loan, which also mirrors the concession period, and are highly effective. However, particularly in Australia, refinancing risk exists in a number of such investments. The Group's corporate debt facility is unhedged on the basis it is utilised as an investment bridging facility and therefore drawn for a relatively short period of time. Therefore, the Group is not significantly exposed to cash flow risk due to changes in interest rates over its variable rate borrowings. Interest income on bank deposits held within underlying investments is included within the fair value of investments.

Foreign currency risk

The Group undertakes certain transactions denominated in foreign currencies and therefore is exposed to exchange rate fluctuations. Currency risk arises in financial instruments that are denominated in a foreign currency other than the functional currency in which they are measured. The Group uses forward foreign exchange contracts to mitigate the risk of short-term volatility in foreign exchange on significant investment returns from overseas investments. The Group doesn't hedge its exposure to foreign exchange in relation to foreign currency denominated investment balances. The carrying amounts of the Group's foreign currency denominated monetary financial instruments at the reporting date are set out in the table below:

 
                                                                 31 December 
                                                   30 June 2021         2020 
                                                       GBP'000s     GBP'000s 
-------------------------------------------------  ------------  ----------- 
Cash 
Euro                                                        888          414 
Canadian Dollar                                             526          675 
Australian Dollar                                            69           68 
US Dollar                                                   406          517 
-------------------------------------------------  ------------  ----------- 
                                                          1,889        1,674 
Current receivables 
Euro receivables                                            692          126 
US Dollar receivables                                       974          989 
-------------------------------------------------  ------------  ----------- 
                                                          1,666        1,115 
Investments at fair value through profit or loss 
Euro                                                    299,629      295,824 
Canadian Dollar                                          40,406       39,391 
Australian Dollar                                       211,776      215,455 
US Dollar                                                65,224       65,572 
-------------------------------------------------  ------------  ----------- 
                                                        617,035      616,242 
-------------------------------------------------  ------------  ----------- 
Total                                                   620,590      619,031 
-------------------------------------------------  ------------  ----------- 
 

Sensitivity analysis showing the impact of variations of the above risks on the fair value of investments is shown in section 9.5.

Credit risk

Credit risk refers to the risk that a counterparty will default on its contractual obligations resulting in a financial loss to the Group. The Group has adopted a policy of dealing with creditworthy counterparties and reviewing this on a regular basis at the underlying entity level. The majority of underlying investments are in public-private partnerships and similar concessions (which are entered into with government, quasi government, other public, equivalent low risk bodies), or in regulated businesses that inherently exhibit low levels of credit risk. The maximum exposure of credit risk over financial assets as a result of counterparty default is the carrying value of those financial assets in the balance sheet. In addition, the underlying investee entities contract with third-party construction and facilities management contractors. The Group seeks to mitigate this risk through using a diverse range of sub-contractors and through at least quarterly review of the credit position of major contractors. The Group considers that any impairment under the expected credit losses model was not material at the balance sheet date.

Liquidity risk

Liquidity risk is defined as the risk that the Group would encounter difficulty in meeting obligations associated with financial liabilities that are settled by delivering cash or another financial asset. The Group invests in relatively illiquid investments (mainly non-listed equity and loans). As a closed-ended investment vehicle there are no automatic capital redemption rights. The Group manages liquidity risk by maintaining adequate cash reserves, banking facilities and reserve borrowing facilities and by continuously monitoring forecast and actual cash flows. Cash flow forecasts assume full availability of underlying infrastructure to the relevant public sector body or end user. Failure to maintain assets available for use or operating in accordance with pre-determined performance standards or licence conditions may lead to a reduction (wholly or partially) in the investment income that the Group has projected to receive. The Directors review the underlying performance of each investment on a quarterly basis, allowing asset performance to be monitored. The terms of public-private partnership contractual mechanisms also allow for significant pass-down of unavailability and performance risk to subcontractors. Regulated asset regimes allow for the pass through of efficiently incurred costs to the purchaser.

   9.4       Fair value hierarchy 

All financial instruments for which fair value is recognised or disclosed are categorised within the fair value hierarchy, described as follows, based on the lowest level input that is significant to the fair value measurement as a whole:

Level 1 - Quoted market prices in an active market (that are unadjusted) for identical assets or liabilities;

Level 2 - Valuation techniques (for which the lowest level input that is significant to the fair value measurement is directly or indirectly observable);

Level 3 - Valuation techniques (for which the lowest level input that is significant to the fair value measurement is unobservable).

During the period there were no transfers between Level 2 and Level 3 categories.

Level 1:

The Group has no financial instruments classified as Level 1.

Level 2:

This category includes derivative financial instruments such as interest rate swaps, RPI Swaps and currency forward contracts. As at 30 June 2021, the Group's only derivative financial instruments were currency forward contracts amounting to an asset of GBP2.4 million (31 December 2020: asset of GBP0.3 million).

Financial instruments classified as Level 2 have been valued using models whose inputs are observable in an active market (spot exchange rates, yield curves, interest rate curves). Valuations based on observable inputs include financial instruments such as swaps and forward contracts which are valued using market standard pricing techniques where all the inputs to the market standard pricing models are observable.

Level 3:

This category consists of investments in equity and loan instruments in underlying unconsolidated subsidiary entities and other non-controlled investments which are classified at fair value through profit or loss. At 30 June 2021, the fair value of financial instruments classified within Level 3 totalled GBP2,320.3 million (31 December 2020: GBP2,345.4 million).

Financial instruments are classified within Level 3 if their valuation incorporates significant inputs that are not based on observable market data (unobservable inputs). A valuation input is considered observable if it can be directly observed from transactions in an active market, or if there is compelling external evidence demonstrating an executable exit price.

Valuation process

Valuations are the responsibility of the Board of Directors. The valuation of unlisted equity and debt investments is performed on a quarterly(1) basis by the Investment Adviser and reviewed by the senior members of the Investment Adviser.

(1 Indicative valuations are calculated in respect of each at 31 March and 30 September.)

Valuation methodology

The valuation methodologies used are primarily based on discounting projected net cash flows at appropriate discount rates. Valuations are also reviewed against recent market transactions for similar assets in comparable markets observed by the Group or the Investment Adviser and adjusted where appropriate.

Cash flow forecasts for the full-term of each underlying investment are generated by detailed investment specific financial models. These models forecast the dividend, shareholder loan interest payments, capital repayments and senior debt repayments (where applicable) expected from the underlying investments. The cash flows included in the forecasts used to determine fair value are typically fixed under contracts, however there are certain variable cash flows which are based on management's estimations. The significant unobservable inputs and assumptions used in projecting the Group's net future cash flows are shown below.

 
                                                 Europe 
  30 June 2021                       UK      (Excl. UK)     North America   Australia 
-------------------------  ------------  --------------  ----------------  ---------- 
 Inflation rates             2.75% RPI,           2.00%             2.00%       2.50% 
                             2.00% CPIH 
                                               12.50% - 
 Long-term tax                   25.00%          32.28%   23.00% - 26.50%      30.00% 
 Foreign exchange rates             N/A            1.16       1.38 - 1.72        1.84 
 Long-term deposit rates          1.00%           1.00%             2.00%       2.00% 
-------------------------  ------------  --------------  ----------------  ---------- 
                                                 Europe 
  31 December 2020                   UK      (Excl. UK)     North America   Australia 
-------------------------  ------------  --------------  ----------------  ---------- 
 Inflation rates             2.75% RPI,           2.00%             2.00%       2.50% 
                             2.00% CPIH 
 Long-term tax                   19.00%   12.50%-32.28%    23.00% -26.50%      30.00% 
 Foreign exchange rates             N/A            1.11         1.37-1.74        1.77 
 Long-term deposit rates          1.00%           0.50%             1.50%       2.00% 
-------------------------  ------------  --------------  ----------------  ---------- 
 

Discount rate

The discount rate used in the valuation of each investment is the aggregate of the following:

- Yield on a government bond with a remaining term equivalent to (or as close as possible to) the investment being valued, issued by the national government for the location of the relevant investment ('government bond yield');

- A premium to reflect the inherent greater risk in investing in infrastructure assets over government bonds;

- A further premium to reflect the state of maturity of the asset with a larger premium applied to immature assets and/or assets in construction and/or to reflect any current asset specific or operational issues. Typically, this risk premium will reduce over the life of any asset as an asset matures, its operating performance becomes more established, and the risks associated with its future cash flows decrease. However, the rate may increase in relation to investments with unknown residual values at the end of the relevant concession life as that date nears;

- A further adjustment reflective of market-based transaction valuation evidence for similar assets.

Over the period, the weighted average government bond yield increased by 0.43%. The weighted average investment premium decreased, reflecting observable market-based evidence.

 
                                30 June 2021   31 December 
 Valuation assumptions                                2020   Movement 
-----------------------------  -------------  ------------  --------- 
 Weighted Average Government 
  Bond Yield                           0.99%         0.56%      0.43% 
 Weighted Average Investment 
  Risk Premium                         5.82%         6.41%    (0.59)% 
-----------------------------  -------------  ------------  --------- 
 Weighted Average Discount 
  Rate                                 6.81%         6.97%    (0.16)% 
-----------------------------  -------------  ------------  --------- 
 
 Weighted Average Discount 
  Rate on Risk Capital(1)              7.29%         7.52%    (0.23)% 
-----------------------------  -------------  ------------  --------- 
 
   1   Weighted average discount rate on Risk Capital only (equity and subordinated debt). 
 
                                                             31 December 
 Reconciliation of Level 3 fair value        30 June 2021           2020 
  measurements of financial assets :             GBP'000s       GBP'000s 
------------------------------------------  -------------  ------------- 
 Opening balance                                2,345,433      2,382,645 
 Additional investments during the period          22,343         29,984 
 Net repayments during the period                (30,816)       (39,465) 
 Net change in fair value of investments 
  at fair value through profit or loss           (16,684)       (27,731) 
------------------------------------------  -------------  ------------- 
 Closing balance                                2,320,276      2,345,433 
------------------------------------------  -------------  ------------- 
 
   9.5       Sensitivity analysis 

The valuation requires management to make certain assumptions in relation to unobservable inputs to the model. There are no straightforward inter-relationships between the unobservable inputs. A sensitivity analysis for reasonably possible alternative assumptions is provided below:

 
                                                                 Change in                    Change in 
                             Weighted average                   fair value                   fair value 
Significant assumptions          rate in base  Sensitivity   of investment  Sensitivity   of investment 
 at 30 June 2021              case valuations       factor        GBP'000s       factor        GBP'000s 
------------------------  -------------------  -----------  --------------  -----------  -------------- 
Discount rate                           6.81%       +1.00%       (214,496)       -1.00%         257,045 
------------------------  -------------------  -----------  --------------  -----------  -------------- 
Inflation rate 
 (overall)                              2.40%       +1.00%         231,043       -1.00%       (197,418) 
UK                              2.00% / 2.75%       +1.00%         181,697       -1.00%       (153,627) 
Europe                                  2.00%       +1.00%          37,491       -1.00%        (32,848) 
North America                           2.00%       +1.00%             965       -1.00%         (1,607) 
Australia                               2.50%       +1.00%          10,915       -1.00%         (9,329) 
------------------------  -------------------  -----------  --------------  -----------  -------------- 
FX rate                                   N/A      +10.00%          61,971      -10.00%        (61,985) 
------------------------  -------------------  -----------  --------------  -----------  -------------- 
Tax rate                               25.56%       +1.00%        (12,497)       -1.00%          11,356 
------------------------  -------------------  -----------  --------------  -----------  -------------- 
Deposit rate                            1.05%       +1.00%          22,871       -1.00%        (21,869) 
------------------------  -------------------  -----------  --------------  -----------  -------------- 
 
 
                                                                 Change in                    Change in 
                             Weighted average                   fair value                   fair value 
Significant assumptions          rate in base  Sensitivity   of investment  Sensitivity   of investment 
 31 December 2020             case valuations       factor        GBP'000s       factor        GBP'000s 
------------------------  -------------------  -----------  --------------  -----------  -------------- 
Discount rate                           6.97%       +1.00%       (224,463)       -1.00%         272,586 
------------------------  -------------------  -----------  --------------  -----------  -------------- 
Inflation rate 
 (overall)                              2.40%       +1.00%         259,082       -1.00%       (213,162) 
UK                              2.00% / 2.75%       +1.00%         207,854       -1.00%       (167,786) 
Europe                                  2.00%       +1.00%          39,622       -1.00%        (34,525) 
North America                           2.00%       +1.00%             916       -1.00%         (1,525) 
Australia                               2.50%       +1.00%          10,682       -1.00%         (9,309) 
------------------------  -------------------  -----------  --------------  -----------  -------------- 
FX rate                                   N/A      +10.00%          62,014      -10.00%        (62,007) 
------------------------  -------------------  -----------  --------------  -----------  -------------- 
Tax rate                               21.66%       +1.00%        (20,082)       -1.00%          18,937 
------------------------  -------------------  -----------  --------------  -----------  -------------- 
Deposit rate                            1.05%       +1.00%          23,369       -1.00%        (23,225) 
------------------------  -------------------  -----------  --------------  -----------  -------------- 
 
   10.     Investments 
 
                                                                  Consideration        % Ownership 
 Date of investment      Description                                  GBP'000's    post investment 
--------------------  -----------------------------------------  --------------  ----------------- 
                       The Group made an investment into 
                        toob, utilising part of its commitment 
                        to invest in digital infrastructure, 
 April 2021             UK                                               14,270                59.1% 
                       The Group made an investment into 
 June 2021              the Offenbach police centre, Germany              8,073                  95% 
 Total capital spend on investments during the 
  period                                                                 22,343 
---------------------------------------------------------------  --------------  ----------------- 
 
   11.     other FINANCIAL ASSETS 
 
                                 30 June 2021    31 December 
                                     GBP'000s           2020 
                                                    GBP'000s 
------------------------------  -------------  ------------- 
 Accrued interest receivable           42,577         40,769 
 Other debtors                          2,946          1,419 
------------------------------  -------------  ------------- 
 Total other financial assets          45,523         42,188 
------------------------------  -------------  ------------- 
 

Other debtors included GBP1.2 million (31 December 2020: GBP1.1 million) of receivables from unconsolidated subsidiary entities for the surrender of Group tax losses.

   12.     Trade and Other Payables 
 
                                   30 June 2021    31 December 
                                      GBP '000s           2020 
                                                      GBP'000s 
--------------------------------  -------------  ------------- 
 Accrued management fee                   7,691          7,790 
 Other creditors and accruals             1,476          1,526 
--------------------------------  -------------  ------------- 
 Total trade and other payables           9,167          9,316 
--------------------------------  -------------  ------------- 
 
 
   13.     Share Capital and Reserves 
 
                                           30 June 2021    31 December 
                                                 Shares    2020 Shares 
 Share capital                                    '000s          '000s 
----------------------------------------   ------------  ------------- 
 In issue 1 January                           1,620,953      1,610,795 
 Issued as a scrip dividend alternative           2,603         10,158 
-----------------------------------------  ------------  ------------- 
 Closing balance                              1,623,556      1,620,953 
-----------------------------------------  ------------  ------------- 
 
 
                                             30 June 2021   31 December 
                                                 GBP'000s          2020 
                             Share capital                     GBP'000s 
------------------------------------------   ------------  ------------ 
 Opening balance                                1,769,582     1,753,840 
-------------------------------------------  ------------  ------------ 
 
 Issued as a scrip dividend alternative             4,413        15,742 
-------------------------------------------  ------------  ------------ 
 Total share capital issued in the period           4,413        15,742 
-------------------------------------------  ------------  ------------ 
 Closing balance                                1,773,995     1,769,582 
-------------------------------------------  ------------  ------------ 
 

The Company has one class of Ordinary Shares which carry no right to fixed income.

On 4 June 2021, 2,602,941 new Ordinary fully paid shares were issued as a scrip dividend alternative in lieu of cash for the interim dividend in respect of the six months ended 31 December 2020.

 
                              30 June 2021   31 December 
                                  GBP'000s          2020 
Other distributable reserve                     GBP'000s 
----------------------------  ------------  ------------ 
Opening balance                    182,481       182,481 
Movement in the period                   -             - 
----------------------------  ------------  ------------ 
Closing balance                    182,481       182,481 
----------------------------  ------------  ------------ 
 

On 19 January 2007, the Company applied to the Royal Court of Guernsey, following the initial placing of shares, to reduce its share premium account. This was in order to provide a distributable reserve to enable the Company to repurchase its shares if and when the Board of Directors consider it beneficial to do so. Following court approval, the distributable reserve account was created.

 
                            30 June 2021   31 December 
                                GBP'000s          2020 
Retained earnings                             GBP'000s 
--------------------------  ------------  ------------ 
Opening balance                  432,373       488,918 
Net profit for the period         27,265        60,713 
Dividends paid(1)               (59,650)     (117,258) 
--------------------------  ------------  ------------ 
Closing balance                  399,988       432,373 
--------------------------  ------------  ------------ 
 
   1        Includes scrip element of GBP4.4 million in 2021 (December 2020: GBP15.7 million). 

Dividends

The Board is satisfied that, in every respect, the solvency test as required by the Companies (Guernsey) Law, 2008 was satisfied for the proposed dividend and the dividend paid in respect of the year ended 31 December 2020. The Board has approved an interim distribution of 3.78 pence per share (six months ended 30 June 2020: 3.68 pence per share).

Capital Risk Management

The Group seeks to efficiently manage its financial resources to ensure that it is able to continue as a going concern while providing improved returns to shareholders through the management of the debt and equity balances. The capital structure consists of the Group's CDF and equity attributable to equity holders of the parent, comprising issued capital, reserves and retained earnings. The Group aims to deliver its objective by investing available cash and using leverage whilst maintaining sufficient liquidity to meet ongoing expenses and dividend payments.

The Group's Investment Adviser reviews the capital structure on a semi-annual basis. As part of this review, the Investment Adviser considers the cost of capital and the associated risks.

14. Net Assets per Share

 
                                                  30 June 2021    31 December 
                                                      GBP'000s           2020 
                                                                     GBP'000s 
----------------------------------------------   -------------  ------------- 
Net assets attributable to equity holders of 
 the parent                                          2,356,464      2,384,436 
-----------------------------------------------  -------------  ------------- 
 
                                                        Number         Number 
----------------------------------------------   -------------  ------------- 
Number of shares 
Ordinary Shares outstanding at the end of the 
 period                                          1,623,555,833  1,620,952,892 
-----------------------------------------------  -------------  ------------- 
Net assets per share (pence per share)                   145.1          147.1 
-----------------------------------------------  -------------  ------------- 
 
   15.     Related Party Transactions 

During the period, Group companies entered into certain transactions with related parties that are not members of the Group but are related parties by reason of being in the same group as Amber Infrastructure Group Holdings Limited, which is the ultimate holding company of the Investment Adviser, Amber Fund Management Limited ('AFML').

Under the Investment Advisory Agreement ('IAA'), AFML was appointed to provide investment advisory services to the Group including advising the Group as to the strategic management of its portfolio of investments.

AFML and International Public Partnerships GP Limited are subsidiary companies of Amber Infrastructure Group Holdings Limited ('Amber Group'), in which Mr. G Frost is a director and also a shareholder.

Mr G Frost is also a director of International Public Partnerships Limited (the 'Company'); International Public Partnerships Lux 1 Sarl; (a wholly owned subsidiary of the Group); and the majority of other companies in which the Group indirectly has an investment. The transactions with the Amber Group are considered related party transactions under IAS 24 'Related Party Disclosures'.

The Director's fees for Mr. G Frost's directorship of the Company are paid to his employer, Amber Infrastructure Limited (a member of the Amber Group).

The amounts of the transactions in the period that were related party transactions are set out in the table below:

 
                                                                      Amounts owing to 
                                        Related party expense         related parties in 
                                        in the Income Statement       the Balance Sheet 
                                     ---------------------------  ------------------------ 
                                                         For the 
                                            For the          six 
                                                six       months 
                                          months to           to         At             At 
                                            30 June      30 June    30 June    31 December 
                                               2021         2020       2021           2020 
                                           GBP'000s     GBP'000s   GBP'000s       GBP'000s 
-----------------------------------  --------------  -----------  ---------  ------------- 
 International Public Partnerships 
  GP Limited                                 12,861       13,027      7,691          7,790 
 Amber Fund Management Limited(1)               335          150        223             17 
-----------------------------------  --------------  -----------  ---------  ------------- 
 Total                                       13,196       13,177      7,914          7,807 
-----------------------------------  --------------  -----------  ---------  ------------- 
 
 

1 Represents amounts paid to related parties to acquire or make investments or advisory fees associated with investments which are subsequently recorded in the balance sheet.

Investment Advisory Arrangements

Investment advisory fees payable during the period are calculated as follows:

For existing construction assets:

   -       1.2% per annum of the Gross Asset Value ('GAV') of investments bearing construction risk. 

For existing fully operational assets:

- 1.2% per annum of the GAV excluding uncommitted cash from capital raisings up to GBP750 million;

- 1.0% per annum where GAV (excluding uncommitted cash from capital raisings) is between GBP750 million and GBP1.5 billion;

- 0.9% per annum where GAV (excluding uncommitted cash from capital raisings) is between GBP1.5 billion and GBP2.75 billion;

- 0.8% per annum where GAV (excluding uncommitted cash from capital raisings) value exceeds GBP2.75 billion.

Asset origination fees in connection with new acquisitions are charged at a rate of 1.5% of the value of new acquisitions.

The IAA can be terminated where less than 95% of the Group's assets are available for use for certain periods and the Investment Adviser fails to implement a remediation plan agreed with the Group. The IAA may also be terminated by either party giving to the other five-years notice of termination, expiring at any time after 10 years from the date of the IAA.

As at 30 June 2021, Amber Infrastructure held 8,002,379 (31 December 2020: 8,002,379) shares in the Company. The shares held by the Investment Adviser in the Company helps further strengthen the alignment of interests between the two parties.

Transactions with Directors

Director remuneration and shares held by each Director is reported in the Company's December 2020 Annual Report and financial statements. Shares acquired by Directors in the six-month period ended 30 June 2021 are disclosed below:

 
 
 Director          Number of New Ordinary Shares 
----------------  ------------------------------ 
 Julia Bond                               11,951 
----------------  ------------------------------ 
 Giles Frost                              12,561 
----------------  ------------------------------ 
 Claire Whittet                            1,654 
----------------  ------------------------------ 
 
   16.     Contingent Liabilities and commitments 

As at 30 June 2021, the Group has committed funding of up to c.GBP37.1 million (31 December 2020: GBP46.8 million), which includes committed investment amounts as noted in the Operating Review on page 15.

There were no contingent liabilities at the date of this report.

   17.     Events after THE Balance Sheet Date 

In July 2021, the Group raised new capital of GBP135 million before costs by way of a tap issuance.

The Group invested GBP49.8 million following financial close of the Beatrice OFTO project in July 2021.

On 3 September 2021, the Group entered into an agreement to acquire an additional interest in Angel Trains from an existing co-shareholder. Under the agreement the Group is committed to invest approximately c.GBP98 million.

   18.     Other Mandatory Disclosures 

New standards that the Group has applied from 1 January 2021

Standards and amendments to standards applicable to the Group that became effective during the period are listed below. These have no material impact on the reported performance or financial statements of the Group.

- Interest Rate Benchmark Reform - Phase 2 - Amendments to IFRS 9, IAS 39, IFRS 7, IFRS 4 and IFRS 16 as adopted by the UK (1 January 2021)

KEY CONTACTS

 
 Investment Adviser          Auditor                   Corporate Brokers 
 Amber Fund Management       PricewaterhouseCoopers    Numis Securities Limited 
  Limited                     CI LLP                    31 Gresham Street 
  3 More London Riverside     Royal Bank Place          London 
  London                      1 Glategny Esplanade      EC2V 7QA 
  SE1 2AQ                     St Peter Port 
                              Guernsey 
                              Channel Islands 
                              GY1 4ND 
 Registered Office           Legal Adviser             Public Relations 
 PO Box 286                  Carey Olsen               FTI Consulting 
  Floor 2, Trafalgar Court    PO Box 98, Carey House    200 Aldersgate 
  Les Banques                 Les Banques               Aldersgate Street 
  St Peter Port               Guernsey                  London 
  Guernsey                    Channel Island            EC1A 4HD 
  Channel Islands             GY1 4BZ 
  GY1 4LY 
 Administrator and Company 
  Secretary                  Corporate Banker 
 Ocorian Administration      Royal Bank of Scotland 
  (Guernsey) Limited          International 
  PO Box 286                  1 Glategny Esplanade 
  Floor 2, Trafalgar Court    St Peter Port 
  Les Banques                 Guernsey 
  St Peter Port               Channel Islands 
  Guernsey                    GY1 4BQ 
  Channel Islands 
  GY1 4LY 
 

[i] The forecast date for payment of the dividend relating to the six months to 30 June 2021 is 17 November 2021.

[ii] There can be no assurance that these targets will be met or that the Company will make any distributions at all. Whilst we generally have good forward-visibility of cash flows generated by the

Company's investments, the current Covid-19 pandemic creates additional uncertainty.

[iii] For the six months ended 30 June 2021 unless otherwise stated.

[iv] Cash dividend payments to investors are paid from net operating cash flow before non-recurring operating costs.

[v] Since inception in November 2006. Source: Bloomberg. Share price appreciation plus dividends assumed to be reinvested.

[vi] IFRS profit before tax of GBP27.2 million (30 June 2020: GBP35.4 million). The reduction compared to the prior corresponding period reflects a decrease in the valuation of the portfolio overall,

primarily as a result of macroeconomic changes in the period.

[vii] The Company's underlying revenues continue to be underpinned by strong inflation-linkage with a projected increase in return of 0.75% p.a. for a 1.00% p.a. increase in inflation (31 December 2020: 0.78% p.a.).

[viii] Cash dividend payments to investors are paid from net operating cash flow before capital activity.

[ix] Data reflects 2020 performance.

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END

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September 09, 2021 02:00 ET (06:00 GMT)

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